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Valerian I, October 253 - c. June 260 A.D., Anazarbus, Cilicia
Anazarbus was founded by Assyrians. Under the early Roman Empire, it was known as Caesarea and was the Metropolis (capital) of the late Roman province Cilicia Secunda. It was the home of the poet Oppian. Rebuilt by the Byzantine emperor Justin I after an earthquake in 525, it became Justinopolis. Despite the name changes, the old native name persisted. When Thoros I, king of Lesser Armenia, made it his capital early in the 12th century, it was known as Anazarva.
On the reverse, Anazarbus boasts that their city is A M K (ΠPΩTH MEΓIΣTH KAΛΛIΣTH), meaning First (A is the Greek numeral one), Greatest, and Most Beautiful. According to Ziegler (p. 124), the Γ Γ means,"[chairman of] 3 [provinces], [holder of] 3 [neocorates]." ET BOC is the date, year 272 of Caesarea. The era began in 19 B.C. when the city was visited by Augustus, refounded and renamed Caesarea, dating this coin to 253 - 254 A.D.RP97261. Bronze tetrassaria, Ziegler An 825 (Vs1/Rs4); SNG BnF 2158 (corr., same dies); BMC Lycaonia p. 39, 41 var. (rev. inscriptions); SNG Levante 1516 var. (same), F, well centered, red and green patina, weight 13.225 g, maximum diameter 28.5 mm, die axis 180o, Anazarbus (Anavarza, Turkey) mint, Oct 235 - 254 A.D.; obverse AVT K Π ΛIK OVAΛEPIANOC, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, seen from the front; reverse ANAZAPBOV MHTPO (Z reversed), Dionysos reclining left on rump of a panther, head right, raising his hands, panther lying right with head turned back left, Γ − Γ flanking figures in fields, ET•B•O•C• (year 272) over •A•M•K• in exergue; ex Numismatik Naumann auction 83 (3 Nov 2019), part of lot 980; $100.00 SALE PRICE $90.00
Gallienus, August 253 - September 268 A.D.
The reverse legend translates Libero Patri Conservatori Augusti, which identifies Liber Pater, a panther sacred to Bacchus, as a protector of the emperor. Gallienus also identified Jupiter, Mars, Mercury, Neptune, and others on coins as his protectors.RA93320. Billon antoninianus, Göbl MIR 713b, RIC V-1 S230, Hunter IV 116, Cohen V 586, SRCV III 10281, Normanby -, gVF, nice portrait, well centered, dark patina with copper high points, tight flan, ragged edge cracks/splits, weight 1.895 g, maximum diameter 20.0 mm, die axis 300o, 2nd officina, Rome mint, 267 - 268 A.D.; obverse GALLIENVS AVG, radiate head right; reverse LIBERO P CONS AVG, panther walking left, B in exergue; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $80.00 SALE PRICE $64.00
Nesos, Islands off Lesbos, c. 350 - 300 B.C.
GB30239. Bronze AE 9, SNG Cop 431, SNGvA 1762, VF, weight 0.749 g, maximum diameter 8.8 mm, die axis 180o, Nesos mint, obverse laureate head right; reverse NA[Σ...], panther left, head facing; rare; SOLD