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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Themes & Provenance| ▸ |Military| ▸ |Glory of the Army||View Options:  |  |  |   

GLORIA EXERCITVS - Glory of the Army

The reverse legend on these coins dedicates them to "The glory of the Army." These types were struck in huge numbers by the Constantine Dynasty and most examples are inexpensive. The reverse depicts two soldiers standing facing flanking one or two standards in the center. Their heads are turned toward each other (confronted) and each holds a spear in their outer hand and rests their inner hand on a shield on the ground. Some more unusual examples have a symbol on the standard.

Delmatius, Caesar, 18 September 335 - mid 337 A.D.

|Delmatius|, |Delmatius,| |Caesar,| |18| |September| |335| |-| |mid| |337| |A.D.|, |reduced| |centenionalis|
Dalmatius was son of another Flavius Dalmatius, censor, and nephew of Constantine I. Dalmatius and his brother Hannibalianus were educated at Tolosa (Toulouse) by rhetor Exuperius. On 18 September 335, he was raised to the rank of Caesar, with the control of Thracia, Achaea and Macedonia. Dalmatius died in late summer 337, killed by his own soldiers. It is possible that his death was related to the purge that hit the imperial family at the death of Constantine, and organized by Constantius II with the aim of removing any possible claimant to the throne.
RL91650. Billon reduced centenionalis, RIC VII Cyzicus 145, LRBC I 1270, SRCV IV 16900, Cohen VII 8, Hunter V 6 var. (bust also draped, 4th officina), VF, tight flan, slightly off center, edge ragged, weight 1.921 g, maximum diameter 16.6 mm, die axis 180o, 3rd officina, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 336 - mid 337 A.D.; obverse FL IVL DELMATIVS NOB C, laureate and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA EXERCITVS (glory of the army), two soldiers standing facing, flanking one standard in center, heads confronted, each holds a spear in outer hand and rests inner hand on grounded shield, SMKΓ in exergue; from the Maxwell Hunt Collection; $60.00 SALE |PRICE| $54.00


Constantine II, 22 May 337 - March or April 340 A.D.

|Constantine| |II|, |Constantine| |II,| |22| |May| |337| |-| |March| |or| |April| |340| |A.D.|, |reduced| |centenionalis|
In 340, Constantine II crossed the Alps and attacked Constans' army at Aquileia. Constantine II was defeated and killed, leaving Constans as sole ruler of the Western Roman Empire. His other brother, Constantius II, ruled the Eastern Roman Empire.
RL92720. Billon reduced centenionalis, RIC VIII Antioch 40 (S), LRBC I 1375, Voetter 8, SRCV V 17443, Cohen 117, Hunter V -, aVF, dark patina, red earthen deposits, tight flan, weight 1.579 g, maximum diameter 15.8 mm, die axis 180o, 6th officina, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, as Augustus, 9 Sep 337 - Mar/Apr 340 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINVS AVG, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA EXERCITVS (glory of the army), two soldiers standing facing, flanking one standard in center, heads confronted, each holds a spear in outer hand and rests inner hand on grounded shield, SMANΘ in exergue; scarce; $36.00 SALE |PRICE| $32.00


Constantine II, 22 May 337 - March or April 340 A.D.

|Constantine| |II|, |Constantine| |II,| |22| |May| |337| |-| |March| |or| |April| |340| |A.D.|, |reduced| |centenionalis|
In 340, Constantine II crossed the Alps and attacked Constans' army at Aquileia. Constantine II was defeated and killed, leaving Constans as sole ruler of the Western Roman Empire. His other brother, Constantius II, ruled the Eastern Roman Empire.
RL92664. Billon reduced centenionalis, RIC VIII Antioch 41 (R), LRBC I 1378, SRCV V 17443, Cohen VII 117, Voetter -, Hunter V -, VF, earthen encrusted, weight 1.392 g, maximum diameter 14.7 mm, die axis 180o, 3rd officina, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, as Augustus, 9 Sep 337 - Mar/Apr 340 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINVS AVG, pearl diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA EXERCITVS (glory of the army), two soldiers standing facing, flanking one standard in center, heads confronted, each holds a spear in outer hand and rests inner hand on grounded shield, SMANΓ in exergue; rare; $30.00 SALE |PRICE| $27.00


Constantine the Great, Early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

|Constantine| |the| |Great|, |Constantine| |the| |Great,| |Early| |307| |-| |22| |May| |337| |A.D.|, |reduced| |centenionalis|
On 22 May 337 Constantine the Great, the first Christian Roman Emperor, died at Achyron, near Nicomedia, where this coin was struck. He was baptized shortly before his death by Eusebius of Nicomedia.
RL92705. Billon reduced centenionalis, RIC VII Nicomedia 199 (R1), LRBC I 1125, Cohen VII 250, SRCV IV 16372, F, obverse legend not fully struck, red earthen encrustation, scrapes, reverse a little off center, weight 1.288 g, maximum diameter 16.2 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Nicomedia (Izmit, Turkey) mint, 336 - 22 May 337 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINVS MAX AVG, laurel-and-rosette diademed and draped bust right; reverse GLORIA EXERCITVS (glory of the army), two soldiers standing facing, flanking one standard in center, heads confronted, each holds a spear in outer hand and rests inner hand on grounded shield, SMNB in exergue; rare; $28.00 SALE |PRICE| $25.00


Constans, 9 September 337 - 19 January 350 A.D.

|Constans|, |Constans,| |9| |September| |337| |-| |19| |January| |350| |A.D.|, |reduced| |centenionalis|
The reverse legend dedicates this coin to "the glory of the Army."
RL92708. Billon reduced centenionalis, RIC VIII Antioch 53, LRBC I 1387, SRCV V 18561, Cohen VII 53, Hunter V -, VF, attractive dark patina with highlighting red earthen deposits, centered on a tight flan, some porosity, weight 1.513 g, maximum diameter 15.4 mm, die axis 315o, 9th officina, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 346 - 348 A.D.; obverse CONST-ANS AVG, pearl diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA EXERCITVS (glory of the army), two soldiers standing facing, flanking one standard in center, two dots above, heads confronted, each holds a spear in outer hand and rests inner hand on grounded shield, SMANΘ in exergue; $28.00 SALE |PRICE| $25.00


Constantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.

|Constantius| |II|, |Constantius| |II,| |22| |May| |337| |-| |3| |November| |361| |A.D.|, |reduced| |centenionalis|
In 337 A.D., Constantine II, Constantius II, and Constans succeed their father Constantine I and rule as co-emperors. A number of descendants of Constantius Chlorus, including the caesar Delmatius, as well as officials of the Roman Empire, were executed. The three Augusti denied responsibility for the purge.
RL92665. Bronze reduced centenionalis, RIC VIII Antioch 52 (S), LRBC I 1386, SRCV V 18003, Cohen VII 97, Hunter V 111 var. (14th officina), gVF, green patina with red earthen encrustation, tight flan, weight 1.567 g, maximum diameter 14.6 mm, die axis 180o, 12th officina, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 337 - 341 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTIVS AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA EXERCITVS (glory of the army), two soldiers standing facing, flanking one standard in center, heads confronted, each holds a spear in outer hand and rests inner hand on grounded shield, dots in upper left and right fields, SMANBI in exergue; $25.00 SALE |PRICE| $22.50


Constantine the Great, Early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

|Constantine| |the| |Great|, |Constantine| |the| |Great,| |Early| |307| |-| |22| |May| |337| |A.D.|, |reduced| |centenionalis|
In 336, Constantine reduced the weight of the centenionalis from c. 2.5 grams to c. 1.7 grams. The earlier heavier coins have two standards between the soldiers. Coins struck on the later lighter standard have only one standard.
RL92693. Billon reduced centenionalis, RIC VII Antioch 108, LRBC I 1363, SRCV IV 16374, Cohen VII 250, VF, dark patina with red earthen deposits, centered on a tight flan, weight 1.285 g, maximum diameter 15.7 mm, die axis 180o, 3rd officina, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 336 - 337 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINVS MAX AVG, rosette-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA EXERCITVS (glory of the army), two soldiers standing facing, flanking one standard in center, heads confronted, each holds a spear in outer hand and rests inner hand on grounded shield, SMANΓ in exergue; $25.00 SALE |PRICE| $22.50


City of Rome Commemorative, 336 - 337 A.D.

|Commemoratives|, |City| |of| |Rome| |Commemorative,| |336| |-| |337| |A.D.|, |reduced| |centenionalis|
Much less common than the wolf and twins reverse type.
RL20865. Billon reduced centenionalis, RIC VII Constantinople 143 (R3), LRBC I 1037, SRCV IV 16530, Cohen VII 1, VF, porous, ragged flan, weight 1.453 g, maximum diameter 15.4 mm, die axis 0o, 7th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 336 - 337 A.D.; obverse VRBS ROMA, helmeted bust of Roma left wearing imperial mantle; reverse GLORIA EXERCITVS (glory of the army), two soldiers standing facing, flanking one standard in center, heads confronted, each holds a spear in outer hand and rests inner hand on grounded shield, CONSZ in exergue; rare; $24.00 SALE |PRICE| $21.60


Constantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.

|Constantius| |II|, |Constantius| |II,| |22| |May| |337| |-| |3| |November| |361| |A.D.|, |reduced| |centenionalis|
On 11 May 330, Constantine I refounded Byzantium, renamed it Constantinopolis after himself, and moved the capital of the Roman Empire from Rome to his new city. The new capital was Christian, old gods and traditions were either replaced or assimilated into a framework of Christian symbolism. Constantine built the new Church of the Holy Apostles on the site of a temple to Aphrodite. Generations later there was the story that a divine vision led Constantine to this spot. The capital would often be compared to the 'old' Rome as Nova Roma Constantinopolitana, the "New Rome of Constantinople." Special commemorative coins were issued with types for both Rome and Constantinople to advertise the importance of the new capital.
RL92717. Billon reduced centenionalis, RIC VII Nicomedia 191 (R4), LRBC I 1119, SRCV V 17695, Cohen VII 104, Hunter V 33 var. (officina), F, centered on a tight flan, dark patina, red earthen deposits, scratches, weight 2.538 g, maximum diameter 17.5 mm, die axis 180o, 4th officina, Nicomedia (Izmit, Turkey) mint, as caesar, 330 - 335 A.D.; obverse FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA EXERCITVS (glory of the army), two soldiers standing facing, heads turned inward confronted, two standards in center between them, each holds a spear in outer hand and rests inner hand on grounded shield, SMNΓ in exergue; rare; $23.00 SALE |PRICE| $20.00


Constantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.

|Constantius| |II|, |Constantius| |II,| |22| |May| |337| |-| |3| |November| |361| |A.D.|, |reduced| |centenionalis|
The reverse legend dedicates this coin to "the glory of the Army."
RL92660. Billon reduced centenionalis, RIC VIII Antioch 52, LRBC I 1386, SRCV V 18003, Cohen VII 97, Hunter V 109 ff. var. (officina), VF, nice dark patina with highlighting red earthen deposits, weight 1.923 g, maximum diameter 15.9 mm, die axis 180o, 6th officina, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 9 Sep 337 - late 347; obverse CONSTANTIVS AVG, diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA EXERCITVS (glory of the army), two soldiers standing facing, flanking one standard in center, heads confronted, each holds a spear in outer hand and rests inner hand on grounded shield, two pellets flanking top of standard, SMANS in exergue; $22.00 SALE |PRICE| $19.80




  



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