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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |Roman Mints| ▸ |Arelatum||View Options:  |  |  | 

Arelatum or Constantia (Arles, France)

In 328 Arelatum was renamed Constantia in honor of Constantine II. After Constantine II was killed in 340, the name reverted to Arelate, only to be changed again in 354 to Constantia by Constantius II. It retained that name, although the mintmark 'AR' appeared on some of its coins even in the fifth century. Dates of operation: 313 - 475 A.D. Mintmarks: A, AR, ARL, CON, CONST, KON, KONSTAN.

Constantine the Great, Early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

|Constantine| |the| |Great|, |Constantine| |the| |Great,| |Early| |307| |-| |22| |May| |337| |A.D.||centenionalis|NEW
In 326, Constantine the Great traveled to Rome to celebrate the 20th anniversary of his accession to power. He founded Constantinople at Byzantium as the new capital of the Roman Empire. He reorganized the Roman army in smaller units classified into three grades: palatini, (imperial escort armies); comitatenses, (forces based in frontier provinces) and limitanei (auxilia border troops).
RL98405. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Arles 291 (S), LRBC I 292, SRCV IV 16307, Cohen 665, Hunter V -, Choice aEF, well centered, some silvering, closed edge crack, weight 2.67 g, maximum diameter 20.0 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Arelatum (Arles, France) mint, 325 - 326 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINVS AVG, laureate head right; reverse VIRTVS AVGG (valor of the two emperors), campgate with four turrets, open gates and star above, SA crescent RL in exergue; $160.00 (€131.20)
 


Constantine II, 22 May 337 - March or April 340 A.D.

|Constantine| |II|, |Constantine| |II,| |22| |May| |337| |-| |March| |or| |April| |340| |A.D.||centenionalis|NEW
In 325 A.D., Constantine I assured the security of the Danube frontier by defeating the Goths, the Vandals, and the Sarmatians. Licinius was executed in Thessalonica, on a charge of conspiring and raising troops against Constantine I. Gladiatorial combat was outlawed in the Roman Empire. The First Council of Nicaea was held.
RL98396. Billon centenionalis, Hunter V 40 (also 3rd officina), RIC VI Arles 294, LRBC 1 297, Cohen VII 239, SRCV V 17279,, Choice gVF, well centered, dark patina, some silvering, weight 3.15 g, maximum diameter 20.1 mm, die axis 180o, 3rd officina, Arelatum (Arles, France) mint, as caesar, 325 - 326 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust left; reverse VIRTVS CAESS (the valor of the two princes), campgate with four turrets and open gates, TA crescent RL in exergue; $140.00 (€114.80)
 


Constantine the Great, Early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

|Constantine| |the| |Great|, |Constantine| |the| |Great,| |Early| |307| |-| |22| |May| |337| |A.D.||centenionalis|NEW
In 328 Arelatum was renamed Constantia in honor of Constantine II. After Constantine II was killed in 340, the name reverted to Arelate, only to be changed again in 354 to Constantia by Constantius II. It retained that name, although the mintmark 'AR' appeared on some of its coins even in the fifth century.
RL98422. Billon centenionalis, LRBC I 328, RIC VII Arles 318, SRCV IV 16247, Cohen VII 454, Hunter V 128 var. (2nd officina), Choice aEF, well centered and struck, some silvering, flow lines, weight 2.87 g, maximum diameter 19.8 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Constantia-Arelatum (Arles, France) mint, 329 A.D.; obverse CONSTAN-TINVS AVG, pearl-diademed head right; reverse PROVIDENTIAE AVGG (to the foresight of the two emperors), campgate with two turrets and star above, no doors, ornate decorated top row, S - F flanking at sides, PCONST in exergue; $140.00 (€114.80)
 


Magnentius, 18 January 350 - 10 August 353 A.D.

|Magnentius|, |Magnentius,| |18| |January| |350| |-| |10| |August| |353| |A.D.||heavy| |maiorina|
In 352, Constantius II invaded northern Italy in pursuit of the usurper Magnus Magnentius, who withdrew with his army to Gaul. Constantius declared an amnesty for Magnentius' soldiers, many of whom deserted to him. By the end of the year Constantius entered Milan. After another defeat in battle, Magnentius committed suicide in 353.
RL93376. Billon heavy maiorina, RIC VIII Arles 179, Bastien MM 268, LRBC II 437, SRCV V 18824, Cohen VIII 68, Hunter V -, gVF, tight oval flan, uneven strike with small weak areas on edges, tiny deposits, tiny edge cracks, weight 4.424 g, maximum diameter 20.5 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Arelatum (Arles, France) mint, spring 351 - August 353 A.D.; obverse D N MAGNENTIVS P F AVG, bare-headed, draped and cuirassed bust right, A behind; reverse VICTORIAE DD NN AVGG ET CAE (victories of our lords, the two emperors and two caesars), two Victories holding shield inscribed VOT V MVLT X, E over IS low center, PAR in exergue; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $120.00 (€98.40)
 


Constantine the Great, Early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

|Constantine| |the| |Great|, |Constantine| |the| |Great,| |Early| |307| |-| |22| |May| |337| |A.D.||reduced| |centenionalis|NEW
Because of his fame and because he was proclaimed Emperor while he was in Roman Britain, later Britons regarded Constantine as a king of their own people. In the 12th century, Henry of Huntingdon included a passage in his Historia Anglorum that Constantine's mother Helena was a Briton, the daughter of King Cole of Colchester. Geoffrey of Monmouth expanded this story in his highly fictionalized Historia Regum Britanniae, an account of the supposed Kings of Britain from their Trojan origins to the Anglo-Saxon invasion. According to Geoffrey, Cole was King of the Britons when Constantius, here a senator, came to Britain. Afraid of the Romans, Cole submitted to Roman law so long as he retained his kingship. However, he died only a month later, and Constantius took the throne himself, marrying Cole's daughter Helena. They had their son Constantine, who succeeded his father as King of Britain before becoming Roman Emperor. Historically, this series of events is extremely improbable. Constantius had already left Helena by the time he left for Britain. Additionally, no earlier source mentions that Helena was born in Britain, let alone that she was a princess.
RL96885. Billon reduced centenionalis, RIC VIII Arles p. 206, 17 (R2); Depeyrot EMA p. 73, 56/1; LRBC I 422; Kent 17; SRCV V 17458; Cohen -, aF, a bit rough, ragged edge, minor encrustation, weight 1.474 g, maximum diameter 15.2 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Arelatum (Arles, France) mint, posthumous, 339 A.D.; obverse DIVO CONSTANTINO P, veiled, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse AETERNA PIETAS, Constantine standing facing, head right, wearing military dress, inverted spear in left hand, globe in right hand, X (control symbol) right, SCONST (Constantia) in exergue; this type appears to be rarer than RIC VIII's R2 rating indicates; rare; $120.00 (€98.40)
 


Constantine the Great, Early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

|Constantine| |the| |Great|, |Constantine| |the| |Great,| |Early| |307| |-| |22| |May| |337| |A.D.||centenionalis|NEW
In 328 Arelatum (Arelate) was renamed Constantina in honor of Constantine II. After Constantine II was killed in 340, the name reverted to Arelatum, only to be changed again in 354 to Constantina by Constantius II. It retained that name, although the mintmark 'AR' appeared on some of its coins even in the fifth century.
RL98419. Billon centenionalis, Hunter V 129 (also 2nd officina), RIC VII Arles 321, LRBC I 329, SRCV IV 16310, Cohen VII 665,, Choice aEF, well centered, some silvering, flow lines, weight 3.10 g, maximum diameter 20.3 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Constantia-Arelatum (Arles, France) mint, 328 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINVS AVG, pearl-diademed head right; reverse VIRTVS AVGG (valor of the two emperors), campgate with four turrets, open doors, star above, S - F flanking at sides, SCONST (Constantia) in exergue; $120.00 (€98.40)
 


Constantine II, 22 May 337 - March or April 340 A.D.

|Constantine| |II|, |Constantine| |II,| |22| |May| |337| |-| |March| |or| |April| |340| |A.D.||centenionalis|NEW
In 328 Arelatum was renamed Constantia in honor of Constantine II. After Constantine II was killed in 340, the name reverted to Arelate, only to be changed again in 354 to Constantia by Constantius II. It retained that name, although the mintmark 'AR' appeared on some of its coins even in the fifth century.
RL98420. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Arles 311 (R2), LRBC I 323, Depeyrot EMA 38/3, SRCV V 17223, Cohen VII 165, Hunter V -, Choice EF, well centered, much silvering, flow lines, weight 3.393 g, maximum diameter 19.2 mm, die axis 180o, 3rd officina, Arelatum (Arles, France) mint, as caesar, 327 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust left; reverse PROVIDENTIAE CAESS (to the foresight of the two princes), campgate, six rows of brick, two turrets, no doors, star above, S - F across field and ARLT in exergue; rare; $120.00 (€98.40)
 


Constantine II, 22 May 337 - March or April 340 A.D.

|Constantine| |II|, |Constantine| |II,| |22| |May| |337| |-| |March| |or| |April| |340| |A.D.||centenionalis|NEW
In 328 Arelatum was renamed Constantia in honor of Constantine II. After Constantine II was killed in 340, the name reverted to Arelate, only to be changed again in 354 to Constantia by Constantius II. It retained that name, although the mintmark 'AR' appeared on some of its coins even in the fifth century.
RL98421. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Arles 319, LRBC I 330, Depeyrot EMA 39/2, SRCV V 17224, Cohen VII 165, Hunter V -, Choice gVF, excellent centering, much silvering, weight 3.402 g, maximum diameter 20.0 mm, die axis 0o, 3rd officina, Constantia-Arelatum (Arles, France) mint, as caesar, 328 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust left; reverse PROVIDENTIAE CAESS (to the foresight of the two princes), campgate, six rows of bricks, two turrets, no doors, star above, S - F across field and TCONST in exergue; $110.00 (€90.20)
 


Constantine the Great, Early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

|Constantine| |the| |Great|, |Constantine| |the| |Great,| |Early| |307| |-| |22| |May| |337| |A.D.||centenionalis|NEW
The reverse legend abbreviates, Victoriae Laetae Principium Perpertua, which translates, "Joyous victory to the eternal Prince." VOT P R on the shield abbreviates, Vota Populi Romani, which translates, "Vows (prayers) of the Roman people."
RL94852. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Arles 191 (R3), SRCV IV 16299, Cohen VII 636, Hunter V -, Choice VF, desert patina, weight 3.221 g, maximum diameter 18.6 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Arelatum (Arles, France) mint, 319 - 320 A.D.; obverse IMP CONSTANTINVS AVG, helmeted, laureate and cuirassed bust right; reverse VICTORIAE LAETAE PRINC PERP (Joyous victory to the eternal Prince), two Victories standing confronted, together holding shield inscribed VOT / P R (vows of the Roman people) over altar, PARL in exergue; from the Ray Nouri Collection; rare; $100.00 (€82.00)
 







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REFERENCES|

Depeyrot, G. Les émissions monétaires d'Arles (4th -5th Siècles). Moneta 6. (Wetteren, 1996).

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