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Trajan, 25 January 98 - 8 or 9 August 117 A.D., Bostra, Arabia
Bostra was the northern Nabataean capital, until Trajan annexed the kingdom. It was then capital of Provincia Arabia, where the Third Legio Cyrenaica was garrisoned. The emperor Philip was born in Bostra and designated it a metropolis. This type was almost certainly struck with silver from the Nabatean treasury. Some specimens appear to have been overstruck on Nabatean drachms. RP92423. Silver drachm, cf. Metcalf Tell Kalak 15 - 17; Sydenham Cappadocia 184, 185, 189 (Caesarea); BMC Galatia p. 54, 62 var. (Caesarea, no drapery); SNG Cop, VF, fantastic bold "caricature" portrait, dark old cabinet tone, slightly off center, light marks, edge crack, weight 3.082 g, maximum diameter 18.1 mm, die axis 210o, Bostra (Bosra, Syria) mint, Jan 112 - Aug 114 A.D.; obverse AYTOKP KAIC NEP TPAIAN CEB ΓEPM ∆AK, laureate bust right, slight drapery on left shoulder; reverse ∆HMAPX EΞ Iς (or Z, or H) YΠAT ς (holder of Tribunitian power for 16 (or 17, or 18) years, consul for the 6th time), Arabia standing facing, head left, branch in right, bundle of cinnamon sticks in left, camel left in background on left; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $150.00 SALE |PRICE| $135.00
Roman Republic, Marcus Aemilius Scaurus & Publius Plautius Hypsaeus, 58 B.C.
M. Aemilius Scaurus, in 62 B.C., as quaestor to Pompey, was sent against King Aretas but withdrew when Aretas paid 300 talents. This was the first time a moneyer publicized his own career on coinage. Aemilius was curule aedile when this coin was struck. This was the first time a moneyer publicized an event from his own career on coinage. Later he was praetor and propraetor, lost a campaign for Consul, and successfully defended Cicero. In 52 B.C., he was charged with bribery and went into exile.RR91807. Silver denarius, BMCRR Rome 3878 (also HYPSAEVE), Crawford 422/1b var., Sydenham 913 var., RSC I Aemilia 8 var., RBW Collection 1519 var., SRCV I 379 var., Choice gVF, deep old cabinet toning, well centered on the usual tight flan, weight 3.945 g, maximum diameter 17.8 mm, die axis 270o, Rome mint, 58 B.C.; obverse Aretas, King of Nabataea, kneeling beside camel, holding reins and raising olive branch with fillet, M SCAVR above, EX - S C at sides, REX ARETAS in exergue; reverse Jupiter in quadriga left, reins in right, hurling thunderbolt with left, scorpion below, P HYPSAEVE / AED CVR above, CAPTV on right, C HYPSAE COS / PREIVE in exergue; ex Savoca Numismatik auction 31 (10 March 2019), lot 392; SOLD
Trajan, 25 January 98 - 8 or 9 August 117 A.D.
This type was issued to commemorate the founding of the Roman province Arabia Petraea, consisting of the former Nabataean kingdom in Jordan, the southern Levant, the Sinai Peninsula, and the northwestern area of the Arabian peninsula. Trajan completed the Via Nova Traiana, a road from Bostra through Petra to the port at Aqaba, made Bostra the capital of the province, and awarded Petra the status of metropolis. Unlike Armenia, Mesopotamia, and Assyria, Rome held Arabia long after Trajan's rule. In Diocletian's restructuring of the empire in 284 - 305, the province was enlarged to include parts of modern-day Israel. After Diocletian, Arabia became a part of the Diocese of Oriens ("the East"). In the Byzantine period, Arabia was the frontline of Byzantine-Sassanid Wars. In the 5th or 6th century, it was transformed into Palaestina Salutaris.SH26657. Silver denarius, RIC II 245, Woytek 396b, RSC II 26, BMCRE III 474, SRCV II -, aEF, attractive dark glossy toning, weight 3.055 g, maximum diameter 18.4 mm, die axis 225o, Rome mint, 112 - 115 A.D.; obverse IMP TRAIANO AVG GER DAC P M TR P COS VI P P, laureate bust right, slight drapery on left shoulder; reverse ARAB ADQ (in ex) S P Q R OPTIMO PRINCIPI, Arabia standing front, head left, holding branch and bundle of cinnamon sticks, camel walking left behind at feet; SOLD