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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Medieval & Modern Coins| ▸ |Italy||View Options:  |  |  |   

Coins of Italy
Kingdom of Naples, Campobasso, Nicolas II of Montforte, 1459 -1463

|Italy|, |Kingdom| |of| |Naples,| |Campobasso,| |Nicolas| |II| |of| |Montforte,| |1459| |-1463|, |tornese|
Campobasso is the capital of the Molise region and of the province of Campobassoa in southern Italy; located in the high basin of the Biferno river, surrounded by the Sannio and Matese mountains. The main tourist attraction is the Castello Monforte, built by Nicolas II over Lombard or Norman ruins. The castle has Guelph merlons and stands on a commanding point, where traces of ancient settlements (including Samnite walls) have been found. The castle was rebuilt after the earthquakes in 1456 and 1805.
ME65242. Billon tornese, CNI XVIII p. 234, 3; MIR Napoli 371 (R3) var., Biaggi 538 (R5) var. (no lis flanking chtel), MEC Italy III 938 var. (same), F, weight 1.045 g, maximum diameter 18.0 mm, die axis 315o, Campobasso mint, 1459 - 1463; obverse *+* CAmPIbASSI, chtel tournois, single pellet at center, flanked on each side by lis; reverse *+* CAmPIbASSI, cross patte; rare; SOLD


Normans in Calabria, Italy, Anonymous Issue, 1060 - 1080

|Italy|, |Normans| |in| |Calabria,| |Italy,| |Anonymous| |Issue,| |1060| |-| |1080|, |follaro|
ME55984. Bronze follaro, MEC Italy III 62, MIR 10 489 (R), CNI -, Biaggi -; imitative of Byzantine Anonymous Class C folles, aVF, soft strike, weight 6.336 g, maximum diameter 27.1 mm, die axis 180o, Calabria, uncertain mint, 1060 - 1080; obverse three-quarter length figure of Christ standing facing, wearing dotted nimbus cruciger, pallium and colobium, raising right in benediction, Gospels in left, IC - XC across fields, X lower left; reverse jeweled cross with pellet at each extremity, in the angles IC - XC / NI-KA (Jesus Christ Conquers); rare; SOLD


France, Duchy of Normandy, William the Conqueror - Henry Beauclerc, c . 1076 - 1135 A.D.

|France|, |France,| |Duchy| |of| |Normandy,| |William| |the| |Conqueror| |-| || |Henry| |Beauclerc,| |c| |.| |1076| |-| |1135| |A.D.|, |denier|
The obverse legend for the similar coins has also been read as NORMANDVS, NORMANNIA and other variations, but all readings are likely only guesses of intent since the legends apparently are always blundered and incomplete. This coin was found in southern Italy. Other examples of similar degenerate temple type deniers have been found in the Holyland.
ME68179. Silver denier, cf. Metcalf Crusades 598; Dumas, Group C, pl. XX, 6 and 27; Poey-dAvant -, F, crude, clipped (as typical), weight 0.722 g, maximum diameter 19.3 mm, die axis 0o, Rouen(?) mint, obverse +NORMAN DVX (or similar, blundered, much off flan), cross pattee, pellet in each angle, thick inner border; reverse degenerate Carolingian temple type (degenerated to triangles, pellets, circles and arcs); very rare; SOLD


Milan, Italy, Gian Galeazzo Visconti, Duke, 1395 - 1402

|Italy|, |Milan,| |Italy,| |Gian| |Galeazzo| |Visconti,| |Duke,| |1395| |-| |1402|, |pegione|
Gian Galeazzo Visconti, son of Galeazzo II Visconti and Bianca of Savoy, was the first Duke of Milan and ruled the late-medieval city just before the dawn of the Renaissance.
ME47128. Silver pegione, Biaggi 1475, VF, light golden toning, weight 2.440 g, maximum diameter 24.5 mm, die axis 300o, Mediolanum (Milan, Italy) mint, undated; obverse + S . AMBROSIVS (AMB ligate) -. MEDIOLAN, St. Ambrose, nimbate, enthroned facing, cozier in left, flail in right, annulets in fields; reverse + GALEAZ . VICECONS . D . MEDIOLANI . I, Coiled serpent consuming human figure left, G | Z across fields, within quadrilobe frame, all within beaded inner circle; SOLD


Republic of Siena, 1351 - 1370

|Italy|, |Republic| |of| |Siena,| |1351| |-| |1370|, |quattrino|
The Republic of Siena existed for over four hundred years, from the late 11th century until 1555. Siena prospered in the wool trade and as a major center of money lending. In the Italian War of 1551-1559, the republic was defeated by the rival Duchy of Florence in alliance with the Spanish crown. After 18 months of resistance, Siena surrendered to Spain on 17 April 1555, marking the end of the republic.Italy 1494
ME65243. Silver quattrino, MIR Toscana 503 (R2), CNI XI 124, cf. Biaggi 2562 (R),, aF, internal flan crack, weight 0.655 g, maximum diameter 17.3 mm, die axis 45o, Siena mint, 1351 - 1370; obverse :+: SENA:VETVS (double annulets stops), large foliate S, pellet in center; reverse :+: ALFA:ED O (double annulets stops), trifoliate cross; rare; SOLD


Milan, Italy, Gian Galeazzo Visconti, Duke, 1395 - 1402

|Italy|, |Milan,| |Italy,| |Gian| |Galeazzo| |Visconti,| |Duke,| |1395| |-| |1402|, |pegione|
Gian Galeazzo Visconti, son of Galeazzo II Visconti and Bianca of Savoy, was the first Duke of Milan and ruled the late-medieval city just before the dawn of the Renaissance.
ME47127. Silver pegione, Biaggi 1475, VF, weight 2.374 g, maximum diameter 24.6 mm, die axis 315o, Mediolanum (Milan, Italy) mint, undated; obverse + S . AMBROSIVS (AMB ligate) -. MEDIOLAN, St. Ambrose, nimbate, enthroned facing, cozier in left, flail in right, annulets in fields; reverse + GALEAZ . VICECONS . D . MEDIOLANI . I, Coiled serpent consuming human figure left, G | Z across fields, within quadrilobe frame, all within beaded inner circle; SOLD


Norman Italy, Duchy of Apulia, William II, 1111 - 1127 A.D.

|Italy|, |Norman| |Italy,| |Duchy| |of| |Apulia,| |William| |II,| |1111| |-| |1127| |A.D.|, |reduced| |follaro|
The reverse type and undertype are both off-center, obscure and unusual. The normal reverse is a cross with V-V / D-X in the quarters, but on this coin it appears to read X in both the third and fourth quarter. The undertype is similar to the referenced examples, however the normal star has eight points and does not have pomme rays. We would assume it is a completely different type, except it does appear to have the usual X to the lower right and we are unable to suggest a better possibility.
ME66301. Bronze reduced follaro, cf. MEC Italy III 139 ff., MIR Sicily 591, Biaggi 2277; CNI XVIII 322.15; undertype: cf. MEC Italy III 146 ff., MIR Sicily 588, Biaggi 2278, F, overstruck, weight 1.178 g, maximum diameter 15.8 mm, die axis 180o, Salerno mint, 1119 - 1127; obverse nimbate bust of Saint Matthew facing, S - M across field; reverse cross, V-V / X-X in quarters (blundered V-V / D-X); undertype: six pointed star pomme, V - V / D(V?) - X in field; SOLD


Kingdom of Naples, Joanna, 1343 - 1381 A.D.

|Italy|, |Kingdom| |of| |Naples,| |Joanna,| |1343| |-| |1381| |A.D.|, |denaro|
Although her guilt was never proven, to ensure her own sole rule, Joanna had her first husband assassinated. For a time she was exiled to Avignon, where, hungry for money as well as power, she opened a brothel called "The Abbey." The brothel looked like a monastery. The women attended daily mass, did not work on Sundays, and served only elite Christians. But the facade was not a disguise; the Abbey was widely known as a whorehouse. After she supported Clement VII, the Avignon Pope, Pope Urban VI declared her a heretic and her Kingdom to be forfeit. She was captured, smothered between mattresses, and her body thrown into a deep well.Joanna of Naples
ME68464. Billon denaro, MIR Naples 32 (NC), MEC Italy III 721, Biaggi 1641, VF, nice dark green patina, typical crowded flan, weight 0.454 g, maximum diameter 14.5 mm, die axis 45o, Naples mint, 1343 - 1352; obverse + IOhANNA DEI GRATIA, label and seven lis, two lis on the label, three on pendants, two more below; reverse + IERL' ET SICLIE REGINA, cross potent, lis in each quarter; SOLD


Kingdom of Naples, Charles VIII of France, 22 February - 7 July 1495

|Italy|, |Kingdom| |of| |Naples,| |Charles| |VIII| |of| |France,| |22| |February| |-| |7| |July| |1495|, |cavallo|
Charles VIII of France invaded Italy with 25,000 men (including 8,000 Swiss mercenaries) in September 1494 and marched across the peninsula virtually unopposed. The French Army subdued Pavia, Pisa and Florence on their way south and took Naples on 22 Feb 1495 without a pitched battle or siege. Alfonso was expelled and Charles was crowned King of Naples. The other Italian rulers, including the Pope and Ludovico of Milan, formed an anti-French coalition, the League of Venice, which forced Charles to flee back to France. Charles' garrisons in Naples were subdued by Aragonese allies of Alfonso on 7 July 1495.
ME66309. Bronze cavallo, Biaggi 2639 (NC), MIR 10 788 var. (obv leg), MEC Italy III 1055 ff. var. (obv leg), F, weight 1.735 g, maximum diameter 16.8 mm, die axis 0o, Sulmona mint, 22 Feb - 7 Jul 1495; obverse KROLVS D G R FRA SIC I , crown above three lis, SMPE below; reverse XPS VIN XPS RE XPS IM, Jerusalem cross; SOLD


Republic of Naples, 1648

|Italy|, |Republic| |of| |Naples,| |1648|, |tornese|
On 24 October 1648, the Peace of Westphalia ended the Thirty Years' War. It was agreed that rulers of the Imperial States have the power to decide their state's religion, Protestant, Catholic or Calvinist, with the minorities of each of those faiths would be granted toleration of worship.
ME70800. Bronze tornese, MIR 284 (R), aF, weight 2.887 g, maximum diameter 20.7 mm, die axis 315o, Naples mint, 1648; obverse HEN DE LOR DVX REIP N, crowned shield inscribed S P Q N; reverse LETIFICAT 1648, bunch of grapes, uncertain object (control symbol) lower left, X (control symbol) lower right; rare; SOLD




  




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REFERENCES|

Anastasi, M. Monete Bizantine di Sicilia. (NP, 2009).
Bellinger, A. & P. Grierson, eds. Catalogue of the Byzantine Coins in the Dumbarton Oaks Collection and in the Whittemore Collection. (1966 - 1999).
Berman, A. G. Papal Coins. (New York, 1991).
Bernardi, G. Monetazione del Patriarcato di Aquileia. (Triest, 1975).
Biaggi, E. Monete e Zecche medievali Italiane dal Sec. VIII al Sec. XV. (Torino, 1992).
Corpus Nummorum Italicorum. (Rome, 1910-1943).
Erslev, K. Medieval Coins in the Christian J. Thomsen Collection. (South Salem, NY, 1992).
Grierson, P. & L. Travaini. Medieval European Coinage, Volume 14: Italy III: South Italy, Sicily, Sardinia. (Cambridge, 1998).
Hahn, W. Moneta Imperii Byzantini. (Vienna, 1973-81).
Lunardi, G. Le Monete della Repubblica di Genova. (Genoa, 1975).
Metlich, M. The Coinage of Ostrogothic Italy. (London, 2004).
Monete Italiane Regionali. (Pavia, 1996 - present).
Pannuti, M & V. Ricco. Le monete de Napoli. Nummorum Auctiones S.A., Lugano. (Naples, 1984).
Sear, D. Byzantine Coins and Their Values. (London, 1987).
Travaini, L. "Hohenstaufen and Angevin denari of Sicily and Southern Italy: their mint attributions" in NC 1993.
Wroth, W. Catalogue of the Coins of the Vandals, Ostrogoths, Lombards and of the Empires of Thessalonica, Nicaea, and Trebizond in the British Museum. (London, 1911).

Catalog current as of Monday, July 6, 2020.
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