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Commodus, March or April 177 - 31 December 192 A.D., Ilion (Troy), Troas
In Greek and Roman mythology, Hector was a Trojan prince and the greatest warrior for Troy in the Trojan War. He acted as leader of the Trojans and their allies in the defense of Troy, killing countless Greek warriors. He was ultimately killed by Achilles.
Did Hector really live? The most valuable historical evidence for the Battle of Troy are treaties and letters mentioned in Hittite cuneiform texts of the same approximate era, which identify an unruly Western Anatolian warlord named Piyama-Radu (possibly Priam) and his successor Alaksandu (possibly Alexander, the nickname of Paris) both based in Wilusa (possibly Ilios), as well as the god Apaliunas (possibly Apollo). The name E-ko-to (along with 20 other names from the myth) is known from Linear B tablets, not referring to the hero, but proving that this name existed in Greek in Mycenaean times.RP97548. Brass AE 24, cf. Bellinger Troy T192; SNG München XIX 254; SNG Cop 405, BMC Troas -, F, rough, parts of legends illegible, central dimple (as usual for the type) on reverse, weight 8.121 g, maximum diameter 23.8 mm, die axis 180o, Ilion (Troy), Troas mint, Mar/Apr 177 - 31 Dec 192 A.D.; obverse AV K M (or Λ?) AY - KOMO∆OC, laureate and draped bust right; reverse E-KTOP, Hector of Troy galloping biga right, head turned back left, wearing helmet and military dress, transverse spear in right hand, shield and reins in left hand, IΛIEΩN in exergue; extremely rare, Coin Archives records only one sale of this type in the past two decades (also listed are a few specimens of the similar and also very rare AE36 and AE19 Hector reverse types struck for Commodus at Ilion); $500.00 (€410.00)
Caracalla, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D., Serdica, Thrace
Serdica prospered under Rome. Turrets, protective walls, public baths, administrative and cult buildings, a civic basilica and a large amphitheater were built. When Diocletian divided Dacia into Dacia Ripensis (on the banks of the Danube) and Dacia Mediterranea, Serdica became the capital of Dacia Mediterranea. The city was destroyed by the Huns in 447, but was rebuilt by Justinian and surrounded with great fortress walls whose remnants can still be seen today. Although also often destroyed by the Slavs, the town remained under Byzantine dominion until 809. Serdica is today Sofia, the capital of Bulgaria.RP96862. Bronze AE 30, H-J Serdica 22.214.171.124 (R6), Varbanov III 2299 (R5), Ruzicka Serdica 346, Moushmov Serdica 278, aVF, well centered, green patina, central depressions, weight 16.845 g, maximum diameter 31.6 mm, die axis 0o, Serdica (Sofia, Bulgaria) mint, 198 - 217 A.D.; obverse AVT K M AVPH CEVH ANTΩNEINOC, laureate head right; reverse OVΛΠIAC CEP∆IKHC, emperor on horseback galloping right, mantle flowing behind, thrusting with javelin at enemy wearing Phrygian cap crouching to right below; ex Trusted Coins, big 31.6 mm coin; scarce; $120.00 (€98.40)
Magnesia ad Maeandrum, Ionia, c. 145 - 100 B.C.
Magnesia ad Maeandrum was an inland city of Ionia, located on a small tributary of the Maeander River about 12 miles southeast of Ephesus. "..the temple of Artemis Leukophryene, which in the size of its shrine and in the number of its votive offerings is inferior to the temple at Ephesos, but in the harmony and skill shown in the structure of the sacred enclosure is far superior to it. And in size it surpasses all the sacred enclosures in Asia except two, that at Ephesos (to Artemis) and that at Didymoi (to Apollo)" -- Strabo, Geography 14. 1. 40.GB93594. Bronze AE 21, SNG Kayhan 431, SNG Cop 850, SNGvA 2043, BMC Ionia p. 163, 44, F, earthen deposits, parts of reverse inscriptions off flan, weight 8.780 g, maximum diameter 20.6 mm, die axis 0o, Magnesia ad Maeandrum (near Tekin, Turkey) mint, c. 145 - 100 B.C.; obverse head of Athena right, wearing crested Attic helmet; reverse cavalryman galloping right, wearing crested helmet, cuirass and chlamys, holding couched spear, MAΓN-HTΩN above, N left, EYKΛHΣ / KPATINOΣ (Eukles [son of] Kratinos) in two lines below; $45.00 (€36.90)