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LT88853. Silver Lot, Lot of 8 World Coins, VF, 4 with loops attached, no flips or tags, bulk lot; as-is, no returns; ex Numismatik Naumann auction 72, part of lot 1026, unattributed; $150.00 (€132.00)
Italy, Patriarchate of Aquileia, Raimondo della Torre, 1273 - 1299 A.D.
The Patriarchate of Aquileia was an episcopal see in northeastern Italy, centered on the ancient city of Aquileia near at the head of the Adriatic, on what is now the Italian seacoast. For many centuries it played an important part in history, particularly in that of the Holy See and northern Italy, and a number of church councils were held there. Late in the 13th century, the Patriarchate had to face the increasing power of the Republic of Venice, strife between its vassals, and also became entangled in the endless Guelph-Ghibelline wars.SL89822. Silver denaro, CNI VI p. 17, 1; Bernardi Aquileia 31; Biaggi 153 (R), NGC VF25 (2823382-001), weight 1.02 g, maximum diameter 20 mm, die axis 60o, Aquileia mint, 1273 - 1299 A.D.; obverse RAIMV-NDV PA, Patriarch sitting facing, wearing miter, cross topped staff in right hand, Gospels in raised left hand; reverse AQV-ILE - GEN-SIS, large cross pattée, key in each upper quarter, tower with battlements in each lower quarter (arms of Raimondo); from the Martineit Collection of Ancient and World Coins; scarce; $140.00 SALE PRICE $126.00 ON RESERVE
Normans, Southern Italy, Anonymous, Dukes of Apulia or Counts of Sicily & Calabria, c. 1060 - 1080 A.D.
This coin is certainly imitative, as it weighs less then 1/3 the weight of the even the lightest official Class B Byzantine anonymous follis Forum has handled. Attribution to the Normans in Italy is based on the reputed find location and some similarity to other Byzantine imitatives issued by the Normans in Southern Italy and Sicily.ME73353. Bronze follaro, apparently unpublished, imitative of Class B Byzantine anonymous follis (SBCV 1823, Constantinople, 1028 - 1041); MEC Italy III -, MIR -, et al. -, F, weight 2.163 g, maximum diameter 23.3 mm, die axis 180o, uncertain Italian mint, c. 1060 - 1080 A.D.; obverse facing bust of Christ, wearing nimbus cruciger, pallium, and colobium, holding book of Gospels; reverse IS - XS / bAS-ILE / bAS-ILE (Jesus Christ King of Kings, mostly off flan), Cross on three steps, dividing legend; from a California collector; $125.00 (€110.00)
Patriarchate of Aquileia, Italy, Antonio II Panciera di Portogruaro, 1402 - 1412
At the end of the 4th century, Ausonius counted Aquileia as ninth among the great cities of the world. However, such prominence made it a target and it was repeatedly sacked. In 452, Attila and his Huns so utterly destroyed the city that the inhabitants fled en masse to the lagoons, and laying the foundation for Venice. Aquileia would rise again, though much diminished, and would it be sacked and raided over and over, while the Roman ruins were continually pillaged for building material. In the 11th century, The Holy Roman Emperor gave the region to the patriarch as a feudal possession. However, the patriarch's temporal authority was constantly disputed by the territorial nobility. In 1027 and 1044 Patriarch Poppo of Aquileia, who rebuilt the cathedral of Aquileia, sacked neighboring Grado. In the 14th century the Patriarchal State reached its largest extension, stretching from the Piave river to the Julian Alps and northern Istria. In 1445, defeated by Venice, patriarch Ludovico Trevisan acquiesced in the loss of his temporal estate in return for an annual salary of 5,000 ducats. The Patriarchal State was incorporated in the Republic of Venice with the name of Patria del Friuli, ruled by a provveditore generale or a luogotenente living in Udine.WO89011. Silver denaro, CNI VI p 37, 7; Bernardi Aquileia 67; Biaggi 191, VF, well centered on a tight flan, light toning, weight 0.731 g, maximum diameter 17.2 mm, die axis 0o, Aquileia mint, 1402 - 1412; obverse + AnTOnIVS * PATRIARCH (rosette stop), Patriarchal coat-of-arms consisting of a shield horizontally unequally divided; in the upper part there is a diagonal band of three checkered rows; in the lower part is a star with seven rays; reverse *AQV * ILE * GEn * SIS (stops are stars with eight rays around a central pellet), eagle of Aquileia facing, head left braking an inner border of dots, with wings displayed; $120.00 (€105.60)
Kingdom of Naples, Charles V (HRE), 1516 - 1554
Though always at war, Charles was a lover of peace. "Not greedy of territory," wrote Marcantonio Contarini in 1536, "but most greedy of peace and quiet." Charles pushed for the convocation of the Council of Trent, which began the Counter-Reformation. It was during Charles reign that Spain conquered the Aztecs of Mexico and Incas of Peru, and then extended its control across much of South and Central America. Charles provided five ships to Ferdinand Magellan whose voyage was the first circumnavigation of the Earth. He retired in 1556. The Habsburg Monarchy passed to his younger brother Ferdinand, and the Spanish Empire was inherited by his son Philip II. The two empires would remain allies until the 18th century. Charles was only 54 when he retired, but after 34 years of energetic rule he was physically exhausted and sought the peace of a monastery where he died aged 58. Charles' motto, Plus Ultra ('Further Beyond'), became the national motto of Spain.SH66322. Bronze cavallo, MIR Napoli 156, VF, weight 1.215 g, maximum diameter 17.9 mm, die axis 90o, Naples mint, obverse PLVS : VLTRA, the Pillars of Hercules, banner over trefoil in center, crown above; reverse REX : IVSTVS, cross potent; $85.00 (€74.80)
Kingdom of Naples, Phillip III of Spain, 13 September 1598 - 31 March 1621
Naples was ruled by the Crown of Aragon as part of the Spanish Empire from 1504 to 1714. ME66316. Bronze 2 cavalli, MIR Napoli 231 (R2), F, uneven strike, tight flan, weight 2.182 g, maximum diameter 18.9 mm, die axis 0o, Naples mint, obverse + PHILIPP III D G REX ARA, two flints and two flint locks forming a cross, a flame in each angle; reverse SICILIAE ET HIERVSA, crown, two crossed scepters inside; rare; $50.00 (€44.00)
Kingdom of Naples and Sicily, Charles I of Anjou, 1266 - 1285
Charles I of Anjou was the King of Sicily by conquest from 1266, though he had received it as a papal grant in 1262. He was expelled from the island in the aftermath of the Sicilian Vespers of 1282.ME66338. Billon denaro, MIR 10 347 (R3), Biaggi 493 var. (R), MEC Italy III 643, VF, weight 0.405 g, maximum diameter 15.9 mm, die axis 135o, Apulia, Brindisi mint, early coinage, 1266 - 1278; obverse K DEI GRA REX SCL, cross fleury; reverse + DVC AP ET PRIC CAPE, shield with lis and three pendants, flanked by two small lis; rare; $50.00 (€44.00)
Kingdom of Naples and Sicily, Charles I of Anjou, 1266 - 1285
Charles I of Anjou was the King of Sicily by conquest from 1266, though he had received it as a papal grant in 1262. He was expelled from the island in the aftermath of the Sicilian Vespers of 1282.ME66658. Bronze denaro, MIR 10 356 (R), MEC Italy III 665, Biaggi 499 var. (legends reversed, NC), VF, weight 0.546 g, maximum diameter 15.9 mm, die axis 90o, Brindisi mint, 1277; obverse + •DEI•GRA•REX•SICIL•, •K• in frame of six arches; reverse + DVC APVL PRIC CAP, cross with trefoil at each end and star in each quarter; $50.00 (€44.00)
Kingdom of Naples, Robert of Anjou (the Wise), 1309 - 1343 A.D.
Robert of Anjou, known as Robert the Wise, was King of Naples, titular King of Jerusalem, Count of Provence and Forcalquier from 1309 to 1343, and the central figure of Italian politics of his time.ME68463. Billon denaro, MEC Italy III 718 - 719, Biaggi 1637, MIR Napoli 29, aVF, nice green patina, slightly wavy and crowded flan, light scratches, weight 0.476 g, maximum diameter 16.0 mm, die axis 180o, Naples mint, 1309 - 1343 A.D.; obverse + ROBERTU DEI GRA, four lis around center, upper lis at center of heraldic label; reverse + IERL ET SICIL' REX, cross potent; $45.00 (€39.60)
Kingdom of Naples and Sicily, Conrad II (Conradin), King of Jerusalem and Sicily, 1254 - 1258
Conrad II in Sicily was officially Conrad III in Jerusalem but was called "the Younger" or "the Boy," and most often the diminutive "Conradin." Conradin was an infant when he assumed the throne. Manfred his regent, although only about 18 years old, acted loyally and with vigor in the execution of his trust. However, upon a false rumor of Conradin's death, Manfred was crowned king 1258 and refused to abdicate when the rumor was proved false. Pope Clement IV defeated and killed Manfred. At age 16, Conradin was defeated and beheaded by Charles of Anjou, ending the legitimate Hohenstaufen line.ME70458. Billon denaro, MIR 10 310 (R3), MEC Italy III 590, Biaggi 482 var. (no R at end of reverse legend), Spahr 166, VF, centered, weight 0.764 g, maximum diameter 15.9 mm, die axis 0o, Brindisi mint, 1254 - 1258; obverse •+• C•SECVNDVS, crowned eagle facing with head left; reverse •+• IER ET SICIL'•R, cross pattée, pellet in second and third quarters; rare; $45.00 (€39.60)
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