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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Greek Coins| ▸ |Geographic - All Periods| ▸ |Thrace & Moesia| ▸ |Pantikapaion||View Options:  |  |  | 

Pantikapaion, Tauric Chersonesos, Thrace

Panticapaeum (Kerch, Ukraine today) on the west side of the Cimmerian Bosporus, was founded by Milesians in the late 7th - early 6th century B.C. In the 5th and 4th centuries B.C., the city was home to the Archaeanactids and then of the Spartocids dynasties of Thracian kings of Bosporus. The last of the Spartocids left his realm to Mithridates VI Eupator, king of Pontus. Half of a century later, Mithridates himself took his life in Panticapaeum, when, after his defeat in a war against Rome, his own son and heir Pharnaces and citizens of Panticapaeum turned against him. In 63 B.C., the city was partly destroyed by an earthquake. Raids by the Goths and the Huns furthered its decline. It was incorporated into the Byzantine state under Justin I in the early 6th century A.D. The city was lost to the Khazars in the 7th century but regained by the Byzantines during the 8th century. Panticapaeum became the independent Khanate of Korchev in the 10th century but was retaken by the Byzantines again in the 11th century. After the Fourth Crusade and the sack of Constantinople in 1204, Panticapaeum, now referred to as Cherson, passed to the Byzantine Empire's successor state the Empire of Trebizond. The city was retained by Trebizond until the 14th century.

Die Frhe Mnzprgung Vom Kimmerschen Bosporus

|Numismatic| |Books|, |Die| |Frhe| |Mnzprgung| |Vom| |Kimmerschen| |Bosporus|
The early coinage of the Cimmerian Bosporus (mid-6th to early 4th century BC): The coins of the cities Pantikapaion, Theodosia, Nymphaion, and Phanagoria, and also the Sindi.
BK13181. Die Frhe Mnzprgung Vom Kimmerschen Bosporus by Nina A Frolova, 2004, in German, 100 pages, new, priced below FORVM's cost!; $100.00 SALE PRICE $90.00


Pantikapaion, Tauric Chersonesos, Thrace, c. 340 - 325 B.C.

|Pantikapaion|, |Pantikapaion,| |Tauric| |Chersonesos,| |Thrace,| |c.| |340| |-| |325| |B.C.||AE| |27|
Pan is the Greek god of shepherds and flocks, fields, groves, mountain wilderness, and wooded glens, hunting, rustic music, theatrical criticism, and companion of the nymphs. He is connected to fertility and the season of spring. He has the hindquarters, legs, and horns of a goat and is usually represented in the form of a satyr, with a cloak of goat's skin, playing the Syrinx, or flute of seven pipes, and holding the pedum or pastoral staff.
GB99911. Bronze AE 27, MacDonald Bosporus 59, SNG BM 868, SNG Stancomb 539, Anokhin 110, HGC 7 106 (S), Choice gVF, well centered, black patina, spots of porosity/light corrosion, weight 9.985 g, maximum diameter 26.6 mm, die axis 270o, Pantikapaion (Kerch, Crimea) mint, c. 340 - 325 B.C.; obverse head of Pan left, bearded, wreathed with ivy; reverse strung Sythian bow above horizontal arrow right, ΠANTI below; scarce; SOLD


Kingdom of Bosporus, Rheskuporis II (III), 211 - 228 A.D., Caracalla Reverse

|Bosporan| |Kingdom|, |Kingdom| |of| |Bosporus,| |Rheskuporis| |II| |(III),| |211| |-| |228| |A.D.,| |Caracalla| |Reverse||stater|
The Bosporan Kingdom (or Kingdom of the Cimmerian Bosporus) was in eastern Crimea and the Taman Peninsula on the shores of the Cimmerian Bosporus, the present-day Strait of Kerch (it was not named after the Bosphorus beside Istanbul). The mixed population adopted Greek language and civilization. The prosperity of the kingdom was based on the export of wheat, fish and slaves. The kingdom's golden age was 2nd and 1st centuries B.C. At the end of the 2nd century A.D., King Sauromates II inflicted a critical defeat on the Scythians and expanded his state to include the entire Crimea. It was the longest surviving Roman client kingdom, lasting until it was overrun by the Huns c. 375 A.D.
SH53612. Electrum stater, MacDonald Bosporus 556/1, aVF, weight 7.656 g, maximum diameter 19.7 mm, die axis 0o, Pantikapaion (Kerch, Crimea) mint, 216 - 217 A.D.; obverse BACIΛEWC PHCKOVΠOPIΔOC, diademed and draped bust right, sword before; reverse laureate and draped bust of Caracalla right, ΓIΦ (year 513) below; SOLD


Kingdom of Bosporus, Sauromates II, 174 - 210 A.D.

|Bosporan| |Kingdom|, |Kingdom| |of| |Bosporus,| |Sauromates| |II,| |174| |-| |210| |A.D.||denarius|
Tiberius Julius Sauromates II Philocaesar Philoromaios Eusebes (his epithets mean, lover of Caesar, lover of Rome, and the Pius) was the Roman Client King of the Bosporan Kingdom. He was of Greek, Iranian and Roman ancestry and was a contemporary of the Roman emperors Marcus Aurelius, Commodus, Pertinax, Didius Julianus, Septimius Severus and Caracalla. Little is known of his life and reign. From his coinage, we know he venerated Aphrodite. From an inscription found in Tanais, we know that he defeated the Scythians and Sirachi tribes in 193.
GB88982. Bronze denarius, MacDonald Bosporus 543/1, Anokhin 616, RPC Online IV 3878, SNG Cop 68 var. (Aphrodite also holds scepter), SNG Stancomb -, VF, dark patina with brass showing on high points, obverse off center,, weight 9.406 g, maximum diameter 29.5 mm, c. 174 - 196 A.D.; obverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΣAYPOMATOY, diademed and draped bust of Sauromates right, with long hair and a short beard; reverse Aphrodite enthroned left, wearing crown, apple in extended right hand, X (denarius mark of value) in upper right field; ex Ancient Imports (Marc Breitsprecher), ex German collection; SOLD


Pantikapaion, Tauric Chersonesos, Thrace, c. 370 - 355 B.C.

|Pantikapaion|, |Pantikapaion,| |Tauric| |Chersonesos,| |Thrace,| |c.| |370| |-| |355| |B.C.||hemidrachm|
Pan is the Greek god of shepherds and flocks, fields, groves, mountain wilderness, and wooded glens, hunting, rustic music, theatrical criticism, and companion of the nymphs. He is connected to fertility and the season of spring. He has the hindquarters, legs, and horns of a goat and is usually represented in the form of a satyr, with a cloak of goat's skin, playing the Syrinx, or flute of seven pipes, and holding the pedum or pastoral staff.
SH18493. Silver hemidrachm, SNG BM 863; MacDonald Bosporos 43; HGC 7 66 (R2); SNG Cop -, VF, tones, rough areas, weight 2.330 g, maximum diameter 14.4 mm, die axis 270o, Pantikapaion (Kerch, Crimea) mint, c. 370 - 355 B.C.; obverse head of Pan facing slightly left; reverse ΠANTI, lion crouching left, spear in jaws; very rare; SOLD







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REFERENCES|

Anokhin, V. Coins of Ancient Cities of North-Western Black Sea Area. (Kiev, 1989).
Burnett, A., M. Amandry, et al. Roman Provincial Coinage. (London, 1992 - ).
Corpus Nummorum Thracorum - http://www.corpus-nummorum.eu/
Dittrich, K. Ancient Coins from Olbia and Panticapaeum. (London, 1961).
Frolova, N. Die frhe Mnzprgung vom Kimmerischen Bosporos (Mitte 6. bis Anfang 4. Jh. v. Chr.): Die Mnzen der Stdte Pantikapaion, Theodosia, Numphaion und Phanagoria sowie der Sinder. (Berlin, 2004).
Hoover, O. Handbook of Coins of Northern and Central Anatolia, Pontos, Paphlagonia, Bithynia, Phrygia, Galatia, Lykaonia, and Kappadokia (with Kolchis and the Kimmerian Bosporos), Fifth to First Centuries BC. HGC 7. (Lancaster, PA, 2012).
Klein, D. Sammlung von griechischen Kleinsilbermnzen und Bronzen. Nomismata 3. (Milano, 1999).
MacDonald, D. An Introduction to the History and Coinage of the Kingdom of the Bosporus. CNS 5. (Lancaster, 2005).
Poole, R. ed. A Catalog of the Greek Coins in the British Museum, Thrace, etc. (London, 1877).
Sear, D. Greek Coins and Their Values, Volume 1: Europe. (London, 1978).
Sear, D. Greek Imperial Coins and Their Values. (London, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Volume 2: Macedonia and Thrace. (West Milford, NJ, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Deutschland, Mnchen Staatlische Mnzsammlung, Part 7: Taurische Chersonesos, Sarmatien, Dacia, Moesia superior, Moesia inferior. (Berlin, 1985).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain, Volume IX, British Museum, Part 1: The Black Sea. (London, 1993).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain, Volume XI, The William Stancomb Collection of Coins of the Black Sea Region. (Oxford, 2000).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Russia, State Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts: Coins of the Black Sea Region. (Leuven, Belgium, 2011).
Waggoner, N. Early Greek Coins from the Collection of Jonathan P. Rosen. ACNAC 5. (New York, 1983).
Zograph, A. Ancient Coinage. BAR Supplementary Series 33. (Oxford, 1977).

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