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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Themes & Provenance| ▸ |Gods, Olympians| ▸ |Athena or Minerva||View Options:  |  |  |   

Athena or Minerva on Ancient Coins

Athena was the virgin goddess of wisdom, crafts, and battle strategy. Her symbols are the olive tree and the owl. She is the daughter of Zeus, according to some traditions by Metis.

Gaza, Palestine, Mid Fifth Century - 333 B.C., Imitative of Athens

|Judaea| |&| |Palestine|, |Gaza,| |Palestine,| |Mid| |Fifth| |Century| |-| |333| |B.C.,| |Imitative| |of| |Athens||drachm|
This type, imitative of Athens, was struck in Gaza under Persian rule.
SL98132. Silver drachm, HGC 10 537(R2), Gitler and Tal V.16Da-d, AU, strike 5/5, surface 2/5, countermark (6157926-003), weight 3.456 g, maximum diameter 16.7 mm, die axis 180o, Gaza mint, Persian rule, mid Fifth century - 333 B.C.; obverse Helmeted head of Athena right, 'Ayin' countermark on cheek; reverse Owl standing right, head facing, AΘE (Athens) on right; among the finest known examples of the type, first example of this type handled by Forum, NGC| Lookup; very rare; $2200.00 SALE PRICE $1980.00


Seleukid Kingdom, Antiochus IX Cyzicenus, 113 - 95 B.C

|Seleucid| |Kingdom|, |Seleukid| |Kingdom,| |Antiochus| |IX| |Cyzicenus,| |113| |-| |95| |B.C||tetradrachm|
After Antiochus IX's father died, his uncle Demetrius II Nicator took the throne. For his safety, his mother, Cleopatra Thea, sent him to Cyzicus (leading to his nickname). He returned to Syria in 116 B.C. to claim the throne from his half-brother Antiochus VIII Grypus, with whom he eventually divided Syria. He was killed in battle by the son of Grypus, Seleucus VI Epiphanes.
GY95956. Silver tetradrachm, Houghton-Lorber II 2384; Houghton CSE 725; Babelon Rois 1467; BMC Seleucid p. 92, 6; HGC 9 1288k (R2), gVF, well centered, dark old cabinet toning, old scratches, light deposits, weight 15.977 g, maximum diameter 29.2 mm, die axis 0o, Sidon (Saida, Lebanon) mint, 2nd reign, 113 - 112 B.C.; obverse diademed head of Antiochos right; reverse Athena standing left, Nike in right hand, resting left hand on grounded shield, spear behind, BAΣIΛEΩΣ ANTIOXOY in two lines downward on right, ΦIΛO−ΠATOPOΣ downward on left, ΣI∆Ω/IEP / AΣY in 3 lines over outer left, Σ (year 200) in exergue; from the Errett Bishop Collection; very rare; $550.00 SALE PRICE $495.00


Persian Empire, Gaza, Philistia, c. 375 - 333 B.C., Imitative of Athens

|Judaea| |&| |Palestine|, |Persian| |Empire,| |Gaza,| |Philistia,| |c.| |375| |-| |333| |B.C.,| |Imitative| |of| |Athens||hemiobol|
A Persian Period imitation of Athenian types from the Holy Land. In the past these coins were all attributed to Gaza, however, recent hoard finds indicate a mint at Ashkelon probably also struck this type. It is likely that at least several small mints struck these imitative types.
JD97404. Silver hemiobol, Gitler-Tal 4.3.V.10HO; SNG ANS 21, cf. Sofaer Gaza 7 (obol), Samaria Hoard 324 - 328 (no Θ left), VF, dark tone, die wear, weight 0.263 g, maximum diameter 6.2 mm, die axis 0o, Gaza mint, c. 375 - 333 B.C.; obverse head of Athena right, wearing crested Attic helmet with three olive leaves over visor and a spiral palmette on the bowl, hair in parallel bands, eye in profile; reverse owl standing right, wings closed, head facing, olive spray above Θ on left, AΘE downward on right, all within incuse square; more attractive in hand than in the greatly enlarged photos, ex Goldberg Coins; rare; $250.00 SALE PRICE $225.00


Parthian Empire, Phraates IV, c. 38 - 2 B.C.

|Parthian| |Empire|, |Parthian| |Empire,| |Phraates| |IV,| |c.| |38| |-| |2| |B.C.||tetradrachm|
Soon after Phraates IV was designated the successor to the throne, he murdered his father and all his thirty brothers. In 36 B.C. he was defeated by Mark Antony and lost most of his army, however, Antony had to abandon his conquests to fight Octavian. Tiridates temporarily usurped the throne in 32 B.C., but Phraates soon defeated him. In 20 B.C., Phraates made peace with Rome. He returned the prisoners and eagles taken from Crassus and Armenia was recognized as a Roman dependency. Augustus gave Phraates an Italian concubine, Musa, whom he made his favored wife. She persuaded him to designate their son Phraataces as his successor and to send his other sons to Rome as hostages. With all rivals out of the way, Musa and Phraataces poisoned the king and took the throne as co-rulers.
GS96027. Silver tetradrachm, cf. Sellwood 52.1 - 9; Sunrise 391; Shore 273 - 274; SNG Cop 119; BMC Parthia p. 105, 35 ff.; Cohen DCA 612, VF, as found dark hoard patina, edge chip, graffito obv. left, weight 10.783 g, maximum diameter 27.0 mm, die axis 0o, Seleukeia on the Tigris (south of Baghdad, Iraq) mint, c. 38 - 2 B.C.; obverse diademed and cuirassed bust left, with royal wart on forehead, beard with somewhat square cut end, hair in four formal rows of curls, plain spiral torque; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ / BAΣIΛEΩN − APΣAKOY / EYEPΓETOY − ∆IKAIOY − EΠIΦANOYΣ / ΦIΛEΛΛHNOΣ squared seven line legend around, Phraates seated right, wearing tunic and trousers, Athena standing left before him, wearing helmet and chiton, she offers a filleted wreath with her extended right hand, scepter in left hand, date in exergue unstruck or partially off flan; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $150.00 SALE PRICE $135.00


Thessalian League, Greece, c. 146 - 100 B.C.

|Thessaly|, |Thessalian| |League,| |Greece,| |c.| |146| |-| |100| |B.C.||drachm|
The Thessalian League was a loose confederacy of city-states and tribes in the Thessalian valley in N. Greece. Philip II of Macedon took control of Thessaly in 344 B.C and it remained under Macedonia until the Roman victory in 197 B.C. The league was reestablished in 196 B.C. but had little autonomy after Thessaly became part of the province of Macedonia in 146 B.C.
GS98666. Silver drachm, BCD Thessaly II 819; SNG Cop 300; SNG Alpha Bank 293; McClean 4958; BMC Thessaly p. 4, 36; HGC 4 213 (S), VF, toned, centered on a tight flan, edge chips, weight 3.348 g, maximum diameter 17.7 mm, die axis 0o, probably struck at Larissa mint, magistrates Gauana and Poly..., c. 146 - 100 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo right, ΓAYANA (magistrate) downward behind; reverse Athena Itonia striding right, hurling spear with right hand, shield on her left arm, bunch of grapes outer right, ΘEΣΣA/ΛΩN in two vertical lines, upward on right, then downward on left, Π-O/Λ-Y (magistrate) in two divided lines across lower inner field; $130.00 SALE PRICE $117.00


Severus Alexander, 13 March 222 - March 235 A.D., Joppa, Samaria, Syria Palestina

|Roman| |Judea| |&| |Palestina|, |Severus| |Alexander,| |13| |March| |222| |-| |March| |235| |A.D.,| |Joppa,| |Samaria,| |Syria| |Palestina||AE| |20|
Joppa, the southern and oldest part of Tel Aviv-Yafo, is an ancient port city in Israel. Joppa, or Jaffa is famous for its association with the biblical stories of Jonah, Solomon and Saint Peter as well as the mythological story of Andromeda and Perseus, and later for its oranges. Monotheistic traditions says that it is named for Yafet (Japheth), one of the sons of Noah, the one who built it after the Flood.
RP98122. Bronze AE 20, cf. Sofaer pl. 44, 22; Rosenberger II p. 77, 12; BMC Palestine p. 44, 1 (Elagabalus); SNG ANS -, aF, tight flan, earthen deposits, spots of corrosion, weight 7.466 g, maximum diameter 19.4 mm, die axis 180o, Joppa (Jaffa, Israel) mint, 13 Mar 222 - Mar 235 A.D.; obverse AVT K M AΛEΞAN∆ (or similar), laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind; reverse ΦΛA IOΠΠHC (Flavia Joppa), Athena standing facing, head left, wearing crested helmet, long chiton, and peplos, right hand resting on grounded shield, grounded spear vertical in left hand; this type is not known to exist in high grade or with full legends; very rare; $105.00 SALE PRICE $95.00


Tauromenion, Sicily, c. 200 - 150 B.C.

|Other| |Sicily|, |Tauromenion,| |Sicily,| |c.| |200| |-| |150| |B.C.||AE| |17|NEW
Taormina is between Messina and Catania, 250 m above the sea, on the steep slopes of Mt. Tauro. A necropolis proves Tauromenion was first a Sikel stronghold. The Greek city was founded in 358 B.C. by descendants of the Naxians, whose city on the shore below had been destroyed by Dionysios of Syracuse in 403. Tauromenion flourished under Rome, especially after Augustus founded a colony in 30 B.C.
GI99200. Bronze AE 17, Calciati III p. 225, 39; SNG Cop 945; Winterthur I 1046; HGC 2 1598 (R1); SNG ANS -, F, dark green patina, light deposits, areas of mild porosity, weight 4.441 g, maximum diameter 16.9 mm, die axis 180o, Tauromenion (Taormina, Sicily) mint, c. 200 - 150 B.C.; obverse head of Athena right, wearing a crested Corinthian helmet; reverse TAYPOMENITAN, owl standing half right, head facing; rare; $100.00 SALE PRICE $90.00


Persian Empire, Philistia (Gaza or Samaria), c. 375 - 333 B.C., Imitative of Athens

|Judaea| |&| |Palestine|, |Persian| |Empire,| |Philistia| |(Gaza| |or| |Samaria),| |c.| |375| |-| |333| |B.C.,| |Imitative| |of| |Athens||obol|
A Persian Period imitation of Athenian types from the Holy Land. In the past these coins were all attributed to Gaza, however, recent hoard finds indicate a mint at Ashkelon probably also struck this type. It is likely that at least several small mints struck these imitative types.
JD97053. Silver obol, cf. Samaria Hoard pls. 45 - 50, SH269 ff.; Gitler-Tal 4.4.IX-X; SNG ANS 15 ff., aF, toned, squared flan (normal for the type), weight 0.738 g, maximum diameter 8.7 mm, die axis 90o, Gaza(?) mint, c. 375 - 333 B.C.; obverse head of Athena right, wearing crested Attic helmet with three olive leaves over visor and a spiral palmette on the bowl, hair in parallel bands, eye in profile; reverse owl standing right, wings closed, head facing, olive spray with one olive between two leaves and a crescent behind, AΘE downward on right, all in incuse square, no Aramaic inscription; $90.00 SALE PRICE $81.00


Seleukid Kingdom, Antiochus IX Cyzicenus, 114 - 95 B.C.

|Seleucid| |Kingdom|, |Seleukid| |Kingdom,| |Antiochus| |IX| |Cyzicenus,| |114| |-| |95| |B.C.||AE| |15|
After Antiochus IX's father died, his uncle Demetrius II Nicator took the throne. For his safety, his mother, Cleopatra Thea, sent him to Cyzicus (leading to his nickname). He returned to Syria in 116 B.C. to claim the throne from his half-brother Antiochus VIII Grypus, with whom he eventually divided Syria. He was killed in battle by the son of Grypus, Seleucus VI Epiphanes.
GY93776. Bronze AE 15, Houghton Lorber 2378(1), Babelon Rois 1509, SNG Spaer 2721, BMC Seleucid 32 - 34, VF, well centered, dark patina, highlighting earthen deposits, light marks, light corrosion, weight 2.202 g, maximum diameter 14.7 mm, die axis 0o, uncertain N. Syria, Phoenicia, or Coele Syria mint, 135 - 95 B.C.; obverse helmeted head of Athena right; reverse prow right, BAΣIΛEΩΣ / ANTIOXOY in two lines above, ΦIΛOΠATOPOΣ below; from the Errett Bishop Collection; rare; $80.00 SALE PRICE $72.00


Antoninus Pius, August 138 - 7 March 161 A.D., Iconium, Lycaonia

|Lycaonia|, |Antoninus| |Pius,| |August| |138| |-| |7| |March| |161| |A.D.,| |Iconium,| |Lycaonia||AE| |17|
Iconium, Lycaonia, is modern Konya, Turkey.

Lycaonia was bounded on the west by Pisidia, on the north by Galatia, on the east by Cappadocia, and on the south by the mountainous country of Isauria or Cilicia Tracheia.
RP97770. Bronze AE 17, RPC Online IV.3 T7259; vA Lykao 308; SNGvA 8648; SNG Hunterian I 2150; BMC Lycaonia p. 5, 7; Imhoof-Blumer KM p. 418, 7, VF, green patina, centered on a tight flan, porosity, scattered pits, edge flaw, weight 3.931 g, maximum diameter 19.3 mm, die axis 180o, Iconium (Konya, Turkey) mint, Aug 138 - 7 Mar 161 A.D.; obverse ANTONINVS AVG PIVS, laureate and draped bust right; reverse COL ICO, helmeted head of Athena right; $80.00 SALE PRICE $72.00




  



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REFERENCES|

de Callata, F. "Le monnayage d'argent au type d'Athna Parthnos mis au nom des Ainianes" in Obolos 7.
Houghton, A. "The Seleucid Mint of Mallus And the Cult Figure of Athena Magarsia" in Studies Mildenberg.
Imhoof-Blumer, F. "Die Flgelgestalten der Athena und Nike auf Mnzen" in NZ III (1871)., pp. 1 - 50.

Catalog current as of Thursday, May 26, 2022.
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