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Severus Alexander, 13 March 222 - March 235 A.D., Apollonia Salbace, Caria
NEW This coin is an obverse die match to a coin struck by the neighboring city, Alabanda, Caria, SNG München 464, RPC Online VI T5384. Dies shared by more than one city in the region were first discovered by Konrad Kraft in 1972. Groups of smaller cities in Anatolia shared traveling mints, which would sometimes use the same obverse dies for more than one city.RP92646. Bronze AE 30, Apparently unpublished; RPC Online -, SNG BnF -, SNGvA -, SNG Cop -, BMC Caria -, F, porous, turquoise and earthen adhesions, reverse flatly struck, weight 11.787 g, maximum diameter 29.7 mm, die axis 180o, Apollonia Salbace (Edremit, Turkey) mint, 13 Mar 222 - Mar 235 A.D.; obverse AYT K M AYP CEY AΛEΞAN∆PO-C, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind; reverse CTPA AΓAΘEINOY TOY IH AΠOΛΛΩNIATΩN (strategos Agathinos, son of Hie.(?), Apollonia), Zeus standing slightly left, head left, wearing himation and chlamys, eagle in right hand, long scepter vertical in left hand; from the Errett Bishop Collection; extremely rare, this is the only specimen of the type known to FORVM; $300.00 SALE |PRICE| $270.00
Kushan Empire, Wima Takto, c. 90 - 113 A.D.
NEW Wima Takto was long known as "The nameless King," since his coins only showed the legend "The King of Kings, Great Savior." The discovery of the Rabatak inscription connected his name with the title on the coins. Wima Takto's empire covered northwestern Gandhara and greater Bactria towards China, where Kushan presence has been asserted in the Tarim Basin. Under his reign, embassies were also sent to the Chinese court. This type circulated in Bactria, the Kabul valley, Gandhara and the Punjab.WA93162. Copper didrachm, ANS Kushan 196 (same obv. die), Mitchiner ACW 2957, aVF, some corrosion, weight 8.371 g, maximum diameter 20.0 mm, die axis 0o, probably Begram mint, c. 90 - 113 A.D.; obverse diademed and draped bust of sun-god Miiro right, 5 rays radiating from his head, arrow tied with ribbons raised in right hand, 3 pronged tamga left; reverse BACIΛEV BACIΛEWN CWTHP MEΓAC (king of kings, great savior), king on horseback right; wearing soft Iranian cap, diadem with long ties, nomad jacket and trousers, pick-axe in right hand, 3 pronged tamga right; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $50.00 SALE |PRICE| $45.00
Kushan Empire, Wima Takto, c. 90 - 113 A.D.
NEW Wima Takto was long known as "The nameless King," since his coins only showed the legend "The King of Kings, Great Savior." The discovery of the Rabatak inscription connected his name with the title on the coins. Wima Takto's empire covered northwestern Gandhara and greater Bactria towards China, where Kushan presence has been asserted in the Tarim Basin. Under his reign, embassies were also sent to the Chinese court. This type circulated in Bactria, the Kabul valley, Gandhara and the Punjab.WA93163. Copper didrachm, ANS Kushan 174, Mitchiner ACW 2929, VF, porous, obverse off center, tiny edge cracks, weight 9.019 g, maximum diameter 20.4 mm, die axis 0o, probably Begram mint, early phase; obverse diademed and draped bust of sun-god Miiro right, 13 rays radiating from head, arrow tied with ribbons raised in right hand, 3 pronged tamgha left; reverse BACIΛEV BACIΛEWN CWTHP MEΓAC (king of kings, great savior), king on horseback right; wearing soft Iranian cap, diadem with long ties, nomad jacket and trousers; pick-axe in right hand, 3 pronged tamga right; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $70.00 SALE |PRICE| $63.00
Septimius Severus, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D., Nicaea, Bithynia
NEW The first ecumenical council of the Christian church was held in Nicaea by Constantine in 325.RP97244. Bronze AE 14, Burrell p. 208, type 1; BMC Pontus -; Rec Gen II.3 -; SNG Cop -; SNGvA -; Weber -, aVF, rough, corrosion, weight 1.427 g, maximum diameter 13.8 mm, die axis 0o, Nicaea (Iznik, Turkey) mint, 9 Apr 193 - 4 Feb 211 A.D.; obverse CEOVHPOC AVΓOVCTOC, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse NIKAIEΩN, temple with four columns; very rare; $70.00 SALE |PRICE| $63.00
Kios, Bithynia, c. 138 - 161 A.D.
NEW According to myth, Kios (Cius) was founded on the Propontis (Sea of Marmara) by Herakles when he accompanied the Argonauts. According to historians, it was founded in 626 - 625 B.C. by colonists from Miletos. Kios was often subject to greater powers, predominantly the Persian Empire until Alexander the Great invaded and took the city in 334 B.C. After disputes with Alexander's successors, Kios joined the Aetolian League, in opposition to Macedonia. In 202 B.C., Philip V of Macedonia and Prusias I of Bythinia destroyed the city and massacred, banished, or enslaved its citizens. Prusias built a new city on the site and named it for himself (Prusias ad Mare). After this atrocity, the Rodians asked the Roman Senate for help. The Romans seized this opportunity to invade Greece and defeat Philip V. In 74 B.C., after the death of King Nikomides III, the Romans occupied Kios and the whole of Bythinia. Under Rome, the name Kios was revived. An important link in the ancient Silk Road, Kios became a wealthy town.RP97245. Bronze hemiassarion, RPC Online IV T7972 (2 spec.); Rec Gen II.3 28; BMC Pontus p. 133, 33, VF, a little rough, the patina is probably enhanced, weight 3.691 g, maximum diameter 19.3 mm, die axis 0o, Kios (near Gemlik, Turkey) mint, time of Antoninus Pius, c. 138 - 161 A.D.; obverse TON KTICTHN, bearded head of Heracles right; reverse KIANΩN, galley with five rowers left, two standards in stern; ex Leu Numismatik web auction 10 (7 Dec 2019), lot 780; extremely rare, this coin is the only specimen of this type recorded on Coin Archives - the only specimen offered at auction in the last two decades; $130.00 SALE |PRICE| $117.00
Caesarea, Cappadocia, 111 - 112 A.D.
NEW Kayseri, originally called Mazaka or Mazaca, is in central Turkey on a low spur on the north side of Mount Erciyes (Mount Argaeus in ancient times). During Achaemenid Persian rule, it was the capital of a Satrapy on the crossroads of the Royal Road from Sardis to Susa and the trade route from Sinope to the Euphrates. It was conquered by Alexander's general Perdikkas, was ruled by Eumenes of Cardia, then passed to the Seleucid empire after the battle of Ipsus. It became the capital of the independent Cappadocian Kingdom under Ariarathes III, around 250 B.C. During Strabo's time it was also known as Eusebia, after the Cappadocian King Ariarathes V Eusebes, 163 – 130 B.C. The name was changed again to "Caesarea in Cappadocia" in honor of Caesar Augustus, upon his death in 14 A.D. The city passed under formal Roman rule in 17 A.D. In Roman times, it prospered on the route from Ephesus to the East. Caesarea was destroyed by the Sassanid King Shapur I after his victory over the Emperor Valerian I in 260 A.D. At the time it was recorded to have around 400,000 inhabitants. Arabic influence changed Caesarea to the modern name Kayseri. The city gradually recovered and has a population of almost 1 million people today. Few traces of the ancient city survive.RP97246. Bronze AE 16, RPC Online III 3141, Henseler I, p. 150, type 164, 259 - 260; SNGvA 6342, SNG Cop 173; Sydenham Caesarea 250; BMC Galatia -, F, rough from corrosion, weight 3.214 g, maximum diameter 15.6 mm, die axis 0o, Caesarea (Kayseri, Turkey) mint, year 14 of Trajan, 111 - 112 A.D.; obverse turreted and draped bust of Tyche right; reverse pyramid or baetyl (sacred stone), ET − ∆I (year 14) divided across field; from a Las Vegas dealer; $140.00 SALE |PRICE| $126.00
Caracalla, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D., Tyana, Cappadocia
NEW Under Caracalla the city became Antoniana colonia Tyana. After having sided with Queen Zenobia of Palmyra it was captured by Aurelian in 272, who would not allow his soldiers to sack it, allegedly because Apollo appeared to him, pleading for its safety. The ruins of Tyana are at modern Kemerhisar, three miles south of Nigde. There are remains of a Roman aqueduct and sepulchral grottoes. RP97247. Bronze AE 29, SNGvA 8732, SNG Cop -, BMC Galatia -, Ganschow -, F, mild smoothing, small edge crack, weight 17.290 g, maximum diameter 29.3 mm, die axis 0o, Tyana (Kemerhisar, Turkey) mint, 212 - 213 A.D.; obverse A KAI M AYP ANTΩNINOC, laureate head right; reverse ANT KOΛΩNIAC, emperor, radiate and togate, globe in extended right hand, plow in left hand, plowing left, marking the pomerium (sacred boundary) to found the new colony, TVANΩN / ?T Iς (year 16) in in two lines in the exergue; ex Numismatik Naumann auction 87 (1 Mar 2020), lot 345; this is the first example of this type handled by FORVM; only five sales of this type listed on Coin Archives in the last two decades, including the Naumann auction for this coin; very rare; $140.00 SALE |PRICE| $126.00
Trajan Decius, September 249 - June or July 251 A.D., Antioch, Seleucis and Pieria, Syria
NEW In 256 A.D., about six years after this coin was struck, the Persian King Shapur conquered and plundered Antioch.RY94930. Billon tetradrachm, McAlee 1120(b) (rare); Prieur 538 (10 spec.); Dura Coins 494; RPC Online IX 1634 (6 spec.); BMC Galatia p. 220, 580, VF, full border centering, flow lines, minor encrustation, uneven toning, slight porosity, weight 11.412 g, maximum diameter 26.9 mm, die axis 225o, 2nd officina, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, Sep 249 - Jun/Jul 251 A.D.; obverse AVT K Γ ME KY ∆EKIOC TPAIANOC CEB, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind, •• below bust; reverse ∆HMAPX EΞOYCIAC (holder of Tribunitian power), eagle standing left on palm branch, head left, wings spread, wreath in beak, S C (senatus consulto) in exergue; from the Ray Nouri Collection; scarce; $110.00 SALE |PRICE| $99.00
Elagabalus, 16 May 218 - 11 March 222 A.D., Petra, Arabia
NEW Typically, this type has the odd spelling PETΛA, instead of PETRA; however, this coin's inscription reverses the last two letters.RY94936. Bronze AE 19, cf. Sofaer 53, Spijkerman 56, Rosenberger IV 35, SNG ANS 1373 ff., SNG Cop 150, SNG Righetti 2548, BMC Arabia -, F, dark patina with highlighting earthen patina, well centered on a tight flan, scratches, weight 5.723 g, maximum diameter 19.4 mm, die axis 0o, Petra (Jordan) mint, 16 May 218 - 11 Mar 222 A.D.; obverse IMP C M AVP ANTONINI, laureate and draped bust right, seen from behind; reverse emperor ceremonially plowing right with a cow and an ox, marking the pomerium (sacred boundary) to found the new colony, togate, right hand raised, PETAΛ (sic!) above, COLONIA (or similar, off flan) in exergue; from the Ray Nouri Collection; $80.00 SALE |PRICE| $72.00
Elagabalus, 16 May 218 - 11 March 222 A.D., Antioch, Seleucis and Pieria, Syria
NEW From the Ray Nouri Collection.
This type is traditionally assigned to Antioch but McAlee identifies Laodicea as the most likely mint. McAlee notes, "After Septimius stripped Antioch of its privileges and conferred them on Laodicea-ad-Mare, some coins of Laodicea bear the legend 'Metropolis of the Four Provinces,' and others have a representation of four Tyches. The letters ∆ - E also regularly appear on the coins of Laodicea from the time of Elagabalus to that of Trebonianus Gallus." We attribute the type to Antioch, but clearly that is not certain.RY94937. Billon tetradrachm, Bellinger Syria 42, SNG Cop 236, McAlee 758, Prieur 249 var. (both ties behind neck), Dura Coins -, F, toned, tight flan cutting off part of legends, reverse legend weak, weight 12.920 g, maximum diameter 25.2 mm, die axis 180o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 219 A.D.; obverse AVT K M A ANTWNEINOC CEB, laureate bust right, drapery on left shoulder, one wreath tie on neck; reverse ∆HMAPX EΞOYCIAC YΠ B (holder of Tribunitian power, consul for the second time), eagle standing facing, wings spread, head left, wreath in beak, ∆ - E (∆ EΠAPCEIΩN - of the four eparchies) flanking eagle's head, star between legs; from the Ray Nouri Collection; $120.00 SALE |PRICE| $108.00
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