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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Themes & Provenance| ▸ |Gods, Non-Olympian| ▸ |Helios||View Options:  |  |  |   

Helios

Helios was imagined as a handsome Sun god crowned with the shining aureole of the sun, who drove the chariot of the sun across the sky each day to earth-circling Oceanus and through the world-ocean returned to the East at night. Helios is sometimes identified with Apollo. Greek poets never described Apollo driving the chariot of the sun, but it was common practice for Latin poets. Worship of Helios (and later Sol) was sometimes considered a cult in conflict with traditional worship.


Rhodos, Carian Islands, c. 340 - 250 B.C.

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SH30392. Silver tetradrachm, SNG Cop 727, SNG Keckman -, gVF, weight 14.739 g, maximum diameter 22.3 mm, die axis 0o, Rhodos (Rhodes, Greece) mint, obverse radiate head of Helios facing slightly right; reverse PO∆ION, rose with bud right, E (control letter) in right field, all within incuse square; sculptural high-relief; very rare; SOLD


Rhodos, Carian Islands, c. 229 - 205 B.C.

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Perhaps this coin did not immediately catch your eye? Of course you are looking at a photograph. You may have seen many similar fine drachms. In hand, though, it is immediately clear that this is not a drachm but rather the much larger tetradrachm - and in extraordinary sculptural high relief !
SH30332. Silver tetradrachm, SNG Keckman 548, SNG Cop -, Choice aEF, weight 13.403 g, maximum diameter 26.3 mm, die axis 0o, Rhodos (Rhodes, Greece) mint, c. 229 - 205 B.C.; obverse radiate head of Helios facing slightly right; reverse PO∆I−ON, rose with bud right, thunderbolt (control symbol) left, magistrate's name EYKPATHΣ above; sculptural high-relief, fine style, light toning and a broad flan, ex CNG; SOLD


Macedonian Kingdom, Alexander the Great, 336 - 323 B.C.

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SH56285. Gold stater, Price 792, Mller Alexander 1541, SNG Alpha Bank -, SNG Saroglos -, EF, edge bump, weight 8.575 g, maximum diameter 19.9 mm, die axis 0o, c. 325 - 310 B.C.; obverse head of Athena right, wearing crested Corinthian helmet decorated with a coiled snake; reverse AΛEΞAN∆POY, Nike standing left, wreath in right hand, stylus in left, radiate facing head of Helios in left field; uncertain mint in Greece or Macedonia; SOLD


Athens, Attica, Greece, c. 138 - 137 B.C., New Style Silver Tetradrachm

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In 1961, Margaret Thompson completed her brilliant study, "The New Style Coinage of Athens." At that time, she estimated there were fewer than 8000 new style tetradrachms "above ground."

Thompson catalog numbers indicate the obverse die. Reverses for each obverse are indicated by a letter. For this obverse die, Thompson does not record a reverse with these control letters.
SH75276. Silver tetradrachm, cf. Thompson Athens 303e (letter on Amphora uncertain); Svoronos Athens pl. 40, 2; BMC Attica p. 42, 352 (same); SNG Cop 129 (same), Choice VF, nice style, nice strike, nice toning, contact marks, weight 16.795 g, maximum diameter 30.8 mm, die axis 0o, Athens mint, c. 138 - 137 B.C.; obverse head of Athena Parthenos right, wearing crested helmet; reverse owl stands right on amphora, A−ΘE across upper field divided by head, ΓΛ/AY (magistrate Glaukos) over smaller HP (control or third magistrate) left, EXE (magistrate Echekrates) over bust of Helios right, M (month) on Amphora, all within olive wreath; SOLD


Athens, Attica, Greece, c. 138 - 137 B.C., New Style Silver Tetradrachm

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In 1961, Margaret Thompson completed her brilliant study, "The New Style Coinage of Athens." At that time, she estimated there were fewer than 8000 new style tetradrachms "above ground."

Thompson catalog numbers indicate the obverse die. Reverses for each obverse are indicated by a letter. For this obverse die, Thompson does not record a reverse with these control letters.
SH26465. Silver tetradrachm, Thompson Athens 294 var. (KT, E not listed); cf. Svoronos Athens pl. 40, 15; SNG Cop -, VF, weight 16.495 g, maximum diameter 31.2 mm, die axis 0o, obverse head of Athena Parthenos right, wearing crested helmet; reverse A−ΘE, owl stands right on amphora, ΓΛAY over smaller KT left, EXE over bust of Helios right, E on Amphora, all within olive wreath; excellent centering, a little frosty; SOLD


Seleukid Kingdom, Seleukos I Nikator, 312 - 281 B.C.

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Seleukos (Seleucus) founded the Seleukid Empire and the Seleukid dynasty which ruled Syria until Pompey made it a Roman province in 63 B.C. Seleukos was never one of Alexander the Great's principal generals but he commanded the royal bodyguard during the Indian campaign. In the division of the empire after Alexander's death Seleukos did not receive a satrapy. Instead, he served under the regent Perdikkas until the latter's murder in 321 or 320. Seleukos was then appointed satrap of Babylonia. Five years later Antigonus Monophthalmus (the One-eyed) forced him to flee, but he returned with support from Ptolemy. He later added Persia and Media to his territory and defeated both Antigonus and Lysimachus. He was succeeded by his son Antiochus I.
SH76216. Silver tetradrachm, Unpublished; Houghton-Lorber I 165(1) var. (controls), cf. Houghton-Lorber I 169(a) (hemidrachm), VF, very high relief, well centered, bumps and marks, head of Zeus flatly struck, weight 17.143 g, maximum diameter 25.6 mm, die axis 90o, Susa (Shush, Iran) mint, c. 295 - 291 B.C.; obverse head of Herakles right, wearing Nemean Lion scalp headdress; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΣEΛEYKOY, Zeus enthroned left, nude to the waist, himation around hips and legs, right leg forward, feet on footstool, eagle in right hand, long scepter vertical behind in left, radiate bust of Helios facing (control symbol) on left, AP (primary control) under throne above strut, ΠA (secondary control) monogram under strut; extremely rare, possibly unique - the only example known to Forum; SOLD


Athens, Attica, Greece, c. 118 - 117 B.C., New Style Silver Tetradrachm

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The "New Style" tetradrachms were issued by Athens as a semi-autonomous city under Roman rule. The new-style Owls are markedly different from the Owls of Periclean Athens or the "eye in profile" Athena head of the Fourth Century. They were struck on thinner, broad flans, typical of the Hellenistic period, with a portrait of Athena that reflected the heroic portraiture of the period. The owl now stands on an amphora, surrounded by magistrates' names and symbols, all within an olive wreath. The amphora is marked with a letter that may indicate the month of production. Letters below the amphora may indicate the source of the silver used in production.
SH62484. Silver tetradrachm, Thompson Athens 576a (same dies), VF, weight 16.483 g, maximum diameter 27.6 mm, die axis 0o, Athens mint, c. 118 - 117 B.C.; obverse helmeted head of Athena Parthenos right, triple-crested helmet decorated with curvilinear ornament on the shell, a griffin right above the raised earpiece, and protomes of horses above the visor; reverse A−ΘE / ∆IO−NYΣI / ∆IO/NYΣI / MNH/ΣAP, owl standing right on amphora on its side, Helios in a facing quadriga on right, Λ on amphora, ΣΩ below, all within olive wreath; magistrates Dionysi-, Dionysi-, and Mnesar(chos); SOLD


Rhodos, Caria, c. 88 - 43 B.C.

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Helios was the Greek personification of the sun. Each day he drove the chariot of the sun across the sky. The Colossus of Rhodes, the sixth of the seven wonders of the ancient world, was a huge statue of Helios measuring 32 meters (100 feet) high, built at Rhodes in 280 B.C. Rhodes held annual gymnastic games in honor of Helios.
GS03603. Silver trihemidrachm, SNGvA 2836 variety, EF, weight 4.17 g, maximum diameter 21.3 mm, die axis 270o, Rhodos (Rhodes, Greece) mint, c. 88 - 43 B.C.; obverse radiate head of Helios three-quarter facing to right, hair loose; reverse open rose, magistrate P-O, magistrate's name ΦAINAΛAΣ; mint luster, golden toning with iridescent blue in some recesses; SOLD


Macedonian Kingdom, Perseus, 179 - 168 B.C., Pseudo-Rhodian Coinage

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In "The Coinage of Rhodes 408 - c. 190 B.C." (Ashton Rhodes), Richard Ashton notes for this specific ΣTAΣIΩN type, "..I am certain (on the grounds of their find-spots, irregular die axes, crude style, and often low weights) [they] were imitations struck in northern or cetntral Greece during the Third Macedonian War." Perseus struck them to pay the 3,000 or more Cretan mercenaries in his army. Rhodian coinage, including locally struck imitatives, circulated in quantity on Crete and the type would have been preferred method of payment for Cretan mercenaries.
SH65296. Silver drachm, Ashton Rhodes 297; SNG Keckman 800 - 801 (N. Greece, c. 175 - 170 B.C.), SNG Cop 786 - 787, BMC Caria, p. 246, 182 - 183, EF, weight 2.731 g, maximum diameter 15.4 mm, die axis 315o, northern or central Greece mint, magistrate Stasion, c. 200 - 185 B.C.; obverse head of Helios facing slightly right; reverse ΣTAΣIΩN, rose, bud on right, club laying over bow on left, P - O flanking stem; ex Davisson's; SOLD


Rhodos, Caria, c. 305 - 275 B.C.

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This variety is missing from the major references and collections, except the American Numismatic Society collection.
SH12264. Silver didrachm, ANS DB 1944.100.48605, cf. Ashton Rhodes 164 (NI & fly), SNG Keckman -, SNG Cop -, SNGvA -, SNG Tb -, BMC Caria -, VF, weight 6.649 g, maximum diameter 19.2 mm, die axis 0o, Rhodos (Rhodes, Greece) mint, c. 305 - 275 B.C.; obverse head of Helios three-quarter facing to right; reverse PO∆ION, rose with bud on stem to right, bee (control symbol) on left, magistrate name above, NI lower left; rare; SOLD




  




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Helios