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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |Roman Mints| ▸ |Nicomedia||View Options:  |  |  |   

Nicomedia, Bithynia (Izmit, Turkey)

Nicomedia, Bithynia (in Asia Minor, on the Black Sea) was described by ancient writers as a city of superior size and magnificence, ranking next to Rome, Alexandria, and Antioch in the splendor and beauty of its buildings. Diocletian worked to make Nicomedia the equal of Rome itself. Dates of operation: 294 - c. 474 A.D. (reopened as a Byzantine mint, 498 - 627). Mintmarks: MN, N, NIC, NICO, NIK, SMN.

Valentinian I, 25 February 364 - 17 November 375 A.D.

|Valentinian| |I|, |Valentinian| |I,| |25| |February| |364| |-| |17| |November| |375| |A.D.|, |solidus|
In 395, after the death of Theodosius I, the Empire was re-divided into an eastern and a western half. The eastern half, centered in Constantinople, was under Arcadius, and the western half, centered in Rome, was under his brother, Honorius.
SH11114. Gold solidus, RIC IX Nicomedia 2(a), F, clipped, punch and graffiti, weight 3.345 g, maximum diameter 19.4 mm, die axis 180o, 5th officina, Nicomedia (Izmit, Turkey) mint, 25 Feb 364 - 24 Aug 367 A.D.; obverse D N VALENTINIANVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse RESTITVTOR REIPVBLICAE, emperor standing facing, head right, holding labarum and Victory on globe, SMNE in exergue; rare (R2); SOLD


Julian II "the Apostate," February 360 - 26 June 363 A.D.

|Julian| |II|, |Julian| |II| |"the| |Apostate,"| |February| |360| |-| |26| |June| |363| |A.D.|, |double| |maiorina|
The common belief which identifies the bull with the Apis bull is probably wrong. An interesting passage from Dio Chrysostom compares a good ruler to a bull. Also, Julian was most likely born in May, in the sign of Taurus. The stars are probably the two important star clusters in Taurus, Pleiades and Hyades. Taurus or Apis, this bull is pagan and this coin was the last pagan coin type issued by the Empire.
RL54951. Billon double maiorina, RIC VIII Nicomedia 122, Choice VF, weight 8.174 g, maximum diameter 27.9 mm, die axis 180o, 3rd officina, Nicomedia (Izmit, Turkey) mint, 360 - 363 A.D.; obverse D N FL CL IVLIANVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse SECVRITAS REIPVB (security of the Republic), bull standing right, two stars above, NIKΓ between branches in exergue; scarce; SOLD


Constantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.

|Constantius| |II|, |Constantius| |II,| |22| |May| |337| |-| |3| |November| |361| |A.D.|, |light| |maiorina|
The labarum, was a type of Roman cavalry standard, a vexillum with a military ensign marked with the Christogram (Greek monogram of Christ). It was an object of religious veneration amongst the soldiers, who paid it divine honors.
RL76208. Billon light maiorina, RIC VIII Nicomedia 67, LRBC II 2289, SRCV V 18232, Cohen VII 39, Choice EF, excellent centering and strike, some silvering, weight 4.213 g, maximum diameter 20.2 mm, die axis 180o, 3rd officina, Nicomedia (Izmit, Turkey) mint, c. 348 - 351 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust left, globe in right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO (happy times restored), emperor standing left, labarum in right hand, resting left hand on shield, stepping on two kneeling barbarians, SMNΓ in exergue; SOLD


Constantine the Great, Early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

|Constantine| |the| |Great|, |Constantine| |the| |Great,| |Early| |307| |-| |22| |May| |337| |A.D.|, |centenionalis|
This coin is a "mule," a mint error where dies are incorrectly paired. The reverse reads PROVIDENTIA CAESS, a legend appropriate for a coin depicting one of the two Caesars on the obverse (Constantine's sons). But the reverse is not appropriate for Constantine, who was not Caesar, but was Augustus.
RL19187. Billon centenionalis, unlisted hybrid, cf. RIC Nicomedia VII 121 (obverse) and 124 (reverse), Choice VF, weight 3.492 g, maximum diameter 18.9 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Nicomedia (Izmit, Turkey) mint, 325 - 326 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINVS AVG, laureate head right; reverse PROVIDENTIA CAESS (to the foresight of the two princes), campgate with two towers, star above, MNS in exergue; very rare; SOLD


Diocletian, 20 November 284 - 1 May 305 A.D.

|Diocletian|, |Diocletian,| |20| |November| |284| |-| |1| |May| |305| |A.D.|, |follis|
In Roman religion, every man has a genius, a presiding spirit. In De Die Natali, Censorinus says, from the moment we are born, we live under the guard and tutelage of Genius. Cities, organizations, and peoples also had a genius. On coins, we find inscriptions to the Genius of the Army, of the Senate, of the Emperor, etc. The legend GENIO POPVLI ROMANI dedicates this coin to the Genius of the Roman People. Genius' image is of a man with a cloak half covering the shoulders leaving the rest of his body naked, holding a cornucopia in one hand, and a simpulum or a patera in the other.
RT91232. Billon follis, RIC VI Nicomedia 27a, Hunter V 78, SRCV IV 12788, Cohen VI 106, Choice EF, bold full borders strike, most silvering remains, excellent portrait, attractive reverse, round flan, very light encrustations, weight 9.793 g, maximum diameter 29.2 mm, die axis 0o, Nicomedia (Izmit, Turkey) mint, c. 294 - 295 A.D.; obverse IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, laureate head right; reverse GENIO POPVLI ROMANI (to the guardian spirit of the Roman People), Genius standing slightly left, head left, nude but for chlamys over shoulders and left arm, kalathos on head, patera in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, SMN in exergue; ex Numismatik Naumann auction 76 (7 Apr 2019), part of lot 942; SOLD


Julian II "the Apostate," February 360 - 26 June 363 A.D.

|Julian| |II|, |Julian| |II| |"the| |Apostate,"| |February| |360| |-| |26| |June| |363| |A.D.|, |double| |maiorina|
The common belief which identifies the bull with the Apis bull is probably wrong. An interesting passage from Dio Chrysostom compares a good ruler to a bull. Also, Julian was most likely born in May, in the sign of Taurus. The stars are probably the two important star clusters in Taurus, Pleiades and Hyades. Taurus or Apis, this bull is pagan and this coin was the last pagan coin type issued by the Empire.
RL34857. Billon double maiorina, RIC VIII Nicomedia 121, VF, black patina with earthen highlighting, weight 7.920 g, maximum diameter 27.3 mm, die axis 180o, 3rd officina, Nicomedia (Izmit, Turkey) mint, 360 - 363 A.D.; obverse D N FL CL IVLIANVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse SECVRITAS REIPVB (security of the Republic), bull standing right, two stars above, NIKΓ between branches in exergue; scarce; SOLD


Constantine the Great, Early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

|Constantine| |the| |Great|, |Constantine| |the| |Great,| |Early| |307| |-| |22| |May| |337| |A.D.|, |follis|
RIC VI 69c, struck c. 311 A.D. has an eagle at feet at Jupiter's feet. The eagle was removed on the next issue, RIC VI 79, c. 312 - 313 A.D., but a star was added in the field and, more significant, none were issued for Constantine. A later issue, RIC VII 12, c. 313 - 317, again included the eagle.
RL20052. Billon follis, RIC -, cf. RIC VI 69c (eagle at feet on reverse), RIC VI 79 (Maximinus), RIC VII 12 (eagle), VF+, weight 4.995 g, maximum diameter 21.4 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Nicomedia (Izmit, Turkey) mint, c. 311 - 313 A.D.; obverse IMP C FL VAL CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, laureate head right; reverse IOVI CONSERVATORI (to Jupiter the protector), Jupiter standing left holding Victory on globe and scepter, wearing chlamys hanging low, B right, SMN in exergue; very rare; SOLD


Crispus, Caesar, 1 March 317 - 326 A.D.

|Crispus|, |Crispus,| |Caesar,| |1| |March| |317| |-| |326| |A.D.|, |centenionalis|
This issue has two regular obverse legends: unbroken FL IVL CRISPVS CAES (RIC VII 91) and broken FL IVL CRIS-PVS NOB C (RIC VII 92). It seems that on this die, the engraver attempted the broken legend but then realized he crowded the letters and decided to add from C to CAES - but this time he ran out of space and the legend ended in the unusual CAE.
RL29434. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Nicomedia 92 var. (obv. legend), SRCV IV 16806 var. (same), Cohen VII 125 var. (same), EF, weight 2.893 g, maximum diameter 18.7 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Nicomedia (Izmit, Turkey) mint, 325 - 326 A.D.; obverse FL IVL CRISPVS NOB CAE, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust left; reverse PROVIDENTIAE CAESS (to the foresight of the two princes), campgate with two turrets, no door, star above, SMNB in exergue; very rare; SOLD


Byzantine Empire, Tiberius II Constantine, 26 September 578 - 14 August 582 A.D.

|Tiberius| |II|, |Byzantine| |Empire,| |Tiberius| |II| |Constantine,| |26| |September| |578| |-| |14| |August| |582| |A.D.|, |follis|
On 14 August 582, Tiberius II Constantine died in Constantinople at age 47, possibly from deliberately poisoned food. He had reigned for four years, during which Thrace and Greece were inundated by the Slavs. He was succeeded by his son-in-law, Maurice, a former notary who commanded the Byzantine army in the war against the Persian Empire.
BZ93510. Bronze follis, DOC I 31a, Wroth BMC 70, Tolstoi 52, Hahn MIB II 35, SBCV 441, Sommer 6.17, Morrisson BnF -, Ratto -, Choice gVF, full border centering on a broad flan, bold strike, brown tone, small edge split, weight 10.572 g, maximum diameter 31.3 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Nicomedia (Izmit, Turkey) mint, 581 - 14 Aug 582 A.D.; obverse δm TIb CONSTANT P P AVG, crowned bust facing wearing consular robes, crown with cross and pendilia, mappa in right hand, eagle-tipped scepter in left hand, cross above eagle; reverse large M (40 nummi) between ANNO and ςI/I (year 8), cross above, NIKOA (Nikomedia, 1st officina) in exergue; from the Errett Bishop Collection; SOLD


Constantine the Great, Early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

|Constantine| |the| |Great|, |Constantine| |the| |Great,| |Early| |307| |-| |22| |May| |337| |A.D.|, |follis|
It is no wonder this type is rare. Nicomedia belonged to Licinius. In 321, Constantine pursued some Sarmatians, who had been ravaging territory in his realm, across the Danube into Licinius' territory. When he repeated this chasing Goths who had pillaged in Thrace, Licinius complained that Constantine had broken their treaty. Soon after this issue began, the co-emperors were at war. In 324, this same type was struck for Martinian, who Licinius, after being defeated by Constantine at Adrianople, had appointed as his co-emperor and Constantine's nominal replacement in the west.

The XIIΓ probably indicates that the follis was retariffed to 12 1/2 denarii communes.
RT76372. Billon follis, RIC VII Nicomedia p. 607, 43 (R4); SRCV IV 15950, Cohen VII 292; Hunter V -, VF, excellent centering, cleaning scratches, light corrosion, weight 2.870 g, maximum diameter 18.9 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Nicomedia (Izmit, Turkey) mint, 321 - 324 A.D.; obverse IMP C FL VAL CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse IOVI CONSERVATORI (to Jupiter the protector), Jupiter standing facing, head left, nude but for chlamys over left shoulder, Victory on globe offering wreath in his right hand, eagle-topped scepter vertical in left, eagle with wreath in beak standing left on left, X/IIΓ on right above bearded captive at feet seated right with head turned looking back at Jupiter, SMNB in exergue; very rare; SOLD




  




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