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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Themes & Provenance| ▸ |Gods, Non-Olympian| ▸ |Sol||View Options:  |  |  | 


Sol sometimes called Sol Invictus ("Unconquered Sun") was the solar deity in Ancient Roman religion. Worship of Sol began early but seems to have become more significant from the reign of Aurelian until the abolition of paganism under Theodosius I.

Macedonian Kingdom, Philip III Arrhidaeus and Alexander IV, 323 - 317 B.C., Struck by Archon, Dokimos, or Seleukos I

|Macedonian| |Kingdom|, |Macedonian| |Kingdom,| |Philip| |III| |Arrhidaeus| |and| |Alexander| |IV,| |323| |-| |317| |B.C.,| |Struck| |by| |Archon,| |Dokimos,| |or| |Seleukos| |I||stater|
This coin was struck under one of the Macedonian satraps in Babylon: Archon, Dokimos, or Seleukos I. Perdiccas suspected Archon of colluding in the theft of Alexander's corpse and, in 321 B.C., sent Dokimos to replace him. Archon was defeated and died from battle wounds. Seleucus, made satrap by Perdiccas' rival Antipater, arrived in Babylon in October or November 320 B.C. and defeated Dokimos.
SH54774. Gold stater, Price P203, Mller Alexander P116, aEF, weight 8.564 g, maximum diameter 18.0 mm, die axis 90o, Mesopotamia, Babylon (Hillah, Iraq) mint, c. 323 - 317 B.C.; obverse head of Athena right in crested Corinthian helmet ornamented with Griffin; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΦIΛIΠΠOY, Nike standing left, wreath in right hand, facing head of Helios below left, [KY] below right; Struck under Archon, Dokimos, or Seleukos I, circa 323-318/7 BC.; SOLD

Athens, Attica, Greece, c. 138 - 137 B.C., New Style Tetradrachm

|Athens|, |Athens,| |Attica,| |Greece,| |c.| |138| |-| |137| |B.C.,| |New| |Style| |Tetradrachm||tetradrachm|
"New style" tetradrachms were struck by Athens as a semi-autonomous city under Roman rule. Hellenic style replaces the archaic "old-style." The owl is surrounded by magistrates' names and symbols. The letter on the amphora may indicate the month of production. Letters below may indicate the source of the silver. In 1961, Margaret Thompson completed her brilliant study, "The New Style Coinage of Athens." At that time, she estimated there were fewer than 8000 new style tetradrachms "above ground." Thompson catalog numbers indicate the obverse die. Reverses for each obverse are indicated by a letter. For this obverse die, Thompson does not record a reverse with these control letters.
SH77461. Silver tetradrachm, Thompson p. 98, 290a (but obv. die 291); Svoronos Athens pl. 40, 2; SNG Cop 129 ff. var. (controls); BMC Attica p. 42, 352 ff. var. (same), gVF, light corrosion, light marks, weight 16.588 g, maximum diameter 32.5 mm, die axis 0o, Athens mint, c. 138 - 137 B.C.; obverse head of Athena Parthenos right, wearing crested helmet; reverse owl stands right on amphora, A−ΘE across upper field divided by head, ΓΛ/AY (magistrate Glaukos) over smaller ΣΩ (control or third magistrate) left, EXE (magistrate Echekrates) over bust of Helios right, B (month) on Amphora, all within olive wreath; ex Gorny & Mosch auction 233 (6 Oct 2015), lot 1451; SOLD

Mark Antony, Triumvir and Imperator, 44 - 30 B.C.

|Marc| |Antony|, |Mark| |Antony,| |Triumvir| |and| |Imperator,| |44| |-| |30| |B.C.||denarius|
In October 42 B.C. the Republican army was defeated by the legions Antony and Octavian at Philippi. Cassius and Brutus committed suicide. Brutus' body was brought to Antonius' camp, where he cast his purple paludamentum over his dead body and ordered an honorable funeral for his erstwhile comrade. The Republican cause was crushed; Rome rested in the hands of the Second Triumvirate.
RR77478. Silver denarius, Crawford 496/1, Sydenham 1168, BMCRR II Gaul 60, RSC I 12, Sear CRI 128, SRCV I 1467, aVF, areas of flat striking, attractive golden iridescence over luster, weight 3.605 g, maximum diameter 18.1 mm, die axis 315o, military mint with Antony in Greece, 42 B.C.; obverse M ANTONI IMP, bare head right; reverse III VIR R P C, distyle temple, radiate facing head of Sol on medallion within; from the Andrew McCabe Collection; rare; SOLD

Macrianus, Summer 260 - Early Summer 261 A.D.

|Macrianus|, |Macrianus,| |Summer| |260| |-| |Early| |Summer| |261| |A.D.||antoninianus|
David Sear attributes this rare variant with crude style and two dots in the exergue to Emesa. Gbl attributes it to Samosata.
SH66262. Billon antoninianus, Gbl MIR 1741c, SRCV III 10810 (refs Hunter p. lxxv); RIC V-2 12 (R2) var. (no pellets in ex, sometimes a star, Antioch), RSC IV 12 - 12a var. (same), aEF, weight 3.321 g, maximum diameter 21.7 mm, die axis 180o, Emesa(?) or Samosata(?) mint, obverse IMP C FVL MACRIANVS P F AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right; reverse SOLI INVICTO (to the invincible sun god), Sol standing half left, radiate, nude but for chlamys over shoulders and left arm, raising right hand commanding the sun to rise, globe in left hand, two dots in exergue; rare; SOLD

Hadrian, 11 August 117 - 10 July 138 A.D.

|Hadrian|, |Hadrian,| |11| |August| |117| |-| |10| |July| |138| |A.D.||denarius|
Felicitas was the goddess or personification of happiness, good fortune, and success. She played an important role in Rome's state religion during the empire and was frequently portrayed on coins. She became a prominent symbol of the wealth and prosperity of the Roman Empire.
RS86692. Silver denarius, RIC II-3 202, RSC II 131, BMCRE III 249, Strack II 59, Hunter II 21 var. (AET - AVG), SRCV II -, gVF, well centered and struck on a tight flan, nice heroic bust, toned, radiating flow lines, a few light marks, tiny edge crack, weight 3.532 g, maximum diameter 17.8 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 119 - 122 A.D.; obverse IMP CAESAR TRAIAN HADRIANVS AVG, laureate heroic bust right with bare-chest, slight drapery on left shoulder; reverse P M TR P COS III (Pontifex Maximus, Tribunitia Potestas, Consul Tertium - High priest, holder of tribunitian power, consul for the 3rd time), Aeternitas standing slightly left, head left, radiate head of Sol in right hand, head of Luna in left hand, AETER - AVG (Aeternitas Augusti - [Dedicated to the] eternity of the emperor) across fields; from the Jyrki Muona Collection, ex Barry Murphy (Oct 2007); SOLD

Roman Republic, Manius Aquillius, 109 - 108 B.C.

|211-100| |B.C.|, |Roman| |Republic,| |Manius| |Aquillius,| |109| |-| |108| |B.C.||denarius|
Manius Aquillius, would become a Roman general, and consul in 101 B.C. He successfully put down a revolt of the slaves in Sicily but was accused of extortion in the province. He was acquitted on account of his military services, although there was little doubt of his guilt. In the First Mithridatic War he was defeated and taken prisoner in 88 B.C. Mithradates treated him with great cruelty, and is said to have put him to death by pouring molten gold down his throat. The method of his execution became famous and, according to some accounts, was repeated by Parthian contemporaries to kill Marcus Licinius Crassus who was at the time the richest man in Rome and a member of the First Triumvirate.
RR92013. Silver denarius, Crawford 303/1, Sydenham 557, BMCRR Italy 645, RSC I Aquillia 1, SRCV I 180, Russo RBW -, Choice VF/F, darker spots, mild porosity, light marks, weight 3.899 g, maximum diameter 20.2 mm, die axis 225o, Rome mint, 109 - 108 B.C.; obverse radiate head of Sol right, X (mark of value) below chin; reverse Luna in a fast biga right, three stars and crescent above, star over MN AQVIL (MN in monogram) below, ROMA in exergue; ex Harlan J. Berk; SOLD

Hadrian, 11 August 117 - 10 July 138 A.D.

|Hadrian|, |Hadrian,| |11| |August| |117| |-| |10| |July| |138| |A.D.||dupondius|
RB17349. Orichalcum dupondius, RIC II 597(d), SRCV II -, VF, weight 14.053 g, maximum diameter 27.5 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 119 - 121 A.D.; obverse IMP CAESAR TRAIANVS HADRIANVS AVG P M TR P COS III, radiate bust right with drapery on left shoulder; reverse AETERNITAS AVGVSTI S C, Aeternitas standing facing holding busts of the Sol and Luna; minor flan flaws in fields; SOLD


Catalog current as of Friday, February 3, 2023.
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