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Judean Kingdom, Alexander Jannaeus (Yehonatan), 104 - 76 B.C.

|Alexander| |Jannaeus|, |Judean| |Kingdom,| |Alexander| |Jannaeus| |(Yehonatan),| |104| |-| |76| |B.C.|
This type has been reattributed from Hyrcanus II to Alexander Jannaeus by Hendin and Shachar in "The Identity of YNTN on Hasmonean Overstruck Coins and the Chronology of the Alexander Jannaeus Types," Israel Numismatic Research 3, 2008: 87-94. It appears this type was overstruck on earlier coins of Alexander Jannaeus that had never been released from the mint. Most examples have strong undertype effects obscuring the inscription but this coin does not and the inscription is clear. The Paleo-Hebrew inscription, in classic style, on this coin reads, from right to left, as follows: YNTN (Yonatan) / H (the) KHNH (Priest) / GDL (high) W (and) (HH)B/ R (council) [H] (the, omitted) YHD (Jews). See Reading Judean Coins in NumisWiki.
JD110335. Bronze prutah, Hendin 6185, Meshorer TJC T, Meshorer AJC I, HGC 10 642, gF, dark patina, highlighting earthen deposits, scratches, sprue cuts, reverse edge beveled, clear inscription, unusual because there is no indication of being overstruck, weight 2.329 g, maximum diameter 15.0 mm, die axis 0o, Jerusalem mint, 104 - 76 B.C.; obverse Paleo-Hebrew inscription in classic style: Yonatan the High Priest and the Council of the Jews, within wreath; reverse two cornucopias splayed outward, adorned with ribbons, pomegranate or poppy between the horns; from an Israeli collection; $130.00 (131.30)


Judean Kingdom, John Hyrcanus I (Yehohanan), 134 - 104 B.C.

|John| |Hyrcanus| |I|, |Judean| |Kingdom,| |John| |Hyrcanus| |I| |(Yehohanan),| |134| |-| |104| |B.C.|NEW
John Hyrcanus was the son of Simon the Maccabee and nephew of the folk hero Judah Maccabee, the hero of the Hanukkah story. Soon after Hyrcanus assumed power, the Seleukid kingdom marched on Jerusalem. Antiochus VII and Hyrcanus I negotiated a treaty that left Hyrcanus a vassal to the Syrian king. John Hyrcanus was the first Jewish ruler to issue coins in his own name.
JD111160. Bronze prutah, Hendin 6168, Meshorer TJC I, Meshorer AJC S, HGC 10 629, VF, dark toning, highlighting earthen deposits, rev. off center, weight 1.985 g, maximum diameter 13.7 mm, die axis 0o, Jerusalem mint, 134 - 104 B.C.; obverse Paleo-Hebrew inscription with wedge style script: Yehonanan the High Priest and Head (Rosh) of the Council of the Jews, surrounded by wreath; reverse two cornucopias splayed outward, adorned with ribbons, pomegranate or poppy between the horns; from the Michael Arslan Collection; $90.00 (90.90)


Judean Kingdom, Alexander Jannaeus (Yehonatan), 104 - 76 B.C.

|Alexander| |Jannaeus|, |Judean| |Kingdom,| |Alexander| |Jannaeus| |(Yehonatan),| |104| |-| |76| |B.C.|NEW
Unpopular, Jannaeus was pelted with citrons on Sukkot. Enraged, he killed some 6,000 citizens. A revolt erupted and rebels called on the Seleucid King Demetrius III for aid. Demetrius forced him into the mountains but then withdrew. Back in power, Jannaeus crucified 800 rebels forcing them to watch the slaughter of their wives and children from their crosses.
JD111161. Bronze prutah, Hendin 6180, Meshorer TJC Q, Meshorer AJC F, HGC 10 639, VF, dark patina, highlighting earthen deposits, rev. off center, weight 1.695 g, maximum diameter 13.6 mm, die axis 0o, Jerusalem mint, 104 - 76 B.C.; obverse Paleo-Hebrew inscription: Yehonatan the High Priest and the Council of the Jews, surrounded by wreath; reverse two cornucopias splayed outward, adorned with ribbons, pomegranate or poppy between the horns; $90.00 (90.90)


Judean Kingdom, Alexander Jannaeus (Yehonatan), 104 - 76 B.C.

|Alexander| |Jannaeus|, |Judean| |Kingdom,| |Alexander| |Jannaeus| |(Yehonatan),| |104| |-| |76| |B.C.|NEW
The prutah was equal in value to 1/2 a Roman quadrans. -- Talmud Jerus., Kedushin 58d, written c. 200 A.D.
JD111162. Bronze prutah, Hendin 6181, Meshorer TJC P, Meshorer AJC E, HGC 10 638, VF, dark brown tone, highlighting earthen deposits, ragged sprue cut, tiny edge splits, reverse edge beveled, weight 1.561 g, maximum diameter 14.2 mm, die axis 0o, Jerusalem mint, 103 - 76 B.C.; obverse Paleo-Hebrew inscription: Yehonatan the High Priest and the Council of the Jews, within wreath; reverse two cornucopias splayed outward, adorned with ribbons, pomegranate or poppy between the horns; from the Michael Arslan Collection; $80.00 (80.80)


Judean Kingdom, Alexander Jannaeus (Yehonatan), 104 - 76 B.C.

|Alexander| |Jannaeus|, |Judean| |Kingdom,| |Alexander| |Jannaeus| |(Yehonatan),| |104| |-| |76| |B.C.|NEW
Meshorer notes for this type, "letter shapes are bizarre and the lines of script are not evenly followed...While on most specimens, the inscription is complete, some time must be devoted to locating all of the characters." This "barbaric" inscription style is unique to this type.
JD111166. Bronze prutah, Hendin 6186, Meshorer TJC S, HGC 10 641, F, dark patina, highlighting earthen deposits, obv. edge beveled, weight 1.629 g, maximum diameter 14.3 mm, die axis 45o, Jerusalem mint, 104 - 76 B.C.; obverse barbaric style Paleo-Hebrew inscription: Yonatan the High Priest and the Council of the Jews, surrounded by wreath; reverse two cornucopias splayed outward, adorned with ribbons, pomegranate or poppy between the horns; from the Michael Arslan Collection; $80.00 (80.80)


Judean Kingdom, Mattathias Antigonus (Mattatayah), 40 - 37 B.C.

|Mattathias| |Antigonus|, |Judean| |Kingdom,| |Mattathias| |Antigonus| |(Mattatayah),| |40| |-| |37| |B.C.|NEW
Parthia took Judaea in 40 B.C. and made Mattathias Antigonus their vassal King. Antigonus bit off Hyrcanus II's ears to render him ineligible for High Priest and sent him to Babylon in chains. Herod fled to Rome but returned with Roman support and took Jerusalem in 37 B.C. Dio Cassius says Antigonus was crucified but most accounts say he was beheaded.
JD111175. Bronze prutah, Meshorer TJC 40, Hendin 6199, Sofaer 437, SNG ANS 192, HGC 10 649, SNG Cop -, VF, dark patina, highlighting earthen deposits, tight flan, rev. off center, both sides beveled, sprue cuts, weight 1.592 g, maximum diameter 13.9 mm, die axis 180o, Jerusalem mint, 40 - 37 B.C.; obverse retrograde Paleo-Hebrew inscription in two lines: MTT/YH (Mattatayah), surrounded by wreath and border of dots; reverse double cornucopia adorned with ribbons, barley ear between horns, border of dots; from the Michael Arslan Collection; scarce; $90.00 (90.90)


Byzantine Empire, Justin II, 15 November 565 - 5 October 578 A.D.

|Justin| |II|, |Byzantine| |Empire,| |Justin| |II,| |15| |November| |565| |-| |5| |October| |578| |A.D.|NEW
On 22 August 565, St. Columba first reported seeing a monster in Loch Ness, Scotland.
BZ111189. Bronze pentanummium, DOC I 60b, Morrisson BnF 5/Cp/AE/55, Tolstoi 475 (Justinian), Ratto 743 (Justinian), Wroth BMC 417 (Justinian), Hahn MIB 45, SBCV 363, VF, well centered, highlighting red earthen deposits, ragged edge, weight 1.773 g, maximum diameter 16.7 mm, die axis 225o, 2nd officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 15 Nov 565 - 5 Oct 578; obverse IVΣTINOY KAI COΦIAC (Justin and Sophia) monogram ; reverse large E (5 nummi), smaller B (2nd officina) on right; from the Michael Arslan Collection; $90.00 (90.90)


Leo I, 7 February 457 - 18 January 474 A.D.

|Leo| |I|, |Leo| |I,| |7| |February| |457| |-| |18| |January| |474| |A.D.|NEW
Leo came to the throne at a time when the Eastern Roman army was made up almost entirely by Germans, but through his efforts the influence of the powerful German military factions was ended.
RL111190. Bronze half centenionalis, RIC X 687 (S), DOCLR 563, LRBC II 2263, SRCV V 21443, Hunter V 13, Nice gVF, well centered on an irregularly shaped flan, highlighting earthen deposits, weight 0.934 g, maximum diameter 9.9 mm, die axis 0o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 462 - 472 A.D.; obverse D N LEONS P F AVG (or similar), pearl diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse Leo's Latin monogram (LEONS) within wreath, CON (Constantinople) in exergue; from the Michael Arslan Collection; scarce; $140.00 (141.40)


Maxentius, February 307 - 28 October 312 A.D.

|Maxentius|, |Maxentius,| |February| |307| |-| |28| |October| |312| |A.D.|NEW
This interesting reverse includes two sets of twin brothers; Romulus and Remus suckling the she-wolf are flanked by the Dioscuri twins Castor and Pollux, with their horses.
RT111191. Billon follis, Hunter V 26 (also 4th officina), RIC VI Ostia 16, Cohen VII 10, SRCV IV 14976, EF, tight flan, weight 6.235 g, maximum diameter 25.4 mm, die axis 180o, 4th officina, Ostia (port of Rome) mint, 308 - 310 A.D.; obverse IMP C MAXENTIVS P F AVG, laureate head right, bare right shoulder from behind; reverse AETERNITAS AVG N, Castor and Pollux, each with star above cap, naked except chlamys over shoulder, leaning on scepter with outer arm, holding bridled horse with inner hand, she-wolf suckling twins in center, MOST∆ in exergue; from the Michael Arslan Collection; $130.00 (131.30)


Trajan, 25 January 98 - 8 or 9 August 117 A.D., Bostra, Arabia

|Roman| |Arabia|, |Trajan,| |25| |January| |98| |-| |8| |or| |9| |August| |117| |A.D.,| |Bostra,| |Arabia|NEW
Bostra was the northern Nabataean capital, until Trajan annexed the kingdom. It was then capital of Provincia Arabia, where the Third Legio Cyrenaica was garrisoned. The emperor Philip was born in Bostra and designated it a metropolis. This type was almost certainly struck with silver from the Nabatean treasury. Some specimens appear to have been overstruck on Nabatean drachms.
RS111192. Silver drachm, cf. Metcalf Tell Kalak 15 - 17; Sydenham Cappadocia 184, 185, 189 (Caesarea); BMC Galatia p. 54, 62 var. (Caesarea, no drapery), aVF, dark tone, tight flan, a few small scratches, weight 2.912 g, maximum diameter 16.9 mm, die axis 180o, Bostra (Bosra, Syria) mint, Jan 112 - Aug 114 A.D.; obverse AYTOKP KAIC NEP TPAIAN CEB ΓEPM ∆AK, laureate bust right, slight drapery on left shoulder; reverse ∆HMAPX EΞ Iς (or Z, or H) YΠAT ς (holder of Tribunitian power for 16 (or 17, or 18) years, consul for the 6th time), Arabia standing facing, head left, branch in right, bundle of cinnamon sticks in left, camel left in background on left; from the Michael Arslan Collection; $120.00 (121.20)




  







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