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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Themes & Provenance| ▸ |Animals| ▸ |Lizard||View Options:  |  |  | 

Lizards on Ancient Coins
Eion, Macedonia, c. 500 - 480 B.C.

|Other| |Macedonia|, |Eion,| |Macedonia,| |c.| |500| |-| |480| |B.C.||diobol|
Athens unsuccessfully attempted to capture Eion during the Ionian Revolt in 497 B.C. The revolt ended with Persia re-establishing control in Thrace. A Persian fortress and food storage for the Persian army was built at Eion, probably in 492 B.C. Xerxes recalled most of the Persian troops from the area in the winter of 480/479 B.C. In 475 B.C., Eion was besieged and captured by the Delian League's Athenian general Cimon. Refusing Cimon's offer of an honorable withdrawal, the Persian commander Boges destroyed the treasure, killed his family, and committed suicide as the food ran out. Cimon turned the course of the Strymon River so that it flowed against the city walls, dissolving the mud brick fortifications. The inhabitants were enslaved. The capture of Eion was the beginning of a military campaign intended to clear the Aegean Sea of Persian fleets and pirates in order to facilitate Athenian access to the Hellespont. The Athenian colony Amphipolis was founded in 437 B.C. three miles up the Strymon River. After that, Eion served as the harbor of Amphipolis.
SH92982. Silver diobol, BMC Macedonia p 74, 14; SNG ANS 288 var. (no H below); Babelon Trait 1732 and pl. LV, 10 var., VF, toned, well centered, light marks, slightest porosity, edge cracks, weight 0.826 g, maximum diameter 11.93 mm, Eion (near Amfipoli, Greece) mint, c. 500 - 480 B.C.; obverse goose standing right, looking back, lizard above, H below bird's breast; reverse incuse square; ex Pegasi Coins; SOLD


Catalog current as of Friday, January 27, 2023.
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