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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Medieval & Modern Coins| ▸ |Italy||View Options:  |  |  |   

Coins of Italy
Italy, Campobasso, Nicolas I of Montforte, 1422

|Italy|, |Italy,| |Campobasso,| |Nicolas| |I| |of| |Montforte,| |1422||tornese|
Robert of Anjou gave Campobasso as a fief to Richard de Montfort in 1326, to reward him for his loyalty. Nicolas I de Montfort was his descendant. Campobasso is the capital of the Molise region and of the province of Campobassoa in southern Italy; located in the high basin of the Biferno river, surrounded by the Sannio and Matese mountains. The main tourist attraction is the Castello Monforte, built by Nicolas II over Lombard or Norman ruins. The castle has Guelph merlons and stands on a commanding point, where traces of ancient settlements (including Samnite walls) have been found. The castle was rebuilt after the earthquakes in 1456 and 1805.
ME98087. Billon tornese, Biaggi 538 (R5); CNI XVIII p. 234, 10; cf. MIR 10 369 (stops, Nicolas II), MEC Italy III 938 (same), VF, well centered, light corrosion, light deposits, tiny edge crack, weight 0.673 g, maximum diameter 16.7 mm, die axis 180o, Campobasso mint, 1422; obverse * NICOLOA CONI * (closed C's and unbarred A, rosette stops), Chtel tournois topped with a cross; reverse + CAmPIbASSI (closed C and unbarred A's, pellet stops), cross patte; ex Nomisma SpA (San Marino) auction 31 (Mar 2006), lot 325; very rare; $270.00 SALE PRICE $243.00


Kingdom of Italy, Lucca, Henry III - V of Franconia, 1039 - 1125 A.D.

|Italy|, |Kingdom| |of| |Italy,| |Lucca,| |Henry| |III| |-| |V| |of| |Franconia,| |1039| |-| |1125| |A.D.||denaro|
The Republic of Lucca, which lasted from 1160 to 1805, was a medieval and early modern state that was centered on the city of Lucca in Tuscany. Its territory extended include the north-western part of today's Tuscany, to the borders with Emilia-Romagna and Liguria. Autonomy was granted by a 1084 diploma issued by Emperor Henry IV, while on his Italian campaign during the Investiture Controversy with Pope Gregory VII. After the death of Margravine Matilda of Tuscany in 1115, the city began to constitute itself an independent commune. The administration was officially acknowledged by Margrave Conrad in 1120 and by Emperor Frederick in 1162. The city bought the feudal rights from Margrave Welf VI in 1160, hence became subject only to the emperors. The Republic of Lucca remained independent until 1799, when it became subject to Napoleonic Franc. In 1805 it was made the Principality of Lucca and Piombino.
ME89022. Silver denaro, cf. Biaggi 1058, Metcalf Crusaders 10 - 15, MIR Toscana 107 - 109, VF, toned, die wear, reverse double struck, weight 0.935 g, maximum diameter 15.8 mm, die axis 0o, Lucca mint, c 1039 - 1125 A.D.; obverse + IMPERATOR, monogram (H formed two Ts joined by central crossbar) within circle; reverse + ENRICVS, LVCA cross-wise around pellet in center; $60.00 SALE PRICE $54.00


Kingdom of Sicily, Manfred von Hohenstaufen, 1258 - 1266, Reverse Brockage

|Sicily|, |Kingdom| |of| |Sicily,| |Manfred| |von| |Hohenstaufen,| |1258| |-| |1266,| |Reverse| |Brockage||denaro|
A brockage occurs when a blank is struck with a previously struck coin which adhered to the opposite die. Click here to read a detailed explanation.

Manfred was frequently in conflict with the Papacy and was excommunicated by three different popes. In the Divine Comedy, Dante meets Manfred outside the gates of Purgatory, where the spirit explains that, although he repented of his sins in the moment of death, he must atone by waiting 30 years for each year he lived as an excommunicate, before being admitted to Purgatory proper. Queen Elizabeth is a descendant of King Manfred.
ME95079. Billon denaro, Spahr 215, MEC Italy III 616, MIR 10 484 (R, Manfredonia), Travaini 81,, VF, brockage mint error, typical small squared flan, green patina, earthen deposits, weight 0.428 g, maximum diameter 13.4 mm, Messina mint, 1258 - 1264; obverse incuse of the reverse; the normal type is: MAYNFRID, Ω over M; reverse REX SICILIE, two intersecting crosses; $40.00 SALE PRICE $36.00


Kingdom of Sicily, James I of Sicily, 1285 - 1296

|Sicily|, |Kingdom| |of| |Sicily,| |James| |I| |of| |Sicily,| |1285| |-| |1296||denaro|
James II of Aragon was king of Aragon from 1295 - 1327and king of Sicily (as James I) from 1285 - 1295. At the death of his father, Peter III, James inherited Sicily, and his elder brother became Alfonso III of Aragon, Catalonia, and Valencia. When his brother died in 1291, he inherited Aragon, and to make peace with the Angevins resigned Sicily (1295) and married Blanche, daughter of Charles II of Naples. Sardinia and Corsica were given to him in compensation for Sicily. He took Sardinia by conquest in 1324, but never ruled Corsica. He was succeeded by his son Alfonso IV.
ME95083. Billon denaro, MEC Italy III 769, Spahr 17, MIR Sicily 182, F, green patina, uneven strike, typical tight flan, edge crack, weight 0.414 g, maximum diameter 14.0 mm, Messina mint, 1285 - 1296; obverse + IAC DEI GRA (James, by the Grace of God), crowned bust of James I left; reverse + REX SICILIE, cross patte; $36.00 SALE PRICE $32.40


Kingdom of Sicily, Manfred von Hohenstaufen, 1258 - 1266

|Sicily|, |Kingdom| |of| |Sicily,| |Manfred| |von| |Hohenstaufen,| |1258| |-| |1266||denaro|
Manfred was frequently in conflict with the Papacy and was excommunicated by three different popes. In the Divine Comedy, Dante meets Manfred outside the gates of Purgatory, where the spirit explains that, although he repented of his sins in the moment of death, he must atone by waiting 30 years for each year he lived as an excommunicate, before being admitted to Purgatory proper. Queen Elizabeth is a descendant of King Manfred.
ME95035. Billon denaro, Spahr 198, MIR Sicilia 136, MEC 14 604, Travaini 69, aF, dark green patina, light earthen deposits, light corrosion, weight 0.387 g, maximum diameter 14.9 mm, Messina mint, 1258 - 1266; obverse + MAYNFRID, Cross patte; reverse + REX SICILIE, large S, flanked on each side by a pellet; $32.00 SALE PRICE $28.80


Kingdom of Sicily, Manfred von Hohenstaufen, 1258 - 1266

|Sicily|, |Kingdom| |of| |Sicily,| |Manfred| |von| |Hohenstaufen,| |1258| |-| |1266||denaro|
The inscriptions are only fragmentary, but it is doubtful this type exists will full inscriptions.

Manfred was frequently in conflict with the Papacy and was excommunicated by three different popes. In the Divine Comedy, Dante meets Manfred outside the gates of Purgatory, where the spirit explains that, although he repented of his sins in the moment of death, he must atone by waiting 30 years for each year he lived as an excommunicate, before being admitted to Purgatory proper. Queen Elizabeth is a descendant of King Manfred.
ME95043. Billon denaro, Spahr 215, MEC Italy III 616, MIR 10 484 (R, Manfredonia), Travaini 81, F, green patina, typical small squared flan, uneven strike, weight 0.547 g, maximum diameter 14.1 mm, Messina mint, 1258 - 1264; obverse MAYNFRID, Ω over M; reverse REX SICILIE, two intersecting crosses; $32.00 SALE PRICE $28.80


Kingdom of Sicily, Manfred von Hohenstaufen, 1258 - 1266

|Sicily|, |Kingdom| |of| |Sicily,| |Manfred| |von| |Hohenstaufen,| |1258| |-| |1266||denaro|
The inscriptions are only fragmentary, but it is doubtful this type exists will full inscriptions.

Manfred was frequently in conflict with the Papacy and was excommunicated by three different popes. In the Divine Comedy, Dante meets Manfred outside the gates of Purgatory, where the spirit explains that, although he repented of his sins in the moment of death, he must atone by waiting 30 years for each year he lived as an excommunicate, before being admitted to Purgatory proper. Queen Elizabeth is a descendant of King Manfred.
ME95057. Billon denaro, Spahr 215, MEC Italy III 616, MIR 10 484 (R, Manfredonia), Travaini 81, VF, green patina, tight flan, reverse double struck, weight 0.349 g, maximum diameter 13.2 mm, Messina mint, 1258 - 1264; obverse MAYNFRID, Ω over M; reverse REX SICILIE, two intersecting crosses; $32.00 SALE PRICE $28.80


Kingdom of Sicily, Manfred von Hohenstaufen, 1258 - 1266

|Italy|, |Kingdom| |of| |Sicily,| |Manfred| |von| |Hohenstaufen,| |1258| |-| |1266||denaro|
Manfred was frequently in conflict with the Papacy and was excommunicated by three different popes. In the Divine Comedy, Dante meets Manfred outside the gates of Purgatory, where the spirit explains that, although he repented of his sins in the moment of death, he must atone by waiting 30 years for each year he lived as an excommunicate, before being admitted to Purgatory proper. Queen Elizabeth is a descendant of King Manfred.
ME95034. Billon denaro, Spahr 211, MIR Sicilia 140 (R), MEC XIV 614, Travaini 78, aF, green patina, typical squared flan, a little rough, legends weak, weight 0.366 g, maximum diameter 12.5 mm, Messina mint, 1258 - 1266; obverse + MAYNF R, tau between three pellets, one above, one on each side; reverse + SICILIE, Cross patte with a pellet at at each corner of end of the arms; scarce; $30.00 SALE PRICE $27.00


Kingdom of Sicily, Manfred von Hohenstaufen, 1258 - 1266

|Sicily|, |Kingdom| |of| |Sicily,| |Manfred| |von| |Hohenstaufen,| |1258| |-| |1266||denaro|
Manfred was frequently in conflict with the Papacy and was excommunicated by three different popes. In the Divine Comedy, Dante meets Manfred outside the gates of Purgatory, where the spirit explains that, although he repented of his sins in the moment of death, he must atone by waiting 30 years for each year he lived as an excommunicate, before being admitted to Purgatory proper. Queen Elizabeth is a descendant of King Manfred.
ME95054. Billon denaro, Spahr 198, MIR Sicilia 136, MEC 14 604, Travaini 69, F, green patina, typical small squared flan, weight 0.606 g, maximum diameter 14.2 mm, Messina mint, 1258 - 1266; obverse + MAYNFRID, cross patte; reverse + REX SICILIE, large S, flanked on each side by a pellet; $30.00 SALE PRICE $27.00


Kingdom of Sicily, Manfred von Hohenstaufen, 1258 - 1266

|Sicily|, |Kingdom| |of| |Sicily,| |Manfred| |von| |Hohenstaufen,| |1258| |-| |1266||denaro|
The reading of the legends on this rare type is not certain. Biaggi did not have an adequate specimen and used a line drawing in place of the usual photograph. MEC notes there are no know specimens with clear legends.

Manfred was frequently in conflict with the Papacy and was excommunicated by three different popes. In the Divine Comedy, Dante meets Manfred outside the gates of Purgatory, where the spirit explains that, although he repented of his sins in the moment of death, he must atone by waiting 30 years for each year he lived as an excommunicate, before being admitted to Purgatory proper. Queen Elizabeth is a descendant of King Manfred.
ME95059. Billon denaro, Spahr 199, MEC Italy III 609A, MIR Sicily 138, Biaggi 1277 (R2), F, green patina, small irregular ragged flan, light corrosion, light encrustations, legend weak, weight 0.498 g, maximum diameter 16.7 mm, Messina mint, 1258 - 1266; obverse + MAYNFRID, S entwined around cross; reverse + SICILIE REX, Ω over R ; $30.00 SALE PRICE $27.00




  



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REFERENCES

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Bernardi, G. Monetazione del Patriarcato di Aquileia. (Triest, 1975).
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Schlumberger, G. Numismatique de l'Orient Latin. (1878; Supplement 1882; reprinted: Graz, 1954).
Sear, D. Byzantine Coins and Their Values. (London, 1987).
Simonetti, L. Monete Italiane Medioevali e Moderne. Volume I. Casa Savoia. (Ravenna, 1967-1969).
Spahr, R. Le Monete Siciliane, dai Bizantini a Carlo I d' Angio (582 - 1282). (Graz, 1976).
Spahr, R. Le Monete Siciliane, dagli Aragonesi ai Borboni (1282 1836). (Basel/Graz, 1982).
Travaini, L. "Hohenstaufen and Angevin denari of Sicily and Southern Italy: their mint attributions" in NC 1993.
Wroth, W. Catalogue of the Coins of the Vandals, Ostrogoths, Lombards and of the Empires of Thessalonica, Nicaea, and Trebizond in the British Museum. (London, 1911).

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