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Kelenderis, Cilicia, c. 440 - 400 B.C.
Kelenderis was a port town, one of the oldest in Cilicia, described in Hellenistic and Roman sources as a small, but strong castle. The land around Kelenderis was inadequate for farming but, apparently from the coins, suitable for raising goats. On the plateau behind the hills, there were vineyards and olive trees, rich sources of minerals, especially iron and woods, mainly pine and cedar, which were essential for ship building. The town was connected to the Central Anatolian Plateau with suitable passages in the valleys, but it was mainly a port, connected with Cyprus and other countries lying on the Mediterranean coasts. The rider on the obverse may be Castor, who was not only a horse trainer but also the protector of sailors, an appropriate type for a port town.
GS87203. Silver stater
, Celenderis Hoard
3 (O15/R15); SNG BnF
46 (same dies); cf. BMC Cilicia
p. 55, 27 (KEΛE); SNGvA
5617 (KEΛEN); SNG Cop
-; SNG Levante
-, EF, attractive style, well centered and struck
radiating flow lines, irregularly shaped flan
, some obverse
die wear, Kelenderis (Aydincik, Turkey) mint, weight
10.802g, maximum diameter
24.68mm, c. 440 - 400 B.C.; obverse
young man riding sideways on horse galloping left, nude, preparing to dismount, bridle in left hand on near side
of horse, whip in left hand, A below before hind
goat crouching left on solid exergue
turned looking back right, KEΛ over ivy spray with leaf and berries, all in a shallow round incuse
Catalog current as of Friday, April 19, 2019.
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