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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |Roman Mints| ▸ |Constantinopolis||View Options:  |  |  |   

Constantinopolis (Istanbul, Turkey)

Little needs to be said about Constantine the Great's New Rome, built on top of the old Greek city Byzantion. Coinage started in 326 and continued until the fall of the Roman Empire in 1453. Mintmarks: C, CON, CONS.

Constantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.

|Constantius| |II|, |Constantius| |II,| |22| |May| |337| |-| |3| |November| |361| |A.D.|, |heavy| |maiorina|
On 15 March 351, Constantius II elevated his 25-year-old cousin Constantius Gallus to Caesar at Sirmium in Pannonia. He arranged a marriage with his sister Constantina and put Constantius Gallus in charge of the Eastern Roman Empire. Constantius II marched West with a large army (60,000 men) to fight against Magnus Magnentius.
RL93281. Billon heavy maiorina, RIC VIII Constantinople 82, LRBC II 2026, SRCV V 18148, Cohen VII -, Hunter V -, Choice VF, excellent centering, dark brown tone, edge split / crack, weight 5.510 g, maximum diameter 23.0 mm, die axis 180o, 5th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 348 - 351 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO (happy times restored), soldier with shield on left arm spearing bearded fallen horseman, horseman turning to soldier and raising right arm, shield on ground to right, Γ upper left, CONSE* in exergue; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $140.00 SALE |PRICE| $126.00


Aelia Flaccilla, Augusta 19 January 379 - 386 A.D., Wife of Theodosius I

|Aelia| |Flaccilla|, |Aelia| |Flaccilla,| |Augusta| |19| |January| |379| |-| |386| |A.D.,| |Wife| |of| |Theodosius| |I|, |maiorina|
The Christogram (also called a Monogramma Christi or Chrismon) is a ligature of Chi (X) and Rho (P), the first two letters of Christ in Greek. It was among the earliest symbols of Christianity. The crucifix was rarely used in early Christian iconography, perhaps because most people then had personally witnessed its gruesome use for public execution.
RL91441. Bronze maiorina, RIC IX Constantinopolis 55.2 (S), LRBC II 2149, SRCV V 20611, Cohen VIII 4, Hunter V 3 ff. var. (5th officina), gF, well centered, near black patina, red earthen deposits, scratches, weight 3.757 g, maximum diameter 23.4 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, c. 25 Aug 383 - 386 A.D.; obverse AEL FLACCILLA AVG, diademed and draped bust right, hair in plait up back and top of head; reverse SALVS REIPVBLICAE (health of the Republic), Victory seated right, inscribing Christogram on shield set on column, CONB in exergue; scarce; $100.00 SALE |PRICE| $90.00


Constantine the Great, Early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

|Constantine| |the| |Great|, |Constantine| |the| |Great,| |Early| |307| |-| |22| |May| |337| |A.D.|, |centenionalis|
Constantiniana Dafne was likely a castle or camp (castrum) Dafne, constructed by Constantine on the bank of the Danube.
RL93217. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Constantinople 35 (S), LRBC I 996, SRCV IV 16191, Cohen VII 91, Hunter V 311 var. (2nd officina), gVF, nice portrait, choice reverse, light encrustations, closed crack, weight 3.062 g, maximum diameter 20.4 mm, die axis 0o, 3rd officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 328 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINVS MAX AVG, laurel and rosette diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse CONSTANTINIANA DAFNE, Victory seated left on cippus, head right, palm frond in each hand, trophy and captive before, ∆ left, CONS in exergue; from the Errett Bishop Collection; scarce; $90.00 SALE |PRICE| $81.00


Constantine the Great, Early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

|Constantine| |the| |Great|, |Constantine| |the| |Great,| |Early| |307| |-| |22| |May| |337| |A.D.|, |reduced| |centenionalis|
Manus Dei, the hand of God, reaches down to take Constantine up to heaven. Constantine is listed as a saint by the Orthodox Church. Although he is not a Catholic saint, he is revered under the title "The Great" for his contributions to Christianity.
RL93227. Billon reduced centenionalis, RIC VIII Constantinople 37, LRBC I 1041, SRCV VIII 17484, Cohen VII 760, Hunter V -, Choice gVF, well centered, dark brown patina, irregular edge, reverse die wear, weight 1.680 g, maximum diameter 15.9 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, posthumous, 9 Sep 337 - Apr 340 A.D.; obverse DV CONSTANTINVS P T AVGG (Divus Constantinus Pater Trium Augusti = Divine Constantine, father of the three emperors), veiled bust right; reverse Constantine in quadriga right, veiled, the hand of God reaches down to take him to heaven, CONS in exergue; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $90.00 SALE |PRICE| $81.00


Constantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.

|Constantius| |II|, |Constantius| |II,| |22| |May| |337| |-| |3| |November| |361| |A.D.|, |light| |maiorina|
The labarum, was a type of Roman cavalry standard, a vexillum with a military ensign marked with the Christogram (Greek monogram of Christ). It was an object of religious veneration amongst the soldiers, who paid it divine honors.
RL93280. Billon light maiorina, RIC VIII Constantinople 89, LRBC II 2015, SRCV V 18231, Cohen VII 39, Hunter V -, aVF, well centered, dark brown patina, highlighting light deposits, weight 4.523 g, maximum diameter 23.0 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 348 - 15 Mar 351 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust left, globe in right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO (happy times restored), emperor standing left, labarum (chi rho Christogram banner) in right, resting left on shield, two captives before him, Γ (control symbol) left, CONSB* in exergue; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $75.00 SALE |PRICE| $67.50


Constantine the Great, Early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

|Constantine| |the| |Great|, |Constantine| |the| |Great,| |Early| |307| |-| |22| |May| |337| |A.D.|, |reduced| |centenionalis|
VN - MR in the reverse field abbreviates venerabilis memoria, revered memory.
RL92688. Billon reduced centenionalis, RIC VIII Constantinople 68 (S), LRBC I 1063, Voetter 19, SRCV V 17468, Cohen VII 716, Hunter V -, aVF, dark patina with attractive earthen highlighting, light marks, tiny edge cracks, weight 1.146 g, maximum diameter 14.3 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, posthumous, late 347 - 348 A.D.; obverse DV CONSTANTINVS P T AVGG (Divus Constantinus Pater Trium Augusti = Divine Constantine, father of the three emperors), veiled bust right; reverse Constantine standing right, veiled, VN - MR (venerabilis memoria - revered memory) divided across field, pellet right, CONSA in exergue; scarce; $45.00 SALE |PRICE| $40.50


Leo I, 7 February 457 - 18 January 474 A.D.

|Leo| |I|, |Leo| |I,| |7| |February| |457| |-| |18| |January| |474| |A.D.|, |half| |centenionalis|
In 467, Vandal pirates raided, sacked and enslaved the people living in Illyricum, the Peloponnese and other parts of Greece. In 468, Leo spent 64,000 pounds of gold (more than a year's revenue and bringing Leo near to bankruptcy) to assemble a fleet of over 1,100 ships carrying 100,000 men. During peace negotiations the Vandal King Genseric used fire ships, filled with brushwood and pots of oil, to destroy 700 imperial galleys 45 miles from Carthage. The defeated General Basiliscus escaped back to Constantinople where he was forced to seek sanctuary in the church of Hagia Sophia to escape the wrath of the people. Leo I gave him an imperial pardon, but banished him for 3 years to Heraclea Sintica (Thrace).
RL91322. Bronze half centenionalis, cf. RIC X 674, LRBC II 2258, DOCLR 573, SRCV V 21457, Hunter V -, aF, oval flan with large split, weight 0.740 g, maximum diameter 11.6 mm, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, obverse D N LEO P F AVG (or similar), pearl diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse lion crouching left, head right, CON (Constantinople) in exergue; $40.00 SALE |PRICE| $36.00


Constantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D. as Caesar

|Constantius| |II|, |Constantius| |II,| |22| |May| |337| |-| |3| |November| |361| |A.D.| |as| |Caesar|, |reduced| |centenionalis|
In 334, Flavius Dalmatius put down a revolt in Cyprus led by Calocaerus. Calocaerus was brought to Tarsus in Cilicia and executed.
RL92711. Billon reduced centenionalis, RIC VII Constantinople 61 (R4), LRBC I 1007, SRCV V 17693, Cohen VII 104, Hunter V 27, var. (officina), aVF, well centered on a tight flan, dark patina, red earthen encrustation, weight 2.280 g, maximum diameter 18.9 mm, die axis 0o, 6th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, as caesar, 333 - 335 A.D.; obverse FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA EXERCITVS (glory of the army), two soldiers standing facing, heads turned inward confronted, two standards in center between them, each holds a spear in outer hand and rests inner hand on grounded shield, CONSS in exergue; $21.00 SALE |PRICE| $18.00


Constantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.

|Constantius| |II|, |Constantius| |II,| |22| |May| |337| |-| |3| |November| |361| |A.D.|, |reduced| |centenionalis|
Constantius II was the longest lived of Constantine's sons and successors. He inherited the East. As his brothers were killed, he annexed their territories. When he defeated the usurper Magnentius he ruled all the empire. Constantius died on his way to fight Julian II, who then became emperor.
RL92682. Billon reduced centenionalis, RIC VII Constantinople 27, LRBC I 1043, SRCV V 19994, Cohen VII 102, Hunter V 73, aVF, earthen deposits, scratches, weight 1.706 g, maximum diameter 15.3 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 9 September 337 A.D. - Spring 340 A.D.; obverse FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA EXERCITVS (glory of the army), two soldiers standing facing, heads turned inward confronted, one standard in center between them, each holds a spear in outer hand and rests inner hand on grounded shield, CONS[..] in exergue; $19.00 SALE |PRICE| $17.10


Constantine II, 22 May 337 - March or April 340 A.D.

|Constantine| |II|, |Constantine| |II,| |22| |May| |337| |-| |March| |or| |April| |340| |A.D.|, |reduced| |centenionalis|
Theta (Θ) in the mintmark is the Greek numeral nine and indicates the coin was struck by the 9th officina (mint workshop). On earlier coins, a sum of Greek numerals, usually ∆E (4 + 5 = 9), was often used to indicate the 9th officina to avoid the use of theta. Because they sound alike, theta was associated with Thanatos, the personification of death and used as a warning symbol of death, in the same way that skull and crossbones are used in modern times. It survives on potsherds used by Athenians voting for the death penalty. Also, after a funeral "Nine Days of Sorrow" were solemnly observed by Roman families. Over time, and perhaps especially under Christian influence, the association of theta with death had faded.
RL92712. Billon reduced centenionalis, RIC VIII Constantinople 24, LRBC I 1054, SRCV V 17437, Hunter V -, aVF, well centered on tight flan cutting off tops of legends, red earthen deposits, slight porosity, weight 1.658 g, maximum diameter 14.1 mm, die axis 180o, 4th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, as Augustus, 22 May 337 - 340 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, pearl and rosette diademed head right; reverse GLORIA EXERCITVS (glory of the army), two soldiers standing facing, flanking one standard in center, heads confronted, each holds a spear in outer hand and rests inner hand on grounded shield, CONS∆ in exergue; $19.00 SALE |PRICE| $17.00




  



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