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Philip II, July or August 247 - Late 249 A.D., Zeugma, Commagene, Syria
Zeugma was founded by Seleucus I Nicator who almost certainly named the city Seleucia after himself. In 64 B.C. the city was conquered by Rome and renamed Zeugma, meaning "bridge of boats." On the Silk Road connecting Antioch to China, Zeugma had a pontoon bridge across the Euphrates, which was the long time border with the Persian Empire. The Legio IV Scythica was camped in Zeugma. The legion and the trade station brought great wealth to Zeugma until, in 256, Zeugma was fully destroyed by the Sassanid king, Shapur I. An earthquake then buried the city beneath rubble. The city never regained its earlier prosperity and, after Arab raids in the 5th and 6th centuries, it was abandoned again.SL89808. Bronze AE 27, Butcher 31c; SNG Cop 35; BMC Galatia p. 128, 35; SGICV 4142, NGC Ch VF, strike 5/5, surface 3/5 (4094544-007), weight 15.63 g, maximum diameter 27.4 mm, die axis 0o, Zeugma (Belkis, Turkey) mint, 247 - 249 A.D.; obverse AYTOK K M IOYΛI ΦIΛIΠΠOC CEB, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse ZEYΓMATEΩN, tetrastyle temple with peribolos enclosing the sacred grove of trees, below Capricorn right; from the Martineit Collection of Ancient and World Coins, NGC| Lookup; $180.00 (€147.60)
Titus, 24 June 79 - 13 September 81 A.D.
This reverse type was copied from coins of Augustus and was also used by Vespasian.
This variety without the Pater Patriae title appears to be very rare, suggesting that Titus assumed the title very shortly (a few days maybe) after the beginning of his ninth tribunician year on 1 July. RIC lists it as common, however, there are only two specimens on Coin Archives, only two in the Berk file, none in Reka Devnia, and this is the only example handled by Forum over 20 years.SH51546. Silver denarius, RIC II-1 5 (C); Cohen I 280 (citing Paris but only the aureus present in the collection); BMCRE II p. 224 note, gF, weight 2.451 g, maximum diameter 18.6 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, early Jul 79 A.D.; obverse IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M, laureate head right; reverse TR P VIIII IMP XIII COS VII, capricorn left, globe below; very rare; SOLD
Augustus, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D., Imitative or Counterfeit
An interesting hybrid imitative or counterfeit. Both sides copy Spanish Colonia Patricia mint denarii of c. 18 - 16 B.C., but this obverse and reverse are not combined on an official issue. This reverse was only struck with an anepigraphic obverse. The low weight, crude legend, and irregular style (Augustus appears much too young) confirm it is an imitation or counterfeit.RS72235. Silver denarius, apparently unpublished, VF, porous, edge chips, weight 2.915 g, maximum diameter 20.0 mm, die axis 180o, unofficial tribal or counterfeiter mint, 17 B.C. - 14 A.D., or later; obverse S P Q R [CAESARI or IMP?] - AVGVSTO, bare head right, dot border; reverse capricorn right, holding globe, cornucopia above, rudder [over AVGVSTVS?] below; SOLD