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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Themes & Provenance| ▸ |Animals| ▸ |Sphinx||View Options:  |  |  | 

The Sphinx on Ancient Coins
Augustus, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D.

|Augustus|, |Augustus,| |16| |January| |27| |B.C.| |-| |19| |August| |14| |A.D.||aureus|
The Sphinx was one of Augustus' symbols and was used on his personal seal (Suetonius).
SH30615. Gold aureus, RIC I 512 corr. (head left), BMCRE 682, Calico 156, Cohen 333, gVF, weight 7.998 g, maximum diameter 21.5 mm, die axis 0o, Pergamon (Bergama, Turkey) mint, c. 19 - 18 B.C.; obverse AVGVSTVS, bare head right; reverse sphinx seated right; attractive reddish toning; rare; SOLD


Gebal (Byblos), Phoenicia, c. 450 - 410 B.C.

|Phoenicia|, |Gebal| |(Byblos),| |Phoenicia,| |c.| |450| |-| |410| |B.C.||shekel|
The extremely rare first coinage of Byblos, struck with Egyptian types at an Egyptian weight standard (one kite). A beautiful representation of an Egyptian sphinx in the pose of the famous Giza monumental statue graces the obverse.

Head notes, "Herodotus relates (iv. 166) that Aryandes, who had been appointed satrap of Egypt by Cambyses, mortally offended Darius, son of Hystaspes, by issuing silver money which rivalled in purity the gold darics of the great king himself. If the story be true, it probably refers to ordinary Persian sigloi. No coins have come down to us which can be identified as those of Aryandes." Could this coin be the one of those issued by Aryandes?
SH38939. Silver shekel, Betlyon 1, Kraay 1051, SNG Cop -, gVF, toned, weight 8.907 g, maximum diameter 20.2 mm, die axis 0o, Gebal mint, obverse Sphinx seated left, wearing crown of Upper and Lower Egypt; reverse lightning bolt (or double lotus) in dotted circle within incuse square; almost equal in quality to the Boston Museum of Fine Arts and American Numismatic Society examples; extremely rare; SOLD


Chios, Islands off Ionia, c. 490 - 480 B.C.

|Other| |Ionia|, |Chios,| |Islands| |off| |Ionia,| |c.| |490| |-| |480| |B.C.||stater| |or| |didrachm|
Chios was one of the first cities to strike coins, taking the sphinx as its symbol, a tradition maintained for almost 900 years. In 546 B.C. Chios became subject to the Persia. It was liberated by the Persia defeat at the Battle of Mycale in 479 B.C. When the Athenians formed the Delian League, Chios joined as one of the few members who did not have to pay tribute but instead supplied ships.
GA57815. Silver stater or didrachm, SNG Cop 1540; SNG Online III Lockett 2855; SNGvA 2274; BMC Ionia p. 329, 2; HGC 6 1119 (R1), F, weight 7.887 g, maximum diameter 16.0 mm, Islands of Ionia, Chios mint, c. 490 - 480 B.C.; obverse winged sphinx seated left, archaic curved wings, amphora before (off flan), all on a raised disk (shield?); reverse rough quadripartite incuse square; SOLD


Chios, Islands off Ionia, c. 431 - 412 B.C.

|Other| |Ionia|, |Chios,| |Islands| |off| |Ionia,| |c.| |431| |-| |412| |B.C.||drachm|
Chios, in the Aegean Sea, 7 kilometers (4.3 miles) off the Anatolian coast, is the fifth largest of the Greek islands. At the end of the 7th century B.C., Chios became one of the first cities to strike coins, establishing the sphinx as its symbol. It maintained this tradition for almost 900 years. Based on the huge necropolis at the main city of Chios, by the 5th to 4th centuries B.C., the island had grown to an estimated population of over 120,000 (2 - 3 times the current population). During the Hellenistic period, the Chios became famous for the high quality of its wine and was the largest exporter of Greek wine. Chian amphoras, with a characteristic sphinx emblem and bunches of grape have been found as far away as Gaul, Upper Egypt and Southern Russia. After the Roman conquest Chios became part of the province of Asia. The Empire ceded Chios to the Republic of Genoa in 1261.
GA71652. Silver drachm, SNG Cop 1546, SNGvA 2275, Rosen 607, Baldwin Chios 79, SGCV II 4600, VF, attractive style, well centered on a tight flan, weight 3.558 g, maximum diameter 13.5 mm, Islands of Ionia, Chios mint, c. 431 - 412 B.C.; obverse Sphinx seated left, grapes over amphora before, the whole on a circular raised shield; reverse Incuse square divided into four square compartments by fine cross lines, surface of compartments is roughened by design of the die (not wear); SOLD


Chios, Islands off Ionia, c. 435 - 425 B.C.

|Other| |Ionia|, |Chios,| |Islands| |off| |Ionia,| |c.| |435| |-| |425| |B.C.||stater| |or| |didrachm|
Chios was one of the first cities to strike coins, taking the sphinx as its symbol, a tradition maintained for almost 900 years. In 546 B.C. Chios became subject to the Persia. It was liberated by the Persia defeat at the Battle of Mycale in 479 B.C. When the Athenians formed the Delian League, Chios joined as one of the few members who did not have to pay tribute but instead supplied ships.
GS110596. Silver stater or didrachm, cf. BMC Ionia p. 329, 6; SNG Online III Lockett 2858; SNG Cop 1543; HGC 6 1121, F, off center, weight 7.775 g, maximum diameter 16.8 mm, Islands of Ionia, Chios mint, c. 435 - 425 B.C.; obverse winged sphinx seated left, archaic curved wings, long hair, both forelegs visible, bunch of grapes above amphora before, all on a raised disk (shield?); reverse rough quadripartite incuse square; from the CEB Collection; very rare; SOLD


Chios, Islands off Ionia, 2nd Century A.D.

|Other| |Ionia|, |Chios,| |Islands| |off| |Ionia,| |2nd| |Century| |A.D.||1| |1/2| |assarion|
Rare and interesting coin naming the denomination! Chios also minted coins of 1 assarion, 2 assaria ACCAPIA ΔYO and 3 assaria ACCAPIA TPIA.
GB39993. Bronze 1 1/2 assarion, SNG Cop 1650 and 1661 var.; BMC Ionia p. 343, 127 and p. 345, 136-7 var.; SNGvA -, VF, weight 7.041 g, maximum diameter 24.7 mm, die axis 180o, Islands of Ionia, Chios mint, obverse XIΩN, Sphinx seated right, forepaw resting on amphora, club in exergue; reverse ACCAPION HMVCV, crossed thyrsi, grapes above, stars in fields, all within grape vine wreath; rare; SOLD


Perge, Pamphylia, c. 220 - 189 B.C.

|Perga|, |Perge,| |Pamphylia,| |c.| |220| |-| |189| |B.C.||AE| |14|
Perga was the capital of Pamphylia. Today it is a large site of ancient ruins, 15 kilometers (9.3 mi) east of Antalya on the southwestern Mediterranean coast of Turkey. During the Hellenistic period, Perga was one of the richest and most beautiful cities in the ancient world, famous for its temple of Artemis. It also is notable as the home of the renowned mathematician Apollonius of Perga.Street in Perga
GB86568. Bronze AE 14, SNG BnF 362; SNG Cop 311; SNGvA 4650; SNG PfPs 250; Lindgren 1098; Waddington 3320; Weber 7340; BMC Lycia p. 122, 15, gVF, well struck, corrosion, a little rough, weight 2.145 g, maximum diameter 14.1 mm, die axis 0o, Perga (near Antalya, Turkey) mint, c. 220 - 189 B.C.; obverse sphinx seated right, kalathos on head, curved wing; reverse Artemis standing half left, wearing short chiton and hunting boots, wreath in right hand, long scepter vertical behind in left hand, NANAΨAΣ downward on right, first N retrograde, ΠPEIIAΣ downward on left; from the David Cannon Collection, ex Beast Coins; SOLD


Castulo, Hispania Ulterior, c. 165 - 80 B.C.

|Iberia|, |Castulo,| |Hispania| |Ulterior,| |c.| |165| |-| |80| |B.C.||AE| |28|
After a local princess named Himilce married Hannibal, Castulo allied with Carthage. In 213 B.C., Castulo was the site of Hasdrubal Barca's crushing victory over the Roman army with a force of roughly 40,000 Carthaginian troops plus local Iberian mercenaries. Soon after the Romans made a pact with the residents and the city became a foederati (ally) of Rome.
GB55458. Bronze AE 28, Villaronga p. 335, 38; SNG BM Spain 1323 ff.; SNG Spain II 243 ff.; SNG Cop 205; Burgos 543, VF, weight 12.229 g, maximum diameter 25.8 mm, die axis 270o, Castulo (near Linares, Spain) mint, c. 165 - 80 B.C.; obverse diademed head right, hand before; reverse helmeted sphinx walking right, star before, KASTILO in Iberic script below exergual line; SOLD


Hungary, Stephan V, 1270 - 1272

|Hungary|, |Hungary,| |Stephan| |V,| |1270| |-| |1272||denar|
Stephen V was King of Hungary and Croatia between 1270 and 1272, and Duke of Styria from 1258 to 1260. He was the oldest son of King Bla IV and Maria Laskarina. King Bla had his son crowned king at the age of six and appointed him Duke of Slavonia.
ME92050. Silver denar, Frynas H.19.11, Huszr 355, Rthy 297, Unger 268, VF, toned, weight 0.464 g, maximum diameter 12.1 mm, die axis 270o, obverse + MONETAVNGARIE, cross patte, pellet in annulet in each quarter; reverse sphinx walking right, sword in right hand, shield in left hand; ex Mnzenhandlung Brom (Berlin); SOLD


Kaunos, Caria, 390 - 370 B.C.

|Kaunos|, |Kaunos,| |Caria,| |390| |-| |370| |B.C.||AE| |9|
GB18457. Bronze AE 9, Klein 526; H. Troxell, Winged Carians, Essays Thompson p. 261, 30; K. Konuk, The Early Coinage of Kaunos, Studies Price p. 214, 117, VF, black patina, weight 0.970 g, maximum diameter 9.1 mm, die axis 0o, Kaunos (Dalyan, Turkey) mint, 390 - 370 B.C.; obverse Apollo head facing; reverse Sphinx standing left; ex M&M 10/05 #880, sold for 70 Euros plus commission; SOLD







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