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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Themes & Provenance| ▸ |Animals| ▸ |Bull or Cow||View Options:  |  |  | 

Cattle on Ancient Coins
Nero, 13 October 54 - 9 June 68 A.D., Ake Ptolemais, Galilee

|Judaea| |&| |Palestine|, |Nero,| |13| |October| |54| |-| |9| |June| |68| |A.D.,| |Ake| |Ptolemais,| |Galilee||AE| |24|
Ptolemais was a maritime city of Galilee (Acts 21:7). It was originally Accho, but was renamed Ptolemais under the rule of Ptolemy Soter. The ceremonial founding of a new Roman colony included plowing a furrow, the pomerium, a sacred boundary, around the site of the new city.
RP111779. Bronze AE 24, RPC I 4750 (20 spec.); SNG Cop 181; Kadman, Akko 92; Rosenberger 9; Sofaer 131; Seyrig 31, Rouvier 996; Baramki AUB 12, F, porous, weight 12.529 g, maximum diameter 23.5 mm, die axis 0o, Galilee, Ake Ptolemais (Acre, Israel) mint, c. 66 - 68 A.D.; obverse IMP NER CL CAES AVG GER P M TR POT, laureate head right, star-in-crescent to right; reverse DIVOS CLAVD STAB GER FELIX P, Nero plowing right with oxen, marking the pomerium (sacred boundary marking the foundation of a new Roman colony), four vexilla inscribed III, VI, X, and XII on far side (in background), C-OL - CL-A across field divided by vexilla shafts; ex CNG e-auction 510 (23 Feb 2022), lot 497; ex Dr. Jay M. Galst Collection; ex Coin Galleries mail bid sale (14 Apr 1999), lot 283; scarce; $190.00 (174.80)


Domitian, 13 September 81 - 18 September 96 A.D., Parion, Mysia(?)

|Parium|, |Domitian,| |13| |September| |81| |-| |18| |September| |96| |A.D.,| |Parion,| |Mysia(?)||AE| |15|
The attribution of this very rare type to Parium is uncertain. See RPC II p. 137.

The ceremonial founding of a new Roman colony included plowing a furrow, the pomerium, a sacred boundary, around the site of the new city.
RP94451. Bronze AE 15, RPC II Online 889 (12 spec.), SNGvA 6202, F, dark brown patina, light corrosion, tight flan, weight 3.575 g, maximum diameter 15.3 mm, die axis 0o, Parion, Mysia(?) mint, 13 Sep 81 - 18 Sep 96 A.D.; obverse DO-MIT AVG (clockwise from the upper right), laureate head left; reverse priest plowing right with two oxen, marking the pomerium (sacred boundary marked for the foundation of a new Roman colony), GERM in exergue; zero sales of this type recorded on Coin Archives in the last two decades; very rare; $90.00 (82.80)


Philip I the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D., Viminacium, Moesia Superior

|Viminacium|, |Philip| |I| |the| |Arab,| |February| |244| |-| |End| |of| |September| |249| |A.D.,| |Viminacium,| |Moesia| |Superior||provincial| |sestertius|
Viminacium was a Roman Colony founded by Gordian III in 239 A.D. The usual legend is P.M.S. COL. VIM., abbreviating Provinciae Moesiae Superioris Colonia Viminacium. The usual type is a female personification of Moesia standing between a lion and a bull. The bull and the lion were symbols of the Legions VII and IV, which were quartered in the province.
RP90243. Bronze provincial sestertius, H-J Viminacium 24 (R2); Varbanov I 132 (R2); BMC Thrace p. 16, 18; AMNG I/1 100; Moushmov 36, aVF, nice green patina, well centered, light scratches, weight 18.076 g, maximum diameter 30.2 mm, die axis 180o, Viminacium (Stari Kostolac, Serbia) mint, 244 A.D.; obverse IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse P M S COL VIM, Moesia standing facing, head left, extending hands over bull on left standing right and lion on right standing left, AN V (year 5 of the Viminacium colonial era) in exergue; $80.00 (73.60)


Antoninus Pius, August 138 - 7 March 161 A.D., Eumeneia, Phrygia

|Eumeneia|, |Antoninus| |Pius,| |August| |138| |-| |7| |March| |161| |A.D.,| |Eumeneia,| |Phrygia||AE| |26|
Eumenea, Phrygia was founded by Attalus II Philadelphus (159 - 138 B.C.) at the source of the Cludrus, near the Glaucus, and named after his brother Eumenes. Numerous inscriptions and many coins remain to show that Eumenia was an important and prosperous city under Roman rule. As early as the third century its population was in great part Christian, and it seems to have suffered much during the persecution of Diocletian. The remains of Eumenia are located in Denizli Province, Turkey on the shore of Lake Isikli near Civril.
RP110014. Bronze AE 26, RPC Online IV-2 T1989; BMC Phrygia p. 219, 56; SNGvA 3594; SNG Leypold II 1540; Weber 7096; SNG Tbingen 4014; SNG Cop -, F, rough, black patina, weight 10.205 g, maximum diameter 25.7 mm, die axis 0o, Eumeneia (near Civril, Turkey) mint, obverse AVTO KAICA ANTΩNEINOC, laureate and cuirassed bust right, aegis on left shoulder, seen from the front; reverse EVMENEΩN AXAIΩN, hump-backed bull walking left, Nike walking left on far side of bull, wearing chiton, grasping bull's left horn and guiding bull with left hand, brandishing knife to sacrifice bull in right hand; $70.00 (64.40)







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REFERENCES|

Molinari, N.J. & N. Sisci. Potamikon: Sinews of Acheloios. A Comprehensive Catalog of the Bronze Coinage of the Man-Faced Bull, With Essays on Origin and Identity. (Oxford, 2016).

Catalog current as of Tuesday, June 6, 2023.
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