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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Themes & Provenance| ▸ |Animals| ▸ |Bull or Cow||View Options:  |  |  | 

Cattle on Ancient Coins
Korkyra (Corfu), Island off Epirus, Greece, c. 433 - 360 B.C.

|Epirus|, |Korkyra| |(Corfu),| |Island| |off| |Epirus,| |Greece,| |c.| |433| |-| |360| |B.C.||stater|
Corfu is a picturesque island near the coasts of Albania and Greece. The advantageous trade position allowed Corcyra to play an important role in Greek history. After the Byzantine Empire gradually collapsed it was ruled by Venice from 1401 to 1797, during which time the Turks laid several sieges against its impregnable Byzantine castle.
GS95931. Silver stater, Fried Group III; BMC Thessaly p. 118, 64; SNG Munchen 634; Dewing 1453; HGC 6 35 (R2); SNG Cop -; SNG Tubingen -, Choice VF, well centered and struck, attractive old collection toning, scratches, obverse die wear, weight 10.871 g, maximum diameter 21.2 mm, die axis 45o, Korkyra (Corfu) mint, c. 433 - 375/60 B.C.; obverse cow left, head turned back toward suckling calf standing right below; reverse vertical double stellate pattern, divided by double line, within square double linear frame, K right, all within a circular linear border; from the Errett Bishop Collection; rare; $700.00 (€644.00)
 


Caria (Uncertain City), c. 460 - 440 B.C.

|Other| |Caria|, |Caria| |(Uncertain| |City),| |c.| |460| |-| |440| |B.C.||hemiobol|
Troxell notes that hoard provinces indicate this type was struck in Caria, however, the issuing city remains unknown. SNG Kayhan identifies the denomination as a Milesian standard tetartemorion. SNG Keckman lists it as a Persic hemiobol.
GS92103. Silver hemiobol, Troxell Carians 11C, SNG Keckman 913 ff.; cf. SNG Kayhan 968 ff. (no star), SNG Tüb 3329 (same), BMC Caria -, F/VF, obverse off center, light marks, light encrustations, weight 0.265 g, maximum diameter 6.9 mm, die axis 0o, Carian mint, c. 460 - 440 B.C.; obverse foreparts of two bulls confronted; reverse forepart of bull left, star below; ex Civitas Galleries; scarce; $120.00 (€110.40)
 


Byzantion, Thrace, c. 340 - 320 B.C.

|Byzantion|, |Byzantion,| |Thrace,| |c.| |340| |-| |320| |B.C.||siglos| |or| |drachm|NEW
Byzantion was founded by Greek colonists from Megara in 657 B.C. The city was rebuilt as the new capital of the Roman Empire by Constantine I in 330 A.D. and renamed Constantinople. It became the capital of the Ottoman Empire when it was conquered in 1453. Today it is Istanbul, the largest city in Turkey, and the country's economic, cultural, and historical heart.
GA97276. Silver siglos or drachm, Persic standard; Schönert-Geiss Byzantion 1 ff.; SNG Black Sea 21 ff.; SNG Cop 475 ff.; BMC Thrace p. 93, 1 ff.; HGC 3.2 1389; SNG Stancomb -, VF, lightly toned, bankers' marks on reveres, tight flan, scrapes on obverse, small edge split, tiny test cut, weight 5.271 g, maximum diameter 16.3 mm, Byzantion (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, c. 340 - 320 B.C.; obverse cow standing left on dolphin left, BY above (the first letter is an archaic Greek form of "B" used at Byzantium); reverse square four part stippled mill-sail pattern; ex Numismatik Naumann auction 86 (20 Feb 2020), lot 61; $120.00 (€110.40)
 


Byzantion, Thrace, c. 340 - 320 B.C.

|Byzantion|, |Byzantion,| |Thrace,| |c.| |340| |-| |320| |B.C.||hemidrachm|NEW
In 340 B.C., the Byzantines, with the aid of the Athenians, successfully withstood a siege by Philip of Macedon. They were, however, forced to recognize Macedonian suzerainty after surrendering without a fight to Alexander the Great in 334 B.C.
GS95925. Silver hemidrachm, Schönert-Geiss 236 ff.; SNG Cop 479; SNG Stancomb 2; SNG BM 36; Dewing 1282; HGC 3.2 1390; BMC Thrace p. 93, 1 ff., F, toned, well obverse well centered, reverse off center, weight 2.003 g, maximum diameter 13.8 mm, Byzantion (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, c. 340 - 320 B.C.; obverse cow walking left, BY (archaic form of B similar to Π or Γ) dolphin left below; reverse quadripartite mill-sail stippled incuse punch; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $110.00 (€101.20)
 


Magnesia ad Maeandrum, Ionia, c. 350 - 320 B.C.

|Magnesia| |ad| |Meandrum|, |Magnesia| |ad| |Maeandrum,| |Ionia,| |c.| |350| |-| |320| |B.C.||hemidrachm|NEW
Magnesia ad Maeandrum was an inland city of Ionia, located on a small tributary of the Maeander River about 12 miles southeast of Ephesus. "..the temple of Artemis Leukophryene, which in the size of its shrine and in the number of its votive offerings is inferior to the temple at Ephesos, but in the harmony and skill shown in the structure of the sacred enclosure is far superior to it. And in size it surpasses all the sacred enclosures in Asia except two, that at Ephesos (to Artemis) and that at Didymoi (to Apollo)" -- Strabo, Geography 14. 1. 40.
GS97107. Silver hemidrachm, SNG Cop 808; cf. SNGvA 2035 (different magistrate); BMC Ionia p. 159, 8 ff. (same), Weber 5996 (same), aVF, toned, bumps and marks, edge split and closed flan crack, weight 1.359 g, maximum diameter 12.4 mm, die axis 45o, Magnesia ad Maeandrum (near Tekin, Turkey) mint, magistrate Skythos, c. 350 - 320 B.C.; obverse Cavalryman on horseback prancing right, wearing helmet, cuirass, and chlamys, holding couched spear; reverse bull butting left atop Maeander pattern, MAΓN above, stalk of grain right, ΣKYΘOY (magistrate) below; $90.00 (€82.80)
 


Caria (Uncertain City), c. 460 - 440 B.C.

|Other| |Caria|, |Caria| |(Uncertain| |City),| |c.| |460| |-| |440| |B.C.||hemiobol|
Troxell notes that hoard provinces indicate this type was struck in Caria, however, the issuing city remains unknown. SNG Kayhan identifies the denomination as a Milesian standard tetartemorion. SNG Keckman lists it as a Persic hemiobol.
GS89049. Silver hemiobol, Troxell Carians 11C, SNG Keckman 913 ff.; cf. SNG Kayhan 968 ff. (no star), SNG Tüb 3329 (same), VF, toned, light marks, obverse slightly off center, light marks, small edge crack, weight 0.340 g, maximum diameter 7.9 mm, die axis 180o, Carian mint, c. 460 - 440 B.C.; obverse foreparts of two bulls confronted; reverse forepart of bull left, star below; ex Forum (2014); scarce; $85.00 (€78.20)
 


Byzantion, Thrace, 387 - 340 B.C.

|Byzantion|, |Byzantion,| |Thrace,| |387| |-| |340| |B.C.||hemidrachm|NEW
Byzantion was founded by Greek colonists from Megara in 657 B.C. The city was rebuilt as the new capital of the Roman Empire by Constantine I in 330 A.D. and renamed Constantinople. It became the capital of the Ottoman Empire when it was conquered in 1453. Today it is Istanbul, the largest city in Turkey, and the country's economic, cultural, and historical heart.
GS95924. Silver hemidrachm, cf. Schönert-Geiss Byzantion 773 ff.; SNG BM 17; SNG Cop 484; BMC Thrace p. 94, 22, F, toned, tight flan, edge split, perhaps overstruck, weight 1.967 g, maximum diameter 11.6 mm, die axis 270o, Byzantion (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 387 - 340 B.C.; obverse forepart of cow standing left on dolphin left, right foreleg raised, BY above (the first letter is an archaic form of "B" used at Byzantium), monogram under foreleg; reverse ornamented trident head; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $80.00 (€73.60)
 


Magnesia ad Maeandrum, Ionia, c. 400 - 350 B.C.

|Magnesia| |ad| |Meandrum|, |Magnesia| |ad| |Maeandrum,| |Ionia,| |c.| |400| |-| |350| |B.C.||tetartemorion|
Magnesia ad Maeandrum was an inland city of Ionia, located on a small tributary of the Maeander River about 12 miles southeast of Ephesus. "..the temple of Artemis Leukophryene, which in the size of its shrine and in the number of its votive offerings is inferior to the temple at Ephesos, but in the harmony and skill shown in the structure of the sacred enclosure is far superior to it. And in size it surpasses all the sacred enclosures in Asia except two, that at Ephesos (to Artemis) and that at Didymoi (to Apollo)" -- Strabo, Geography 14. 1. 40.
GB96769. Silver tetartemorion, SNG Kayhan 399 var. (no ethnic on rev.), BMC Ionia-, SNG Cop -, SNGvA -, SNG Tüb -, SNG Mün -, Winterthur -, Klein -, Weber -, VF, toned, a little rough, small edge split, weight 0.189 g, maximum diameter 6.2 mm, die axis 0o, Magnesia ad Maeandrum (near Tekin, Turkey) mint, c. 400 - 350 B.C.; obverse head of Apollo right, hair in curls, M-A (start of ethnic) flanking neck; reverse bull butting right, ΓNH (ending of ethnic) above, maeander pattern below exergue line; scarce; $80.00 (€73.60)
 


Hadrian, 11 August 117 - 10 July 138 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt

|Roman| |Egypt|, |Hadrian,| |11| |August| |117| |-| |10| |July| |138| |A.D.,| |Roman| |Provincial| |Egypt||diobol|
Ptolemy III built the largest and most magnificent temple in Alexandria, the Serapeum. Almost 400 years later, Hadrian rebuilt the temple. A life-size, black basalt statue of the Apis bull inscribed with a dedication of Hadrian was discovered in the underground vaults of the Serapeum. It is now in the Greco-Roman Museum in Alexandria. Perhaps it is that statue depicted on this coin.
RX92601. Bronze diobol, RPC Online III 5856 (9 spec.); Dattari 2007; BMC Alexandria p. , 809; Kampmann 32.560; Emmett 1114/17 (R1); Geissen 1067 var. (seen from behind), aF, porous, marks, scratches, edge splits, weight 7.747 g, maximum diameter 24.1 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, 29 Aug 132 - 28 Aug 133 A.D.; obverse AVT KAIC TPAIAN - A∆PIANOC CEB, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from the front; reverse Apis bull standing right on ground line, L IZ (year 17) above, altar(?) to right; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $50.00 (€46.00)
 


Pergamon, Mysia, c. 310 - 284 B.C.

|Pergamon|, |Pergamon,| |Mysia,| |c.| |310| |-| |284| |B.C.||AE| |16|
Pergamon, Mysia was located to the northwest of the modern city of Bergama, Turkey, 16 miles (26 km) from the Aegean Sea on a promontory on the north side of the Caicus (Bakircay) River. It was the capital of the Kingdom of Pergamon under the Attalid dynasty, 281-133 B.C. Pergamon is cited in the book of Revelation as one of the seven churches of Asia.
GB95289. Bronze AE 16, SNG BnF 1568 ff., SNG Cop 331 var. (ethnic below), SNGvA -, BMC Mysia -, F, green patina, scratches, porosity, pitting, encrustations, weight 3.864 g, maximum diameter 16.1 mm, die axis 90o, Pergamon (Bergama, Turkey) mint, c. 310 - 284 B.C.; obverse head of Athena right, wearing crested Corinthian helmet; reverse head and neck of bull right, monogram right, ΠEPΓA above, thunderbolt below; $50.00 (€46.00)
 







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REFERENCES|

Molinari, N.J. & N. Sisci. Potamikon: Sinews of Acheloios. A Comprehensive Catalog of the Bronze Coinage of the Man-Faced Bull, With Essays on Origin and Identity. (Oxford, 2016).

Catalog current as of Saturday, February 27, 2021.
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