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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Themes & Provenance| ▸ |Gods, Non-Olympian| ▸ |Saturn||View Options:  |  |  | 

Saturn

Saturn was a major Roman god identified with the Greek deity Cronus, and the mythologies of the two gods are commonly mixed. Saturn had a temple on the Forum Romanum, which contained the Royal Treasury. Saturn is the namesake of both Saturn, the planet, and Saturday. In Roman mythology, when Jupiter ascended the throne of the Gods, Saturn fled to Rome and established the Golden Age, a time of perfect peace and harmony, which lasted as long as he reigned. In memory of the Golden Age, the Feast of Saturnalia was held every year at the Winter Solstice. Saturnalia was an occasion for celebration and visits to friends. Slaves and masters ate at the same table. No war could be declared. Executions were postponed. Homes were decorated with greenery. And it was a season for giving gifts, particularly wax candles, perhaps to signify the returning light after the solstice. Aspects of Saturnalia survive today in Christmas celebrations and carnival festivals around the world.

Roman Republic, L. Calpurnius Piso Caesoninus and Q. Servilius Caepio, quaestors c. 100 B.C.

|211-100| |B.C.|, |Roman| |Republic,| |L.| |Calpurnius| |Piso| |Caesoninus| |and| |Q.| |Servilius| |Caepio,| |quaestors| |c.| |100| |B.C.||denarius|
This exceptional type was a joint issue of the Quaestor Urbanus (Caepio) and the Quaestor Ostiensis (Piso), produced for the purchase of grain by special decree of the Senate (Ad frumentum emundun, ex senatus consulto).
RR21649. Silver denarius, SRCV I 210, Crawford 330/1b, Sydenham 603a, RSC I Calpurnia 5a, Choice gVF, weight 3.852 g, maximum diameter 19.1 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, obverse head of Saturn right, crescent, PISO , and harpa behind, CAEPIO over trident below, Q below chin; reverse the two quaestors seated left between two stalks of grain, AD FRV EMV EX S C in ex; some mint luster; SOLD







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