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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Themes & Provenance| ▸ |Animals| ▸ |Dog||View Options:  |  |  | 

Dogs on Ancient Coins
German States, Duchy of Bavaria-Landshut, Henry XVI the Rich, 1393 - 1450 A.D.

|Germany|, |German| |States,| |Duchy| |of| |Bavaria-Landshut,| |Henry| |XVI| |the| |Rich,| |1393| |-| |1450| |A.D.||pfennig|
Henry XVI was the first of the three famous rich dukes, who ruled Bavaria-Landshut in the 15th century. Their residence was Trausnitz Castle in Landshut, a fortification which attained enormous dimensions. Having inherited the despotic temperament of his father. He very cruelly oppressed uprisings of the citizenry of Landshut in 1410 and fought successfully against his cousin Louis VII the Bearded, the duke of Bavaria-Ingolstadt. He united Louis enemies in the Parakeet Society of 1414 and the League of Constance of 1415. Henry banished his wife, which his son and grandson made a family tradition.

The raised square on the reverse (quadratum supercusum) was the result of a minting technique popular in the region in this period. The blank was not a round cast flan, but started as a square cut from a sheet. The square was hammered more or less round by exactly four strokes. A square section in the center, the quadratum supercusum, was left with the original thickness.
ME92047. Silver pfennig, Wittelsbach 3433, Beierlein 116, aVF, toned, weight 0.390 g, maximum diameter 15.7 mm, die axis 0o, tting (Alttting, Germany) mint, 1393 - 1450 A.D.; obverse hound left, tree on far side, struck over raised square (quadratum supercusum); reverse Gothic letter H between two five-pointed stars; ex Leu Numismatik (Winterthur, Switzerland); rare; $70.00 (66.50)


German States, Duchy of Bavaria-Landshut, Henry XVI the Rich, 1393 - 1450 A.D.

|Germany|, |German| |States,| |Duchy| |of| |Bavaria-Landshut,| |Henry| |XVI| |the| |Rich,| |1393| |-| |1450| |A.D.||pfennig|
Henry XVI was the first of the three famous rich dukes, who ruled Bavaria-Landshut in the 15th century. Their residence was Trausnitz Castle in Landshut, a fortification which attained enormous dimensions. Having inherited the despotic temperament of his father. He very cruelly oppressed uprisings of the citizenry of Landshut in 1410 and fought successfully against his cousin Louis VII the Bearded, the duke of Bavaria-Ingolstadt. He united Louis enemies in the Parakeet Society of 1414 and the League of Constance of 1415. Henry banished his wife, which his son and grandson made a family tradition.

The raised square on the reverse (quadratum supercusum) was the result of a minting technique popular in the region in this period. The blank was not a round cast flan, but started as a square cut from a sheet. The square was hammered more or less round by exactly four strokes. A square section in the center, the quadratum supercusum, was left with the original thickness.
ME92168. Silver pfennig, Wittelsbach 3435, VF, weight 0.520 g, maximum diameter 15.5 mm, die axis 45o, tting (Alttting, Germany) mint, 1393 - 1450 A.D.; obverse hound left, tree on far side; reverse Gothic letter H between two annulets, struck over raised square (quadratum supercusum); ex Mnzenhandlung Manfred Olding (Osnabrck, Germany); rare; $70.00 (66.50)


Kyzikos, Mysia, c. 550 - 450 B.C.

|Cyzicus|, |Kyzikos,| |Mysia,| |c.| |550| |-| |450| |B.C.||Hekte| |(1/6| |Stater)|
Seirios (Sirius) was the god or goddess of the Dog-Star, the brightest star of the constellation Canis Major. The pre-dawn rising of the star in the path of the sun was believed to be the source of the scorching heat and droughts of midsummer. Seirios appears in many guises was variously described as Maira daughter of the Titan Atlas, Maira the dog of the hero Icarius, Lailaps the hound of Orion, and Kyon Khryseos the golden-hound of Zeus. It may also have been associated with Orthros ("Morning Twilight") the hound of Geryon, giant of the west. The star was no doubt also connected with the dog-loving goddess Hekate who was the daughter of Perses "the Destroyer" and Asteria "the Starry One." -- www.theoi.com/Titan/AsterSeirios.html
SH86217. Electrum Hekte (1/6 Stater), Von Fritze I (Nomisma VII) 104 & pl. 3, 23; Boston MFA 1433; SNG BnF 245; SNG Cop -; SNGvA -; BMC Mysia -, VF, tight flan, edge cracks, weight 16.091 g, maximum diameter 19.9 mm, die axis 0o, Kyzikos mint, c. 550 - 450 B.C.; obverse winged dog (Sirius?) seated left, head turned back right, curved archaic wing, wearing collar, tunny fish below to left; reverse quadripartite incuse square; extremely rare; SOLD


Augustus, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D.

|Augustus|, |Augustus,| |16| |January| |27| |B.C.| |-| |19| |August| |14| |A.D.||denarius|
IMP X SICIL refers to the victory at Naulochus over Sextus Pompey on 3 September 36 B.C.

In the forest of Arcadia, Pan gave Artemis two black-and-white dogs, three reddish ones, and one spotted one - these dogs were able to hunt even lions. Pan also gave Artemis seven bitches of the finest Arcadian breed. However, Artemis only ever brought seven dogs hunting with her at any one time.
SH53584. Silver denarius, RIC I 173b, RSC I 146a, BMCRE I 464, EF/gVF, gem, bold and toned obverse, weight 3.617 g, maximum diameter 20.3 mm, die axis 135o, Lugdunum (Lyon, France) mint, 15 - 13 B.C.; obverse AVGVSTVS DIVI F, bare head right; reverse IMP - X / SICIL, Diana standing half-left, looking right, wearing short tunic, spear vertical in right, bow at side in left, dog standing left at feet on left; ex H. S. Perlin Co., 1987; very rare with head left; SOLD


Eryx, Sicily, c. 400 - 390 B.C.

|Other| |Sicily|, |Eryx,| |Sicily,| |c.| |400| |-| |390| |B.C.||onkia|
Calciati 13 and SNG 1328 are similar to this coin but with a female head on the obverse and the pellet above the dog on the reverse. Calciati 13A has a male head, but the dog faces left. The only reference that records this specific type is the Handbook of Greek Coins. The photographed HGC coin shares the same reverse die with our coin, but is incorrectly described as a hexantes or dionkia with an additional (second) pellet above. Despite the lack of examples in the primary references (and we checked more than listed here), there are several examples online.
SH90697. Bronze onkia, HGC 2 315 (R1) corr. (same rev. die); Calciati I p. 283, 13A var. (hound left, etc.); SNG III additions pl. 42, 1328 var. (pellet above, etc.), Choice VF, superb style, weak reverse legend, weight 3.094 g, maximum diameter 14.4 mm, die axis 90o, Eryx (Erice, Sicily) mint, c. 400 - 390 B.C.; obverse beardless, young male head right; reverse EP-YKIN-O-N, dog standing right, head turned back, right foreleg on hare on its back below, pellet right; very rare; SOLD


Geto-Dacian, Roman Republic Imitative, c. 82 B.C. - 1st Century A.D.

|Celtic| |&| |Tribal|, |Geto-Dacian,| |Roman| |Republic| |Imitative,| |c.| |82| |B.C.| |-| |1st| |Century| |A.D.||denarius| |serratus|
In ancient Greek and Roman writing Dacus (plural Daci) and Geta (plural Getae) were interchangeable names for tribes of the Dacia region, distinct from but influenced by and possibly related the Thracians and Celts. Modern historians prefer to use the name Geto-Dacians.
CE68430. Silver denarius serratus, cf. Davis C52 and M166; for the Rome mint, C. Mamilius Limetanus, 82 B.C., prototype see: SRCV I 282, Sydenham 741, Crawford 362/1, gVF, weight 3.846 g, maximum diameter 17.4 mm, die axis 135o, tribal mint, c. 82 B.C. - 1st century A.D.; obverse bust of Mercury right wearing winged petasus, caduceus over shoulder; reverse Ulysses (Odysseus) walking right, greeted by his dog Argos, staff in left hand, C MAMIL downward on left, LIMETAN (AT ligate) upwards on right; SOLD


Caracalla, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D.

|Caracalla|, |Caracalla,| |28| |January| |198| |-| |8| |April| |217| |A.D.||antoninianus|
Cerberus, a multi-headed (usually three-headed) hound, guards the gates of Hades to prevent those who have crossed the river Styx from ever escaping. Capturing Cerberus alive was the twelfth and final labor King Eurystheus assigned to Hercules. In the underworld, Hercules met Hades and asked his permission to bring Cerberus to the surface. Hades agreed to if Hercules could overpower the beast without using weapons. Hercules was able to overpower Cerberus, sling the beast over his back, and drag it out of Hades through a cavern entrance in the Peloponnese. Eurystheus was so frightened by the beast that, in return for releasing him from his labors, he asked Hercules to return it to the underworld.
RS79607. Silver antoninianus, RIC IV 261a (S); RSC III 299; BMCRE V p. 455, 125; SRCV II 6838; Hunter III -, Choice EF, mint luster, well centered on a broad flan, excellent portrait, unusual reverse type, weight 2.825 g, maximum diameter 20.0 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 215 A.D.; obverse ANTONINVS PIVS AVG GERM, laureate head right; reverse P M TR P XVIII COS IIII P P (high priest, holder of Tribunitian power for 18 years, consul for the 4th time, father of the country), Pluto seated left on high backed throne, kalathos on head, extending right hand toward Cerberus at his feet on left, long scepter in left hand; rare; SOLD


Roman Republic, C. Mamilius C.f. Limetanus, 82 B.C.

|99-50| |B.C.|, |Roman| |Republic,| |C.| |Mamilius| |C.f.| |Limetanus,| |82| |B.C.||denarius| |serratus|
This type alludes to the moneyer's claim of descent from Telegonus, son of Ulysses and Circe, and hence from Mercury -- Roman Republican Coinage by Michael H. Crawford
SH21139. Silver denarius serratus, SRCV I 282, Sydenham 741, Crawford 362/1, RSC I Mamilia 6, toned gVF, weight 3.661 g, maximum diameter 20.2 mm, die axis 315o, Rome mint, 82 B.C.; obverse bust of Mercury right wearing winged petasus, caduceus over shoulder; reverse Ulysses walking right, staff in left hand, right extended toward his dog, Argus, C MAMIL downward on left, LIMETAN (AT ligate) upwards on right; SOLD







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