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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |Roman Mints| ▸ |Arelatum||View Options:  |  |  |   

Arelatum or Constantia (Arles, France)

In 328 Arelatum was renamed Constantia in honor of Constantine II. After Constantine II was killed in 340, the name reverted to Arelate, only to be changed again in 354 to Constantia by Constantius II. It retained that name, although the mintmark 'AR' appeared on some of its coins even in the fifth century. Dates of operation: 313 - 475 A.D. Mintmarks: A, AR, ARL, CON, CONST, KON, KONSTAN.


Jovian, 27 June 363 - 17 February 364 A.D.

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After arriving at Antioch, Jovian decided to rush to Constantinople to consolidate his political position there. While en route, he was found dead in bed in his tent at Dadastana, halfway between Ancyra and Nicaea. His death has been attributed to either a surfeit of mushrooms or the poisonous carbon monoxide fumes of a charcoal warming fire. Jovian was buried in the Church of the Holy Apostles in Constantinople.
SH91547. Silver reduced siliqua, RIC VIII Arles 331 (R2), RSC V 33Ab, SRCV V 19207, VF, toned, tight flan, light marks, die wear, weight 1.601 g, maximum diameter 16.64 mm, die axis 0o, Arelatum (Arles, France) mint mint, 27 Jun 363 - 17 Feb 364 A.D.; obverse D N IOVIA-NVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse VOT / V / MVLT / X in four lines within laurel within wreath, [P?]CONST in exergue; rare; $240.00 (€211.20)
 


Licinius I, 11 November 308 - 18 September 324 A.D.

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This billon type is c. 2 - 3% silver. The argenteus struck six years earlier with this reverse type was about 25% silver.
RB89960. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Arles 196 (R2), SRCV IV 15347, Cohen VII 101, Hunter V 24 var. (3rd officina), Choice VF, excellent centering, dark green patina, a few tiny spots of porosity, weight 3.748 g, maximum diameter 18.1 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Arelatum (Arles, France) mint, 319 - 320 A.D.; obverse IMP LICINIVS AVG, laureate and cuirassed bust right; reverse IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG (to Jove the protector of the Emperor), Licinius borne aloft by eagle right, wings spread, emperor holds a thunderbolt in right hand and scepter in left, SARL (S engraved over P?) in exergue; $100.00 (€88.00)
 


Magnentius, 18 January 350 - 10 August 353 A.D.

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"I am the alpha and the omega" is an appellation of Jesus in the Book of Revelation (verses 1:8, 21:6, and 22:13). Alpha (A) and omega (Ω) are respectively the first and last letters of the Greek alphabet. This would be similar to referring to someone in English as the "A and Z." Thus, twice when the title appears it is further clarified with the additional title "the beginning and the end" (Revelation 21:6, 22:13). The first and last letters of the Greek alphabet were used because the Book of Revelation was originally written in Greek.
RL91540. Bronze reduced double maiorina, cf. RIC VIII Arles 194 (S), Bastien MM 285, LRBC II 447, SRCV V 18781, Hunter V -, aF, a little rough and porous, part of edge ragged with a split, weight 5.717 g, maximum diameter 25.5 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Arelatum (Arles, France) mint, c. 1 Jan - 10 Aug 353 A.D.; obverse D N MAGNENTIVS P F AVG, bare-headed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse SALVS DD NN AVG ET CAES (the salvation of our noble emperor and caesar), large Christogram (Chi-Rho, Christ monogram), flanked by A - W (meaning Christ is the alpha and omega, first and last), SAR[•?] in exergue; from the Maxwell Hunt Collection; scarce; $100.00 (€88.00)
 


Constantine the Great, Early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

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In 319, Constantine prohibited the separation of the families of slaves during a change in ownership.
RL89629. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Arles 185 (R4), SRCV IV 16298, Cohen VII 636, Hunter V -, gVF, nice portrait, green patina with some silvering, earthen encrustations, weight 3.181 g, maximum diameter 18.1 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Arelatum (Arles, France) mint, 319 A.D.; obverse IMP CONSTANTINVS AVG, helmeted and cuirassed bust right; reverse VICTORIAE LAETAE PRINC PERP (Joyous victory to the eternal Prince), two Victories standing confronted, together holding shield inscribed VOT / P R (vows of the Roman people) over garlanded altar, S - A divided by star above and within crescent with horns upward in exergue; ex Beast Coins VLPP Collection, ex ECaesars Numismatics (eBay, Feb 2006); very rare; $95.00 (€83.60)
 


Constantine the Great, Early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

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Zach Beasley, formerly the owner operator of Beast Coins, and now the Senior Numismatist at Heritage Auctions, assembled a collection of Roman coins with Latin reverse legends abbreviating Victoriae Laetae Principium Perpatua. These reverse legends translate, "Joyous victory to the eternal Prince." We are pleased offer some of the coins from this collection, which are among the finest examples of the types.
RL89616. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Arles 185 (R5), SRCV IV 16298, Cohen VII 636, Hunter V -, Choice VF, well centered, highlighting red earthen fill, weight 3.521 g, maximum diameter 18.9 mm, die axis 180o, 3rd officina, Arelatum (Arles, France) mint, 319 A.D.; obverse IMP CONSTANTINVS AVG, helmeted, laureate and cuirassed bust right; reverse VICTORIAE LAETAE PRINC PERP (Joyous victory to the eternal Prince), two Victories standing confronted, together holding shield inscribed VOT / P R (vows of the Roman people) over garlanded altar, T - A divided by star above and within crescent with horns upward in exergue; ex Beast Coins VLPP Collection; very rare; $90.00 (€79.20)
 


Valentinian I, 25 February 364 - 17 November 375 A.D.

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An important type. The mint mark abbreviates "Officina Tertia" confirming the use of the term officina for a mint workshop.
RL91664. Bronze centenionalis, RIC IX Arelate 7(a)ii(c), LRBC II 479, SRCV V 19429, Cohen VIII 12, Hunter V -, VF, well centered, tight flan, irregular ragged edge, weight 2.044 g, maximum diameter 18.9 mm, die axis 180o, 3rd officina, Constantina (Arles, France) mint, 25 Feb 364 - 24 Aug 367 A.D.; obverse D N VALENTINIANVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA ROMANORVM (glory of the Romans), emperor dragging captive with right, labarum (chi-rho standard) in left, OF - III across fields, CONST in exergue; from the Maxwell Hunt Collection; $65.00 (€57.20)
 


Constantine the Great, Early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

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On July 4, 325, in Nicea, a little town near the Bosporus Straits, Constantine the Great entered the hall in his imperial, jewel-encrusted, multicolored brocades, but this time without his usual train of soldiers. In the hall about three hundred Christian bishops and deacons were gathered around the Gospels laying open on a table. Constantine spoke briefly. He told them to come to agreement on the crucial questions dividing them. "Division in the church," he said, "is worse than war." Nicea began a new era for Christianity. Some of these churchmen carried scars of the imperial lash. One pastor from Egypt was missing an eye; another was crippled in both hands as a result of red-hot irons. The persecuted had become the respected advisers of the emperor. The once-despised church was on its way to becoming the state religion.
RL91645. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Arles 286, LRBC I 290, SRCV IV 16244, Cohen VII 454, Hunter V -, Choice EF, well centered and struck, dark patina, light deposits, weight 2.853 g, maximum diameter 19.3 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Arelatum (Arles, France) mint, 325 - 326 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINVS AVG, laureate head right; reverse PROVIDENTIAE AVGG (to the foresight of the two emperors), campgate with two turrets, star above, PA crescent RL in exergue; from the Maxwell Hunt Collection; scarce; $60.00 (€52.80)
 


Crispus, Caesar, 1 March 317 - 326 A.D.

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On 1 March 317, Constantine the Great and co-emperor Licinius elevated their sons Crispus, Constantine II (still an baby) and Licinius II to Caesars. After this arrangement, Constantine ruled the dioceses Pannonia and Macedonia, and established his residence at Sirmium, from where he prepared a campaign against the Goths and Sarmatians.
RL88065. Billon reduced follis, RIC VII Arles 129 (R2), Hunter V 29, SRCV IV 16713, Cohen VII 99; only issued by the 4th officina, VF, dark patina, tight flan, stuck with worn/damaged dies, weight 2.782 g, maximum diameter 18.1 mm, die axis 180o, 4th officina, Arelatum (Arles, France) mint, 1 Mar 317 - 318 A.D.; obverse CRISPVS NOB CAES, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse PRINCIPIA IVVENTVTIS (in honor of the Prince of Youth), Mars advancing right, nude but for helmet, boots and chlamys on shoulders and flying behind, transverse spear in right, round shield on left arm, R S at sides, QARL in exergue; scarce; $50.00 (€44.00)
 


Licinius I, 11 November 308 - 18 September 324 A.D.

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This billon centenionalis is c. 2 - 3% silver. The argenteus struck six years earlier with this reverse type was about 25% silver.
RL71444. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Arles 196; Depeyrot EMA p. 45, 22/3; SRCV IV 15347; Cohen VII 101, F, weight 2.996 g, maximum diameter 17.7 mm, die axis 0o, 3rd officina, Arelatum (Arles, France) mint, 319 - 320 A.D.; obverse IMP LICINIVS AVG, laureate and cuirassed bust right; reverse IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG (to Jove the protector of the Emperor), Licinius borne aloft by eagle right, wings spread, emperor holds a thunderbolt in right hand and scepter in left, TARL in exergue; $32.00 (€28.16)
 


Magnus Maximus, July 383 - 28 July 388 A.D.

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After the Roman troops in Britain, proclaimed general Magnus Maximus emperor, he invaded Gaul and drove Gratian before him until the latter was overrun and assassinated. After negotiations, Theodosius I recognized Magnus Maximus and his son, Flavius Victor, as emperors in Britannia and Gaul. Gratian's brother Valentinian II retained Italy, Pannonia, Hispania, and Africa. In 386 A.D., driven by reckless greed, Magnus Maximus invaded Italy, driving out Valentinian II, who fled to Theodosius I. Commanding an army of Goths, Huns and Alans, Theodosius marched west and defeated Magnus Maximus at the Battle of the Save. On 28 August 388, Magnus Maximus surrendered at Aquileia and was executed.
RL91027. Bronze half centenionalis, Hunter V 16 (also 1st officina), RIC IX Arelate 29(a)1, LRBC II 560, SRCV V 20656, Cohen VIII 7,, F, well centered, porous, rough, ragged edge with flan cracks, weight 0.800 g, maximum diameter 13.7 mm, die axis 135o, 1st officina, Arelate (Arles, France) mint, c. 387 - 28 Aug 388 A.D.; obverse D N MAG MAXIMVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse SPES ROMANORVM, campgate with star between two turrets, PCON in exergue; ex Moneta Numismatic Services; scarce; $30.00 (€26.40)
 




  



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REFERENCES|

Depeyrot, G. Les émissions monétaires d'Arles (4th -5th Siècles). Moneta 6. (Wetteren, 1996).

Catalog current as of Sunday, October 20, 2019.
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