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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Medieval & Modern Coins| ▸ |Sicily||View Options:  |  |  |   

Coins of Medieval Sicily
Sicily (or Sardina?), c. 13 Century A.D.

|Sicily|, |Sicily| |(or| |Sardina?),| |c.| |13| |Century| |A.D.||denaro| |piccolo| |(minuto)|
This coin was part of a group of denari of the Kingdom of Sicily, mostly from the 13th century but some later. Although this coin is apparently unpublished and the attribution is uncertain, it is almost certainly from the same time and place as the rest of the coins. The MI on the coin appears to indicate the denomination. The denaro piccolo or picciolo (plural: denari piccoli), is also known as minutus or minuto (plural: minuti).
ME95044. Billon denaro piccolo (minuto), apparently unpublished; attribution is uncertain but we believe most probable; Biaggi -, MEC 14 Italy III -, MIR 10 -, MIR Sicily -, Travaini -, F, dark green patina, small squared flan typical of the area/era, uneven strike, weight 0.348 g, maximum diameter 13.3 mm, uncertain Sicilian or Sardinian mint, c. 13th Century A.D.; obverse mI (for minuto?), legend obscure, mostly off flan; reverse cross patte, legend obscure, mostly off flan; the only specimen of the type known to FORVM; extremely rare; $200.00 SALE PRICE $160.00


Kingdom of Sicily, Frederick III of Aragon, 1296 - 1337

|Sicily|, |Kingdom| |of| |Sicily,| || |Frederick| |III| |of| |Aragon,| |1296| |-| |1337||denaro|
Frederick was the regent of the Kingdom of Sicily, 1291 - 1295, and subsequently king of Sicily from 1295 until his death on 25 June 1337. He was the third son of Peter III of Aragon and served in the War of the Sicilian Vespers on behalf of his father and brothers, Alfonso III and James II. Although the second Frederick of Sicily, he chose to call himself "Fridericus Tertius" (Frederick III) - presumably because only some fifty years before, his well-known and remembered great-grandfather had reigned Sicily and also used an official ordinal as Holy Roman Emperor: Fridericus secundus.
ME95102. Billon denaro, cf. Spahr 36, MEC Italy III 780, MIR Sicily 185, Biaggi 1312, F, green patina, light earthen deposits, tight flan cutting off most of legend, weight 0.577 g, maximum diameter 14.0 mm, Messina mint, 1296 - 1337; obverse FRI T DEI GRA (Frederic Tertius, by the Grace of God), crowned bust of Frederic III left; reverse REX SICILIE (King of Sicily), cross patte, star (or florette?) in 2nd quarter; $50.00 SALE PRICE $45.00


Kingdom of Sicily, Frederick III of Aragon, 1296 - 1337

|Sicily|, |Kingdom| |of| |Sicily,| || |Frederick| |III| |of| |Aragon,| |1296| |-| |1337||denaro|
Frederick was the regent of the Kingdom of Sicily, 1291 - 1295, and subsequently king of Sicily from 1295 until his death on 25 June 1337. He was the third son of Peter III of Aragon and served in the War of the Sicilian Vespers on behalf of his father and brothers, Alfonso III and James II. Although the second Frederick of Sicily, he chose to call himself "Fridericus Tertius" (Frederick III) - presumably because only some fifty years before, his well-known and remembered great-grandfather had reigned Sicily and also used an official ordinal as Holy Roman Emperor: Fridericus secundus.
ME95032. Billon denaro, Spahr 36, MEC Italy III 780, MIR Sicily 185, Biaggi 1312, aF, green patina, typical small squared flan, rough, marks, porosity, weak legends, weight 0.599 g, maximum diameter 13.5 mm, Messina mint, 1296 - 1337; obverse FRI T DEI GRA (Frederic Tertius, by the Grace of God), crowned bust of Frederic III left; reverse REX SICILIE (King of Sicily), cross patte, star (or crosslet) in 2nd quarter; $45.00 SALE PRICE $40.50


Kingdom of Sicily, Manfred von Hohenstaufen, 1258 - 1266, Reverse Brockage

|Sicily|, |Kingdom| |of| |Sicily,| |Manfred| |von| |Hohenstaufen,| |1258| |-| |1266,| |Reverse| |Brockage||denaro|
A brockage occurs when a blank is struck with a previously struck coin which adhered to the opposite die. Click here to read a detailed explanation.

Manfred was frequently in conflict with the Papacy and was excommunicated by three different popes. In the Divine Comedy, Dante meets Manfred outside the gates of Purgatory, where the spirit explains that, although he repented of his sins in the moment of death, he must atone by waiting 30 years for each year he lived as an excommunicate, before being admitted to Purgatory proper. Queen Elizabeth is a descendant of King Manfred.
ME95079. Billon denaro, Spahr 215, MEC Italy III 616, MIR 10 484 (R, Manfredonia), Travaini 81,, VF, brockage mint error, typical small squared flan, green patina, earthen deposits, weight 0.428 g, maximum diameter 13.4 mm, Messina mint, 1258 - 1264; obverse incuse of the reverse; the normal type is: MAYNFRID, Ω over M; reverse REX SICILIE, two intersecting crosses; $40.00 SALE PRICE $36.00


Kingdom of Sicily, James I of Sicily, 1285 - 1296

|Sicily|, |Kingdom| |of| |Sicily,| |James| |I| |of| |Sicily,| |1285| |-| |1296||denaro|
James II of Aragon was king of Aragon from 1295 - 1327and king of Sicily (as James I) from 1285 - 1295. At the death of his father, Peter III, James inherited Sicily, and his elder brother became Alfonso III of Aragon, Catalonia, and Valencia. When his brother died in 1291, he inherited Aragon, and to make peace with the Angevins resigned Sicily (1295) and married Blanche, daughter of Charles II of Naples. Sardinia and Corsica were given to him in compensation for Sicily. He took Sardinia by conquest in 1324, but never ruled Corsica. He was succeeded by his son Alfonso IV.
ME95083. Billon denaro, MEC Italy III 769, Spahr 17, MIR Sicily 182, F, green patina, uneven strike, typical tight flan, edge crack, weight 0.414 g, maximum diameter 14.0 mm, Messina mint, 1285 - 1296; obverse + IAC DEI GRA (James, by the Grace of God), crowned bust of James I left; reverse + REX SICILIE, cross patte; $36.00 SALE PRICE $32.40


Kingdom of Sicily, Manfred von Hohenstaufen, 1258 - 1266

|Sicily|, |Kingdom| |of| |Sicily,| |Manfred| |von| |Hohenstaufen,| |1258| |-| |1266||denaro|
Manfred was frequently in conflict with the Papacy and was excommunicated by three different popes. In the Divine Comedy, Dante meets Manfred outside the gates of Purgatory, where the spirit explains that, although he repented of his sins in the moment of death, he must atone by waiting 30 years for each year he lived as an excommunicate, before being admitted to Purgatory proper. Queen Elizabeth is a descendant of King Manfred.
ME95090. Billon denaro, Spahr 198, MIR Sicilia 136, MEC 14 604, Travaini 69, gF, nice green patina, typical squared small flan, off center, weight 0.469 g, maximum diameter 16.3 mm, Messina mint, 1258 - 1266; obverse + MAYNFRID, Cross patte; reverse + REX SICILIE, large S, flanked on each side by a pellet; $36.00 SALE PRICE $32.40


Kingdom of Sicily, Manfred von Hohenstaufen, 1258 - 1266

|Sicily|, |Kingdom| |of| |Sicily,| |Manfred| |von| |Hohenstaufen,| |1258| |-| |1266||denaro|
Manfred was frequently in conflict with the Papacy and was excommunicated by three different popes. In the Divine Comedy, Dante meets Manfred outside the gates of Purgatory, where the spirit explains that, although he repented of his sins in the moment of death, he must atone by waiting 30 years for each year he lived as an excommunicate, before being admitted to Purgatory proper. Queen Elizabeth is a descendant of King Manfred.
ME95035. Billon denaro, Spahr 198, MIR Sicilia 136, MEC 14 604, Travaini 69, aF, dark green patina, light earthen deposits, light corrosion, weight 0.387 g, maximum diameter 14.9 mm, Messina mint, 1258 - 1266; obverse + MAYNFRID, Cross patte; reverse + REX SICILIE, large S, flanked on each side by a pellet; $32.00 SALE PRICE $28.80


Kingdom of Sicily, Manfred von Hohenstaufen, 1258 - 1266

|Sicily|, |Kingdom| |of| |Sicily,| |Manfred| |von| |Hohenstaufen,| |1258| |-| |1266||denaro|
The inscriptions are only fragmentary, but it is doubtful this type exists will full inscriptions.

Manfred was frequently in conflict with the Papacy and was excommunicated by three different popes. In the Divine Comedy, Dante meets Manfred outside the gates of Purgatory, where the spirit explains that, although he repented of his sins in the moment of death, he must atone by waiting 30 years for each year he lived as an excommunicate, before being admitted to Purgatory proper. Queen Elizabeth is a descendant of King Manfred.
ME95043. Billon denaro, Spahr 215, MEC Italy III 616, MIR 10 484 (R, Manfredonia), Travaini 81, F, green patina, typical small squared flan, uneven strike, weight 0.547 g, maximum diameter 14.1 mm, Messina mint, 1258 - 1264; obverse MAYNFRID, Ω over M; reverse REX SICILIE, two intersecting crosses; $32.00 SALE PRICE $28.80


Kingdom of Sicily, Manfred von Hohenstaufen, 1258 - 1266

|Sicily|, |Kingdom| |of| |Sicily,| |Manfred| |von| |Hohenstaufen,| |1258| |-| |1266||denaro|
The inscriptions are only fragmentary, but it is doubtful this type exists will full inscriptions.

Manfred was frequently in conflict with the Papacy and was excommunicated by three different popes. In the Divine Comedy, Dante meets Manfred outside the gates of Purgatory, where the spirit explains that, although he repented of his sins in the moment of death, he must atone by waiting 30 years for each year he lived as an excommunicate, before being admitted to Purgatory proper. Queen Elizabeth is a descendant of King Manfred.
ME95057. Billon denaro, Spahr 215, MEC Italy III 616, MIR 10 484 (R, Manfredonia), Travaini 81, VF, green patina, tight flan, reverse double struck, weight 0.349 g, maximum diameter 13.2 mm, Messina mint, 1258 - 1264; obverse MAYNFRID, Ω over M; reverse REX SICILIE, two intersecting crosses; $32.00 SALE PRICE $28.80


Kingdom of Sicily, Manfred von Hohenstaufen, 1258 - 1266

|Sicily|, |Kingdom| |of| |Sicily,| |Manfred| |von| |Hohenstaufen,| |1258| |-| |1266||denaro|
The reading of the legends on this rare type is not certain. Biaggi did not have an adequate specimen and used a line drawing in place of the usual photograph. MEC notes there are no know specimens with clear legends.

Manfred was frequently in conflict with the Papacy and was excommunicated by three different popes. In the Divine Comedy, Dante meets Manfred outside the gates of Purgatory, where the spirit explains that, although he repented of his sins in the moment of death, he must atone by waiting 30 years for each year he lived as an excommunicate, before being admitted to Purgatory proper. Queen Elizabeth is a descendant of King Manfred.
ME95078. Billon denaro, Spahr 199, MEC Italy III 609A, MIR Sicily 138, Biaggi 1277 (R2), F, typical small flan, scratches, uneven strike, weight 0.460 g, maximum diameter 14.0 mm, Messina mint, 1258 - 1266; obverse + MAYNFRID, S entwined around cross; reverse + SICILIE REX, Ω over R ; $32.00 SALE PRICE $28.80




  



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REFERENCES

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Sommer, A. Die Mnzen des Byzantinischen Reiches 491-1453. Mit einem Anhang: Die Mnzen des Kaiserreichs von Trapezunt. (Regenstauf, 2010).
Spahr, R. Le Monete Siciliane, dai Bizantini a Carlo I d' Angio (582 - 1282). (Graz, 1976).
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