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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Themes & Provenance| ▸ |Gods, Non-Olympian| ▸ |Sol||View Options:  |  |  | 

Sol

Sol sometimes called Sol Invictus ("Unconquered Sun") was the solar deity in Ancient Roman religion. Worship of Sol began early but seems to have become more significant from the reign of Aurelian until the abolition of paganism under Theodosius I.

Maximinus II Daia, May 310 - 30 April 313 A.D.

|Maximinus| |II|, |Maximinus| |II| |Daia,| |May| |310| |-| |30| |April| |313| |A.D.||follis|
Sol Invictus ("Unconquered Sun") was the official sun god of the late Empire and a patron of soldiers. In 274, Aurelian made it an official cult alongside the traditional Roman cults. Scholars disagree whether the new deity was a re-foundation of the ancient Latin cult of Sol, a revival of the cult of Elagabalus, or completely new. The god was favored by emperors after Aurelian and appeared on their coins until Constantine. The last inscription referring to Sol Invictus dates to 387 A.D. and there were enough devotees in the 5th century that Augustine found it necessary to preach against them.
RT97848. Billon follis, Hunter V 110 (also 8th officina), RIC VI Antiochia 167b, SRCV IV 14894, Cohen VII 161, VF, well centered, porous, some pitting, weight 4.614 g, maximum diameter 22.2 mm, die axis 0o, 8th officina Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 312 A.D.; obverse IMP C GAL VAL MAXIMINVS P F AVG, laureate head right; reverse SOLI INVICTO (to the invincible sun god), Sol standing facing, head left, radiate, raising right hand commanding the sun to rise, head of Serapis wearing kalathos in left hand, H left, star right, ANT in exergue; from a Norwegian collection; $60.00 SALE PRICE $54.00


Macrianus, Summer 260 - Early Summer 261 A.D.

|Macrianus|, |Macrianus,| |Summer| |260| |-| |Early| |Summer| |261| |A.D.||antoninianus|
David Sear attributes this rare variant with crude style and two dots in the exergue to Emesa. Gbl attributes it to Samosata.
SH66262. Billon antoninianus, Gbl MIR 1741c, SRCV III 10810 (refs Hunter p. lxxv); RIC V-2 12 (R2) var. (no pellets in ex, sometimes a star, Antioch), RSC IV 12 - 12a var. (same), aEF, weight 3.321 g, maximum diameter 21.7 mm, die axis 180o, Emesa(?) or Samosata(?) mint, obverse IMP C FVL MACRIANVS P F AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right; reverse SOLI INVICTO (to the invincible sun god), Sol standing half left, radiate, nude but for chlamys over shoulders and left arm, raising right hand commanding the sun to rise, globe in left hand, two dots in exergue; rare; SOLD


Hadrian, 11 August 117 - 10 July 138 A.D.

|Hadrian|, |Hadrian,| |11| |August| |117| |-| |10| |July| |138| |A.D.||dupondius|
 
RB17349. Orichalcum dupondius, RIC II 597(d), SRCV II -, VF, weight 14.053 g, maximum diameter 27.5 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 119 - 121 A.D.; obverse IMP CAESAR TRAIANVS HADRIANVS AVG P M TR P COS III, radiate bust right with drapery on left shoulder; reverse AETERNITAS AVGVSTI S C, Aeternitas standing facing holding busts of the Sol and Luna; minor flan flaws in fields; SOLD







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Catalog current as of Friday, September 30, 2022.
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