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NEW In Greek mythology, Talos (or Talon) was a giant winged man of bronze who protected Europa in Crete from pirates and invaders. He circled the island's shores three times daily. The author of Bibliotheke thought Talos' bronze nature might indicate he was a survivor from Hesiod's mythical Age of Bronze. The satirist Lucian took this absurd notion that men of Hesiod's Age of Bronze were actually made of bronze and, for humorous effect, extended it to men of the Age of Gold.GB95889. Bronze AE 18, Svoronos Crète 74; SNG Cop 520; BMC Crete p. 64, 27, VF, tight flan, encrustations, deposits, weight 5.271 g, maximum diameter 17.7 mm, die axis 180o, Phaistos (Faistos, Crete, Greece) mint, 300 - 250 B.C.; obverse Talos advancing right, nude, wings open, hurling stone in his right hand, holding another in his left hand; reverse hound on the scent to right, ΦAIC/TIΩN in two lines, starting above, ending in exergue; very rare; $400.00 SALE |PRICE| $360.00
Pannonian Celts, Eravisci, Middle Danube, Imitative of Roman Republic, c. 74 - 40 B.C.
The die wear indicates a large number of this type was struck. On some examples the reverse legend appears to match the Roman original, POSTVMI / TA (TA ligate). On this specimen and another handled by Forum, it is blundered and appears to read SIVSAV / A. The Roman Republic prototype, struck by the moneyer C. Postumius, commemorated prayers at the shrine of Diana before the Battle of Lake Regillus, when the moneyer's ancestor, A. Postumius Albus Regillensis, was a consul. The hound was the companion of Diana the Huntress. See Phil Davis' website, "Imitations of Roman Republican Denarii" - https://rrimitations.ancients.info/SH95314. Silver imitative denarius, cf. Freeman Eraviscan 24; Davis class B, group II, E15; Chitescu 173; for Roman Republic C. Postumius prototype see Crawford 394/1, VF, although it appears worn, this coin is nearly as struck with very worn crude dies, weight 3.469 g, maximum diameter 19.1 mm, die axis 180o, tribal mint, c. 74 - 40 B.C.; obverse draped bust of Diana right, bow and quiver over shoulder; reverse hound bounding right, wearing collar, hunting spear below, remnants of legend POSTVMI TA (TA ligate) in exergue; rare; $140.00 SALE |PRICE| $126.00
Syracuse, Sicily, Agathokles, 317 - 289 B.C.
With an army of mercenaries, through deceit, and after banishing or murdering some 10,000 citizens, Agathocles made himself master of Syracuse and later most of Sicily. Machiavelli wrote of him, It cannot be called prowess to kill fellow-citizens, to betray friends, to be treacherous, pitiless, and irreligious and cited him as an example of those who by their crimes come to be princes. According to the historian Justin, very early in life Agathocles parlayed his remarkable beauty into a career as a prostitute, first for men, and later, after puberty, for women, and then made a living by robbery before becoming a soldier and marrying a rich widow.GI93451. Bronze AE 13, cf. Calciati II p. 284, 149; SNG ANS 744; SNG Morcom 748; HGC 2 1525 (R1); SNG Cop -; SNG Munchen -, BMC Sicily -, F, brown tone, porosity/corrosion, reverse off center, weight 1.496 g, maximum diameter 12.2 mm, die axis 45o, Syracuse mint, c. 295 - 289 B.C.; obverse ΣYPAKOΣION, laureate head of Apollo left, uncertain control symbol behind; reverse dog seated left, looking back right at tail, Y (control letter) above, A (control letter) in exergue; from the Errett Bishop Collection; rare; $120.00 SALE |PRICE| $108.00
Valerian I, October 253 - c. June 260 A.D., Ephesos, Ionia
Artemis is depicted here in the same pose as The Diana of Versailles, a slightly over life-size Roman marble statue from the 1st or 2nd century A.D., copying a lost Greek bronze original attributed to Leochares, c. 325 B.C. The sculpture has a stag at her side, rather than a hound. The sculpture may have come from a sanctuary at Nemi or possibly from Hadrian's Villa in Tivoli. In 1556, it was given by Pope Paul IV to Henry II of France, a subtle allusion to the king's mistress, Diane de Poitiers. It is now in the Musée du Louvre, Paris.RP94243. Bronze AE 28, Karwiese 1032(c); SNGvA 1922; SNG Cop -; SNG Hunter -; BMC Ionia -, aVF, green patina, earthen deposits, light corrosion, weight 7.719 g, maximum diameter 28.0 mm, die axis 180o, Ephesos mint, obverse AYT K ΠO ΛIKIN BAΛEPIANOC, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind; reverse EΦECIΩN Γ NEOKOPΩN, Artemis advancing right, bow in left hand, with right hand drawing arrow from quiver, on shoulder, hound at feet behind running right; $90.00 SALE |PRICE| $81.00