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Phocaea, or Phokaia, was the northernmost Ionian city, on the boundary with Aeolis. The Phocaeans were the first Greeks to make long sea-voyages, developed a thriving seafaring economy, became a great naval power, and founded the colonies Massalia (Marseille, France), Emporion (Empķries, Spain) and Elea (Velia, Italy). They remained independent until all of mainland Ionia fell to Croesus of Lydia (c. 560-545 B.C.). In 546 B.C., Lydia was conquered by Cyrus the Great of Persia. After the Greeks defeated Xerxes I, Phocaea joined the Delian League, but later rebelled with the rest of Ionia. In 387 B.C., Phocaea returned to Persian control. After Alexander, it fell under Seleucid, then Attalid, and finally Roman rule.SH87862. Electrum 1/24 stater, Bodenstedt 20; SNGvA 7939; BMC Ionia p. 207, 29A; Boston MFA 1897; Traitť II 2093; Warren 1679, Choice aEF, weight 0.658 g, maximum diameter 7.4 mm, Phokaia (Foca, Turkey) mint, c. 521 - 478 B.C.; obverse ram's head left, seal swimming left below; reverse incuse quadripartite punch; SOLD
Heraklia, Bithynia, 345 - 337 B.C.
Heraclea Pontica (today Karadeniz Eregli, on the Black Sea in Turkey) was founded at the mouth of the river Lycus by the Greek city-state of Megara. It was named after Herakles whom the Greeks believed entered the underworld at a cave nearby. From the middle of the 5th Century B.C., the city became important in the Black Sea trade, and its economic heyday was the 4th Century B.C. The prosperity of the city, damaged by the Galatians and the Bithynians, was utterly destroyed in the Mithridatic Wars.SH56929. Silver stater, SNG BM 1607 (same dies), Rec Gen I.2 35, VF, weight 9.630 g, maximum diameter 21.0 mm, die axis 0o, Heraklia mint, 345 - 337 B.C.; obverse head of Dionysos left wearing ivy wreath, thyrsos over shoulder; reverse TIMOΘEOY ∆IONYΣIOY, Herakles standing left, nude but for lion's skin over shoulder, erecting trophy of captured arms, his club leaning on the trophy, ram's head left between his legs; ex CNG auction XXVII, 29 Sep 93, lot 548; ex Superior Galleries auction 6 & 7 Dec 1991, lot 429; rare; SOLD
Macedonian Kingdom, Alexander the Great, 336 - 323 B.C., Lifetime Issue
Lifetime issue! At the time of the Battle of Issus, Darius had his headquarters at Damascus. Alexander captured a great treasure there and established a mint in 330 B.C. or soon after to strike the silver into his coinage.GS82753. Silver tetradrachm, Price 3214, MŁller Alexander 1342, Demanhur 3247 - 3249, Newell Reattribution 180, VF, attractive style, light toning, obverse off center but full face on flan, bumps, marks, porosity, weight 16.932 g, maximum diameter 24.3 mm, die axis 0o, Syria, Damaskos mint, c. 330 - 323 B.C.; obverse head of Herakles right, clad in Nemean Lion scalp headdress, forelegs tied at neck; reverse Zeus AŽtophoros seated left on throne without back, nude to waist, himation around hips and legs, right leg forward (archaic lifetime style), eagle in extended right hand, long scepter vertical behind in left hand, ram forepart right in left field, A between struts under seat and ∆A below, AΛEΞAN∆POY downward on right; very rare; SOLD
Mytilene, Lesbos, c. 521 - 478 B.C.
Mytilene on the southeast edge of Lesbos, opposite the mainland, was founded about 1054 B.C. It was initially confined to a small island just offshore that later was joined to Lesbos, creating a north and south harbor. In the 7th century B.C., Mytilene successfully contested for the leadership of Lesbos with Methymna, on the north side of the island. Mytilene became the center of the island's prosperous eastern hinterland.SH46446. Electrum hekte, Bodenstedt 18, SNGvA 1689, VF, weight 2.447 g, maximum diameter 10.3 mm, die axis 0o, Mytilene mint, c. 521 - 478 B.C.; obverse ram's head right, cock below; reverse incuse head of Herakles left, wearing lion-skin headdress, quadripartite punch behind, club below; SOLD
Mytilene, Lesbos, c. 454 - 427 B.C.
Mytilene was famous in ancient times for its great output of electrum coins struck from the late 6th through mid - 4th centuries B.C. The usual denomination was the hekte (1/6th stater). Warwick Wroth noted in the British Museum Catalog, "The Sixths of [this Lesbos electrum series] form one of the most beautiful coin-series of the ancient world. This will be evident from a glance."SH76128. Electrum hekte, Bodenstedt 37; BMC Lesbos p. 159, 39; SNGvA 1700; HGC 6 963; SNG Cop -, F, high relief, weight 2.442 g, maximum diameter 10.0 mm, die axis 180o, Mytilene mint, c. 454 - 427 B.C.; obverse diademed head of Silenos right; reverse two ram heads butting each other, palmette above, all in incuse square; SOLD
Salamis, Cyprus, Euelthon (or Successors), c. 530 - 500 B.C.
Little is recorded of Euelthon's reign. He dedicated a notable incense altar to Apollo at Delphi, which, Herodotus tells us stood in the Treasury of the Corinthians. He struck the first silver coinage of Cyprus. A ram or ram's head was used on obverse of the coins of the kings of Cyprus from Euelthon to Euagoras I.GA83710. Silver obol, Bank of Cyprus 8; BMC Cyprus p. 47, 8 - 9; SNG Cop 33; Asyut -, VF, nice style, toned, scratches, edge bump, weight 0.883 g, maximum diameter 9.7 mm, Salamis mint, c. 530/520 - 500 B.C.; obverse ram's head left; reverse blank; rare; SOLD
Mytilene, Lesbos, c. 454 - 427 B.C.
Mytilene was famous in ancient times for its great output of electrum coins struck from the late 6th through mid - 4th centuries B.C. The usual denomination was the hekte (1/6th stater). Warwick Wroth noted in the British Museum Catalog, "The Sixths of [this Lesbos electrum series] form one of the most beautiful coin-series of the ancient world. This will be evident from a glance."SH86288. Electrum hekte, Bodenstedt 57 (c/γ); SNG Cop 305; BMC Lesbos p. 160, 44; Boston MFA 1703 (also palmette below); HGC 6 983 (R2); SNGvA -, VF, centered, scratches, tiny flan flaws, weight 2.520 g, maximum diameter 11.1 mm, die axis 90o, Mytilene mint, c. 454 - 428/427 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo right; reverse two confronted ram heads butting, palmette above, all within incuse square; rare; SOLD
Mesopotamian, Ram Figurine Amulet, Late Uruk - Jemdet-Nasr Period, c. 3300 - 3000 B.C.
AS58662. Ram figurine amulet, 29 x 23 mm, Choice, cream calcite, circle-dot eyes and two circle-dots on body, legs curled up, pierced vertically for suspension, from an American private collection, ex Alex G. Malloy (1/1/97); SOLD
Salamis, Cyprus, Evelthon, c. 560 - 520 B.C.
Evelthon is the first historically documented king of Salamis and the first king of Salamis to strike coins. Coins probably continued to be struck in his name after his death.GS69897. Silver 1/12 siglos, Tziambazis 98, Bank of Cyprus 7, BMC Cyprus 9, SNG Cop 33, SGCV 3590, F, toned, weight 0.832 g, maximum diameter 9.9 mm, die axis 0o, Salamis mint, c. 530 - 500 B.C.; obverse Cyprosyllabic inscription: elu, ram head right; reverse smooth blank; rare; SOLD
Antoninus Pius, August 138 - 7 March 161 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt, Zodiac Type - Jupiter in Aries
The reverse is Zodiac type meaning Jupiter in Aries. It takes Jupiter about 12 years to circle the zodiac (the planet visits an average of one sign a year). Since this type was issued over a number of years, it does not appear to refer to the then current year. Perhaps Jupiter was in Aries at the time of Antoninus' birth. If so, his horoscope predicted he should be wise, highly educated, and popular with an attractive personality. He would live like a saint and would make a good lawyer, judge, or accountant.SH63102. Bronze drachm, cf. SRCV II 4447, Emmett 1654, gF, rough, weight 17.323 g, maximum diameter 31.7 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, obverse TI AYT K T AIΛ A∆P ANTWNINOC CEB EYC (or similar), laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse draped bust of Zeus-Serapis (Jupiter) right, above ram right wearing hemhem crown, Egyptian altar before, date (obscure) above; scarce; SOLD