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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Themes & Provenance| ▸ |Animals| ▸ |Elephant||View Options:  |  |  | 

Elephants on Ancient Coins
Kingdom of Sicily, Maria of Sicily, 27 July 1377 25 May 1401

|Sicily|, |Kingdom| |of| |Sicily,| |Maria| |of| |Sicily,| |27| |July| |1377| || |25| |May| |1401||denaro|NEW
Maria was the only child of Frederick the Simple and was only 16 when, under the terms of his will, she succeeded him on his death. On 23 January 1380 she was kidnapped and carried off by the count Augusta, who hoped to marry her to the Visconti of Milan. In 1382, Maria was rescued by an Aragonese fleet; she was taken first to Sardinia, then, in 1384, to Aragon, where in 1390 she was married to Martin the Younger, the grandson of Peter IV. In 1392, Maria and Martin returned to Sicily with a military force and defeated barons who had taken control. They ruling jointly until Maria's death in 1401. At that time, Martin repudiated the Treaty of Villeneuve and ruled Sicily alone.
ME112817. Billon denaro, Biaggi 591 (R4), MEC Italy III 806 - 808 var. (Frederick the simple, different controls), MIR Sicilia -, aF/aVF, irregular flan with many edge splits, weight 0.779 g, maximum diameter 14.5 mm, Catania mint, sole reign, 1st coinage, 1377 - 1380; obverse + REGINA SICILIE, lozenge-shaped shield with arms of Aragon, four pellets around, within inner border; reverse GRA REX SICIL, elephant with upturned trunk (the symbol of Catania) standing left, cross patte above, G - P (mint master's initials) in the 3rd and 4th quarter; Coin Archives records only two specimens of the type at auction in the last two decades; extremely rare; $200.00 SALE PRICE $180.00


Septimius Severus, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D.

|Septimius| |Severus|, |Septimius| |Severus,| |9| |April| |193| |-| |4| |February| |211| |A.D.||denarius|NEW
In 197, Septimius Severus returned to Rome and executed about 30 of Albinus' supporters in the Senate. After his victory he declared himself the adopted son of the late Marcus Aurelius. This type refers to games held to celebrate the victory over Albinus.
RS111658. Silver denarius, RIC IV 82, RSC III 348, BMCRE V 168, SRCV II 6317, Hunter III -, aVF, flow lines, tight flan cutting off parts of legends, weight 3.117 g, maximum diameter 16.4 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 197 A.D.; obverse L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP VIII, laureate head right; reverse MVNIFICENTIA AVG, elephant walking right; $130.00 SALE PRICE $117.00


Trajan, 25 January 98 - 8 or 9 August 117 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt

|Roman| |Egypt|, |Trajan,| |25| |January| |98| |-| |8| |or| |9| |August| |117| |A.D.,| |Roman| |Provincial| |Egypt||dichalkon|NEW
The North African elephant (Loxodonta africana pharaohensis) is an extinct subspecies of the African bush elephant, or possibly a separate elephant species, that existed in North Africa, north of the Sahara, until it died out in Roman times. These were the famous war elephants used by Carthage in the Punic Wars, their conflict with the Roman Republic. Although the subspecies has been formally described, it has not been widely recognized by taxonomists. Other names for this animal include the North African forest elephant, Carthaginian elephant, and Atlas elephant. Originally, its range probably extended across North Africa and down to the present Sudanese and Eritrean coasts.
RX111825. Bronze dichalkon, Geissen 460, Dattari 1203, Kampmann 27.51, SNG BnF IV 1036, Emmett 701.7, F, dark green and brown patina, cleaning marks, weight 1.392 g, maximum diameter 13.0 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, 29 Aug 103 - 28 Aug 104 A.D.; obverse no legend, laureate head right; reverse elephant walking right, L Z (year 7) above; ex Classical Numismatic Group e-sale 481 (02 Dec 2020), lot 346; ex Judy Day Frink Collection; $90.00 SALE PRICE $81.00


Seleukid Kingdom, Antiochus VI Dionysus, 144 - c. 142 B.C.

|Seleucid| |Kingdom|, |Seleukid| |Kingdom,| |Antiochus| |VI| |Dionysus,| |144| |-| |c.| |142| |B.C.||AE| |24|
After his father was deposed by Demetrius II, the general Diodotus Tryphon nominated Antiochus VI as king. He gained the allegiance of most of the Seleucid domain, including Judaea, but was actually only a puppet of the general. He died after "ruling" for two years. He was likely assassinated under orders from Tryphon, who then made himself king.
GY98888. Bronze serrated AE 24, Houghton-Lorber II 2006(a), SNG Spaer 1772, Houghton CSE 248, Babelon Rois 1007, SNG Cop 306, HGC 9 1043 (C-S), gF, green patina, obv. off center, earthen deposits, central dimples, weight 7.178 g, maximum diameter 23.9 mm, die axis 45o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, c. mid-143 - 142 B.C.; obverse radiate head of Antiochos VI right, wreathed in ivy; reverse elephant walking left, holding torch in trunk, BAΣIΛEΩS ANTIOXOY in two lines above, EΠIΦANOYΣ ΔIONYΣOY in two lines in exergue, ΣTA over cornucopia (controls) right; $70.00 SALE PRICE $63.00


Seleukid Kingdom, Antiochus VI Dionysus, 144 - c. 142 B.C.

|Seleucid| |Kingdom|, |Seleukid| |Kingdom,| |Antiochus| |VI| |Dionysus,| |144| |-| |c.| |142| |B.C.||AE| |22|
After his father was deposed by Demetrius II, the general Diodotus Tryphon nominated Antiochus VI as king. He gained the allegiance of most of the Seleucid domain, including Judaea, but was actually only a puppet of the general. He died after "ruling" for two years. He was likely assassinated under orders from Tryphon, who then made himself king.
GY98889. Bronze serrated AE 22, Houghton-Lorber II 2006(c), SNG Spaer 1774, Houghton CSE 249, Babelon Rois 1011, SNG Cop 304, HGC 9 1043 (C-S), gF, green patina, earthen deposits, central dimples, weight 7.348 g, maximum diameter 22.1 mm, die axis 0o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, c. mid-143 - 142 B.C.; obverse radiate head of Antiochos VI right, wreathed in ivy; reverse elephant walking left, holding torch in trunk, BAΣIΛEΩΣ ANTIOXOY in two lines above, EΠIΦANOYΣ ΔIONYΣOY in two lines in exergue, ΣTA over star (controls) to the right; $70.00 SALE PRICE $63.00


Seleukid Kingdom, Antiochus VI Dionysus, 144 - c. 142 B.C.

|Seleucid| |Kingdom|, |Seleukid| |Kingdom,| |Antiochus| |VI| |Dionysus,| |144| |-| |c.| |142| |B.C.||AE| |22|
After his father was deposed by Demetrius II, the general Diodotus Tryphon nominated Antiochus VI as king. He gained the allegiance of most of the Seleucid domain, including Judaea, but was actually only a puppet of the general. He died after "ruling" for two years. He was likely assassinated under orders from Tryphon, who then made himself king.
GY99030. Bronze serrated AE 22, Houghton-Lorber II 2006(b), SNG Spaer 1771, Babelon Rois 1009-10, SNG Cop 305, HGC 9 1043 (C-S), gF, green patina, earthen deposits, slightly rough, weight 7.081 g, maximum diameter 21.7 mm, die axis 0o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, c. mid-143 - 142 B.C.; obverse radiate head of Antiochos VI right, wreathed in ivy; reverse elephant walking left, holding torch in trunk, BAΣIΛEΩΣ ANTIOXOY above, EΠIΦANOYΣ ΔIONYΣOY in exergue, ΣTA over palm branch (control symbols) to the right; $70.00 SALE PRICE $63.00


Apameia, Seleucis and Pieria, Syria, 71 - 70 B.C.

|Other| |Syria|, |Apameia,| |Seleucis| |and| |Pieria,| |Syria,| |71| |-| |70| |B.C.||AE| |23|
In 302 B.C., Seleucus ceded a large part of Afghanistan to Chandragupta for 500 elephants to equip his army. The Seleukids' elephant and horse breeding and training camp was at Apamea. More than thirty thousand brood mares and three hundred stallions were kept. Here instructors taught the methods of fighting in heavy armor, and all the arts of war. In 188 B.C., Rome forced the defeated Antiochus III to sign the Treaty of Apamea, which obligated him to hand over all but 10 of his ships, hostages, 15,000 talents and all his elephants. When this coin was issued, the elephants had long existed only in memory.
GY110201. Bronze AE 23, HGC 9 1419; Cohen DCA 410 (scarce); cf. BMC Galatia, p. 233, 5 (year 243); SNG Munchen 792 (same); Hunter III p. 190, 2 (same); SNG Cop -, aVF, blue-green patina, earthen deposits, oval flan, flan adjustment marks on rev., weight 9.716 g, maximum diameter 23.2 mm, die axis 0o, Syria, Apameia (Qalaat al-Madiq, Syria) mint, 71 - 70 B.C.; obverse laureate bearded head of Zeus right; reverse elephant walking right, AΠAMEΩN / THΣ IEPAΣ in two lines above, KAI AΣYΛOY over ΔI (control letters) below, BMΣ (year 242 of Seleukid era) under trunk; scarcer year; $70.00 SALE PRICE $63.00


Seleukid Kingdom, Antiochus VI Dionysus, 144 - c. 142 B.C.

|Seleucid| |Kingdom|, |Seleukid| |Kingdom,| |Antiochus| |VI| |Dionysus,| |144| |-| |c.| |142| |B.C.||AE| |22|
After his father was deposed by Demetrius II, the general Diodotus Tryphon nominated Antiochus VI as king. He gained the allegiance of most of the Seleucid domain, including Judaea, but was actually only a puppet of the general. He died after "ruling" for two years. He was likely assassinated under orders from Tryphon, who then made himself king.
GY98891. Bronze serrated AE 22, Houghton-Lorber II 2006(a), SNG Spaer 1772, Houghton CSE 248, Babelon Rois 1007, SNG Cop 306, HGC 9 1043 (C-S), aF, dark green patina, light earthen deposits, porous, central dimples, weight 6.599 g, maximum diameter 22.3 mm, die axis 30o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, c. mid-143 - 142 B.C.; obverse radiate head of Antiochos VI right, wreathed in ivy; reverse elephant walking left, holding torch in trunk, BAΣIΛEΩΣ ANTIOXOY in two lines above, EΠIΦANOYΣ ΔIONYΣOY in two lines in exergue, ΣTA over cornucopia (controls) to the right; $60.00 SALE PRICE $54.00


Seleukid Kingdom, Antiochus VI Dionysus, 144 - c. 142 B.C.

|Seleucid| |Kingdom|, |Seleukid| |Kingdom,| |Antiochus| |VI| |Dionysus,| |144| |-| |c.| |142| |B.C.||AE| |23|
After his father was deposed by Demetrius II, the general Diodotus Tryphon nominated Antiochus VI as king. He gained the allegiance of most of the Seleucid domain, including Judaea, but was actually only a puppet of the general. He died after "ruling" for two years. He was likely assassinated under orders from Tryphon, who then made himself king.
GY99026. Bronze serrated AE 23, Houghton-Lorber II 2006(b), SNG Spaer 1771, Babelon Rois 1009, Houghton CSE 248 ff. var. (control), SNG Cop 304 var. (same), HGC 9 143 (C-S), aVF/F, green patina, corrosion, rough areas, weight 8.029 g, maximum diameter 23.0 mm, die axis 0o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, c. mid-143 - 142 B.C.; obverse radiate head of Antiochos VI right, wearing ivy wreath; reverse elephant walking left, holding torch in trunk, BAΣIΛEΩΣ ANTIOXOY in two lines above, EΠIΦANOYΣ ΔIONYΣOY in two lines in exergue, ΣTA over palm frond (controls) right; $50.00 SALE PRICE $45.00


Carthage, Zeugitana, North Africa, Second Punic War, c. 213 - 211 B.C.

|Carthage|, |Carthage,| |Zeugitana,| |North| |Africa,| |Second| |Punic| |War,| |c.| |213| |-| |211| |B.C.||half| |shekel|
Examples in the Enna hoard and other Sicilian hoards indicate that this coin was struck in Carthage for use in the Sicilian campaign of 213 - 210 BC. Experts disagree on the identity of the portrait; many identifying it as the god Melqart, others as Hannibal or his father.
SH13769. Silver half shekel, SNG Cop 383, Choice EF, weight 3.329 g, maximum diameter 18.6 mm, die axis 0o, Carthage (near Tunis, Tunisia) mint, obverse laureate male head left (Hannibal or Melqart), dot border; reverse African elephant walking left on exergual line, Punic letter in exergue, linear border; toned; SOLD







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