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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Medieval & Modern Coins| ▸ |Serbia||View Options:  |  |  | 

Coins of Serbia

The Medieval Serbian Empire rose from Byzantine patronage to become a threat to the very existence of Constantinople itself. Under a string of accomplished leaders, from Stefan Demanja, through the great Stefan Dusan, and culminating with the death of Prince Lazar at Kosovo in 1389, the medieval Serbs created a political entity which today still resonates strongly in the Serbian culture. These pages are interested in the Serbian kingdom from the ascent of Stefan Nemanja to the Turkish conquest.

The medieval Serbian coinage contains an extraordinarily broad array of types, with iconography drawn from a variety of sources. Numerous types followed a Venetian model. It is telling how by this period the Venetian grosso was the international currency of trade, Byzantium too weak and its solidii too debased to maintain the position it had held for nearly a millennium. Of course, the St. Mark of the Venetian currency was replaced with the Serbian St. Stephan.

Serbia, Despot Djuradj (George) Brankovic, 1427 - 1456

|Serbia|, |Serbia,| |Despot| |Djuradj| |(George)| |Brankovic,| |1427| |-| |1456||half| |dinar|
urad Brankovic, frequently called George Brankovic in English, was the Serbian despot from 1427 to 1456 and a baron of the Kingdom of Hungary. His wife was a Byzantine princess, Eirene Kantakouzene, a granddaughter of Emperor John VI Kantakouzenos. When the Ottomans captured Thessalonica in 1430, Brankovic paid ransom for many of its citizens. In 1439 the Ottomans captured his capital Smederevo (near Belgrade). The prince fled to Hungary where he had large estates. After the conflict between the Kingdom of Hungary and the Ottomans concluded in 1443, negociations restored his rule. On 22 August 1444 the prince peacefully took possession of the evacuated town of Smederevo. Serbian independence ended a year after his death when the Ottoman Empire formally annexed his lands.Despot Djuradj Esfigmen
ME90148. Silver half dinar, Jovanovic 42.29.2, VF, uneven toning, weight 1.030 g, maximum diameter 13.1 mm, die axis 225o, Smederevo mint, 1427 - 1456; obverse Cyrillic monogram of Djuradj, flanked by a fleur-de-lis on each side, surrounded by stars and pellets; reverse Cyrillic ligature: Despot, flanked by a fleur-de-lis on each side, surrounded by stars and pellets; SOLD


Serbia, Stefan Uros II (Milutin), 1282 - 1321 A.D.

|Serbia|, |Serbia,| |Stefan| |Uros| |II| |(Milutin),| |1282| |-| |1321| |A.D.||grosso|
This type is imitative of the coins of Venice. Milutin introduced new types and gradually but considerably reduced the weight and quality of his coins.
ME47147. Silver grosso, Jovanovic 2, aVF, weight 1.990 g, maximum diameter 19.4 mm, die axis 180o, obverse Christ enthroned facing, nimbate, resting his hands on Gospels in his lap, IC - XC flanking his head; reverse VROSIVS - R/E/X - SSTEFANVS, Stefan Uros II (on left) and St. Stephen standing facing, Stefan holds an akakia in left, St. Stephen holds Gospels in left, both hold a banner between them with right; SOLD


Serbian Kingdom, Stefan Uros IV Dusan, 1331 -1345 A.D.

|Serbia|, |Serbian| |Kingdom,| |Stefan| |Uros| |IV| |Dusan,| |1331| |-1345| |A.D.||denar|
King Stefan Uros IV Duan was the King of Serbia from 8 September 1331 and Emperor and autocrat of the Serbs, Bulgarians, Greeks and Albanians from 16 April 1346 until his death. Duan conquered a large part of southeast Europe, becoming one of the most powerful monarchs of the era. He enacted the constitution of the Serbian Empire, known as Duan's Code, perhaps the most important literary work of medieval Serbia. Under his rule Serbia reached its territorial, political, economic, and cultural peak.
WO89591. Silver denar, Dimnik-Dobrinic 6.1.4, Dimitrijevic 40/129, Jovanovic 1.1, Ivanisevic 6.5.1, VF, nearly as struck but with uneven strike with areas unstruck, edge cracks, weight 1.814 g, maximum diameter 20.6 mm, die axis 315o, Matapan(?) mint, as king, 1331 -1345 AD; obverse STEFAVS - DEI GRA REX (Stefan by God's Grace, King; clockwise from upper right), ornamented helmet, ornamented on top (with crossbar, orb and feathers?); reverse Christ seated facing on ornamented throne, nimbus, gospels on lap held with both hands, crowned and bearded head flanking on each side of throne, IC - XC (Greek abbreviation: Jesus Christ) flanking nimbus; SOLD







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REFERENCES

Dimnik, M. & J. Dobrinić. Medieval Slavic Coinages in the Balkans. (London, 2008).
Dimitrijevic, S. Some Problems of Serbian Medieval Numismatics. (Belgrade, 2006).
Ivanisevic, V. Serbian Medieval Coinage. (Belgrade, 2001).
Jovanovic, M. Serbien Medieval Coins. (Belgrade, 2002).
Krause, C. & C. Mishler. Standard Catalog of World Coins. (Iola, WI, 2010 - ).
Levinson, R. The early dated coins of Europe 1234-1500. (Williston, VT, 2007).
Romanoff, D. The Orders, Medals and History of the Kingdoms of Serbia and Yugoslavia. (Denmark, 1996).

Catalog current as of Friday, September 29, 2023.
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