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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Medieval & Modern Coins| ▸ |Cyprus||View Options:  |  |  | 

Coins of Cyprus
Crusaders, Kingdom of Cyprus, James II, 1460 - 1473 A.D.

|Crusaders|, |Crusaders,| |Kingdom| |of| |Cyprus,| |James| |II,| |1460| |-| |1473| |A.D.||sixains| |(sezin)|
John II was the illegitimate son of John II of Cyprus. At the age of 16, he was appointed to the archbishopric of Nicosia. After murdering Iacopo Urri, the royal chamberlain, on 1 April 1457, he was deprived of the archbishopric and fled to Rhodes. He was pardoned by his father, and the archbishopric was returned to him. In 1458, his father died, and his half-sister Charlotte became Queen of Cyprus. In 1460, with support from the Egyptian Mamluk sultan Sayf ad-Din Inal, James challenged her right to the throne, blockading her and her husband, Louis of Savoy, in the castle of Kyrenia for three years. When Charlotte fled to Rome in 1463, James was crowned king. James died a few months later in, amidst some suspicion that he might have been poisoned by agents of Venice, possibly by his wife Catherine's uncles.
CR99073. Bronze sixains (sezin), Metcalf 808 ff. var. (legends), Malloy Crusaders p. 307, 165 var. (same); Schlumberger VIII 6 var. (same), VF, dark patina, some porosity, weight 1.731 g, maximum diameter 18.5 mm, die axis 180o, Cyprus mint, 1186 - 1194; obverse + IACOBUS DE GRAIA X (James by the grace of God), lion rampant left; reverse + XX REX IDERUSAIm (King of Jerusalem), cross of Jerusalem; ex Zeus auction 16 (26 Feb 2021), lot 869; $110.00 SALE PRICE $99.00


Salamis, Cyprus, Euelthon, c. 530 - 500 B.C.

|Cyprus|, |Salamis,| |Cyprus,| |Euelthon,| |c.| |530| |-| |500| |B.C.||stater|
King Euelthon (or Evelthon) of Salamis is believed to be the first ruler to strike coins on Cyprus, and this was almost certainly his first coin type.
GS94044. Silver stater, Bank of Cyprus 2 - 3; BMC Cyprus p. 46, 2 - 4; SNG Cop 31; Dewing 2528; Asyut Hoard 787 ff.; Tziambazis 95 var. (ankh before ram), F, tight flan, bumps and marks, inscription weak and partly off flan, weight 11.160 g, maximum diameter 21.3 mm, Salamis mint, c. 530 - 500 B.C.; obverse ram recumbent left, Cypriot inscription above and below: e-u-we-le-to-ne; reverse blank; scarce; SOLD


Menorah Appliqu From a Ring or Other Use

|Cyprus|, |Menorah| |Appliqu| |From| |a| |Ring| |or| |Other| |Use|
From 114 to 117 A.D. the Jews of Cyprus revolted and massacred gentiles in great numbers. After the uprising was put down, every known Jew in Cyprus was killed and a law was passed forbidding any Jew, even from a shipwreck, to set foot on the island. Nevertheless Jewish residents remained on the island and in 610 A.D. they were sufficiently numerous to participate in an insurrection against Heraclius. In 646, and again in 1154, Cyprus was devastated by Arabs.
SH17036. Reportedly found on Cyprus, weight 0.537 g, maximum diameter 14.0 mm, uncertain date; obverse oval appliqu from a ring or other use, with a seven branched menorah surrounded by a Greek inscription; reverse blank; SOLD







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REFERENCES

Lambros, P. Coins of the Medieval Kingdom of Cyprus. (Vienna, 1873).
Levinson, R. The early dated coins of Europe 1234-1500. (Williston, VT, 2007).
Malloy, A., I. Preston, & A. Seltman. Coins of the Crusader States, 2nd Edition. (New York, 2004).
Metcalf, D. Coinage of the Crusaders and the Latin East in the Ashmolean Museum Oxford. (London, 1995).
Metcalf, D. The Silver Coinage of Cyprus, 1285-1382. (Nicosia, 1996).
Michaelidou, L. & E. Zapiti. Coins of Cyprus. From the Collection of the Bank of Cyprus Cultural Foundation. (Nicosia, 2008).
Neumann, J. Kupfermnzen. (Prague, 1858).
Schlumberger, G. Numismatique de l'Orient latin. (1878; Supplement 1882; reprinted: Graz, 1954).
Sothebys. The John J. Slocum Collection of Coins of the Crusades. Catalog of public auction, 6 March 1997. London.
Tziambazis, E. A Catalogue of the Coins of Cyprus (from 560 B.C. to 1571 A.D.). (Larnaca, 2002).

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