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Owls on Ancient Coins
Owls are depicted on many different ancient coin types but the most prolific types are the coins of ancient Athens. The ancient slang names for the coins of Athens were "owls" (but in Greek of course) and "girls" (referring to Athena on the obverse, also in Greek). "Owls" were so popular as a central currency of the ancient world that the design remained essentially unchanged and somewhat archaic long after other cities began to produce coins of a more refined artistic style. "Owls" of Athens are still very popular. For collectors, they are perhaps the most popular ancient coin type.
|The sanctuary and temple of Athena Polias Nikephoros (Athena of the City, Bringer of Victory) was one of the oldest and most important religious centers in Pergamon. It stood directly behind and above the theater on the acropolis and included the famous Library of Pergamon. The propylon of the sanctuary, in the photograph on the right, is now in the Pergamon Museum in Berlin.|