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Ancient people would sometimes scratch their initials or other marks on their coins.
Roman Republic, D. Junius L.f. Silanus, 91 B.C.
In 91 B.C. tribune Marcus Livius Drusus proposed Roman citizenship to allied Italian cities, leading to his assassination and the Social War. D. Junius L.f. Silanus was a moneyer, a magistrate, responsible for the production of the Roman coinage. Magistrates were not simple mint workers (monetarii), they were officials who controlled the process, including the design on the coins themselves. During the Roman Republic, moneyers were called tresviri aere argento auro flando feriundo, literally "three men for casting (and) striking bronze, silver (and) gold (coins)"RR88385. Silver denarius, Crawford 337/3, Sydenham 646, RSC IJunia 15, SRCV I 225, cf. BMCRR I Rome 1790 (G / VII), RBW Collection 1233 (C / VI), VF, some luster, light tone, light scratches, faint graffito (M) under horses, reverse a little off center, weight 3.882 g, maximum diameter 18.3 mm, die axis 30o, Rome mint, 91 B.C.; obversehead of Roma right in winged helmet, reversed G (control letter) behind; reverseVictory in a biga right holding reins in both hands, V[I?] (control numeral) above, D•SILANVS•L•F / ROMA in exergue; $140.00 (€119.00)
Byzantine Empire, Constans II and Constantine IV, 13 April 654 - 15 July 668 A.D.
In 655, Constans II personally commanded the Byzantine fleet of 500 ships in the Battle of the Masts. He sailed to the province of Lycia (Turkey) in the southern region of Asia Minor. The two forces meet off the coast of Mount Phoenix, near the harbour of Phoenix (modern Finike). The Arabs under Abdullah ibn Sa'ad were victorious, but losses were heavy for both sides. Constans barely escaped back to Constantinople.SH70031. Gold solidus, DOC IIpart 2, 27f; SBCV 961; Hahn MIB III 27; Sommer 12.20; Morrisson BnF -; Wroth BMC -; Tolstoi -; Ratto -, aEF, graffiti on obverse and reverse, weight 4.436 g, maximum diameter 20.7 mm, die axis 180o, 8th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 654 - 659 A.D.; obverse d N CONSTANTINuS E CONSTAI, facing busts of Constans & Constantine IV (beardless) each wearing crown and chlamys, cross between their heads; reverseVICTORIA AVGY H (victory of the Emperor, 8th officina), cross potent on three steps, CONOB+ in ex; SOLD
Trebonianus Gallus, June or July 251 - July or August 253 A.D.
BB05504. Silver antoninianus, RIC IV 48a, Cohen V 128, F, weight 2.59 g, maximum diameter 21.8 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 251 - 253 A.D.; obverse IMP CAE C VIB TREB GALLVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassedbust right, from behind; reverseVICTORIA AVGG (victory of the two emperors), Victory standing left holding wreath in right and palm frond in left; rough, graffitireverse left field; scarce; SOLD