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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |Roman Mints| ▸ |Camulodunum||View Options:  |  |  |   

Camulodunum (Colchester, England)

Camulodunum hosted a mint under the British Roman emperors Carausius and Allectus. Dates of operation: c. 287 - 296 A.D. Mintmarks: C, CL.


Romano-British Empire, Carausius, Mid 286 - Spring or Early Summer 293 A.D.

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In 288 or 289, Maximian prepared an invasion of Britain to oust Carausius, but it failed. A panegyric delivered to Constantius Chlorus attributes this failure to bad weather, but notes that Carausius claimed a military victory. Eutropius says that hostilities were in vain thanks to Carausius' military skill, and peace was agreed. Carausius began to entertain visions of official recognition. He minted his coins acknowledging and honoring Maximian and Diocletian.
RA73234. Billon antoninianus, Apparently unpublished, RIC V-2 -, Webb Carausius -, Hunter IV -, Carausian Hoard -, Burton Latimer -, Bicester Hoard, et al. -, aEF, weight 4.045 g, maximum diameter 22.4 mm, die axis 180o, Camulodunum (Colchester, England) mint, c. 287; obverse IMP CARAVSIVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, early reign moustache portrait; reverse VIRTVS AVG (the valor of the Emperor), Mars standing right, in military dress, transverse spear in right hand, shield on left arm, foot on captive, C in exergue; from the Charles Peters Carausius Collection, ex Forum (2009); ex Freeman & Sear mail bid 14 (21 Jun 2007), lot 456; ex Triton V (15 Jan 2002), lot 2142; possibly unique!; SOLD


Romano-British Empire, Carausius, Mid 286 - Spring or Early Summer 293 A.D.

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The obverse and reverse legends and types are known from the London mint with III in the exergue (RIC V 88 (R2), Web Carausius 114). This variety, perhaps unofficial, is unpublished in the many references examined by Forum. We also could not find an example online. This is the only example known to Forum.
RA73474. Billon antoninianus, Apparently unpublished; RIC V-2 -; Webb Carausius -; Casey -; SRCV IV -; Hunter IV -; Linchmere Hoard -; Bicester Hoard -; et al. -, VF, nice green patina, attractive style, parts of legends weak, reverse slightly off center, some marks, small encrustations, weight 2.547 g, maximum diameter 22.5 mm, die axis 0o, Camulodunum (Colchester, England) or unofficial mint, c. mid 286 - early 287; obverse IMP CARAVSIVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, early reign moustache portrait type; reverse [MARS] VICTO[R?], Mars walking right, transverse spear in right hand, trophy of captured arms across left shoulder in left hand, [M?]CXX in exergue; from the Charles Peters Carausius Collection; possibly unique!; SOLD


Romano-British Empire, Carausius, Mid 286 - Spring or Early Summer 293 A.D.

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Pax, regarded by the ancients as a goddess, was worshiped not only at Rome but also at Athens. Her altar could not be stained with blood. Claudius began the construction of a magnificent temple to her honor, which Vespasian finished, in the Via Sacra. This type was an appeal by the usurper Carausius for peace with the "official" emperors. Diocletian and Maximian did not recognize Carausius as emperor, nor did they reciprocate his desire for peace.
RA67094. Billon antoninianus, RIC V-2 334 (S); Webb Carausius 392, Cohen VII 241, SRCV IV 13666, Hunter IV - (p. ccvii), VF, some corrosion behind the head of the emperor, weight 3.968 g, maximum diameter 24.1 mm, die axis 180o, Camulodunum (Colchester, England) mint, c. 292 - early 293 A.D.; obverse IMP C CARAVSIVS P F AVG, radiate and draped [and cuirassed?] bust right, late reign tetrarchic portrait type; reverse PAX AVGGG (the peace of the three emperors), Pax standing half left, head left, raising olive-branch in right hand, long scepter vertical behind in left hand, S - P across fields at center, C in exergue; rare; SOLD


Romano-British Empire, Carausius, Mid 286 - Spring or Early Summer 293 A.D.

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Pax, regarded by the ancients as a goddess, was worshiped not only at Rome but also at Athens. Her altar could not be stained with blood. Claudius began the construction of a magnificent temple to her honor, which Vespasian finished, in the Via Sacra. The attributes of Peace are the hasta pura, the olive branch, the cornucopia, and often the caduceus. Sometimes she is represented setting fire to a pile of arms.
RA73231. Billon antoninianus, RIC V-2 319 (C); Webb Carausius 375; SRCV IV 13644; Cohen VII 215; Hunter IV - (p. ccvii), gVF, much silvering, light marks, tiny encrustation, a little weak in centers, edge split/crack, weight 4.819 g, maximum diameter 24.3 mm, die axis 180o, Camulodunum (Colchester, England) mint, c. 292 - early 293 A.D.; obverse IMP C CARAVSIVS P F AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right, late reign tetrarchic portrait type; reverse PAX AVG (the peace of the Emperor), Pax standing half left, head left, raising olive-branch in right hand, long scepter transverse in left hand, S - P across fields at center, C in exergue; from the Charles Peters Carausius Collection, ex-Wayne C. Phillips; SOLD


Romano-British Empire, Carausius, Mid 286 - Spring or Early Summer 293 A.D.

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The obverse and reverse legends and types are known from the Camulodunum mint with C in the exergue and S - P across the reverse field (RIC V 224, Web Carausius 281, SRCV IV 13580). This variety, perhaps unofficial, is unpublished in the many references examined by Forum. We also could not find an example online. This is the only example known to Forum.

This coin is dedicated to the goddess Fides for her good quality of preserving the public peace by keeping the army true to its allegiance.
RA73243. Billon antoninianus, Apparently unpublished; RIC V-2 -; Webb Carausius -; Casey -; SRCV IV -; Hunter IV -; Linchmere Hoard -; Bicester Hoard -; et al., VF, broad oval flan, double strike, die wear, edge cracks, weight 4.921 g, maximum diameter 30.6 mm, die axis 180o, Camulodunum (Colchester, England) mint, 292 - early 293 A.D.; obverse IMP C CARAVSIVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse FIDES MILIT (the loyalty of the soldiers), Fides standing half left, head left, holding two flanking legionary standards, one in each hand, S - C (senatus consulto) divided across field, C in exergue; from the Charles Peters Carausius Collection; possibly unique!; SOLD


Romano-British Empire, Carausius, Mid 286 - Spring or Early Summer 293 A.D.

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S - P flanking across the fields with MC in the exergue (S-P/MC) is not a standard mintmark, most references cited do not list any examples with this mark. RIC V-2 does list one type each for Pax, Pietas, and Salus. MC in the exergue was used at Camulodunum for earlier issues but without S - P. Perhaps the rare specimens with this mintmark were issued in a small quantity for some special purpose. Perhaps the engravers just unintentionally added the M out of habit. Perhaps they are all unofficial. Further study is needed.
RA73505. Billon antoninianus, apparently unpublished, RIC V-2 -, Webb Carausius -, SRCV IV -, Hunter IV -, Burton Latimer -, Bicester -, Linchmere -, VF/F, dark patina, nice portrait, minor patina chipping on edge, top half of reverse mostly weak or off flan, weight 4.334 g, maximum diameter 22.3 mm, die axis 225o, unofficial or Camulodunum (Colchester, England) mint, 292 - 293 A.D.; obverse IMP C CARAVSIVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse PROVID AVGGG (the foresight of the three emperors), Providentia standing left, raising globe in right hand, transverse scepter in left hand, S - P flanking across fields, MC in exergue; from the Charles Peters Carausius Collection; none of the approximately eighty published Providentia varieties struck under Carausius have this S - P / MC mintmark, no others known to Forum; SOLD


Romano-British Empire, Carausius, Mid 286 - Spring or Early Summer 293 A.D.

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Apparently unpublished and possibly unique. For Carausius, this reverse type is known only on denarii. This is the only example of the type known to Forum.
RA73249. Billon antoninianus, apparently unpublished, RIC V-2 -, Webb Carausius -, Bourne Carausius -, Hunter IV -, Linchmere -, Burton Latimer -, Bicester -, et al. -, VF/aF, dark patina, bumps, scratches, corrosion, reverse off center, edge chip, weight 2.159 g, maximum diameter 21.4 mm, die axis 180o, Camulodunum (Colchester, England) mint, c. 288 - 291; obverse IMP CARAVSIVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse FIDES EXERC (the loyalty of the army), Fides seated left, feet on footstool, eagle in extended right hand, grounded standard behind in left hand, grounded standard before her on left, C(?) in exergue; extremely rare, possibly unique, from the Charles Peters Carausius Collection; SOLD


Romano-British Empire, Carausius, Mid 286 - Spring or Early Summer 293 A.D.

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Apparently unpublished, we know of only one other example of this extremely rare type with this obverse legend, Emporium Hamburg, auction 67 (10 May 2012), lot 707. King Unmarked pl. 1, 12 shares the same reverse die but has the obverse legend IMP CARAVSIVS P AVG. King notes of the style of that coin, "although clumsy, is acceptable and stylistically compatible...No. 12 is almost certainly genuine." By genuine, he means from an official mint, not an unofficial imitative.
RA73250. Billon antoninianus, King Unmarked pl. 1, 12 var. (different obv. leg., same rev. die), RIC V-2 1003 (R2) var. (obv. leg.), Hunter IV 199 (same), SRCV 13719 var. (same), VF, green patina, ragged flan, flan cracks, some corrosion, earthen deposits, weight 3.626 g, maximum diameter 24.2 mm, die axis 225o, Londinium (London, England) mint, c. mid 286 - early/mid 287; obverse IMP C CARAVSIVS AVG, radiate and draped bust right, early reign moustache portrait type; reverse SECVRIT ORBIS (the world is safe), Securitas seated left, short scepter in right hand, left hand raised to the back of her head; from the Charles Peters Carausius Collection; extremely rare; SOLD


Romano-British Empire, Carausius, Mid 286 - Spring or Early Summer 293 A.D.

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Colchester (Camulodunum) and its wall were rebuilt by the Romans after Queen Boudica led a rebellion in A.D. 60 and destroyed the town. Balkerne Gate in Colchester is the largest Roman arch in Britain. Balkerne Gate Colchester
RA73272. Billon antoninianus, apparently unpublished, RIC V-2 244 (R) var. (P AVG), Webb Carausius 296 var. (same), Hunter IV -, SRCV IV -, Burton -, Linchmere -, et al. -, F, dark green patina, well centered, corrosion, weight 3.378 g, maximum diameter 24.4 mm, die axis 180o, Camulodunum (Colchester, England) mint, c. mid 292 - early summer 293; obverse IMP C CARAVSIVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse IOVI CONSERV (to Jupiter the protector), Jupiter standing half left, head left, nude but for cloak over shoulders and back, thunder bolt in extended right hand, long scepter vertical in left hand, S - P across fields, C in exergue; from the Charles Peters Carausius Collection, extremely rare, Forum did not find another example with this obverse legend; SOLD


Maximian, 286 - 305, 306 - 308, and 310 A.D., Issued by Carausius

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A rare British issue by the usurper Carausius, trying to appease the legitimate rulers Diocletian and Maximian. It is likely it was struck shortly after the failed invasion of Maximian in 288 or 289 A.D. which forced him to agree on a temporary peace. This reverse type is unlisted in RIC V for the Camolodunum (Colchester) mint.
RA35057. Billon antoninianus, RIC V-2 Carausius, Diocletian and Maximian -, cf. RIC V-2 Carausius 40 - 41 for the mint and 39 for the type (London); Cohen -, F/VF, weight 3.702 g, maximum diameter 24.6 mm, die axis 180o, Camulodunum (Colchester, England) mint, 292 A.D.; obverse IMP C M A VAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right, middle reign portrait; reverse VIRTVS AVGG (valor of the two emperors), Mars standing right, nude, helmeted, reversed spear vertical in left, resting right hand on grounded shield, S - P, C in exergue; from the Scott Collection; very rare; SOLD




  




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Camulodunum