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Roman Republic, Sextus Pompey, Imperator and Prefect of the Fleet, Executed 35 B.C.
NEW Struck by Sextus Pompey after his victory over Salvidienus and relates to his acclamation as the Son of Neptune. The inscription PRAEF CLAS ET ORAE MARIT abbreviates Praefectus Classis et Orae Maritimae, which translates Commander-in-Chief of the Fleet and the Sea Coasts. This title was held by both Pompey the Great and his son Sextus Pompey. Although Sextus Pompey was the supreme naval commander, Octavian had the Senate declare him a public enemy. He turned to piracy and came close to defeating Octavian. He was defeated by Marcus Agrippa at the naval battle of Naulochus on 3 September 36 B.C. and was executed by order of Mark Antony in 35 B.C.RR96733. Silver denarius, Crawford 511/2a, RSC I Sextus Pompey 1b, Sydenham 1347, BMCRR Sicily 15, Sear CRI 333, SRCV I 1391, aVF, toned, tight flan cutting off much of legends, a little flatly struck, bumps, scratches, banker's marks, weight 3.561 g, maximum diameter 16.2 mm, die axis 0o, Sicilian mint, 42 - 40 B.C.; obverse MAG PIVS IMP ITER, diademed head of Neptune right, long hair and beard, trident over shoulder; reverse PRAEF CLAS ET ORAE MARIT EX S C (AE and MAR ligate), naval trophy of captured arms placed on anchor, trident head above, components of the trophy include helmet, cuirass, stem of prow and apluster for arms, the heads of Scylla and Charybdis at base; scarce; $500.00 (€460.00)
Thessalian League, Thessaly, Greece, c. 170 B.C.
The object on the reverse was long considered somewhat mysterious. Roger identified it as a lyre. Robinson suggested a diadem or more probably a sling. Warren argued it is a stylized depiction of a dart sling, or Kestrosphendone, a weapon first introduced during the Third Macedonian War between Rome and Perseus of Macedon. Warren suggests this type was struck at Demetrias in Magnesia, under orders from Perseus, to commemorate the success of the weapon.GB96459. Bronze chalkous, Warren, "Two Notes," NC 1961, pl. I, 11; BCD Thessaly II 24.2; HGC 4 236; Rogers 4 var., gVF, well centered, nice green patina, light earthen deposits, marks, weight 3.065 g, maximum diameter 14.8 mm, Magnesia, Demetrias (near Volos, Greece) mint, c. 170 B.C.; obverse Macedonian round shield, pellets and five double arcs/crescents around star in central boss; reverse kestrosphendone (dart sling) with dart inside, ΘEΣΣA/ΛΩN divided in two lines, the first above, ending below; ex David Wray Collection, ex John Jencek; very rare; $225.00 (€207.00)
Herod Archelaus, Ethnarch of Samaria, Judea, and Idumea, 4 B.C. - 6 A.D.
This is a scarcer variety with the inscriptions transposed. EΘNOPXOY (Ethnarch) is usually on the reverse and HPω∆HC (of Herod) is usually on the obverse. BMC Palestine lists 15 specimens of the usual variety and only one of this variety.JD97424. Bronze prutah, Hendin 1196a; BMC Palestine p. 233, 26; Meshorer TJC 74; RPC I 4917 var. (Ethnarch on rev., Herod on obv. - the usual type), gF, broad flan, highlighting earthen deposits, a little off center, part of edge ragged, weight 2.098 g, maximum diameter 17.2 mm, die axis 0o, Jerusalem mint, 4 B.C. - 6 A.D.; obverse EΘNOPXOY (Ethnarch), bunch of grapes, with leaf on left; reverse tall helmet with crest and neck straps viewed from the front, small caduceus in lower left field, HPω∆HC (of Herod) below; scarce; $225.00 (€207.00)
Macedonian Kingdom, Alexander the Great, 336 - 323 B.C., Kition, Cyprus
The open-mouth quiver is unique to the Kition mint. The "arrow" on this coin is very unusual. The description of Price 3119 includes a KT monogram but followed by (?). The monogram is missing from all examples known to Forum. We suspect the KT monogram does not exist on any Alexander bronze from Kition.GB95811. Bronze unit, cf. Tziambazis 6, Price 3119, Bank of Cyprus --, gVF, nice green patina with buff earthen highlighting, light marks, porosity, tight flan, weight 4.731 g, maximum diameter 16.1 mm, die axis 225o, Kition (Larnaca, Cyprus) mint, 336 - 323 B.C. (perhaps later); obverse head of Herakles right, wearing Nemean Lion skin, scalp over head, forepaws tied at neck; reverse club right above, AΛEΞAN∆POY across center, open-mouth quiver, arrow(?) and bow below; $200.00 (€184.00)
Macedonian Kingdom, Alexander the Great, 336 - 323 B.C., Kition, Cyprus
NEW On Alexander bronze, a quiver with a visible round open top is unique to the Kition mint.GB95835. Bronze quarter unit, Price 3111A, cf. Tziambazis 6 (full unit), BMC Cyprus -, VF, well centered, earthen deposits, porosity, weight 1.743 g, maximum diameter 11.1 mm, die axis 0o, Kition (Larnaca, Cyprus) mint, c. 325 - 320 B.C.; obverse head of Herakles right, wearing Nemean Lion skin, scalp over head, forepaws tied at neck; reverse bow left and upright quiver on left, AΛEΞAN∆POY downward in center, knobby club handle up on right; very rare; $120.00 (€110.40)
Askalon lies on the shore of the Mediterranean, ten miles north of Gaza and about 40 miles south of Joppa. Herod the Great ruled all of Palestine, except Askalon, which remained a free city. Today, a national park at Ashqelon, Israel includes ruins of Canaanite, Greek, Roman, Byzantine and Crusader walls and buildings.JD97435. Bronze AE 13, Houghton-Lorber II 2122; Brett Ascalon 10; SNG Spaer 2095; Houghton CSE 818, F, porous, scratches, earthen deposits, off center, weight 1.419 g, maximum diameter 13.3 mm, die axis 0o, Askalon (Ashqelon, Israel) mint, 138 - 129 B.C.; obverse crested Macedonian helmet with cheek-pieces right, dot border; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ ANTIOXOY, apluster vertical (ship's stern ornament); $105.00 (€96.60)
Termessos Major, Pisidia, 3rd Century A.D.
Alexander the Great likened Termessos, high in the Taurus Mountains, to an eagle's nest after he surrounded it but failed to conquer it in 333 B.C. An ally of Rome, Termessos was granted independent status by the Roman Senate in 71 B.C. Independence was maintained continuously for a long time, the only exception being an alliance with Amyntas king of Galatia (reigned 36 - 25 B.C.). This independence is documented also by the coins of Termessos, which bear the title "Autonomous." Termessos was abandoned after its aqueduct was destroyed by an earthquake (date unknown).GB83542. Bronze AE 38, SNGvA 5364; BMC Lycia p. 273, 41; SNG BnF -; SNG Cop -; SNG PfPs -; SNG Righetti -; SNG Tüb -, aVF, green patina, rough, pitting, corrosion, smoothing, edge chip, central cavities, weight 28.152 g, maximum diameter 37.8 mm, die axis 0o, Termessos Major mint, pseudo-autonomous, c. 238 - 268 A.D.; obverse TEPMHCCEΩN AVTONOMΩN, laureate and bearded head of Zeus right; reverse TΩN MEIZONΩN, Athena standing slightly left, head left, wearing helmet, long chiton, and peplos, holding Nike offering wreath in right hand, spear in left hand, shield at feet on far side of right leg, trophy of captured arms behind, Θ left; about twice the weight of the similar smaller and less rare coin with the same types (SNG BnF 2189, AE33, 14.06g); very rare; $100.00 (€92.00)
Thyatira, Lydia, 2nd Century B.C.
We were unable to identify another specimen with the monogram right. It may be present on some published or online specimens that are just too worn or off center. This same monogram is found on other types from Thyatira.GB91506. Bronze AE 16, SNG Cop 571 var.; SNGvA 3199 var.; SNG Munchen 574 var.; SNG Tübingen 3836 var.; BMC Lydia p. 292, 4 var.; et al. - (none with monogram), gF, beautiful jade-like patina, earthen deposits, small edge chips, weight 3.125 g, maximum diameter 15.5 mm, die axis 0o, Thyatira (Akhisar, Turkey) mint, 2nd Century B.C.; obverse head of Apollo right; reverse double-axe (labrys), ΘYATEI/PH-NΩN in two lines staring above, below divided by shaft, monogram to right of axe blade; from the Maxwell Hunt Collection; rare variety; $90.00 (€82.80)
Kingdom of Thrace, Lysimachos, 305 - 281 B.C.
Athena is the Greek goddess of wisdom, courage, inspiration, civilization, law and justice, strategic warfare, mathematics, strength, strategy, the arts, crafts, and skill. She was believed to lead soldiers into battle as the war goddess Athena Promachos. The Parthenon on the Athenian Acropolis was dedicated to her, along with numerous other temples and monuments across Europe, West Asia, and North Africa. Her usual attribute is the owl and Nike is her frequent companion.GB87740. Bronze AE 20, SNG Cop 1164, Lindgren I 908, Müller 13, HGC 3.2 1755 (S), VF, nice glossy green patina, bumps and scratches, small edge split, weight 4.968 g, maximum diameter 20.1 mm, die axis 0o, uncertain W. Anatolian mint, 301 - 281 B.C.; obverse male head right, wearing Phrygian helmet; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΛYΣIMAXOY, trophy of captured arms, arranged to resemble Athena Parthenos standing left, with helmet, shield, and spear; scarce; $65.00 (€59.80)
Seleukid Kingdom, Demetrius I Soter, 162 - 150 B.C.
As required by the Treaty of Apamea, Demetrius, the son of Seleucus IV, was held in Rome as a hostage. After Antiochus IV (his uncle) died, he claimed the right to rule but Rome preferred Antiochus V, a weak child. Demetrius escaped, was welcomed in Syria and took his throne. Antiochus V and his regent were executed. Demetrius defeated Judas Maccabaeus and restored Seleukid control over Judaea.GB95287. Bronze serrated AE 20, Houghton-Lorber II 1645; Houghton CSE 170; SNG Spaer 1295 ff.; BMC Seleucid p. 80, 3 - 4; Babelon 727 ff.; HGC 9 826 (S), F, well centered, porous, small central cavities, weight 7.680 g, maximum diameter 20.4 mm, die axis 0o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 162 - 150 B.C.; obverse bust of Artemis right wearing stephane, bow and quiver at shoulder; reverse bow and quiver with strap, BAΣIΛEΩΣ (king) downward on right, ∆HMHTPIOY downward on left, no control symbols; $65.00 (€59.80)