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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Medieval & Modern Coins| ▸ |Medieval & Modern Rarities||View Options:  |  |  | 

Rare Medieval & Modern Coins
Italy, Campobasso, Nicolas I of Montforte, 1422

|Italy|, |Italy,| |Campobasso,| |Nicolas| |I| |of| |Montforte,| |1422||tornese|
Robert of Anjou gave Campobasso as a fief to Richard de Montfort in 1326, to reward him for his loyalty. Nicolas I de Montfort was his descendant. Campobasso is the capital of the Molise region and of the province of Campobassoa in southern Italy; located in the high basin of the Biferno river, surrounded by the Sannio and Matese mountains. The main tourist attraction is the Castello Monforte, built by Nicolas II over Lombard or Norman ruins. The castle has Guelph merlons and stands on a commanding point, where traces of ancient settlements (including Samnite walls) have been found. The castle was rebuilt after the earthquakes in 1456 and 1805.
ME98087. Billon tornese, Biaggi 538 (R5); CNI XVIII p. 234, 10; cf. MIR 10 369 (stops, Nicolas II), MEC Italy III 938 (same), VF, well centered, light corrosion, light deposits, tiny edge crack, weight 0.673 g, maximum diameter 16.7 mm, die axis 180o, Campobasso mint, 1422; obverse * NICOLOA CONI * (closed C's and unbarred A, rosette stops), Chtel tournois topped with a cross; reverse + CAmPIbASSI (closed C and unbarred A's, pellet stops), cross patte; ex Nomisma SpA (San Marino) auction 31 (Mar 2006), lot 325; very rare; $270.00 SALE PRICE $243.00


Islamic, Ottoman Empire, Tripolitania, Mahmud II, 1808 - 1839

|Islamic|, |Islamic,| |Ottoman| |Empire,| |Tripolitania,| |Mahmud| |II,| |1808| |-| |1839||20| |para|
Tripoli fell to the Ottoman Turks in 1551 and remained in their hands until it was occupied by the Italians in 1911. Under Ottoman rule, Barbary pirates from North Africa demanded tribute, and if refused, captured ships and cargo, enslaved and ransomed crew members, and even raided cities across the Mediterranean Sea. In the first Barbary War, Thomas Jefferson sent a US Naval fleet which bombarded numerous fortified cities in present-day Libya, Tunisia, and Algeria, ultimately extracting concessions of safe conduct from the Barbary states. Encouraged by Great Britain, piracy resumed during the War of 1812. In 1815, James Madison dispatched military forces against the Barbary states. Lasting only 3 days, the Second Barbary War ended further tributes by the US and significantly reduced piracy in the region. This coin was struck under the local Pasha Yusuf Pasha Qaramanli (ruled Tripolitania, 1796 - 1833).
IS97944. Billon 20 para, SCWC Libya KM168 (type B, with flower, without stars), Jem Sultan -, aMS, near full silvering, some weakness in center, weight 5.133 g, maximum diameter 29.2 mm, die axis 0o, Tarabulus Gharb (Tripoli, Libya) mint, third standard, 1822 A.D.; obverse Arabic tungra, straight based: Mahmud, Lord, son of Abdul Hamid, the Ever Victorious; flower upper right; Arabic inscription in three lines below: struck in / Tripoli of the West / 1223 (accession year), boarder of beads outside of a linear circle; reverse Arabic inscription in four lines: Sultan of the two lands and Lord of the two seas, the Sultan son of the sultan, 15 (regnal year) in the 3rd line on left; boarder of beads outside of a linear circle; very rare; $215.00 SALE PRICE $194.00


German States, City of Stralsund, 1538

|Germany|, |German| |States,| |City| |of| |Stralsund,| |1538||schilling|
Stralsund began as a fishing village called Strale or Stralow, from the Polabian Slav word for "arrow," which explains why the city's coat of arms is an arrowhead and cross.
WO92115. Silver schilling, Saurma 4999 (normal date), gF, toned, uneven strike; engraving error: the 38 is reversed to 83, weight 1.102 g, maximum diameter 19.2 mm, Stralsund mint, 1538; obverse 83 (sic!, 38 reversed) MONETANOVASVNDE (new money shilling), city arms: arrowhead with socket mount; reverse DEVSINNOMTVOSALV: (God, in your name, save us), cross patte, S in one quadrant; ex Mnzenhdl. Brom (Berlin); we looked and could not find another specimen with the date reversed; very rare; $170.00 SALE PRICE $153.00


Duchy of Durazzo (Republic of Venice), 1205 - 1213, Imitative of Byzantine, Alexius I Tetarteron, 1093 - 1118

|Greece|, |Duchy| |of| |Durazzo| |(Republic| |of| |Venice),| |1205| |-| |1213,| |Imitative| |of| |Byzantine,| |Alexius| |I| |Tetarteron,| |1093| |-| |1118||tetarteron|
The Duchy of Durazzo was a short-lived overseas colony of the Republic of Venice, encompassing the port city of Durazzo (modern Durrs in Albania) and its environs. It was established in 1205, following the dissolution of the Byzantine Empire in the aftermath of the Fourth Crusade, and lasted until it was reclaimed by the Byzantine Despotate of Epirus in 1213.

The Durrs Hoard discovered in 1967, near the apse of the chapel of the amphitheater of Dyrrachion, included 862 ornamented cross-type copper coins imitative of tetartera of the Byzantine Emperor Alexius I Comnenus. Similar types to our imitative coin. Pagona Papadopoulou studied the hoard and concluded the coins were hidden in the chapel when the forces of Michael I Comnenus Ducas, the Despot of Epirus (1204-1215) attacked and put an end to the Venetian Duchy in 1214. She also studied many other finds of the type and concluded the coins were struck by the Venetians beginning shortly before or after 1204 A.D., probably at Corinth.
Durazzo
BZ99037. Bronze tetarteron, cf. Papadopoulou type IIa, Sommer 59.26.2; Hendy pl. 8, 11; for the prototype see DOC IV-1 40 (Byzantine, Alexius I, Thessalonica, 1093 - 1118 A.D.), aEF, green patina, crude, porous, weight 1.130 g, maximum diameter 18.7 mm, die axis 0o, Corinth (Greece) or Durazzo (Durrs, Albania) mint, 1203 - 1213 A.D.; obverse crude Maltese cross fourche with arms of equal length, no base, no X at center, globus and two pellets at the end of each arm, Φ - C / X - [?] in the angles; reverse no legend, barbarous half-length bust facing, bearded, wearing crown with pendilia and jeweled chlamys, cruciform scepter in right hand, globus cruciger with four-pellet cross in left hand, pellets left and right; from a Las Vegas dealer; rare; $160.00 SALE PRICE $144.00


German States, Duchy of Bavaria-Landshut, Henry XVI the Rich, 1393 - 1450 A.D.

|Germany|, |German| |States,| |Duchy| |of| |Bavaria-Landshut,| |Henry| |XVI| |the| |Rich,| |1393| |-| |1450| |A.D.||pfennig|
Henry XVI was the first of the three famous rich dukes, who ruled Bavaria-Landshut in the 15th century. Their residence was Trausnitz Castle in Landshut, a fortification which attained enormous dimensions. Having inherited the despotic temperament of his father. He very cruelly oppressed uprisings of the citizenry of Landshut in 1410 and fought successfully against his cousin Louis VII the Bearded, the duke of Bavaria-Ingolstadt. He united Louis enemies in the Parakeet Society of 1414 and the League of Constance of 1415. Henry banished his wife, which his son and grandson made a family tradition.

The raised square on the reverse (quadratum supercusum) was the result of a minting technique popular in the region in this period. The blank was not a round cast flan, but started as a square cut from a sheet. The square was hammered more or less round by exactly four strokes. A square section in the center, the quadratum supercusum, was left with the original thickness.
ME92168. Silver pfennig, Wittelsbach 3435, VF, weight 0.520 g, maximum diameter 15.5 mm, die axis 45o, tting (Alttting, Germany) mint, 1393 - 1450 A.D.; obverse hound left, tree on far side; reverse Gothic letter H between two annulets, struck over raised square (quadratum supercusum); ex Mnzenhandlung Manfred Olding (Osnabrck, Germany); rare; $70.00 SALE PRICE $63.00


Second Bulgarian Empire, Vidin Kingdom, Ivan Stratsimir, 1356 - 1397 A.D.

|Bulgaria|, |Second| |Bulgarian| |Empire,| |Vidin| |Kingdom,| |Ivan| |Stratsimir,| |1356| |-| |1397| |A.D.||grosch|
Ivan Alexander divided his kingdom between his two sons. Ivan Stratsimir received Vidin. In 1365, the Hungarian King Louis I of Anjou captured Vidin. Sratsimir and his family were held captive in Croatia for four years but in 1369 Sratsimir was restored to his throne under Hungarian overlordship. After the Ottoman invasion in 1388, he was forced to acknowledge Ottoman overlordship and garrisons. In 1396 Sratsimir and his subjects aligned themselves with the anti-Ottoman Crusade led by the Hungarian king Sigismund of Luxemburg. The crusade ended in disaster at the battle of Nikopol on 25 Sep 1396. By the end of 1397 Sultan Bayezid I approached Vidin and, assured by the promise of his safety, Ivan Stratsimir came out to meet him. On the order of Bayezid I, Ivan Stratsimir was arrested and conveyed to Bursa, while the Sultan confiscated the contents of the Vidin treasury. Sratsimir's fate is unknown. Vidin was likely annexed by the Ottoman Empire in 1397, but at least part of the realm remained under the control of Sratsimir's son and heir Constantine II.

This type is described as a half grosch in older references.
ME47140. Silver grosch, reduced weight; Radushev-Zhekov 1.14.4; Moushmov 7542, c. 0.50g, c. 16mm diameter, Vidin mint, 1371 - 1376 A.D.; obverse nimbate half length figure of Christ, right hand raised in benediction, book of gospels in left, IC - XC (Greek abbreviation: Iησοúς Xριστος - Jesus Christ) flanking Christ's head, legend around; reverse Stratsimir enthroned facing, nimbate, scepter in right, mappa in left, lis left and right, rosette between legs, legend around; VF, typical crude examples with uneven strikes and wavy flans; Forum's random selection from the same group as the coins in the photograph; one coin; rare; $55.00 SALE PRICE $49.50


Kingdom of Sicily, Conrad II (Conradin), 1254 - 1258

|Sicily|, |Kingdom| |of| |Sicily,| |Conrad| |II| |(Conradin),| |1254| |-| |1258||denaro|
Conrad II in Sicily was officially Conrad III in Jerusalem but was called "the Younger" or "the Boy," and most often the diminutive "Conradin." Conradin was an infant when he assumed the throne. Manfred his regent, although only about 18 years old, acted loyally and with vigor in the execution of his trust. However, upon a false rumor of Conradin's death, Manfred was crowned king 1258 and refused to abdicate when the rumor was proved false. Pope Clement IV defeated and killed Manfred. At age 16, Conradin was defeated and beheaded by Charles of Anjou, ending the legitimate Hohenstaufen line.
ME95100. Billon denaro, MEC Italy III 591, MIR 10 312 (R2, Brindisi), Spahr 166, Travaini 57, F, typical small squared flan, light corrosion, earthen deposits, uneven strike with almost half unstruck, weight 0.625 g, maximum diameter 15.8 mm, die axis 45o, Messina mint, 1254 - 1258; obverse + CONR SCDS IERL'S (Conrad, the second, Jerusalem), eagle standing facing, open wings, head right; reverse ET SICILIE REX (and Sicily, King), open-ended voided cross with pellets at the corners of each arm, over long cross that divides the legend; rare; $30.00 SALE PRICE $27.00







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