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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |Roman Mints| ▸ |Arelatum||View Options:  |  |  | 

Arelatum or Constantia (Arles, France)

In 328 Arelatum was renamed Constantia in honor of Constantine II. After Constantine II was killed in 340, the name reverted to Arelate, only to be changed again in 354 to Constantia by Constantius II. It retained that name, although the mintmark 'AR' appeared on some of its coins even in the fifth century. Dates of operation: 313 - 475 A.D. Mintmarks: A, AR, ARL, CON, CONST, KON, KONSTAN.

Magnentius, 18 January 350 - 10 August 353 A.D.

|Magnentius|, |Magnentius,| |18| |January| |350| |-| |10| |August| |353| |A.D.||heavy| |maiorina|
Constans' cruelty, misrule and homosexuality made himself extremely unpopular. On 18 January 350, the army in Gaul proclaimed Magnentius emperor and Constans was forced to flee to Spain where he was assassinated. Magnentius ruled the Western Roman Empire and was far more tolerant towards Pagans.
RL66892. Billon heavy maiorina, RIC VIII Arles 139 (S), Bastien MM 234, LRBC II 420, SRCV V 18794, Cohen VIII 7, Choice EF, green patina, flat strike areas on reverse, weight 4.039 g, maximum diameter 23.7 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Arelatum (Arles, France) mint, c. 18 Jan - end 350 A.D.; obverse D N MAGNENTIVS P F AVG, laurel and rosette-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse FELICITAS REIPVBLICE (the good fortune of the Republic), Magnentius standing left half left, bare head left, wearing military garb, long paludamentum hanging behind from shoulders, Victory on globe offering wreath in his right hand, vexillum with annulet design on ensign in left hand, F left, SAR in exergue; scarce; SOLD


Constantine the Great, Early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

|Constantine| |the| |Great|, |Constantine| |the| |Great,| |Early| |307| |-| |22| |May| |337| |A.D.||centenionalis|
In 326, Constantine reorganized the Roman army into smaller units classified into three grades: palatini, (imperial escort armies); comitatenses, (forces based in frontier provinces) and limitanei (auxilia border troops).
RL76326. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Arles 291, LRBC I 292, SRCV IV 16307, Cohen VII 664, Hunter V -, Choice EF, near perfect centering and strike, light contact marks, areas of slight porosity, weight 3.643 g, maximum diameter 19.2 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Arelatum (Arles, France) mint, 325 - 326 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINVS AVG, laureate head right; reverse VIRTVS AVGG (valor of the two emperors), campgate with four turrets, open gates, star above, PA crescent RL in exergue; SOLD


Constantine II, 22 May 337 - March or April 340 A.D.

|Constantine| |II|, |Constantine| |II,| |22| |May| |337| |-| |March| |or| |April| |340| |A.D.||centenionalis|
This bust type is not listed in RIC with this reverse. It appears to be a mule struck, probably in error, with an obverse die from 329 A.D. (RIC VII 338) and a reverse die from the previous issue struck in 328 A.D. (RIC VII Arles 322). In 328, the obverse type was laureate, draped and cuirassed. In 329, the campgate was flanked by T - F and usually had two turrets and no doors.
RL86814. Billon centenionalis, An apparently unpublished mule of two very rare (R4) types; RIC VII Arles -, cf. 338 (for obverse, 329 A.D.) / 322 (for reverse, 328 A.D.), Choice gVF, excellent centering on a round flan, dark patina, weight 2.610 g, maximum diameter 19.9 mm, die axis 180o, 3rd officina, Arelatum (Arles, France) mint, as caesar, 329 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C, laureate and cuirassed bust left, from the front; reverse VIRTVS CAESS (the valor of the two princes), campgate with five rows, four turrets and open doors, with two panels, each with 2 pellets, star above, top row ornamented with arches and pellets, S - F at sides, TCONST in exergue; ex Zachary "Beast" Beasley Collection of Camp Gates; extremely rare; SOLD







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REFERENCES|

Depeyrot, G. Les émissions monétaires d'Arles (4th -5th Siècles). Moneta 6. (Wetteren, 1996).

Catalog current as of Friday, January 22, 2021.
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