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Augustus' sun sign was Libra. We don't know why he selected the Capricorn as his emblem. Perhaps Capricorn was either his rising sign or his Moon sign. Popular astrology, of the newspaper kind, is sun sign astrology. The ancients tended to attach more importance to the Moon sign and rising signs. Perhaps Augustus selected the Capricorn because it is associated with stern moral authority. Tiberius (born Nov. 13) was a Scorpio. RP88319. Bronze hemiobol, RPC I 3916; Bank of Cyprus 6; BMC Galatia p. 112, 4 (Commagene); SNG Cop -, F, dark patina, reverse off center, weight 2.487 g, maximum diameter 17.1 mm, die axis 270o, Cypriot mint, 27 B.C. - 14 A.D.; obverse capricorn right, star with six rays above; reverse scorpion left, star with six rays above (off flan); ex Ancient Imports; $145.00 (Ä123.25)
Kingdom of Commagene, Antiochus IV Epiphanes, 38 - 72 A.D.
Commagene was located in modern south-central Turkey, with its capital at Samosata (the site is now flooded by the AtatŁrk Dam). Antiochus IV was an ally of Rome against Parthia and the last royal descendant of Seleucus. He ruled with his half-sister and queen Iotape. He was deprived of his kingdom after accusations that he was conspiring against Rome. He retired to Rome where he was treated with great respect for the remainder of his life.RP85940. Bronze AE 27, straight edge oval flan; RPC I 3857; Nercessian AC 200; BMC Galatia p. 106, 8; Lindgren-Kovacs 1882, VF, black patina with red earthen highlighting, light marks, oval flan typical of the type, some legend unstruck, slight porosity, weight 14.000 g, maximum diameter 26.6 mm, die axis 0o, Samosata (site now flooded by the AtatŁrk Dam) mint, 38 - 72 A.D.; obverse BAΣIΛEYΣ MEΓAΣ ANTIOXOΣ, beardless diademed bust right; reverse KOMMA−ΓHNΩN, scorpion and inscription all within laurel wreath (variety without linear boarders enclosing wreath); $135.00 (Ä114.75)
Hadrian, 11 August 117 - 10 July 138 A.D.
Hadrian traveled to nearly every province of the Empire and spent more than half his reign outside Italy. Nero had been criticized as self-indulgent for his trip to Greece, but Hadrian proudly advertised his travels with his coinage series. Unlike Nero, the pleasure-seeking tourist, Hadrian inspected and corrected the legions and made grants for the construction of new public buildings, projects, and settlements. Hadrian travels were intended to transform conquered lands into a unified Roman Empire.SH51678. Silver denarius, RSC II 138, BMCRE III 816, RIC II 299, gVF, weight 3.219 g, maximum diameter 18.3 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 134 - 138 A.D.; obverse HADRIANVS AVG COS III P P, laureate head right; reverseAFRICA, Africa reclining left, wearing elephant scalp headdress, scorpion in right hand, scepter in left hand, basket grain and poppies at her feet on far side; ex CNG auction 240, lot 383 (sold for $310 plus buyer's fee); SOLD