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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Themes & Provenance| ▸ |Animals| ▸ |Bull or Cow||View Options:  |  |  | 

Cattle on Ancient Coins
Domitian, 13 September 81 - 18 September 96 A.D., Parion, Mysia(?)

|Parium|, |Domitian,| |13| |September| |81| |-| |18| |September| |96| |A.D.,| |Parion,| |Mysia(?)||AE| |15|
The attribution of this very rare type to Parium is uncertain. See RPC II p. 137.

The ceremonial founding of a new Roman colony included plowing a furrow, the pomerium, a sacred boundary, around the site of the new city.
RP94451. Bronze AE 15, RPC II Online 889 (12 spec.), SNGvA 6202, F, dark brown patina, light corrosion, tight flan, weight 3.575 g, maximum diameter 15.3 mm, die axis 0o, Parion, Mysia(?) mint, 13 Sep 81 - 18 Sep 96 A.D.; obverse DO-MIT AVG (clockwise from the upper right), laureate head left; reverse priest plowing right with two oxen, marking the pomerium (sacred boundary marked for the foundation of a new Roman colony), GERM in exergue; zero sales of this type recorded on Coin Archives in the last two decades; very rare; $100.00 (95.00)


Kings of Cappadocia, Ariarathes V Eusebes Philopator, c. 163 - 130 B.C.

|Cappadocian| |Kingdom|, |Kings| |of| |Cappadocia,| |Ariarathes| |V| |Eusebes| |Philopator,| |c.| |163| |-| |130| |B.C.||AE| |15|
Ariarathes V Eusebes was known for his excellent character and cultivation of philosophy and liberal arts. Some historians name him as the greatest Cappadocian king. He was the son of Ariarathes IV and Antiochis (daughter of the Seleucid King Antiochus III). On the advice of Rome, he rejected marriage with Laodice V, the sister of Demetrius I Soter. Demetrius made war upon Ariarathes, deprived him of his kingdom, and put his brother on the throne. The Romans restored Ariarathes' to his throne. In 154, Ariarathes assisted Attalus II of Pergamon in his war against Prusias II of Bithynia. In 130, Ariarathes was killed while supporting the Romans in their war against Aristonicus of Pergamon. In return for the assistance that cost his life, Rome added Lycaonia and Cilicia to the dominions of his family.
GB99181. Bronze AE 15, Simonetta p. 79, 1a (Ariarathes IV - VII); BMC Galatia p. 43, 4 (Ariarathes X); HGC 7 814 (R2) var. (serrate edge);, F, dark green patina, earthen deposits, scratches, weight 3.745 g, maximum diameter 15.1 mm, die axis 0o, c. 163 - 130 B.C.; obverse zebu (humped bull) standing right; reverse BAΣIΛ APIAPA, bow in gorytos (bow case and quiver); ex CNG e-auction 496 (21 Jul 2021), lot 176; very rare; $100.00 (95.00)


Antoninus Pius, August 138 - 7 March 161 A.D., Eumeneia, Phrygia

|Eumeneia|, |Antoninus| |Pius,| |August| |138| |-| |7| |March| |161| |A.D.,| |Eumeneia,| |Phrygia||AE| |26|NEW
Eumenea, Phrygia was founded by Attalus II Philadelphus (159 - 138 B.C.) at the source of the Cludrus, near the Glaucus, and named after his brother Eumenes. Numerous inscriptions and many coins remain to show that Eumenia was an important and prosperous city under Roman rule. As early as the third century its population was in great part Christian, and it seems to have suffered much during the persecution of Diocletian. The remains of Eumenia are located in Denizli Province, Turkey on the shore of Lake Isikli near Civril.
RP110014. Bronze AE 26, RPC Online IV-2 T1989; BMC Phrygia p. 219, 56; SNGvA 3594; SNG Leypold II 1540; Weber 7096; SNG Tbingen 4014; SNG Cop -, F, rough, black patina, weight 10.205 g, maximum diameter 25.7 mm, die axis 0o, Eumeneia (near Civril, Turkey) mint, obverse AVTO KAICA ANTΩNEINOC, laureate and cuirassed bust right, aegis on left shoulder, seen from the front; reverse EVMENEΩN AXAIΩN, hump-backed bull walking left, Nike walking left on far side of bull, wearing chiton, grasping bull's left horn and guiding bull with left hand, brandishing knife to sacrifice bull in right hand; $80.00 (76.00)


Seleukid Kingdom, Seleukos I Nikator, 312 - 281 B.C., Sardes, Lydia

|Seleucid| |Kingdom|, |Seleukid| |Kingdom,| |Seleukos| |I| |Nikator,| |312| |-| |281| |B.C.,| |Sardes,| |Lydia||AE| |15|NEW
The Indian humped bull type, along with his well-known anchor symbol, was used only by Nikator. The Indian humped bull on the reverse recalls when Nikator, with only his bare-hands, stopped a similar bull that had broken free while Alexander the Great was sacrificing it at the altar. Seleucus captured Sardes from Lysimachus in 282 B.C. This type has been attributed to Sardes based on find locations.
GY110047. Bronze AE 15, Houghton-Lorber I 6(1), Newell WSM 1357, SNG Cop 44, HGC 9 107a (S), VF, weight 2.339 g, maximum diameter 14.5 mm, die axis 0o, Sardes (Sart, Turkey) mint, 282 - 281 B.C.; obverse winged head of Medusa right; reverse humped bull butting right, BAΣIΛEΩΣ (king) above, ΣEΛEYKOY in exergue, ΣI monogram between hind legs; ex Classical Numismatic Group, ex Richard L. Horst Collection; scarce; $80.00 (76.00)


Gortyna, Crete, 4th Century B.C.

|Crete|, |Gortyna,| |Crete,| |4th| |Century| |B.C.||stater|
Zeus was enamored of Europa and decided to seduce or ravish her. He transformed himself into a tame white bull and mixed in with her father's herds. While Europa and her female attendants were gathering flowers, she saw the bull, caressed his flanks, and eventually got onto his back. Zeus took that opportunity and ran to the sea and swam, with her on his back, to the island of Crete. He then revealed his true identity, and Europa became the first queen of Crete. Zeus gave her a necklace made by Hephaestus and three additional gifts: Talos, Laelaps and a javelin that never missed. Zeus later re-created the shape of the white bull in the stars, which is now known as the constellation Taurus.
SH51407. Silver stater, SNG Delepierre 2378, Svoronos Crte 64, SNG Cop 442 var. (thinker pose), VF, toned, heavy flan, over-struck on an earlier coin, weight 11.592 g, maximum diameter 26.4 mm, die axis 180o, Gortyna mint, 4th century B.C.; obverse Europa seated right in a tree in a playful pose; reverse bull right, head turned back left; SOLD


Selinous, Sicily, c. 466 - 415 B.C.

|Other| |Sicily|, |Selinous,| |Sicily,| |c.| |466| |-| |415| |B.C.||didrachm|
Selinus was once one of the most important Greek colonies in Sicily. In 409 B.C., the Carthaginians attacked with a vast army believed to include at least 100,000 men. Selinus, with a population of about 30,000 excluding slaves, was unprepared and an auxiliary force promised by Syracuse, Agrigentum and Gela did not arrive. The Selinuntines defended themselves with courage, and after the walls were breached, continued to fight from house to house. After tens days the city fell. Of the citizens, 16,000 were slain and 5,000 made prisoners, but more than 2,600 escaped to Agrigento.
SL90860. Silver didrachm, SNG ANS 702 - 705 (same obverse die); BMC Sicily, p. 141, 34; SNG Lloyd 1243; SNG Munchen 889 ff.; SNG Cop -, NGC XF, Strike 4/5, Surface 3/5 (4165998-006), weight 7.64 g, maximum diameter 22.0 mm, die axis 90o, Selinus (Selinunte, Sicily) mint, c. 466 - 415 B.C.; obverse ΣEΛINOTION, nude Herakles advancing right, subduing the Cretan bull; reverse HVYAΣ, river-god nude standing left, holding phiale over canopied altar in right hand and branch in left; snake coiled around altar, heron under selinon leaf to right; ex Forum (2007); NGC| Lookup; SOLD


Sumerian (Uruk?), Limestone Cup Ornamented with Animals, Jemdet Nasr Period, 4th Millennium B.C.

|Vessels| |&| |Tableware|, |Sumerian| |(Uruk?),| |Limestone| |Cup| |Ornamented| |with| |Animals,| |Jemdet| |Nasr| |Period,| |4th| |Millennium| |B.C.|
AAA31037. height 7 cm (2 5/8"), rim diameter 6 cm (2 3/8"); The Louvre Near Eastern Antiqities, Ur Excavations Volume 4 The early periods (nearly identical), Collectible condition, two lion's attacking two bulls, high relief, one small piece re-attached, chips from rim; SOLD


Thourioi, Lucania, Italy, 4th Century B.C.

|Italy|, |Thourioi,| |Lucania,| |Italy,| |4th| |Century| |B.C.||nomos|
Thourioi, also called Thurii and Thurium, issued similar types with a hippocamp, griffin or laurel wreath on the Attic helmet. On those ornamented with Scylla, she is sometimes shading her eyes and scanning the horizon, holding a trident, spear, oar or octopus, or hurling a stone or a spear.
SH58669. Silver nomos, cf. SNG ANS 1007 (holding spear, same rev die as our coin), SNG Ashmolean 958 (holding spear), HN Italy 1802 (refs Oxford), VF, punches on reverse, weight 7.646 g, maximum diameter 20.0 mm, die axis 225o, Thourioi (near Sibari, Cosenza, Calabria, Italy) mint, 4th century B.C.; obverse head of Athena right, wearing Attic helmet decorated with Skylla pointing; reverse ΘOYPIΩN, Bull butting right, tunny fish in exergue; SOLD


Roman Republic, Dictatorship of Julius Caesar, L. Valerius Acisculus, 45 B.C.

|after| |50| |B.C.|, |Roman| |Republic,| |Dictatorship| |of| |Julius| |Caesar,| |L.| |Valerius| |Acisculus,| |45| |B.C.||denarius|
The ascisculus, a pickaxe used by stone-cutters, behind Apollo is a punning allusion to the moneyer's cognomen, Acisculus.

Zeus was enamored of Europa and decided to seduce her. He transformed into a tame white bull and joined her father's herds. When Europa got onto his back, Zeus ran to the sea and swam to the island of Crete. He then revealed his true identity. Europa became the first queen of Crete. Zeus re-created the shape of the bull in the stars, which is now known as the constellation Taurus.
SH23634. Silver denarius, Crawford 474/1a, Sydenham 998, RSC I Valeria 17, SRCV I 469, EF, weight 3.701 g, maximum diameter 19.5 mm, die axis 0o, obverse ACISCVLVS, head of Apollo right, ascisculus (pickaxe) behind; reverse L VALERIVS, Europa seated on bull walking right, holding billowing veil; slight flatness in center, reverse 1/5 off-center, mint luster and light golden toning; SOLD


Julian II "the Apostate," February 360 - 26 June 363 A.D.

|Julian| |II|, |Julian| |II| |"the| |Apostate,"| |February| |360| |-| |26| |June| |363| |A.D.||double| |maiorina|
On March 5, 363 Julian departed Antioch with an army of 90,000, marching against the Sassanid Empire. On 29 May Julian arrived under the walls of the Sassanid capital and defeated the army of Shapur II at the Battle of Ctesiphon, but he was unable to put the city under siege. On June 16, Julian began a retreat from the Sassanid Empire. The Sassanids attacked the retreating Romans and on 26 June Julian was killed in battle. The general Jovian was proclaimed Emperor by the troops on the battlefield.
SH58901. Billon double maiorina, RIC VIII Siscia 412 (R), LRBC II 1259, SRCV V 19150, Cohen VIII 38, Choice gVF, nice glossy black patina, excellent centering, weight 8.974 g, maximum diameter 29.5 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, summer 361 - 26 Jun 363 A.D.; obverse D N FL CL IVLIANVS P F AVG, diademed draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse SECVRITAS REIPVB (security of the Republic), bull standing right, two stars above, BSIS flanked by palm fronds in exergue; ex Ancient Numismatic Enterprise; rare; SOLD







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REFERENCES|

Molinari, N.J. & N. Sisci. Potamikon: Sinews of Acheloios. A Comprehensive Catalog of the Bronze Coinage of the Man-Faced Bull, With Essays on Origin and Identity. (Oxford, 2016).

Catalog current as of Monday, September 26, 2022.
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