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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Themes & Provenance| ▸ |Hoards| ▸ |Galilee Hoard||View Options:  |  |  | 

The Galilee Hoard, 131 Bronze Coins, Deposited c. 84 B.C., Found 1989

In 1989, Alex Malloy received a hoard of 131 bronze coins. The find location was reported to be north of the Sea of Galilee. The hoard is of special interest as it represents the fascinating historical struggle in that region in the end of the 2nd century B.C. and the beginning of the 1st century B.C. All the historical players of the period are represented in the hoard. The Syrian kings, Antiochus VIII, his sons, Demetrius III and Antiochus XII, the Hasmonean Alexander Jannaeus and the Nabataean Aretas III are included. The nine mints represented are Damascus, Antioch on the Orontes, Akko-Ptolemais, Tyre, Jerusalem, Seleucis on the Orontes, the Nabataean mint of Petra, Sidon, and Biblos. Click here to read Alex Malloy's study "The Galilee Hoard" and Allen Berman's "Historical Background to the Galilee Hoard."

|Galilee| |Hoard|, |Judean| |Kingdom,| |Alexander| |Jannaeus| |(Yehonatan),| |104| |-| |76| |B.C.||prutah|
Severely unpopular, Jannaeus was pelted with citrons (etrog) on the Festival of Tabernacles (Sukkot) and according to Josephus, "being enraged at this, he killed some 6,000." A full scale revolt erupted and rebels called for the aid of the Seleucid King Demetrius II. Demetrius forced Jannaeus into the mountains but at Demetrus' withdrawal Jannaeus re-established his authority and crucified 800 rebels who were forced to watch the slaughter of their wives and children from their crosses (Jos. Ant. XIII:380).
BB46330. Bronze prutah, Galilee Hoard H102 (this coin), Hendin 6181, Meshorer TJC P, Meshorer AJC E, HGC 10 638, aVF, off-center, weight 1.852 g, maximum diameter 13.4 mm, die axis 180o, Jerusalem mint, obverse Yehonatan the High Priest and the Council of the Jews, within wreath; reverse two cornucopias splayed outward, adorned with ribbons, pomegranate or poppy between the horns; ex Galilee Hoard (found north of the Sea of Galilee in 1989); SOLD

Seleukid Kingdom, Antiochus XII Dionysos, c. 87 - 84 B.C.

|Galilee| |Hoard|, |Seleukid| |Kingdom,| |Antiochus| |XII| |Dionysos,| |c.| |87| |-| |84| |B.C.||chalkon|
Antiochus XII was immediately challenged by the Nabataeans whose territories had grown during the Seleucids' perpetual fratricidal wars. While Antiochus was campaigning against the Nabataeans, these wars continued - Philip I took Damascus. Antiochus was forced to return to Damascus and evict his brother. Returning to the Nabataean front again, Antiochus, this time, had to overcome the resistance of Alexander Jannaeus en route. He soon perished in battle at the hands of the Nabataeans, leaving Damascus without a ruler. Damascus, the long time Southern stronghold of Seleucid power freely gave itself over to the benevolent rule of King Aretas III of Nabataea.
GY46343. Bronze chalkon, Houghton-Lorber II 2478; Houghton CSE 866; SNG Spaer 2884 ff.; BMC Seleucid p. 102, 6; Galilee Hoard H73 (this coin), F, weight 5.667 g, maximum diameter 19.9 mm, die axis 0o, Damascus mint, third issue, c. 85 - 84 B.C.; obverse diademed and draped, lightly bearded bust of Antiochos XII right; reverse ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΑΝΤΙΟΧΟΥ ΕΠΙΦΑΝΟΥC ΦΙΛΟΠΑΤΟΡΟC ΚΑΛΛΙΝΙΚΟΥ, Zeus standing left, Nike in right, long scepter in left hand, monogram outer left; ex Galilee Hoard (found north of the Sea of Galilee in 1989); SOLD

Seleukid Kingdom, Demetrius I Soter, 162 - 150 B.C.

|Galilee| |Hoard|, |Seleukid| |Kingdom,| |Demetrius| |I| |Soter,| |162| |-| |150| |B.C.||AE| |21|
Demetrius defeated Judas Maccabaeus and restored Seleukid control over Judaea.
BB46365. Bronze AE 21, Houghton-Lorber II 1671 - 1672, Houghton CSE 736 - 741; Galilee Hoard H18 (this coin), Fair, weight 5.076 g, maximum diameter 20.3 mm, die axis 0o, Tyre mint, obverse diademed head of Demetrius right; reverse ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΔΗΜΗΤΡΙΟΥ - ΤΥΡΙΩΝ, stern of a galley left, date above; ex Galilee Hoard (found north of the Sea of Galilee in 1989); SOLD


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