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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Themes & Provenance| ▸ |Gods, Non-Olympian| ▸ |Astarte||View Options:  |  |  | 

Astarte

Astarte is mentioned in the Hebrew Bible as the principal goddess of the Phoenicians (Ashtoreth), representing the productive power of nature. In Phoenician mythology, she was a daughter of Sky and Earth and sister of the god El. Astarte was connected with fertility, sexuality, and war. Her symbols were the lion, the horse, the sphinx, the dove, and a star within a circle indicating the planet Venus. Her name is the second name in a Wicca energy chant: "Isis, Astarte, Diana, Hecate, Demeter, Kali, Inanna."

Antoninus Pius, August 138 - 7 March 161 A.D., Aelia Capitolina (Jerusalem), Syria Palestina

|Judaea| |&| |Palestine|, |Antoninus| |Pius,| |August| |138| |-| |7| |March| |161| |A.D.,| |Aelia| |Capitolina| |(Jerusalem),| |Syria| |Palestina||AE| |23|
Aelia came from Hadrian's nomen gentile, Aelius, while Capitolina meant that the new city was dedicated to Jupiter Capitolinus, to whom a temple was built on the Temple Mount. The Latin name Aelia is the source of the much later Arabic term Ilya, a 7th-century Islamic name for Jerusalem.
RP99677. Bronze AE 23, Sofaer 21; Meshorer Aelia 20; SNG ANS 594; BMC Palestine p. 84, 12; Rosenberger I 10; RPC IV.3 T6397 (6 spec.), F, dark patina, scratches, light deposits, weight 11.949 g, maximum diameter 24.4 mm, die axis 0o, Aelia Capitolina (Jerusalem) mint, Aug 138 - 7 Mar 161 A.D.; obverse IMP ANTONINVS AVG P P P, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse tetrastyle temple, Tyche-Astarte inside central arch standing half left, wearing a short chiton, parazonium at side, right foot on uncertain object (prow?), small bust in right hand, long scepter in left hand, C A C (Colonia Aelia Capitolina) in exergue; $120.00 SALE PRICE $108.00


Tyre, Phoenicia, 104 - 105 A.D.

|Phoenicia|, |Tyre,| |Phoenicia,| |104| |-| |105| |A.D.||AE| |12|NEW
Astarte, called "Ashtroth" in Scripture, was the favorite goddess of the Sidonians, Tyrians, Philistines, and Syro-Phoenicians generally. She was associated with the Greek Aphrodite and Roman Venus Genetrix, being believed by the ancients to be the goddess of generation, as well as of beauty. Astarte was chiefly worshiped and appears on the coins of Berytus, Bostra, Sidon, and Tyre. Her image is of a young woman, wearing a tall headdress; and clothed in a tunic, high in the neck- sometimes, not reaching lower than the knees, or sometimes with a longer dress, but with one knee exposed, and one foot planted on a galley's prow.
RP110571. Bronze AE 12, RPC Online III 3883; Rouvier 2251; BMC Phoenicia p. 260, 305; SNG Cop 356; Baramki AUB 169, VF, black patina, reverse off center, porosity, light corrosion, weight 1.768 g, maximum diameter 12.3 mm, die axis 0o, Tyre (Lebanon) mint, 104 - 105 A.D.; obverse turreted and veiled head of Tyche right, palm frond behind; reverse Astarte standing left on galley left, turreted, wreath in right hand, transverse cruciform scepter in left, volute on prow, aphlaston at stern, ΛΣ (year 230) above galley left, (metropolis Tyre monogram) above galley right, Phoenician inscription "of Tyre" in exergue; $90.00 SALE PRICE $81.00







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