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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |Roman Mints| ▸ |Rome||View Options:  |  |  |   

Rome, Italy

Dates of operation: c. 289 - 40 B.C. and 20 B.C. - 476 A.D. Mintmarks: R, RM, ROM, ROMA, ROMOB, VRB ROM, SMR.

Otho, February - 9 March 69 A.D.

|Otho|, |Otho,| |February| |-| |9| |March| |69| |A.D.||denarius|
The second issue of Otho is characterized by the missing M in the obverse legend and a changed coiffure. This combined with the serene portrait makes this particular die one of the nicest ones available.
SH99261. Silver denarius, RIC I 10 (R3), RSC II 15, BMCRE I 19, BnF III 11, Hunter I 10, SRCV I 2163, F/aF, nice portrait for the grade, toned, scratches, weight 2.976 g, maximum diameter 18.6 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, Feb - 9 Mar 69 A.D.; obverse IMP OTHO CAESAR AVG TR P, bare head right; reverse SECVRITAS P R (security of the people of Rome), Securitas standing slightly left, head left, wreath in right hand, long scepter in left hand; very rare; $600.00 SALE PRICE $540.00


Hadrian, 11 August 117 - 10 July 138 A.D.

|Hadrian|, |Hadrian,| |11| |August| |117| |-| |10| |July| |138| |A.D.||sestertius|
A coin this beautiful might sell for twice this price or more. This coin, however, was expertly smoothed and has an enhanced artificial patina. Here at FORVM we inform you of this issue, which might go unsubscribed by some sellers. This smoothing and patina were probably made necessary by active corrosion. It should be maintained in a climate controlled environment, waxed occasionally, and is at risk of returning active corrosion. This bargain priced coin is sold, as is, no returns.
SH98432. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC II-3 2398, BMCRE III 1545, Strack II 702, Cohen II 1364, Banti 710, SRCV II 3645, Hunter II 561, VF, excellent portrait, well centered and struck, smoothing, enhanced patina, at risk for active corrosion - sold as is, no returns, weight 24.764 g, maximum diameter 31.4 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 137 - 138 A.D.; obverse HADRIANVS AVG COS III P P, laureate head right; reverse Diana standing left, arrow in right hand, bow in left, S - C (senatus consulto) flanking across field below center; sold as is, no returns; $500.00 SALE PRICE $450.00


Vespasian, 1 July 69 - 24 June 79 A.D., Judaea Capta

|Vespasian|, |Vespasian,| |1| |July| |69| |-| |24| |June| |79| |A.D.,| |Judaea| |Capta||sestertius|
On 14 April 70 A.D. Titus surrounded Jerusalem. He allowed pilgrims to enter to celebrate Passover but this was a trap to put pressure on supplies of food and water; he refused to allow them to leave. On 10 May he began his assault on the walls. The third wall fell on 25 May. The second wall fell on 30 May. On 20 July Titus stormed the Temple Mount. On 4 August 70 A.D. Titus destroyed the Temple. The Jewish fast of Tisha B'Av mourns the Fall of Jerusalem annually on this date. This type celebrates the victory of Vespasian and Titus. Coins commemorating this event are referred to as "Judaea Capta" issues.
SH98839. Orichalcum sestertius, BnF II 490; Hendin 6530 (S); RIC II 159; BMCRE II p. 115, 532 ff., F, centered, rough, corrosion and pitting, weight 24.234 g, maximum diameter 33.8 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 71 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M TR P P P COS III, laureate bust right; reverse IVDAEA CAPTA, date palm tree in center, male captive on left standing right with hands bound behind his back, Jewess on right sitting right on cuirass propping her head with her left hand in attitude of mourning, shields flanking them, S C (senatus consulto) in exergue; from an Israeli collection, ex Elsen auction 143 (7 Dec 2019), lot 376; scarce; $500.00 SALE PRICE $450.00


Aelius, Caesar, July or August 136 - 1 January 138 A.D.

|Aelius|, |Aelius,| |Caesar,| |July| |or| |August| |136| |-| |1| |January| |138| |A.D.||denarius|
In Roman religion, Concordia was the goddess of agreement, understanding, and marital harmony. The cult of Concordia Augusta ("Majestic Harmony") was of special importance to the imperial household. She is usually depicted wearing a long cloak and holding a patera (sacrificial bowl), a cornucopia (symbol of prosperity), or a caduceus (symbol of peace).
RS99257. Silver denarius, RIC II-3 Hadrian 2625, BMCRE III Hadrian 981, Hunter II 9, RSC II 1, SRCV II -, gF, nice portrait, toned, encrustations, scratches, die wear, shallow lamination defect obv. left field, edge split/cracks, weight 2.780 g, maximum diameter 17.8 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 137 A.D.; obverse L AELIVS CAESAR, bare head right; reverse TR POT COS II, Concordia enthroned left, patera in right hand, resting left elbow on cornucopia balanced on ground, CONCORD in exergue; $240.00 SALE PRICE $216.00


Macrinus, 11 April 217 - 8 June 218 A.D.

|Macrinus|, |Macrinus,| |11| |April| |217| |-| |8| |June| |218| |A.D.||sestertius|
Macrinus was Praetorian Prefect for Caracalla but arranged Caracalla's assassination and seized power. He and his son were accepted by the senate. The Syrian legions, inspired by Julia Maesa, Caracalla's aunt, revolted after he concluded an unfavorable peace with the Persians. He was defeated and executed.
SL92493. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC IV 121 (S), BMCRE V 113, Cohen IV 79, SRCV II 7391, Hunter III -, NGC F, strike 4/5, surface 1/5, scratches (577028-007), weight 19.150 g, maximum diameter 30.7 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 11 Apr 217 - 31 Dec 217 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES M OPEL SEV MACRINVS AVG, laureate and cuirassed bust right, from the front; reverse PONTIF MAX TR P P P (high priest, holder of Tribunitian power, father of the country), Felicitas standing facing, head left, long caduceus in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, drapery over left arm, S - C (senatus consulto) flanking across field below center; from the Errett Bishop Collection; NGC| Lookup; $230.00 SALE PRICE $207.00


Caracalla, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D.

|Caracalla|, |Caracalla,| |28| |January| |198| |-| |8| |April| |217| |A.D.||dupondius|
In 213, Caracalla left Rome to expel some German marauders from Gaul, then defended the northern Rhine frontier against the Alamanni and the Chatti. After his victory over the German tribes on the banks of the River Main, he gave himself the title "Germanicus." It is probably while campaigning in Germania that he took a liking to the caracalla, a Celtic or German tunic from which he acquired the name by which he is known today. His mother, Julia Domna, stayed behind and ruled the Empire.
RB98433. Orichalcum dupondius, RIC IV 514 (S), BMCRE V 254, Cohen IV 534, SRCV II 6973, Hunter III 81 var. (slight drapery), aVF, excellent portrait, dark green and red patina, reverse legend partially unstruck, weight 8.190 g, maximum diameter 251 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 213 A.D.; obverse ANTONINVS PIVS AVG BRIT, radiate head right; reverse PROVIDENTIAE DEORVM (to the foresight of the gods), Providentia standing left, baton held over globe in right hand, long scepter in left hand, S - C (senatus consulto) flanking across field; scarce; $200.00 SALE PRICE $180.00


Caracalla, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D.

|Caracalla|, |Caracalla,| |28| |January| |198| |-| |8| |April| |217| |A.D.||denarius|
Not in RIC. RIC lists this type as an aureus and lists a very similar denarius but Roman holds Victory, not a palladium. A palladium was an image of great antiquity on which the safety of a city was said to depend. The "Palladium" was the wooden statue of Pallas Athena that Odysseus and Diomedes stole from the citadel of Troy and which was later taken to Rome by Aeneas. The Roman story is related in Virgil's Aeneid and other works.
RS99251. Silver denarius, RSC III 549; BMCRE V p. 258, S515; SRCV II 6882, Hunter III 61; cf. RIC IV 166 (Roma holds Victory), RIC IV 167 (aureus), Choice aVF, centered, toned, flow lines, die wear, weight 3.448 g, maximum diameter 19.4 mm, die axis 225o, Rome mint, 206 - 210 A.D.; obverse ANTONINVS PIVS AVG, older youth's unbearded laureate head right; reverse RESTITVTOR VRBIS, Roma seated left, oval shield against near side of seat, helmeted, Palladium in right hand, spear vertical behind in left hand; very rare; $170.00 SALE PRICE $153.00


Lucius Verus, 7 March 161 - February 169 A.D.

|Lucius| |Verus|, |Lucius| |Verus,| |7| |March| |161| |-| |February| |169| |A.D.||denarius|
In 162, Lucius Verus began war with the Parthians after Vologases IV invaded Syria and Armenia. The Romans would be victorious but the returning army would bring back a pandemic known as the Antonine Plague. The plague would significantly depopulate the entire Roman Empire.
RS99245. Silver denarius, RIC III MA482, RSC II 155, BMCRE IV 202, Hunter II 7, SRCV II -, aVF, toned, radiating flow lines, marks, edge cracks, weight 3.136 g, maximum diameter 17.8 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, Dec 161 - Dec 162 A.D.; obverse IMP L AVREL VERVS AVG, bare head right; reverse PROV DEOR TR P II COS II, Providentia standing left, globe in right hand, cornucopia in left hand; $160.00 SALE PRICE $144.00


Macrinus, 11 April 217 - 8 June 218 A.D.

|Macrinus|, |Macrinus,| |11| |April| |217| |-| |8| |June| |218| |A.D.||denarius|
This coin was dedicated to Jupiter the protector. Jupiter or Jove, Zeus to the Greeks, was the king of the gods and god of the sky and thunder, and of laws and social order. As the patron deity of ancient Rome, he was the chief god of the Capitoline Triad, with his sister and wife Juno. The father of Mars, he is, therefore, the grandfather of Romulus and Remus, the legendary founders of Rome. Emperors frequently made vows to Jupiter for protection. The Roman's believed as the king of the gods, Jupiter favored emperors and kings, those in positions of authority similar to his own.
RS99247. Silver denarius, RIC IV 72, RSC III 33, BMCRE V 17, SRCV II 7338 var. (bust), Hunter III -, F, edge crack, scratches, bumps, weight 2.066 g, maximum diameter 18.5 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 218 A.D.; obverse IMP C M OPEL SEV MACRINVS AVG, laureate and cuirassed bust right, from front; reverse IOVI CONSERVATORI (to Jupiter the protector), Jupiter standing slightly left, head left, nude, thunderbolt in right hand, long scepter vertical in left hand; first specimen of this type handled by FORVM; $160.00 SALE PRICE $144.00


Maximinus I Thrax, 20 March 235 - Late May 238 A.D.

|Maximinus| |I|, |Maximinus| |I| |Thrax,| |20| |March| |235| |-| |Late| |May| |238| |A.D.||denarius|
Maximinus' first campaign was against the Alamanni, whom he defeated despite heavy Roman casualties. After the victory, he took the title Germanicus Maximus. The Historia Augusta, mentions that Maximinus marched north from Moguntiacum (today's Mainz) about trecenta (300) to quadringenta (400) Roman miles. Since this was thought to be impossible, the passage was often "corrected" to read triginta (30) to quadraginta (40) Roman miles. New evidence indicates Maximinus did launch a campaign deep into Germania and defeated a Germanic tribe in a battle at the Harzhorn pass in Northern Germany. The site of the battle was discovered in 2000 by hobby archaeologists using metal detectors. The latest coins found at the site to date were struck under Severus Alexander. By 2008 it was clear from the artifacts discovered that this was the site of a battle involving a large number of Roman troops. The current hypothesis is that the Roman troops were on their way back from the North German Plain. They found the Harzhorn pass blocked by a large number of Germans, and successfully fought their way through by using their superior technology, Roman artillery.
RS99254. Silver denarius, RIC IV 23, RSC III 107, BMCRE VI 187, SRCV III 8318, Hunter III 19, Choice gVF, centered on a broad flan, flow lines, flan cracks, die wear, weight 2.335 g, maximum diameter 21.4 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, Jan 236 - Apr 238 A.D.; obverse MAXIMINVS PIVS AVG GERM, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind; reverse VICTORIA GERM (victory over the Germans), Victory standing half left, wreath in right hand, palm frond in left hand, captive seated left at feet on left; $160.00 SALE PRICE $144.00




  



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REFERENCES|

Cloke, H. & L. Toone. The London Mint of Constantius & Constantine. (London, 2015).

Catalog current as of Thursday, May 19, 2022.
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