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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Themes & Provenance| ▸ |Animals| ▸ |Stag or Doe||View Options:  |  |  |   

Stags or Deer on Ancient Coins

Kyzikos, Mysia, c. 500 - 450 B.C.

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Cyzicus was one of the great cities of the ancient world. It was said to have been founded by Pelasgians from Thessaly, according to tradition at the coming of the Argonauts; later, allegedly in 756 B.C., it received many colonists from Miletus. Owing to its advantageous position it speedily acquired commercial importance, and the gold staters of Cyzicus were a staple currency in the ancient world till they were superseded by those of Philip of Macedon. The site of Cyzicus, located on the Erdek and Bandirma roads, is protected by Turkey's Ministry of Culture.
SH84459. Electrum hekte, SNG BnF 241; SNGvA 1180; BMC Mysia p. 32, 98; Von Fritze I 102; Rosen 482; de Luynes pl. XCII 2460; SNG Cop -, gVF, well centered and struck on a tight flan, weight 2.628 g, maximum diameter 10.8 mm, Kyzikos (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, c. 500 - 450 B.C.; obverse forepart of a winged deer left, tunny fish diagonal with head down behind; reverse quadripartite incuse square; rare; SOLD


Kition, Cyprus, Ba'almelek II, c. 425 - 400 B.C.

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SH49294. Silver stater, BMC Cyprus p. 14, 35, SNG Cop -, gVF, weight 11.051 g, maximum diameter 20.0 mm, die axis 180o, Kition mint, 425 - 400 B.C.; obverse Herakles, wearing lion skin, advancing right, club over head in right, bow in outstretched left, symbol in right field; reverse Lion attacking stag right, inscription above, all within dotted square and incuse square; SOLD


Ephesos, Ionia, Phanes, c. 625 - 600 B.C.

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Known to be among the oldest coins because a hemihekte from the issue was found in the foundation of the temple of Artemis at Ephesos. Seven different denominations are linked by the stag type, a common weight standard, and reverse die links. The stag is a symbol of Artemis and thus of Ephesus. The two larger denominations bear the name Phanes, who was likely a prominent citizen of Ephesus, perhaps a despot, a magistrate, or a wealthy money-lender.
GA59457. Electrum 1/48 stater, SNGvA 778, Zhuyuetang 10, SNG Cop -; Weidauer -, Rosen -, VF, weight 0.211 g, maximum diameter 5.0 mm, obverse head of stag right; reverse irregular pattern within square incuse; probably less than 20 known to exist; very rare; SOLD


Ephesos, Ionia, Phanes, c. 625 - 600 B.C., Ancient Counterfeit Electrum Plate Over Silver

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The official coin, of which this is an ancient counterfeit, was from the very first issue of Ephesos and among the very first coins man produced. This coin is undoubtedly one of the very first counterfeit coins man produced. Criminal counterfeiters were evidently a problem from the very beginnings of coinage.
SH21112. Fouree electrum plated hekte, cf. Weidauer 35; Trait pl. II, 18; BMC Ionia 4 (official, Ephesos, electrum), VF, electrum over silver, weight 1.645 g, maximum diameter 9.6 mm, illegal mint, after c. 625 B.C.; obverse forepart of stag left, head turned right, three pellets before; reverse incuse square with raised lines; SOLD


Augustus, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D.

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The cistophorus was first struck by the Pergamene Kingdom was a tetradrachm (four-drachms coin) struck on a reduced Asian standard of about 3 grams per drachm. Its name was derived from the cista, a Dionysian cult snake basket that frequently appeared on the obverse. After the Pergamene Kingdom was bequeathed to Rome in 133 B.C., the Romans continued to strike cistophori for the Asia province, with a value equal to three denarii. The portrait of Augustus and later emperors replaced the cista on the obverse.
SH85434. Silver cistophoric tetradrachm, Sutherland Group VI, RPC I 2215, RIC I 479, RSC I 33, BnF I 922, BMCRE I 694, BMCRR East 262, SRCV I 1587, VF, full circles strike on a broad flan, light uneven toning, light encrustations, small closed edge crack, weight 11.660 g, maximum diameter 27.2 mm, die axis 0o, Ephesus mint, c. 24 - 20 B.C.; obverse IMP CAE-SAR (counterclockwise below), bare head right, linear border; reverse garlanded and filleted altar of Diana (artemis, ornamented on the front with two hinds standing confronted, AVGVSTVS above; SOLD


Ephesos, Ionia, Phanes, c. 625 - 600 B.C.,

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Known to be among the oldest coins because a hemihekte from the issue was in the famous "Artemision Find" in the foundation of the temple of Artemis at Ephesos in 1904. Seven different denominations are linked by the stag type, a common weight standard, and reverse die links. The stag is a symbol of Artemis and thus of Ephesus. The two larger denominations bear the name Phanes, who was likely a prominent citizen of Ephesus, perhaps a despot, a magistrate, or a wealthy money-lender.
SH90358. Electrum 1/24 stater, SNGvA 7773, BMC Ionia -; Rosen -; Trait -; Weidauer - (cf. 36-37, 1/12 stater), VF, scratches, weight 0.571 g, maximum diameter 6.9 mm, die axis 180o, Ephesos mint, Phanes, c. 625 - 600 B.C.; obverse forepart of stag right, head turned left; reverse incuse square with raised lines; rare; SOLD


Ephesos, Ionia, c. 340 - 325 B.C.

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Ephesos, on the west coast of Anatolia, was one of the 12 cities of the Ionian League. It was famous for its Temple of Artemis, completed around 550 B.C., one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. The usual symbols of this nature-goddess are the torch, stag, and the bee. Coins of Ephesos most frequently depict a bee on the obverse. The high-priest of the temple of Artemis was called the King Bee, while the virgin priestesses were called honey-bees (Melissae). Ephesus was one of the seven churches of Asia cited in the Book of Revelation and the Gospel of John may have been written there.
SH75181. Silver tetradrachm, Pixodarus p. 192, class H (post-hoard, cites Berlin); Trait II p. 1106, 1183; SNG Cop -; SNG Mn -; SNG Tb -; SNGvA -; SNG Kayhan -; BMC Ionia -, aVF, well centered, die wear and breaks on the obverse, weight 15.057 g, maximum diameter 23.9 mm, die axis 0o, Ephesos mint, c. 340 - 325 B.C.; obverse bee with straight wings, E−Φ flanking head; reverse forepart of stag kneeling right, looking left, palm tree with two bunches of fruit on left, XIMAPOΣ downward on right; very rare; SOLD


Ephesos, Ionia, c. 340 - 325 B.C.

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Ephesos, on the west coast of Anatolia, was one of the 12 cities of the Ionian League. It was famous for its Temple of Artemis, completed around 550 B.C., one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. The usual symbols of this nature-goddess are the torch, stag, and the bee. Coins of Ephesos most frequently depict a bee on the obverse. The high-priest of the temple of Artemis was called the King Bee, while the virgin priestesses were called honey-bees (Melissae). Ephesus was one of the seven churches of Asia cited in the Book of Revelation and the Gospel of John may have been written there.
SH85564. Silver tetradrachm, Pixodarus p. 194, class I, note 45, O155 (post-hoard); Trait II p. 1106, 1183; SNG Cop -; SNG Mn -; SNG Tb -; SNGvA -; SNG Kayhan -; BMC -, VF, fine style, tight flan, strike a little uneven, weight 14.995 g, maximum diameter 14.3 mm, die axis 0o, Ephesos mint, magistrate Euktitos, c. 340 - 325 B.C.; obverse bee with narrow tapering straight wings, E−Φ flanking head; reverse forepart of stag kneeling right, looking left, palm tree with two bunches of fruit on left, EYKTITOΣ downward on right; very rare; SOLD


Arados, Phoenicia, 165 - 164 B.C.

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This type was issued by Arados from 172 to 111 B.C. The bee and the stag (or hind) are attributes of Artemis. Artemis was one of the most venerated ancient Greek deities. The name and the goddess herself may have been pre-Greek. In the classical period, Artemis was described as the daughter of Zeus and Leto and the twin sister of Apollo. She was the goddess of the hunt, wild animals, wilderness, childbirth, virginity and protector of young girls, bringing and relieving disease in women. In later Hellenistic times, she even assumed the ancient role of Eileithyia in aiding childbirth.
SH14412. Silver drachm, Duyrat 2747; BMC Phoenicia, 21, 155; Cohen DCA 774, HGC 10 63; SNG Cop -, EF superb specimen, weight 4.133 g, maximum diameter 17.7 mm, die axis 0o, Arados (Arwad, Syria) mint, 165 - 164 B.C.; obverse bee, EY (year 95) left, monogram right; reverse stag standing right, palm tree in background, APA∆IΩN downward on right; scarce; SOLD


Claudius, 25 January 41 - 13 October 54 A.D., Lycian League

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Lycia had not been a sovereign state since its defeat by the Carian King Mausolus in 362 B.C. In 168 B.C., however, the Roman Republic made Lycia an autonomous Roman protectorate governed by the Lycian League. Lycia lost its freedom when Claudius incorporated it into the Empire as a Roman province in 43 A.D. The democratic principles of the Lycian League influenced the framers of the United States Constitution.
SH68146. Bronze unit, RPC I 3346, SNG Cop -, BMC Lycia -, VF, weight 8.107 g, maximum diameter 24.3 mm, die axis 0o, Lycian League mint, early 42 - 43 A.D.; obverse TIBEPIOΣ KΛAY∆IOΣ KAIΣAP ΣEBAΣTOΣ, bare head left; reverse ΠATHP ΠATPI∆OΣ ΓEPMANKOΣ AYTOKPATΩP, Artemis standing half right, short torch in right, Nike in left, stag standing right at feet on right; ex J.S. Wagner Collection; rare; SOLD




  




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