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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Themes & Provenance| ▸ |Animals| ▸ |Griffin||View Options:  |  |  | 

Griffins on Ancient Coins

The griffin, griffon, or gryphon is a legendary creature with the body of a lion and the head and wings of an eagle. As the lion was traditionally considered the king of the beasts and the eagle was the king of the birds, the griffin was thought to be an especially powerful and majestic creature. Griffins are normally known for guarding treasure and well valued priceless possession.

Persian Empire, Samaria, c. 375 - 332 B.C.

|Persian| |Rule|, |Persian| |Empire,| |Samaria,| |c.| |375| |-| |332| |B.C.||drachm|
Samaria was the capital of the northern Kingdom of Israel in the 9th - 8th centuries B.C. The Assyrians took the city and the northern kingdom in 722/721 B.C. The city did not recover until the Persian period, the mid 5th century. The tensions between the ruling Sanballat family and Jerusalem under the governorship of Nehemiah are documented in the Bible (Ezra 4:10, Neh 4:7Ė8). Samaria became Hellenistic in 332 B.C. Thousands of Macedonian soldiers were settled there following a revolt. The Judaean king John Hyrcanus destroyed Samaria in 108 B.C., but it was resettled under Alexander Jannaeus. In 63 B.C., Samaria was annexed to the Roman province of Syria. Herod the Great fortified the city and renamed it Sebaste. The ruins are located in the Samaria mountains almost 10 km to the northwest of Nablus.
JD99500. Silver drachm, Meshorer-Qedar 30; Samuels 6; Mildenberg Bes pl. 1, 5; Sofaer -; SNG ANS -; Hendin -; HGC 10 -, VF, centered, toned, edge split, a little rough, weight 2.565 g, maximum diameter 17.7 mm, die axis 0o, Samaria (Sebastia, West Bank) mint, c. 375 - 332 B.C.; obverse horned head of creature facing (griffin?) within square guilloche-pattern border; reverse winged and horned griffin recumbent right, Aramaic dalat (for Delayah?) above left, square guilloche-pattern border, all within an incuse square; extremely rare; $3450.00 SALE PRICE $3105.00


Abdera, Thrace, 386 - 375 B.C.

|Abdera|, |Abdera,| |Thrace,| |386| |-| |375| |B.C.||tetrobol|
In 408 B.C., Abdera was brought under the dominion of Athens. Sacked by Thracian tribes in 376 B.C., the town survived due to the Athenian support.
SH19465. Silver tetrobol, May Abdera 456, SNG Cop 338, aEF, weight 2.793 g, maximum diameter 14.41 mm, die axis 180o, Abdera (Greece) mint, magistrate Athinis, 386 - 375 B.C.; obverse griffin leaping/flying left; reverse A-ΘH/N-HΣ, stag standing left within incuse square; rare; SOLD


Abdera, Thrace, 386 - 375 B.C.

|Abdera|, |Abdera,| |Thrace,| |386| |-| |375| |B.C.||drachm|
A wealthy city and thus a valuable prize, Abdera was repeatedly sacked: by the Triballi in 376 B.C., Philip II of Macedon in 350 B.C.; later by Lysimachos of Thrace, the Seleucids, the Ptolemies, and again by the Macedonians. In 170 B.C., the Roman armies and those of Eumenes II of Pergamon besieged and sacked it.
GS66822. Silver drachm, May Abdera 405 (A282/P331), VF, sensuous style, weight 2.875 g, maximum diameter 14.5 mm, die axis 180o, Abdera (Greece) mint, 386 - 375 B.C.; obverse griffin springing left, spiky bristle mane, raised curled tail; reverse MOΛΠAΓOΠHΣ, head of young Dionysos left, wearing wreath of ivy with berries clustered over brow, hair in long loses locks down the back of neck with single ringlet before ear, slightly concave field; SOLD


Teos, Ionia, c. 540 - 500 B.C.

|Teos|, |Teos,| |Ionia,| |c.| |540| |-| |500| |B.C.||triobol|
Teos was a flourishing seaport until about 540 B.C., when the Persian emperor Cyrus the Great invaded Lydia and Ionia. The town survived but most of the citizens fled to the newly founded colonies of Abdera and Phanagoria. Under the Roman Empire, the town was noted for its wine, a theater and its Temple of Dionysus. The site is now farmland.
SH34944. Silver triobol, SNG Cop 1434 (hemidrachm), Weber 6198, SNG Kayhan -, gVF, weight 2.766 g, maximum diameter 13.3 mm, Teos (near Sigacik, Turkey) mint, c. 540 - 500 B.C.; obverse griffin seated right; reverse rough incuse square; SOLD


Teos, Ionia, c. 540 - 478 B.C.

|Teos|, |Teos,| |Ionia,| |c.| |540| |-| |478| |B.C.||drachm|
Teos was a flourishing seaport until about 540 B.C., when the Persian emperor Cyrus the Great invaded Lydia and Ionia. The town survived but most of the citizens fled to the newly founded colonies of Abdera and Phanagoria. Under the Roman Empire, the town was noted for its wine, a theater and its Temple of Dionysus. The site is now farmland.
SH48382. Silver drachm, SNG Cop 1433, SNGvA 2255, SNG Kayhan -, VF, weight 5.667 g, maximum diameter 16.4 mm, Teos (near Sigacik, Turkey) mint, c. 540 - 478 B.C.; obverse griffin seated right, left forepaw raised; reverse quadripartite incuse square; SOLD


Pantikapaion, Tauric Chersonesos, Thrace, c. 310 - 303 B.C.

|Pantikapaion|, |Pantikapaion,| |Tauric| |Chersonesos,| |Thrace,| |c.| |310| |-| |303| |B.C.||AE| |22|
Pan is the Greek god of shepherds and flocks, fields, groves, mountain wilderness, and wooded glens, hunting, rustic music, theatrical criticism, and companion of the nymphs. He is connected to fertility and the season of spring. He has the hindquarters, legs, and horns of a goat and is usually represented in the form of a satyr, with a cloak of goat's skin, playing the Syrinx, or flute of seven pipes, and holding the pedum or pastoral staff.
GB91270. Bronze AE 22, SNG BM 869, SNG Cop 30, MacDonald Bosporus 69, HGC 7 113, SGCV I 1700, gVF, attractive style, bold strike, light marks, light deposits, weight 7.898 g, maximum diameter 21.5 mm, die axis 0o, Pantikapaion (Kerch, Crimea) mint, c. 310 - 303 B.C.; obverse bearded horned head of Pan right; reverse ΠAN, forepart of griffin left, sturgeon left below; SOLD


Teos, Ionia, 370 - 340 B.C.

|Teos|, |Teos,| |Ionia,| |370| |-| |340| |B.C.||hemidrachm|
Teos was a flourishing seaport until about 540 B.C., when the Persian emperor Cyrus the Great invaded Lydia and Ionia. The town survived but most of the citizens fled to the newly founded colonies of Abdera and Phanagoria. Under the Roman Empire, the town was noted for its wine, a theater and its Temple of Dionysus. The site is now farmland.
SH60639. Silver hemidrachm, SNG Cop 1445, SNGvA 8019, BMC Ionia 27 (triobol), SNG Kayhan -, VF, toned, weight 1.516 g, maximum diameter 12.5 mm, die axis 315o, Teos (near Sigacik, Turkey) mint, 370 - 340 B.C.; obverse griffin seated right, left forepaw raised; reverse THI / ΔIOΓE-NHΣ, kantharos; SOLD


Pantikapaion, Tauric Chersonesos, Thrace, c. 310 - 303 B.C.

|Pantikapaion|, |Pantikapaion,| |Tauric| |Chersonesos,| |Thrace,| |c.| |310| |-| |303| |B.C.||AE| |20|
Pan is the Greek god of shepherds and flocks, fields, groves, mountain wilderness, and wooded glens, hunting, rustic music, theatrical criticism, and companion of the nymphs. He is connected to fertility and the season of spring. He has the hindquarters, legs, and horns of a goat and is usually represented in the form of a satyr, with a cloak of goat's skin, playing the Syrinx, or flute of seven pipes, and holding the pedum or pastoral staff.
GB99258. Bronze AE 20, SNG BM 869, SNG Cop 30, MacDonald Bosporus 69, HGC 7 113, SGCV I 1700, VF, centered on a tight flan, brown tone, light green encrustations, weight 7.424 g, maximum diameter 20.2 mm, die axis 0o, Pantikapaion (Kerch, Crimea) mint, c. 310 - 303 B.C.; obverse bearded horned head of Pan right; reverse ΠAN, forepart of griffin left, sturgeon left below; SOLD







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