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Coins of Greece

Crusaders, Principality of Achaea, Robert d'Anjou (de Taranto), 1333 - 1364, Imitative Andrea Dandolo, Doge of Venezia

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Venetian style imitative ducati copying the types of Andrea Dandolo and other doges are traditionally attributed to Robert d'Anjou (de Taranto) as Prince of Achaea. Widespread circulation and numerous varieties indicate some possibility they may have also been struck elsewhere, such as Chios under Genoa or Mytilene under the Gattilusi.
ME45452. Gold ducato, cf. Ives p. XIII; Schlumberger p. 21 and pl. XXI, 19 - 22; Gamberini 344; and Friedberg 38a var. (K on obv), Superb EF, weight 3.479 g, maximum diameter 21.8 mm, die axis 0o, uncertain mint, 1443 - 1454; obverse S/N / V/E/N/E/T/I D/V/X ANDR DANDVO (S and third N sideways), St. Mark standing right, receiving banner from Doge kneeling left; reverse SIT T XPE DAT Q TV RIZ IZTE DVCATT (S retrograde), Christ standing facing, raising right hand in benediction, Gospels in left, surrounded by mandorla containing nine stars; ex CNG; SOLD


Crusaders, Frankish Greece, Principality of Achaea, Louis of Burgundy, 31 Jul 1313 - 2 Aug 1316

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Louis of Burgundy was a younger son of Robert II, Duke of Burgundy and Agnes of France. On 31 Jul 1313, he married Matilda of Hainaut to whom Philip I of Taranto gave the Principality of Achaea. Louis ceded his family lands in Burgundy to his elder brother in exchange for the title of "King of Thessalonica." Matilda and Louis arrived separately in Achaea, she sailing directly from Marseille to Navarino with 1,000 troops. Matilda's army was defeated on 22 Feb 1316 by Ferdinand of Majorca, who also claimed the principality. Louis came by way of Venice to solicit aid from the Republic. He defeated Ferdinand, who was killed in the battle, on 5 July 1316. Four weeks later, Louis died. The Chronicle of the Morea attributes his death to a fever, while the Catalan Declaratio summa states that he was poisoned by John, count of Cephalonia. His death left Achaea in an unsettled state, with his brother Eudes, his wife, and the Angevins all attempting to gain it.Arms_of_Achaea
ME71110. Billon denier tournois, Malloy Crusaders 29, Metcalf Crusades 993 - 996, Schlumberger XII 23, aVF, coppery spots, weight 0.599 g, maximum diameter 18.6 mm, die axis 135o, Clarentza mint, 1313 - 1316; obverse + LODOVIC•D•B•P•AChE, cross pattée; reverse DE CLARENCIA annulet before and after legend, castle tournois, annulet left; very rare; SOLD


Chios, Greece, Philippo Maria Visconti, 1421 - 1436, Imitative of Venice

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SH48270. Gold ducato, Schlumberger pl. XIV, 14; Gamberini 398; Friedberg 4, VF, weight 3.511 g, maximum diameter 20.7 mm, die axis 225o, uncertain mint, 1421 - 1436; obverse S PETRVS DVX D MEDIOLAN (S retrograde), St. Peter standing right, receiving banner from Doge kneeling left; reverse D SIT T XPE DAT Q TV RIG ISTE DVCAT, Christ standing facing, raising right hand in benediction, Gospels in left, surrounded by mandorla containing nine stars; SOLD


Crusaders, Frankish Greece, Principality of Achaea, Mahaut (Maud) of Hainaut, 1316 - 1318

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This is the line drawing coin in Malloy, Preston and Seltman's Coins of the Crusader States.
SH31488. Billon denier tournois, Malloy Crusaders 40 (this coin); Metcalf Crusades type MA2 var. (lis beginning of reverse legend, no annulet right, Corinth), VF, weight 0.836 g, maximum diameter 20.3 mm, die axis 225o, Clarentza(?) mint, 1316 - 1318; obverse + mAhAVTA P Ach, cross pattée; reverse DE CLARENCIA (R with small foot = Clarentza?), castle tournois, surmounted by cross, C left, annulet right, no cross below; from the collection of Alex G. Malloy, former dealer for 40 years and co-author of Coins of the Crusader States, ex A.J. |Seltman| Collection; very rare; SOLD


Crusaders, Frankish Greece, Principality of Achaea, Robert of Taranto, 1333 - 1364

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This is the line drawing coin in Malloy, Preston and Seltman's, Coins of the Crusader States.
SH31371. Billon denier tournois, Malloy Crusaders 76 (this coin), VF, weight 0.885 g, maximum diameter 17.6 mm, die axis 0o, Clarentza mint, obverse + ROBT P AChE, cross pattée; reverse CLARENCIA, castle tournois, II below; from the collection of Alex G. Malloy, former dealer for 40 years and co-author of Coins of the Crusader States, ex A.J. |Seltman| Collection, and ex R. Pesant Collection; very rare; SOLD


Crusaders, Frankish Greece, Principality of Achaea, Philip I of Taranto, 1307 - 1313

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In 1306 Charles II of Naples gave his son Philip I of Taranto the title "Despot of Romania." Romania referred to Frankish lands previously ruled by the Byzantine Empire (the Romans), including: Albania, Corfu, the Principality of Achaia, the Duchy of Athens, the Duchy of the Archipelago, and the Despotate of Epirus. Coins were struck for Philip with this title at Lepanto (Naupaktos), in Epirus, across the Gulf of Corinth from Patras. In 1313, Philip abandoned his claim to Epirus and claimed the defunct Latin Empire of Constantinople instead as the inheritance of his wife Catherine II of Valois, Princess of Achaea.Frankokratia_Map
SH31385. Billon denier tournois, Malloy Crusaders 27; Metcalf Crusades PT2 var. (does not list three dots), gVF, weight 0.805 g, maximum diameter 17.5 mm, die axis 225o, Clarentza mint, obverse + Phs•P•ACh'•TAR•D•R, cross pattée; reverse D'•CLARENCIA•, castle tournois, three dots within the base of the castle; from the collection of Alex G. Malloy, former dealer for 40 years and co-author of Coins of the Crusader States, ex A.J. |Seltman| Collection; extremely rare; SOLD


Crusaders, Frankish Greece, Principality of Achaea, Robert of Taranto, 1333 - 1364

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Robert II of Taranto (1299/1319 – 10 September 1364), of the Angevin family, was Prince of Taranto (1332–1346), King of Albania (1332–1364), Prince of Achaea (1333–1346), Titular Emperor of Constantinople (as Robert II, 1343/1346-1364). He was the oldest surviving son of Prince Philip I of Taranto and Empress Catherine II of Valois. In 1332, as a result of an exchange with his uncle John of Gravina, Robert became Prince of Achaea. Because of his youth, authority was effectively exercised by his mother Catherine II of Valois until her death in 1346. At that point Robert inherited the throne of the Latin Empire, and was recognized as emperor by the Latin states of Greece. His actual power, such as it was, remained based upon his authority as prince of Achaea. In Naples, on 9 September 1347 he married Marie of Bourbon, but the marriage was childless. When he died on 10 October 1364, his widow attempted to keep the principality for herself and her son from her previous marriage. However, Robert's younger brother Philip II of Taranto succeeded as the legitimate heir. He died in Naples and was buried there.Arms_of_Achaea
CR31350. Billon denier tournois, Malloy Crusaders 67 var. (unlisted with CL below castle), VF, weight 0.825 g, maximum diameter 18.7 mm, die axis 240o, Clarentza mint, obverse + ROBT P AChAIE•, cross pattée, pellet in the lower left quarter; reverse DE CLARENCIA•, castle tournois, CL below; from the collection of Alex G. Malloy, former dealer for 40 years and co-author of Coins of the Crusader States, ex A.J. |Seltman| Collection; extremely rare; SOLD


Crusaders, Frankish Greece, Principality of Achaea, Charles I of Anjou, 1278 - 1285

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Charles I (early 1226/1227 – 7 January 1285), commonly called Charles of Anjou, was a member of the royal Capetian dynasty and the founder of the second House of Anjou. He was Count of Provence (1246–85) and Forcalquier (1246–48, 1256–85) in the Holy Roman Empire, Count of Anjou and Maine (1246–85) in France; he was also King of Sicily (1266–85) and Prince of Achaea (1278–85). In 1272, he was proclaimed King of Albania; and in 1277 he purchased a claim to the Kingdom of Jerusalem.Carlos_I
CR88453. Billon denier tournois, Metcalf Crusades pl. 39, 950; Tzamalis Frankish KA203; Malloy Crusaders 11 (S), VF, toned, small edge cracks, overstruck on an earlier coin(?), weight 0.680 g, maximum diameter 18.2 mm, die axis 270o, Corinth mint, 1278 - 1285; obverse + ▼K• R• PRINC' ACH' (R with wedge shaped foot = Corinth mint), cross pattée; reverse ▼CLARENCIA▼(R with wedge shaped foot = Corinth mint), castle tournois surmounted by cross; from the Louis G Estate; scarce; SOLD


Crusaders, Frankish Greece, Principality of Achaea, John of Gravina, 1322 - 1333

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This is the line drawing coin in Malloy, Preston and Seltman's Coins of the Crusader States.
SH31391. Billon denier tournois, Malloy Crusaders 58 (this coin), VF, weight 0.869 g, maximum diameter 18.8 mm, die axis 180o, Clarentza mint, obverse + IOhS P AChE, cross pattée; reverse D' CLARENCIA, castle tournois, annulet on each side, R below; from the collection of Alex G. Malloy, former dealer for 40 years and co-author of Coins of the Crusader States, ex A.J. |Seltman| Collection; very rare; SOLD


Crusaders, Principality of Achaea, William II of Villehardouin, 1246 - 1278

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William of Villehardouin became Prince of Achaea when his brother Geoffrey II died in 1246. He conquered the remaining territory of the Peloponnese and built the fortress of Mistra near Sparta. In 1249 he accompanied Louis IX of France on the Seventh Crusade, joining him in Cyprus with 400 knights and 28 ships. Louis gave him a license to mint coins in the style of royal French money. William defeated Venice in the War of the Euboeote Succession and defeated the Duke of Athens in 1258, reaffirming his power over the duchy. In 1259 he formed an alliance with the Byzantine Despotate of Epirus against Nicaea. He led the Achaean forces against the Nicaeans, but the Epirote army deserted and William was defeated. He fled and hid under a haystack, but was captured. He remained captive until 1262 and permanently lost all his power.
CE76935. Bronze denier, Malloy Crusaders p. 356, 3; Yale Gallery 2001.87.24442; Schlumberger pl. XII, 7, aF/aVF, thin holed flan, obverse rough, weight 0.683 g, maximum diameter 18.2 mm, Corinth mint, Genoese occupation, c. 1250; obverse G. P. - AC-CA-IE, long cross, extending beyond inner circular border and dividing legend; reverse COR-INT-VOm (clockwise from 2:00, N appearing as H, Om ligate), fortified castle, cross flanked by pellets above; ex Varesi auction 42 (17 Nov 2003), lot 1563; rare; SOLD




  




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REFERENCES|

Bellinger, A. & P. Grierson, eds. Catalogue of the Byzantine Coins in the Dumbarton Oaks Collection and in the Whittemore Collection. (1966 - 1999).
Friedberg, A. & I. Friedberg. Gold Coins of the World, From Ancient Times to the Present. (2009).
Gamberini, C. Le imitazioni e la contraffazioni monetarie nel mondo. (Bologna, 1971).
Grierson, P. Byzantine Coins. (London, 1999).
Hendy, M. Coinage and Money in the Byzantine Empire 1081-1261. (Washington D.C., 1969).
Ives, H. The Venetian Gold Ducat and its Imitations. ANSNNM 128. (New York, 1954).
Malloy, A., I. Preston, & A. Seltman. Coins of the Crusader States, 2nd Edition. (New York, 2004).
Marchev, V. & R. Wachter. Catalogue of the Late Byzantine coins, Vol. I, 1082 - 1261 AD. (Veliko Tarnovo, Bulgaria, 2011).
Metcalf, D. Coinage of the Crusaders and the Latin East in the Ashmolean Museum Oxford. (London, 1995).
Metcalf, D. "The Pylia Hoard: Denier Tournois of Frankish Greece" in MN 17 (New York, 1971).
Morrisson, C. Catalogue des Monnaies Byzantines de la Bibliothèque Nationale. (Paris, 1970).
Paolucci, R. The Coinage of the Doges of Venice, 2nd Edition. (Padova, 2001).
Ratto, R. Monnaies Byzantines et d'autre Pays contemporaines à l'époque byzantine. (Lugano, 1930).
Schlumberger, G. Numismatique de l'Orient latin. (1878; Supplement 1882; reprinted: Graz, 1954).
Sear, D. Byzantine Coins and Their Values. (London, 1987).
Stahl, A. The Venetian tornesello: A medieval colonial coinage. ANSNNM 163. (New York, 1985).
Tzamalis, A. "Addition to the tornesia of the 1st group of Guillaume de Villehardouin" in NK 11 (1992).
Tzamalis, A. "The first period of the Frankish tornesio. New evidence from an old hoard" in NK 9-10 (1990-1991).

Catalog current as of Thursday, August 22, 2019.
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Greek Coins