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Seleukid Kingdom, Seleukos I Nikator, 312 - 280 B.C., Ancient Counterfeit
Superb ancient counterfeit with intact plating and of finest style.SH24647. Fouree silver plated tetradrachm, cf. Houghton-Lorber I 173 (official Susa mint), combining monograms of 173.14 and 173.16, Choice EF, weight 14.724 g, maximum diameter 26.8 mm, die axis 0o, illegal mint, after 305 B.C.; obverse bust of Alexander or Seleukos wearing helmet covered with panther skin and adorned with horns and ears of bull; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΣEΛEYKOY, Nike with spread wings, standing right, crowning trophy with wreath, AX and ΠA control-marks across lower field; ex Gorny&Mosch 141, lot 161; SOLD
Hadrian, 11 August 117 - 10 July 138 A.D.
Bacchus was the Roman god of agriculture, wine and fertility, equivalent to the Greek god Dionysus. He carried a pinecone-topped staff, and his followers were goat-footed Satyrs and Maenads, wild women who danced energetically during his festivals. Bacchus was the child of Jupiter and Semélé, a human. Juno tricked her into asking to see Jupiter as he really was. Since she was a mortal, she was burned up by the sight of his divine form. So Jupiter sewed the infant Bacchus into his thigh, and gave birth to him nine months later. Before he took his place at Olympus, Bacchus wandered the world for many years, going as far as India to teach people how to grow vines. In myth, Dionysius was the last god to join the twelve Olympians. Hestia gave up her seat for him.SH32539. Silver cistophoric tetradrachm, RIC II 485; Metcalf Type 101/Type 98 (unidentified mint D), Choice gVF, weight 10.161 g, maximum diameter 29.1 mm, die axis 180o, uncertain Asia Minor mint, obverse HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS P P, bare-headed bust right, drapery on left shoulder; reverse COS III, Bacchus standing facing, nude, head left, thyrsus in left hand, oenochoe in right hand over panther left at feet; SOLD
Greek Bronze (Krater) Handle, Ornamented With a Panther Head, c. 400 B.C.
The Panther was the companion of Bacchus. This handle was probably once attached to a krater, a punch-bowl type vessel used for diluting and serving wine. The earliest kraters were bronze and almost exclusively the volute-type. Very few bronze kraters have survived. Most often only the handles remain.AG30977. height 8.0 cm (3"), bronze (krater?) handle with panther head emerging from acanthus; SOLD
Septimius Severus, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D.
This rare type commemorates the chariot races and animal show that took place on the seventh and final day of Severus' Saecular Games in 204 A.D. Cassius Dio wrote: "The whole construction in the amphitheater was constructed in the form of a ship, and was so conceived that 400 beasts might be received into it, and at the same time be sent forth from it. Then, when it suddenly collapsed there issued out of it bears, lionesses, panthers, lions, ostriches, wild asses and bison, so that seven hundred beasts, both wild and domesticated, were seen running about at the same time and were slaughtered."SH56951. Silver denarius, RIC IV 274, RSC III 253, BMCRE V 343, SRCV II 6296, VF/F, perfect centering, weight 3.183 g, maximum diameter 19.9 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 206 A.D.; obverse SEVERVS PIVS AVG, laureate head right; reverse LAETITIA / TEMPORVM (Time of joy), spina of the Circus Maximus decorated as a ship left, sail on the central obelisk, four quadrigas racing left above, seven animals below: ostrich on left, a lion and lioness chasing a wild ass, a panther attacking a bison, and a bear on right; ex CGB Numismatique Paris (450 EUR); rare (R3); SOLD
Valerian I, October 253 - c. June 260 A.D., Irenopolis, Cilicia
Wandering the world in a panther-drawn chariot, Dionysus rode ahead of the maenads and satyrs, who sang loudly and danced, flushed with wine. They were profusely garlanded with ivy and held the thyrsus, a staff topped with a pine-cone, a symbol of the immortality of his believers. Everywhere he went he taught men how to cultivate vines, and the mysteries of his cult. Whoever stood in his way and refused to revere him was punished with madness.SH42420. Bronze AE 28, SNG Levante 1623 var. (legends), SNGvA 5597 var. (same), BMC Lycaonia -, SNG Cop -, VF, weight 18.526 g, maximum diameter 28.0 mm, die axis 225o, Irenopolis mint, 254 - 255 A.D.; obverse AVT K P LI OYALEPINOC [...], radiate and cuirassed bust right; reverse IPENOPEΠINOX [...], ραδιατε ανδ χυιρασσεδ βυστ ριγητ; ρεϖερσε IΠENOΠ	OC [...], radiate and cuirassed bust right; reverse IPENOPΛEΠINOX [...], ραδιατε ανδ χυιρασσεδ βυστ ριγητ; ρεϖερσε IΠENOΠ>EPINOC [...], radiate and cuirassed bust right; reverse IPENOPI OΨAΛEΠINOX [...], ραδιατε ανδ χυιρασσεδ βυστ ριγητ; ρεϖερσε IΠENOΠ	ALEPINOC [...], radiate and cuirassed bust right; reverse IPENOPEΠINOX [...], ραδιατε ανδ χυιρασσεδ βυστ ριγητ; ρεϖερσε IΠENOΠ	OC [...], radiate and cuirassed bust right; reverse IPENOPΠ ΛI OΨAΛEΠINOX [...], ραδιατε ανδ χυιρασσεδ βυστ ριγητ; ρεϖερσε IΠENOΠ</θ/q>I OYALEPINOC [...], radiate and cuirassed bust right; reverse IPENOPEΠINOX [...], ραδιατε ανδ χυιρασσεδ βυστ ριγητ; ρεϖερσε IΠENOΠ</θOC [...], radiate and cuirassed bust right; reverse IPENOPOΛITΩN, Dionysos facing in biga of panthers, H (mark of value) left, retrograde ΓC (year 203) right; rare; SOLD
Geta, 209 - c. 26 December 211 A.D., Tomis, Moesia Inferior
RP49067. Bronze AE 27, AMNG I/II 2980, aEF, slightly rough patina, weight 10.776 g, maximum diameter 27.1 mm, die axis 45o, Tomis (Constanta, Romania) mint, as caesar,; obverse Π CEΠTI ΓETAC K or similar, head right; reverse MHTPO ΠONTOY TOME, ΩC in ex, tetrastyle temple, O on pediment, Dionysos standing within, uncertain object (patera or kantharos?) in right, thyrsos in left, panther at feet left; scarce; SOLD
Thraco-Macedonian, Mid 5th - 4th Century B.C.
A Gorgoneion was a horror-creating apotropaic Gorgon head pendant. The name derives from the Greek word gorgós, which means "dreadful." The Gorgons were three sisters who had hair of living, venomous snakes, and a horrifying face that turned those who saw it to stone. Stheno and Euryale were immortal, but their sister Medusa was not, and was slain by Perseus. Zeus, Athena, Hellenistic kings and Roman emperors wore Gorgoneion for protection. Images of the Gorgons were also put upon objects and buildings for protection. A Gorgon image is at the center of the pediment of the temple at Corfu, the oldest stone pediment in Greece from about 600 B.C.GS92897. Silver hemiobol, Unpublished in the standard references; Roma Numismatics e-sale 41 (2 Dec 2017), lot 180 (the only other example known to FORVM), VF, well centered, toned, weight 0.300 g, maximum diameter 6.0 mm, tribal mint, Mid 5th - 4th Century B.C.; obverse facing head of gorgoneion Medusa; reverse incuse facing head of a lion or panther; SOLD
Septimius Severus, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D.
Minted in Rome in A.D. 204 to celebrate the Ludi Saeculares, a religious celebration, involving sacrifices and theatrical performances, held in ancient Rome for three days and nights to mark the end of a saeculum and the beginning of the next. A saeculum, supposedly the longest possible length of human life, was roughly 110 years. Septimus selected Liber and Hercules, his hometown gods, as the patrons of his games.
Curtis Clay's unpublished die catalogue includes ten specimens of this coin, all from the same obverse die, nine of them from the same reverse die of this coin, one from a second reverse die.RB56940. Copper as, RIC IV 764A, Cohen IV 106, gF, rough but a rare type, weight 9.930 g, maximum diameter 25.4 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 204 A.D.; obverse SEVERVS PIVS AVG P M TR P XII, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse COS III LVD SAEC FEC, on cippus in center; Bacchus on left, standing right, kantharos in right, thyrsos in left, panther at feet; Hercules on right, standing left, club in right, lion-skin in left, S C (senatus consulto) in exergue; very rare (R2); SOLD
Roman Republic, C. Vibius Varus, 42 B.C.
In October 42 B.C. the Republican army was defeated at Philippi by the legions Antony and Octavian. Cassius and Brutus committed suicide. Brutus' body was brought to Antonius' camp, where he cast his purple paludamentum over his dead body and ordered an honorable funeral for his erstwhile comrade. The Republican cause was crushed; Rome rested in the hands of the Second Triumvirate.SH58523. Silver denarius, SRCV I 496, Sydenham 1138, Crawford 494/36, RSC I Vibia 24, BMCRR 4295, VF, toned, weight 3.352 g, maximum diameter 18.4 mm, die axis 90o, Rome mint, 42 B.C.; obverse head of Bacchus right, wearing wreath of ivy and grapes; reverse panther springing left toward a Bacchic mask on a garlanded altar, thyrsus (Dionysus' staff) leaning against back of the altar, VARVS upwards on right, C·VIBIVS in exergue; rare; SOLD
Nesos, Islands off Lesbos, c. 350 - 300 B.C.
GB30239. Bronze AE 9, SNG Cop 431, SNGvA 1762, VF, weight 0.749 g, maximum diameter 8.8 mm, die axis 180o, Nesos mint, obverse laureate head right; reverse NA[Σ...], panther left, head facing; rare; SOLD