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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Themes & Provenance| ▸ |Gods, Olympians| ▸ |Apollo||View Options:  |  |  |   

Apollo

God of light, healing, music, poetry, prophecy, archery, and the arts. Symbols include the bow and the lyre. Artemis is his twin sister. Son of Zeus and Leto.

Seleukid Kingdom, Antiochus III the Great, 223 - 187 B.C.

|Seleucid| |Kingdom|, |Seleukid| |Kingdom,| |Antiochus| |III| |the| |Great,| |223| |-| |187| |B.C.||tetradrachm|
At the age of eighteen, Antiochus III inherited a disorganized state. Much of Anatolia had been lost and the easternmost provinces had revolted and broken away. After some initial defeats, Antiochus took Judaea from Ptolemaic Egypt and then conquered Anatolia, earning him the epithet "the Great." In 192 B.C. Antiochus invaded Greece with a 10,000-man army, and was elected the commander in chief of the Aetolian League. In 191 B.C., however, the Romans routed him at Thermopylae, forcing him to withdraw to Anatolia. The Romans followed up by invading Anatolia and defeating him again. By the Treaty of Apamea 188 B.C., Antiochus abandoned all territory north and west of the Taurus, most of which the Roman Republic gave either to Rhodes or to the Attalid ruler Eumenes II, its allies. Many Greek cities were left free. As a consequence of this blow to the Seleucid power, the provinces which had recovered by Antiochus, reasserted their independence. Antiochus mounted a fresh eastern expedition. He died while pillaging a temple of Bel at Elymas, Persia, in 187 B.C.
GY99759. Silver tetradrachm, Newell ESM 396 (A4/P16), SNG Spaer 727 (same dies), Houghton-Lorber I 1121.2c, HGC 9 447bb, gVF, excellent portrait, light marks, weight 17.001 g, maximum diameter 29.2 mm, die axis 0o, "rose" (Edessa?) mint, 213 - 187 B.C.; obverse Antiochos diademed head right, dotted border; reverse Apollo naked seated left on omphalos, examining arrow in right hand, resting left hand on bow grounded behind, cornucopia outer left, BAΣIΛEΩΣ (king) downward on right, ANT-IOXOY downward on left, rose (control) outer left, AT monogram outer right; $650.00 SALE PRICE $585.00


Vitellius, 2 January - 20 December 69 A.D., Ancient Counterfeit

|Vitellius|, |Vitellius,| |2| |January| |-| |20| |December| |69| |A.D.,| |Ancient| |Counterfeit||denarius|
"This refers to Vitellius' membership in the priestly college of the quindecimviri Sacris Faciundis, 'fifteen men for the conduct of sacred matters.' This body had care of the Sibylline prophecies and were famous for the opulence of their banquets, a feature of the priesthood which particularly appealed to the gluttonous emperor." -- David R. Sear, Roman Coins and Their Values
RS99193. Fouree silver plated denarius, cf. RIC I 109, RSC II 111, BMCRE I 39, BnF III 77, Hunter I 18, SRCV I 2201 (official, solid silver, Rome mint, legend variations), VF, toned, small plating breaks, tiny edge splits, weight 2.984 g, maximum diameter 18.1 mm, die axis 255o, unofficial, counterfeiter's mint, c. 69 A.D.; obverse A VITELLIVG GERM IMP AVO TR P (sic), laureate head right; reverse XV VIR CICR FAC (sic) (fifteen men for the conduct of sacred matters), tripod-lebes of Apollo, dolphin right on top, raven standing right on strut below lebes; ex CNG e-auction 500 (22 Sep 2021), 735 (part of); ex Mercury Group Collection, ex Mike Vosper (25 Jan 2005); $350.00 SALE PRICE $315.00


Seleukid Kingdom, Antiochus II Theos, 261 - 246 B.C.

|Seleucid| |Kingdom|, |Seleukid| |Kingdom,| |Antiochus| |II| |Theos,| |261| |-| |246| |B.C.||AE| |17|
Antiochus II Theos was the son of Antiochus I and Princess Stratonice, the daughter of Demetrius Poliorcetes. He inherited a state of war with Egypt and while he was thus occupied, his satraps in Parthia and Bactria declared independence. To make peace with Egypt and to seal the treaty, Antiochus repudiated his wife Laodice I, exiled her to Ephesus, and married Ptolemy II's daughter Berenice. Antiochus later left Berenice and their infant son Antiochus, to live again with Laodice. Laodice poisoned him, had Berenice and her infant son murdered, and proclaimed her son Seleucus II as king.
GY99608. Bronze AE 17, Houghton-Lorber I 592, Newell ESM 196, HGC 9 268 (R2), VF, dark green patina with highlighting earthen deposits, weight 3.964 g, maximum diameter 17.1 mm, die axis 0o, Seleukeia on the Tigris (south of Baghdad, Iraq) mint, c. 250 - 246 B.C.; obverse helmeted and draped bust of Athena slightly left, wearing triple crested helmet; reverse Apollo seated right on omphalos, holding kithara on lap with right hand, tall tripod lebes behind on left, BAΣIΛEΩΣ downward on right, ANTIOXOY downward on left, monograms (controls) outer left and outer right; ex CNG e-auction 513 (6 Apr 2022), lot 178; this coin is the only specimen of this type recorded on Coin Archives in the last two decades; very rare; $250.00 SALE PRICE $225.00


Grynion, Aeolis, c. 350 - 306 B.C.

|Aeolis|, |Grynion,| |Aeolis,| |c.| |350| |-| |306| |B.C.||AE| |19|NEW
Grynion was a small city mentioned from the 5th century B.C. onwards as a vassal of the Persians and as a member of the 1st Athenian League. The oracle of Apollo Gryneios at Gryneum was the religious and political center of the Aeolis. It belonged to the territory of Myrina in Hellenistic times. Its ruins, not yet fully explored, are near Aliaga, 15 km south of Yeni Sakran, Turkey, near the Aegean coast.
GB110031. Bronze AE 19, SNGvA 7689; SNG Cop 202; BMC Troas p. 133, 1, VF, fantastic style, well centered, blue-green patina, weight 5.072 g, maximum diameter 18.5 mm, Grynion (near Aliaga, Turkey) mint, c. 350 - 306 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo facing, slightly left; reverse mussel shell, ΓYPNHΩN above; rare; $200.00 SALE PRICE $180.00 ON RESERVE


Kyrene, Kyrenaika, N. Africa, c. 325 - 313 B.C.

|Kyrenaica|, |Kyrene,| |Kyrenaika,| |N.| |Africa,| |c.| |325| |-| |313| |B.C.||AE| |15|
Silphium, which is now extinct, was so critical to the Kyrenian economy that most of their coins depict it. The plant was used as a spice and to treat all kinds of maladies including cough, sore throat, fever, indigestion, pain, and warts. It was so widely used as a contraceptive that it was worth its weight in denarii. The traditional heart shape, the symbol of love, is probably derived from the shape of the silphium seed due to the use of silphium as a contraceptive.

"By the next day this maiden and all her girlish apparel had disappeared, and in the room were found images of the Dioscuri, a table, and silphium upon it." - Description of Greece, Pausanias 3.16.3, 2nd Century A.D.
GB91339. Bronze AE 15, Asolati 12/2; Mller Afrique 229; Buttrey Cyrene 12, SNG Cop 1226; BMC Cyrenaica p. 45, 198, F, green patina, earthen encrustations, reverse off center, weight 3.690 g, maximum diameter 15.0 mm, Kyrene (near Shahhat, Libya) mint, 325 - 313 B.C.; obverse head of Apollo Carneius right, short curly hair, THP (magistrate) upward behind; reverse triple silphium plant, seen from above, K-Y-P around divided by members, all within a round incuse; rare; $95.00 SALE PRICE $85.50


Seleukid Kingdom, Achaios, Usurper in Anatolia, c. 220 - Autumn/Winter 214 B.C.

|Seleucid| |Kingdom|, |Seleukid| |Kingdom,| |Achaios,| |Usurper| |in| |Anatolia,| |c.| |220| |-| |Autumn/Winter| |214| |B.C.||AE| |18|
Achaios (Achaeus) was an uncle of Antiochos III. In 223 B.C., Antiochus III appointed Achaeus to the command of Anatolia on the western side of Mount Taurus. Achaeus recovered all the districts which had been lost; but was falsely accused by Hermeias, the minister to Antiochus, of intending to revolt. In self-defense he assumed the title of king. Antiochus marched against Achaeus after he concluded the war with Ptolemy. After a two-year siege of his capital of Sardes, Lydia, Achaios was captured and beheaded.
GY97879. Bronze AE 18, Houghton-Lorber I 955(1)a, Newell WSM 1441, HGC 9 435 (R2), VF, green patina, flan crack, light deposits/encrustations, weight 3.314 g, maximum diameter 18.0 mm, die axis 0o, Lydia, Sardes (Sart, Turkey) mint, c. 220 - autumn/winter 214 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo right, hair down neck in formal (corkscrew) curls; reverse eagle standing right, head right, wings closed, transverse palm frond on far side, BAΣIΛEΩΣ (king) downward on right, AXAIOY downward on left, no controls visible; rare; $90.00 SALE PRICE $81.00


Kolophon, Ionia, 330 - 285 B.C.

|Colophon|, |Kolophon,| |Ionia,| |330| |-| |285| |B.C.||dichalkon|
After the death of Alexander the Great, Perdiccas expelled the Athenian settlers on Samos to Kolophon. Antigonus controlled Kolophon until general Prepelaus sized the area for Lysimachus in 302 B.C. Lysimachus destroyed Kolophon (and Lebedos) and forced the survivors to emigrate to Ephesos, c. 285 B.C. After Lysimachus' death in 281, Kolophon was reestablished, but it never fully recovered.
GB98895. Bronze dichalkon, Milne Kolophon 103 ff. var.; SNG Cop 151 var.; Milne Kolophon 105(c) var.; BMC Ionia p. 38, 23 var.; SNGvA 2011 var. (none with this magistrate), aVF, green patina, porosity/pitting, weight 2.246 g, maximum diameter 14.1 mm, die axis 0o, Kolophon (near Degirmendere Fev, Turkey) mint, 330 - 285 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo right, hair in loose locks; reverse forepart of galloping bridled horse right, ∆IONYΣATH (or similar, magistrate's name) upward on left, KOΛ below; $90.00 SALE PRICE $81.00


Gallic Tribes, Volcae-Arecomici, Nimes Area, Gaul, c. 120 - 49 B.C., Imitating Massalia

|Gaul|, |Gallic| |Tribes,| |Volcae-Arecomici,| |Nimes| |Area,| |Gaul,| |c.| |120| |-| |49| |B.C.,| |Imitating| |Massalia||obol|
Lighter cruder specimens of this head of Apollo / wheel type, have traditionally been identified as very late obols struck at Massalia. More recent research indicates finds are overwhelmingly centered in an area west of Massalia. They were almost certainly struck by the Volcae Arecomici, a Gallic tribe dwelling between the Rhne and the Hrault rivers, around present-day Nmes.
GS99626. Silver obol, cf. Maurel 493, VF, dark toning, flow lines, flan much smaller than the dies, weight 0.540 g, maximum diameter 9.5 mm, die axis 0o, Volcae-Arecomici mint, c. 120 - 49 B.C.; obverse crude bare head of Apollo left (nose, mouth and chin off flan); reverse four-spoke wheel, between spokes M-A; ex CNG, ex Richard L. Horst Collection; $90.00 SALE PRICE $81.00


Titus, 24 June 79 - 13 September 81 A.D., Germe ad Rhyndakos, Mysia

|Other| |Mysia|, |Titus,| |24| |June| |79| |-| |13| |September| |81| |A.D.,| |Germe| |ad| |Rhyndakos,| |Mysia||AE| |22|
There were two towns named Germe: Germe ad Rhyndakos near Pergamum in Mysia and Germa ad Caicus in Lydia. BMC and SNG Cop include the city under Lydia, but recent scholarship indicates only Germe ad Rhyndakos in Mysia struck coins.
RP97866. Bronze AE 22, Ehling 35 - 46; BMC Lydia p. 82, 14; RPC Online II 926 (15 spec); SNG Righetti 710; SNG Lewis 1356; Lindgren III 460; SNG Cop -, aVF, green patina with some chipping, scratches, oval flan, weight 3.408 g, maximum diameter 22.0 mm, die axis 0o, Mysia, Germe ad Rhyndakos mint, 24 Jun 79 - 13 Sep 81 A.D.; obverse AYTO T KAI CEBAC, laureate head right; reverse ΓEPMHNWN, Apollo standing facing, head left, patera in right hand, kithara (lyre) in left hand; scarce; $80.00 SALE PRICE $72.00


Adramytion, Mysia, 2nd Century B.C.

|Other| |Mysia|, |Adramytion,| |Mysia,| |2nd| |Century| |B.C.||AE| |20|
Adramytteion was a coastal town northwest of Pergamon in Mysia, said to be founded by Adramys, brother of King Kroisos. In classical times, Adramyttium received settlers from Athens and Delos. It later belonged to the Roman province of Asia, whose capital was Ephesus. The ancient city with its harbor has entirely disappeared. Paul, while being taken as prisoner from Caesarea to Rome, embarked upon a ship belonging to Adramyttium (Acts 27:2). It conveyed him only to Myra, in Lycia, from which he sailed on an Alexandrian ship for Italy.
GB99076. Bronze AE 20, SNG BnF 22; SNG Cop 7; AMNG IV p. 17, 35; BMC Mysia p. 3, 7; Waddington 612; SNGvA 1052 var. (no bow or quiver), aVF, attractive style, brown tone, slightly rough, inscription obscure, weight 6.543 g, maximum diameter 20.1 mm, die axis 0o, Adramytion (Edremit, Turkey) mint, 2nd century B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo left, hair tied at the back with two locks falling down neck, bow and quiver at shoulder; reverse cornucopia overflowing with grain, pomegranate, and a bunch of grapes hanging down to the left, flanked by two pilei (caps of the Dioscuri) with stars above, A∆PA-MY/TH-NΩN in two lines above and below caps; $80.00 SALE PRICE $72.00




  



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