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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Themes & Provenance| ▸ |Military| ▸ |Combat||View Options:  |  |  |   

Ancient Coins Depicting Combat
Gordian III, 29 July 238 - 25 February 244 A.D., Hadrianopolis, Thrace

|Hadrianopolis|, |Gordian| |III,| |29| |July| |238| |-| |25| |February| |244| |A.D.,| |Hadrianopolis,| |Thrace|, |AE| |25|
Hadrian refounded a Thracian tribal capital, changed its name to Hadrianopolis, developed it, adorned it with monuments, and made it the capital of the Roman province. The city is Edirne, Turkey today. From ancient times, the area around Edirne has been the site of no fewer than 16 major battles or sieges. Military historian John Keegan identifies it as "the most contested spot on the globe" and attributes this to its geographical location. Licinius was defeated there by Constantine I in 323, and Valens was killed by the Goths during the Battle of Adrianople in 378.
RP92734. Bronze AE 25, Varbanov II 3783 (R5), Jurukova Hadrianopolis 581, Lindgren 787, Mionnet Suppl. II 801, CN Online -, BMC Thrace -, SNG Cop -, VF, centered on a tight flan, attractive style, bumps and scratches, central depressions with light spiral marks, weight 9.263 g, maximum diameter 24.8 mm, die axis 45o, Hadrianopolis (Edirne, Turkey) mint, 29 Jul 238 - 25 Feb 244 A.D.; obverse AYT K M ANT ΓOP∆IANOC AV, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse A∆PIANOΠO,ΛEITΩN (last six letters in exergue), Emperor on horseback galloping right, spear overhead in right hand, reigns in left hand; scarce; $150.00 SALE |PRICE| $135.00


Constantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.

|Constantius| |II|, |Constantius| |II,| |22| |May| |337| |-| |3| |November| |361| |A.D.|, |heavy| |maiorina|
On 15 March 351, Constantius II elevated his 25-year-old cousin Constantius Gallus to Caesar at Sirmium in Pannonia. He arranged a marriage with his sister Constantina and put Constantius Gallus in charge of the Eastern Roman Empire. Constantius II marched West with a large army (60,000 men) to fight against Magnus Magnentius.
RL93281. Billon heavy maiorina, RIC VIII Constantinople 82, LRBC II 2026, SRCV V 18148, Cohen VII -, Hunter V -, Choice VF, excellent centering, dark brown tone, edge split / crack, weight 5.510 g, maximum diameter 23.0 mm, die axis 180o, 5th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 348 - 351 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO (happy times restored), soldier with shield on left arm spearing bearded fallen horseman, horseman turning to soldier and raising right arm, shield on ground to right, Γ upper left, CONSE* in exergue; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $140.00 SALE |PRICE| $126.00


Aspendos, Pamphylia, c. 465 - 420 B.C.

|Aspendos|, |Aspendos,| |Pamphylia,| |c.| |465| |-| |420| |B.C.|, |stater|
In 467 B.C. the Athenian statesman and military commander Cimon, and his fleet of 200 ships, destroyed the Persian navy based at the mouth of the river Eurymedon in a surprise attack. In order to crush to Persian land forces, he tricked the Persians by sending his best fighters ashore wearing the garments of the hostages he had seized earlier. When they saw these men, the Persians thought that they were compatriots freed by the enemy and arranged festivities in celebration. Taking advantage of this, Cimon landed and annihilated the Persians. Aspendos then became a member of the Attic-Delos Maritime league.
GS94449. Silver stater, SNG BnF 6; cf. SNGvA 4482 (ethnic arrangement), BMC Lycia -, SNG Cop -, SNG PfPs -, VF, struck with worn dies, oval generally favoring types, weight 10.739 g, maximum diameter 21.7 mm, die axis 90o, Aspendos mint, c. 465 - 420 B.C.; obverse warrior advancing right, nude, wearing crested helmet, couched spear in right hand, round shield on left arm; reverse triskeles of human legs counterclockwise, EΣ−Π counterclockwise staring lower left, all within an incuse square; $135.00 SALE |PRICE| $122.00


Aspendos, Pamphylia, c. 465 - 420 B.C.

|Aspendos|, |Aspendos,| |Pamphylia,| |c.| |465| |-| |420| |B.C.|, |stater|
In 467 B.C. the Athenian statesman and military commander Cimon, and his fleet of 200 ships, destroyed the Persian navy based at the mouth of the river Eurymedon in a surprise attack. In order to crush to Persian land forces, he tricked the Persians by sending his best fighters ashore wearing the garments of the hostages he had seized earlier. When they saw these men, the Persians thought that they were compatriots freed by the enemy and arranged festivities in celebration. Taking advantage of this, Cimon landed and annihilated the Persians. Aspendos then became a member of the Attic-Delos Maritime league.
GS94448. Silver stater, SNG Cop 153; cf. SNGvA 4477 (arrangement of legs and EΣ varies); SNG BnF 1 (same); BMC Lycia p. 93, 2 ff. (additional symbols on rev.), F, off center, struck with a worn obverse die, weight 10.8621 g, maximum diameter 19.5 mm, die axis 180o, Aspendos mint, c. 465 - 420 B.C.; obverse warrior advancing right, nude, wearing crested helmet, couched sword or spear in right hand, round shield on left arm; reverse triskeles of human legs clockwise, EΣ high across field, all within an incuse square; $95.00 SALE |PRICE| $85.50


Thebai, Thessaly, Greece, c. 302 - 286 B.C.

|Thessaly|, |Thebai,| |Thessaly,| |Greece,| |c.| |302| |-| |286| |B.C.|, |chalkous|
The famous sanctuary of Protesilaos was about ten miles from Thebai, at Phylake. An oracle had prophesied that the first Greek to walk on the land after stepping off a ship in the Trojan War would be the first to die. Protesilaos was the first who dared to leap ashore when the fleet touched the Troad. After killing four men, Protesilaos was slain by Hector, as prophesied, the first Greek to die.

In the war between Demetrius Poliorcetes and Cassander, in 302 B.C., Thebai was one of the strongholds of Cassander. Thebai and Pelinnaeum are mentioned in 282 B.C. as the only Thessalian cities that did not take part in the Lamian War.
GB87154. Bronze chalkous, BCD Thessaly II 760, Rogers 551, HGC 4 34 (R1), BCD Thessaly I -, aF, dark patina, tight flan, light pitting, weight 2.394 g, maximum diameter 14.5 mm, die axis 0o, Thebai Phthiotides (north of Mikrothivai, Greece) mint, c. 302 - 286 B.C.; obverse head of Demeter right, wearing grain wreath; reverse ΘHBAIΩN, Protesilaos advancing right from the prow of a galley right behind him, wearing military garb, sword in right hand, shield on left arm; rare; $90.00 SALE |PRICE| $81.00


Syracuse, Sicily, Hieron II, 275 - 215 B.C.

|Syracuse|, |Syracuse,| |Sicily,| |Hieron| |II,| |275| |-| |215| |B.C.|, |hemilitron|
Hieron II was tyrant and then king of Syracuse, c. 270 to 215 B.C. His rule brought 50 years of peace and prosperity, and Syracuse became one of the most renowned capitals of antiquity. He enlarged the theater and built an immense altar. The literary figure Theocritus and the philosopher Archimedes lived under his rule. After struggling against the Mamertini, he eventually allied with Rome.
GI87391. Bronze hemilitron, Calciati II p. 361, 193 Ds 40; HGC 2 1547 (S); SNG ANS 909 ff. var. (controls); SNG Cop 843 var. (same); BMC Sicily p. 215, 565 ff. var. (same), F, dark patina, tight flan, bumps and marks, corrosion, weight 20.012 g, maximum diameter 26.4 mm, die axis 180o, Syracuse mint, c. 230 - 215 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Hieron left, beardless, conch shell (control symbol) behind; reverse IEPΩNOΣ, cavalryman prancing right, holding couched spear, no control symbols; scarce; $90.00 SALE |PRICE| $81.00


Trajan, 25 January 98 - 8 or 9 August 117 A.D., Amphipolis, Macedonia

|Macedonia|, |Trajan,| |25| |January| |98| |-| |8| |or| |9| |August| |117| |A.D.,| |Amphipolis,| |Macedonia|, |AE| |20|
Amphipolis was home to an imperial cult, worshiping the living emperor, and to a cult dedicated to Artemis Tauropolos. The obverse depicts Trajan as a military victor and probably copies an imperial statue. Artemis' most distinctive attributes were her bow and arrows but she was also called the torch-bearing goddess. This reverse likely depicts a local statue of Artemis Tauropolos. Artemis was honored at Amphipolis with torch-races called Lampadephoria.
GB90707. Bronze AE 20, Lindgren II 978 (same dies), Varbanov 7179 (R7), AMNG III 79, Hunterian I 37, Moushmov 6068, SNG ANS -, SNG Cop -, SNG Tb -, BMC Macedonia -, F, weight 6.620 g, maximum diameter 20.2 mm, die axis 180o, Amphipolis mint, 25 Jan 98 - 8/9 Aug 117 A.D.; obverse KAICAP TPAIANOC, emperor on horseback galloping right, brandishing spear to strike a prostrate foe below; reverse AMΦIΠOΛEITWN, Artemis Tauropolos standing left, kalathos on head, long torch before her in right hand, small branch in left hand downward at side, grounded shield behind; rare; $75.00 SALE |PRICE| $67.50


Trajan, 25 January 98 - 8 or 9 August 117 A.D., Amphipolis, Macedonia

|Amphipolis|, |Trajan,| |25| |January| |98| |-| |8| |or| |9| |August| |117| |A.D.,| |Amphipolis,| |Macedonia|, |AE| |20|
Amphipolis was home to an imperial cult, worshiping the living emperor, and to a cult dedicated to Artemis Tauropolos. Artemis' most distinctive attributes were her bow, arrows and quiver, but she was also called the torch-bearing goddess. This reverse likely depicts a local statue of Artemis Tauropolos. Artemis was honored at Amphipolis with torch-races called Lampadephoria.
GB90406. Bronze AE 20, Lindgren II 978 (same dies), Varbanov 7179 (R7), AMNG III 79, Hunterian I 37, Moushmov 6068, SNG ANS -, SNG Cop -, SNG Tb -, BMC Macedonia -, gF, centered, some porosity, weight 5.099 g, maximum diameter 20.4 mm, die axis 180o, Amphipolis mint, 25 Jan 98 - 8/9 Aug 117 A.D.; obverse KAICAP TPAIANOC, emperor on horseback galloping right, brandishing spear to strike a prostrate foe below; reverse AMΦIΠOΛEITWN, Artemis Tauropolos standing left, kalathos on head, long torch before her in right hand, small branch in left hand downward at side, grounded shield behind; rare; $70.00 SALE |PRICE| $63.00


Constantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.

|Constantius| |II|, |Constantius| |II,| |22| |May| |337| |-| |3| |November| |361| |A.D.|, |reduced| |maiorina|
In 356, Constantius II published a decree ordering the closure of all pagan temples throughout the Empire.
RL92709. Bronze reduced maiorina, RIC VIII Antioch 188, LRBC II 2635, SRCV V 18287, Hunter V 147 var. (officina), cf. Cohen VII 48, aVF, dark patina, red earthen deposits, tight flan, remnants of pre-strike flan casting sprues, weight 3.623 g, maximum diameter 16.4 mm, die axis 0o, 5th officina, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 355 - 361 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO (happy times restored), soldier spearing horseman who has fallen on face down on the horses neck, ANE in exergue; $19.00 SALE |PRICE| $17.00


Constantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.

|Constantius| |II|, |Constantius| |II,| |22| |May| |337| |-| |3| |November| |361| |A.D.|, |reduced| |maiorina|
On 7 May 351, after Constantius Gallus arrived at Antioch, a Jewish revolt broke out in Palestine. In 352, Gallus sent his general (magister equitum) Ursicinus to put down the revolt. The rebels destroyed Diopolis and Tiberias. Diocesarea was razed to the ground. Ursicinus gave the order to kill thousands of Jews, even children. After the revolt, a permanent garrison was stationed in Galilee.
RL92707. Bronze reduced maiorina, cf. RIC VIII Nicomedia 110, LRBC II 2313, SRCV V 18302, Cohen VII 47, Hunter V -, aVF, dark patina, earthen deposits, tight flan, blundered mintmark, weight 1.768 g, maximum diameter 15.3 mm, die axis 0o, Nicomedia(?) mint, 6 Nov 355 - 3 Nov 361 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO (happy times restored), soldier advancing left, spearing fallen horseman wearing a pointed Persian cap and raising hand, shield at feet, M upper left, SMN∆(?) in exergue; $16.00 SALE |PRICE| $14.00




  



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