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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Medieval & Modern Coins| ▸ |Africa||View Options:  |  |  |   

Coins of Africa

Aksumite Kingdom (Axum), Ebana, c. 5th Century A.D.

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The gold coins of Ebana are probably "tremisses" based on weight.

The legends of Ebana's coins are debased Greek, with a random starting point, often reversed or upside down and with Λ for A, H for N, and C for B and E.
SH28939. Gold unit, Munro-Hay type 71, JJ 65; BMC Aksumite 306, aVF, weight 1.573 g, maximum diameter 17.4 mm, die axis 0o, obverse +CIN+CΛX+ΛCΛ+CΛC (blundered Greek, interpretation uncertain), crowned and draped half-length bust of king right between two wheat stalks, short scepter in right; reverse +BΛC+ΛCΛ+CCC+ΛNΛ (blundered Greek, King Ebana), draped half-length bust of king right between two wheat stalks, wearing head cloth, fly-whisk in right; SOLD


Aksumite Kingdom (Axum), Ebana, c. 5th Century A.D.

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The gold coins of Ebana are probably "tremisses" based on weight.

The legends of Ebana's coins are debased Greek, with a random starting point, often reversed or upside down and with Λ for A, H for N, and C for B and E.
SH28941. Gold unit, Munro-Hay type 71, JJ 65; BMC Aksumite 304, aVF, weight 1.527 g, maximum diameter 16.6 mm, die axis 0o, obverse +CIN+CΛX+ΛCΛ+CΛC (blundered Greek, interpretation uncertain), crowned and draped half-length bust of king right between two wheat stalks, short scepter in right; reverse +BΛC+ΛCΛ+CCB+ΛNΛ (blundered Greek, King Ebana), draped half-length bust of king right between two wheat stalks, wearing head cloth, fly-whisk in right; SOLD


Aksumite Kingdom (Axum), Ebana, mid 5th Century A.D.

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The rare obverse legend variation beginning CVN was used on two obverse dies.

The cross type mint mark on the obverse was first identified in the al-Madhariba hoard, published in 1989. The coins of Ebana with mint marks appear to be the earlier issues.

The legends of Ebana's coins are debased Greek, with a random starting point, often reversed or upside down and with Λ for A, H for N, and C for B and E.
SH28938. Gold unit, Munro-Hay type 71, JJ 377 (same dies?, with CVN... obverse variation); Munro-Hay al-Madhariba 355 - 359; BMC Aksumite -, VF, weight 1.556 g, maximum diameter 16.8 mm, die axis 0o, obverse +CVN+CΛX+ΛCΛ+CΛC (blundered Greek, interpretation uncertain), crowned and draped half-length bust of king right between two wheat stalks, holding wheat stalk in right, small cross above head; reverse +BAC+ΛCΛ+CCC+ΛHΛ (blundered Greek, King Ebana), draped half-length bust of king right between two wheat stalks, wearing head cloth, holding wheat stalk in right; SOLD


Aksumite Kingdom (Axum), Ebana, c. 5th Century A.D.

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The disk and crescent type mint mark on the obverse was first identified in the al-Madhariba hoard, published in 1989. The coins of Ebana with mint marks appear to be the earlier issues.

In references, the mark over the king's head on the reverse is described as a dot. On this example it appears to be a star or cross.
SH28940. Gold unit, Munro-Hay al-Madhariba 249 - 257; Munro-Hay type 71; BMC Aksumite -, F, weight 1.554 g, maximum diameter 16.2 mm, die axis 0o, obverse +CIN+CΛX+ΛCΛ+CΛC (blundered Greek, interpretation uncertain), crowned and draped half-length bust of king right between two wheat stalks, short scepter in right, disk and crescent above head; reverse +BAC+ΛCΛ+CCB+ΛIΛ (or similar, blundered Greek, King Ebana), draped half-length bust of king right between two wheat stalks, wearing head cloth, fly-whisk in right, star or cross above head; SOLD


Non-Imperial Coinages in Africa, "Domino Nostro," c. 5th Century A.D.

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This type has been attributed to the time of Johannes and Boniface in Carthage 423 - 425 A.D., but strong evidence is lacking. We may more safely assume the series is later and copying official issues. The star is probably a crude Christogram or degenerated cross.
ME26375. Bronze half centenionalis, RIC X 3815, F, weight 0.511 g, maximum diameter 19.5 mm, Carthage (near Tunis, Tunisia) mint, obverse DOMINIS NOSTRIS, diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse star in wreath; very rare; SOLD


South Africa, Sovereign, 1931-SA, ICG MS63

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0.2354 oz gold troy oz. gold net.
SL27646. South Africa, Sovereign, 1931-SA, ICG MS63, SOLD


Vandal Kingdom, North Africa, c. 429 - 534 A.D., Imitative of Valentinian III

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In spring 429, the Vandals invaded North Africa. Under the influence of his rival general AŽtius, Valentinian III's mother, Galla Placidia, had the Roman governor and general Bonifacius convicted of treason. Rather than surrender for execution, Bonifacius revolted and sought support from Vandal mercenaries in Hispania. Bonifacius made peace with Galla Placidia, but it was too late. King Genseric and the entire Vandal kingdom migrated en masse into Africa and took it with a force of 80,000 men. The Vandals would rule North Africa until the Eastern Romans (Byzantines) recaptured it in 534.
ME79994. Bronze nummus, cf. BMC Vandals p. 27, 80 & pl. iii, 38, VF, crowded flan typical for the type, weight 1.460 g, maximum diameter 11.8 mm, die axis 180o, North African mint, c. 429 - 534 A.D.; obverse diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust of Valentinian III right, blundered legend; reverse camp gate with two turrets, star between turrets, blundered legend; ex Forum (2016); rare; SOLD


Aksumite Kingdom (Axum), Armah, Early 7th Century A.D.

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This type was likely the last coinage issued by the Aksumite Kingdom. Due to climate change and trade isolation, Aksum began to decline in the 7th century. Local history holds that a Jewish queen named Yodit (Judith or Gudit) defeated the empire, c. 950 A.D., and burned its churches and literature. There is evidence of an invasion and churches being burned around this time, but her existence is questioned by some modern authors.
GB28095. Bronze AE 19, Munro-Hay 153; BMC Aksumite p. 46, 571 ff.; Anzani 260, F/VF, nice patina, weight 1.319 g, maximum diameter 19.3 mm, die axis 0o, Aksum mint, obverse Ge'ez legend, "King Armah", full-length crowned king enthroned right; reverse Ge'ez legend, "Let there be joy to the people", cross with with gold inlay at center, supported by stem attached to a ring, flanked by two wheat-stalks emerging from the stem; ex Colosseum Coin Exchange; SOLD


Lot of 3 Aksumite Kingdom (Aksum) Coins, c. 400 - 800 A.D.

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Consignor identified the coins as follows (unverified by Forum):
1) Aksumite, AR dinar (Kaleb, c. 520 - 540 A.D.?), 0.53g, crowned bust right / bust right, Fine, chipped flan, rare.
2) Aksumite (Armah, early 7th century A.D.?), AE19, Fine.
3) Aksumite (Anonymous, c. 400 - 500 A.D.?), AE19, cross in wreath, Fine.
LT89284. Mixed Lot, Lot of 3 coins of the Kingdom of Aksum, c. 13.2 - 19.8 mm, no tags or flips, the lot is the actual coins in the photograph, 3 coins; SOLD


Vandal Kingdom, North Africa, 427 - 534 A.D.

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In spring 429, the Vandals invaded North Africa. Under the influence of his rival general AŽtius, Valentinian III's mother, Galla Placidia, had the Roman governor and general Bonifacius convicted of treason. Rather than surrender for execution, Bonifacius revolted and sought support from Vandal mercenaries in Hispania. Bonifacius made peace with Galla Placidia, but it was too late. King Genseric and the entire Vandal kingdom migrated en masse into Africa and took it with a force of 80,000 men. The Vandals would rule North Africa until the Eastern Romans (Byzantines) recaptured it in 534.
ME81830. Bronze nummus, cf. BMC Vandals p. 21, 32 ff., MEC I 19 - 20, 31 - 32, VF, nice green patina, crude (as always for the type), weight 0.932 g, maximum diameter 8.2 mm, die axis 180o, Carthage mint, 427 - 534 A.D.; obverse diademed and draped bust right, pseudo-legend; reverse Victory advancing left, holding wreath and palm branch, no legend; ex Forum (2014); SOLD




  




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REFERENCES|

Gomes, A. Moedas do territůrio portuguÍs antes da fundaÁ„o de la nacionalidade (Hispano-romanas). (Lisbon, 1998).
Grierson, P. & M. Blackburn. Medieval European Coinage, Volume 1: The Early Middle Ages (5th - 10th Centuries). (Cambridge, 2007).
Krause, C. & C. Mishler. Standard Catalog of World Coins. (Iola, WI, 2010 - ).
Munro-Hay, S. Catalogue of the Aksumite Coins in the British Museum. (London, 1999).
Munro-Hay, S. & B. Juel-Jensen. Aksumite Coinage. (London, 1995).
Wroth, W. Catalogue of the Coins of the Vandals, Ostrogoths, Lombards and of the Empires of Thessalonica, Nicaea, and Trebizond in the British Museum. (London, 1911).

Catalog current as of Tuesday, January 21, 2020.
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African Coins