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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Medieval & Modern Coins| ▸ |Africa||View Options:  |  |  |   

Coins of Africa
Aksumite Kingdom (Axum), Ebana, c. 5th Century A.D.

|Aksumite| |Kingdom|, |Aksumite| |Kingdom| |(Axum),| |Ebana,| |c.| |5th| |Century| |A.D.||unit|
The gold coins of Ebana are probably "tremisses" based on weight.

The legends of Ebana's coins are debased Greek, with a random starting point, often reversed or upside down and with Λ for A, H for N, and C for B and E.
SH28939. Gold unit, Munro-Hay type 71, JJ 65; BMC Aksumite 306, aVF, weight 1.573 g, maximum diameter 17.4 mm, die axis 0o, obverse +CIN+CΛX+ΛCΛ+CΛC (blundered Greek, interpretation uncertain), crowned and draped half-length bust of king right between two wheat stalks, short scepter in right; reverse +BΛC+ΛCΛ+CCC+ΛNΛ (blundered Greek, King Ebana), draped half-length bust of king right between two wheat stalks, wearing head cloth, fly-whisk in right; SOLD


Aksumite Kingdom (Axum), Ebana, c. 5th Century A.D.

|Aksumite| |Kingdom|, |Aksumite| |Kingdom| |(Axum),| |Ebana,| |c.| |5th| |Century| |A.D.||unit|
The gold coins of Ebana are probably "tremisses" based on weight.

The legends of Ebana's coins are debased Greek, with a random starting point, often reversed or upside down and with Λ for A, H for N, and C for B and E.
SH28941. Gold unit, Munro-Hay type 71, JJ 65; BMC Aksumite 304, aVF, weight 1.527 g, maximum diameter 16.6 mm, die axis 0o, obverse +CIN+CΛX+ΛCΛ+CΛC (blundered Greek, interpretation uncertain), crowned and draped half-length bust of king right between two wheat stalks, short scepter in right; reverse +BΛC+ΛCΛ+CCB+ΛNΛ (blundered Greek, King Ebana), draped half-length bust of king right between two wheat stalks, wearing head cloth, fly-whisk in right; SOLD


Aksumite Kingdom (Axum), Ebana, mid 5th Century A.D.

|Aksumite| |Kingdom|, |Aksumite| |Kingdom| |(Axum),| |Ebana,| |mid| |5th| |Century| |A.D.||unit|
The rare obverse legend variation beginning CVN was used on two obverse dies.

The cross type mint mark on the obverse was first identified in the al-Madhariba hoard, published in 1989. The coins of Ebana with mint marks appear to be the earlier issues.

The legends of Ebana's coins are debased Greek, with a random starting point, often reversed or upside down and with Λ for A, H for N, and C for B and E.
SH28938. Gold unit, Munro-Hay type 71, JJ 377 (same dies?, with CVN... obverse variation); Munro-Hay al-Madhariba 355 - 359; BMC Aksumite -, VF, weight 1.556 g, maximum diameter 16.8 mm, die axis 0o, obverse +CVN+CΛX+ΛCΛ+CΛC (blundered Greek, interpretation uncertain), crowned and draped half-length bust of king right between two wheat stalks, holding wheat stalk in right, small cross above head; reverse +BAC+ΛCΛ+CCC+ΛHΛ (blundered Greek, King Ebana), draped half-length bust of king right between two wheat stalks, wearing head cloth, holding wheat stalk in right; SOLD


Aksumite Kingdom (Axum), Ebana, c. 5th Century A.D.

|Aksumite| |Kingdom|, |Aksumite| |Kingdom| |(Axum),| |Ebana,| |c.| |5th| |Century| |A.D.||unit|
The disk and crescent type mint mark on the obverse was first identified in the al-Madhariba hoard, published in 1989. The coins of Ebana with mint marks appear to be the earlier issues.

In references, the mark over the king's head on the reverse is described as a dot. On this example it appears to be a star or cross.
SH28940. Gold unit, Munro-Hay al-Madhariba 249 - 257; Munro-Hay type 71; BMC Aksumite -, F, weight 1.554 g, maximum diameter 16.2 mm, die axis 0o, obverse +CIN+CΛX+ΛCΛ+CΛC (blundered Greek, interpretation uncertain), crowned and draped half-length bust of king right between two wheat stalks, short scepter in right, disk and crescent above head; reverse +BAC+ΛCΛ+CCB+ΛIΛ (or similar, blundered Greek, King Ebana), draped half-length bust of king right between two wheat stalks, wearing head cloth, fly-whisk in right, star or cross above head; SOLD


Non-Imperial Coinages in Africa, "Domino Nostro," c. 5th Century A.D.

|Carthage|, |Non-Imperial| |Coinages| |in| |Africa,| |"Domino| |Nostro,"| |c.| |5th| |Century| |A.D.||half| |centenionalis|
This type has been attributed to the time of Johannes and Boniface in Carthage 423 - 425 A.D., but strong evidence is lacking. We may more safely assume the series is later and copying official issues. The star is probably a crude Christogram or degenerated cross.
ME26375. Bronze half centenionalis, RIC X 3815 (R3), LRBC II -, F, weight 0.511 g, maximum diameter 19.5 mm, Carthage (near Tunis, Tunisia) mint, obverse DOMINIS NOSTRIS, diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse star in wreath; very rare; SOLD


South Africa, Sovereign, 1931-SA, ICG MS63

|Medieval| |&| |Modern| |Gold|, |South| |Africa,| |Sovereign,| |1931-SA,| |ICG| |MS63|
0.2354 oz gold troy oz. gold net.
SL27646. South Africa, Sovereign, 1931-SA, ICG MS63, SOLD


Aksumite Kingdom (Axum), Armah, Early 7th Century A.D.

|Aksumite| |Kingdom|, |Aksumite| |Kingdom| |(Axum),| |Armah,| |Early| |7th| |Century| |A.D.||AE| |19|
This type was likely the last coinage issued by the Aksumite Kingdom. Due to climate change and trade isolation, Aksum began to decline in the 7th century. Local history holds that a Jewish queen named Yodit (Judith or Gudit) defeated the empire, c. 950 A.D., and burned its churches and literature. There is evidence of an invasion and churches being burned around this time, but her existence is questioned by some modern authors.
GB28095. Bronze AE 19, Munro-Hay 153; BMC Aksumite p. 46, 571 ff.; Anzani 260, F/VF, nice patina, weight 1.319 g, maximum diameter 19.3 mm, die axis 0o, Aksum mint, obverse Ge'ez legend, "King Armah", full-length crowned king enthroned right; reverse Ge'ez legend, "Let there be joy to the people", cross with with gold inlay at center, supported by stem attached to a ring, flanked by two wheat-stalks emerging from the stem; ex Colosseum Coin Exchange; SOLD


Lot of 3 Aksumite Kingdom (Aksum) Coins, c. 400 - 800 A.D.

|Aksumite| |Kingdom|, |Lot| |of| |3| |Aksumite| |Kingdom| |(Aksum)| |Coins,| |c.| |400| |-| |800| |A.D.||Lot|
Consignor identified the coins as follows (unverified by Forum):
1) Aksumite, AR dinar (Kaleb, c. 520 - 540 A.D.?), 0.53g, crowned bust right / bust right, Fine, chipped flan, rare.
2) Aksumite (Armah, early 7th century A.D.?), AE19, Fine.
3) Aksumite (Anonymous, c. 400 - 500 A.D.?), AE19, cross in wreath, Fine.
LT89284. Mixed Lot, Lot of 3 coins of the Kingdom of Aksum, c. 13.2 - 19.8 mm, no tags or flips, the lot is the actual coins in the photograph, 3 coins; SOLD


Commodus, March or April 177 - 31 December 192 A.D.

|Commodus|, |Commodus,| |March| |or| |April| |177| |-| |31| |December| |192| |A.D.||denarius|
This reverse is a good example of how the Romans used the coins as propaganda media: Commodus (who claimed to be Hercules reincarnated) maintains the grain supply (clasps hands with Africa, the largest grain supplier of that time).
RS33826. Silver denarius, RIC III 259a (R), RSC II 643, BMCRE IV 356, Hunter II 67, SRCV II 5687, VF, soft reverse, weight 3.087 g, maximum diameter 17.8 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 192 A.D.; obverse L AEL AVREL COMM AVG P FEL, laureate head right; reverse PROVIDENTIAE AVG (to the foresight of the Emperor), Africa (on left) standing right, wearing elephant scalp headdress, lion crouching right at feet on far side, sistrum in right hand, offering grain to Hercules with right hand; Hercules (on right) standing left, nude, right foot on prow, receiving grain with right hand, club in left hand resting on tree stump; rare; SOLD


Vandal Kingdom, North Africa, c. 430 - 490 A.D.

|Germanic| |Tribes|, |Vandal| |Kingdom,| |North| |Africa,| |c.| |430| |-| |490| |A.D.||nummus|
ME51666. Bronze nummus, Wroth BMCV 68 - 72, pl. III, 35 - 36, F, weight 0.550 g, maximum diameter 10.4 mm, die axis 270o, N. Africa mint, c. 430 - c. 490 A.D.; obverse bust right or horse head left; reverse palm tree with fruit; SOLD




  




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REFERENCES|

Ballarini, R. The Perfect Form: On the Track of African Tribal Currency. (Milan, 2009).
Denk, R. Das Manillen-Geld Westafrikas: Spurensuche und Spurensicherung 1439 bis 2016. (Russelsheim, 2017).
Gomes, A. Moedas do território português antes da fundação de la nacionalidade (Hispano-romanas). (Lisbon, 1998).
Grierson, P. & M. Blackburn. Medieval European Coinage, Volume 1: The Early Middle Ages (5th - 10th Centuries). (Cambridge, 2007).
Krause, C. & C. Mishler. Standard Catalog of World Coins. (Iola, WI, 2010 - ).
Munro-Hay, S. Catalogue of the Aksumite Coins in the British Museum. (London, 1999).
Munro-Hay, S. & B. Juel-Jensen. Aksumite Coinage. (London, 1995).
Wroth, W. Catalogue of the Coins of the Vandals, Ostrogoths, Lombards and of the Empires of Thessalonica, Nicaea, and Trebizond in the British Museum. (London, 1911).

Catalog current as of Saturday, May 8, 2021.
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