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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Themes & Provenance| ▸ |Heros| ▸ |Romulus||View Options:  |  |  | 

Romulus

Romulus and Remus are the mythical twin founders of Rome. Their grandfather was Numitor, king of Alba Longa, a descendant of the Trojan Prince Aeneas and father to their mother, Rhea Silvia. Numitor's brother Amulius deposed him, killed his sons and forced Rhea to become a Vestal Virgin, but Rhea conceived Romulus and Remus by Mars (or Hercules). Amulius exposed the newborns to die but a she-wolf found and suckled them. A shepherd and his wife raised them to manhood. The twins were natural leaders, and acquired many followers. When told their true identities, they killed Amulius, restored Numitor to the throne of Alba Longa and decided to found a new city for themselves. Romulus wished to build the new city on the Palatine Hill but Remus preferred the Aventine Hill. They agreed to determine the site through augury. Romulus received the more favorable signs but each claimed the results in his favor. Remus was killed in the dispute. Romulus named the new city Rome, after himself, and created the Roman Legions and the Roman Senate. Rome's population was swelled by landless refugees and outlaws, mostly men. They abducted women from the neighboring Sabine tribes, which led to war but eventually resulted the Sabines and Romans joining. In later life Romulus became increasingly autocratic, disappeared in mysterious circumstances and was deified as the god Quirinus, the divine persona of the Roman people. Ancient historians had no doubt that Romulus gave his name to the city. Most modern historians believe the mythological narrative is mostly or entirely fiction.

Severus Alexander, 13 March 222 - March 235 A.D., Antiocheia, Pisidia

|Pisidia|, |Severus| |Alexander,| |13| |March| |222| |-| |March| |235| |A.D.,| |Antiocheia,| |Pisidia||AE| |34|NEW
In Roman mythology, Romulus and Remus were the twin sons of the Vestal Virgin Rhea Silvia, fathered by the god of war, Mars. They were abandoned in the Tiber as infants. Faustulus, a shepherd, found the infants being suckled by the she-wolf (Lupa) at the foot of the Palatine Hill. Their cradle, in which they had been abandoned, was on the shore overturned under a fig tree. Faustulus and his wife, Acca Larentia, raised the children. Lupa (she-wolf) was an ancient Latin slang term for prostitute. In some versions of the myth, Larentia was a prostitute. Romulus was the first King of Rome.
RP99090. Bronze AE 34, Krzyzanowska p. 175 & pl. XXX, X/21; SNG Cop 55; SNG BnF 1186; SNGvA 4948; SNG Pfalz 81; SNG Leypold 2002; BMC Lycia p. 186, 63; RPC VI T6581, aVF, well centered, dark brown patina, weight 19.387 g, maximum diameter 34.3 mm, die axis 180o, Antioch in Pisidia (Yalvac, Turkey) mint, 222 - 235 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES SEVER ALEXANDER, laureate head right; reverse COL CAES ANTIOCH, she-wolf right suckling the twins Romulus and Remus, fig tree behind and above, S R (Senatus Romanum) in exergue; $120.00 (114.00) ON RESERVE


City of Rome Commemorative, 333 - 335 A.D.

|Commemoratives|, |City| |of| |Rome| |Commemorative,| |333| |-| |335| |A.D.||reduced| |centenionalis|
On some high grade examples of the VRBS ROMA series, a certain symbol can be seen or guessed on the shoulder of the wolf. It might look like the letter Θ (at Thessalonica and Alexandria) or a flock of hair, while on a well struck Rome mint specimen we have seen a clear star with rounded tips, different from the two above. There are no such symbols on earlier depictions (Republic and early empire) of the she-wolf as far as we know.
RL99006. Billon reduced centenionalis, RIC VII Alexandria 63 (R1), SRCV 16527, LRBC I 1431, Cohen VII 17, Hunter V 18 var. (2nd officina), gVF, nice green patina, light earthen deposits, reverse slightly off center, weight 2.513 g, maximum diameter 18.3 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Alexandria mint, 333 - 335 A.D.; obverse VRBS ROMA, helmeted bust of Roma left wearing imperial mantle; reverse she-wolf standing left, head turned back right, suckling the infant twins Romulus and Remus, two stars above, SMALA in exergue; $90.00 SALE PRICE $81.00


|Romulus|, |Romulus,| |Son| |of| |Maxentius,| |Died| |309| |A.D.||half| |follis|
David Sear identifies this simple round building without columns as the Sepulcher of Divus Romulus. The ruins of this tomb, which are sometimes erroneously called the stables of the Circus of Caracalla, are situated in a large quadrilateral enclosure forming part of the villa of Maxentius on the Appian way, about one mile from the gate of S. Sebastian.
RT84362. Billon half follis, Hunter V 8, RIC VI Ostia 59, Cohen VII 9, SRCV IV 15051, gF, well centered, porous, weight 5.949 g, maximum diameter 23.0 mm, die axis 180o, 3rd officina, Ostia (port of Rome) mint, late 309 - 310 A.D.; obverse DIVO ROMVLO N V BIS CONS, bare head right; reverse AETERNAE MEMORIAE, Sepulcher of Divus Romulus, brick facade, dome-shaped roof, no columns, right door open, surmounted by eagle with spread wings, MOSTT in exergue; scarce; SOLD


Maxentius, February 307 - 28 October 312 A.D.

|Maxentius|, |Maxentius,| |February| |307| |-| |28| |October| |312| |A.D.||follis|
This interesting reverse includes two sets of twin brothers; Romulus and Remus suckling the she-wolf are flanked by the Disocuri twins Castor and Pollux, with their horses.
RB72416. Billon follis, RIC VI Ostia 16, Cohen VII 10, SRCV IV 14976, Hunter V 25 var. (2nd officina), gVF, weight 6.821 g, maximum diameter 25.6 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Ostia (port of Rome) mint, 308 - 310 A.D.; obverse IMP C MAXENTIVS P F AVG, laureate head right, bare right shoulder from behind; reverse AETERNITAS AVG N, Castor and Pollux, each with star above cap, naked except chlamys over shoulder, leaning on scepter with outer arm, holding bridled horse with inner hand, she-wolf suckling twins in center, MOSTA in exergue; SOLD







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