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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Themes & Provenance| ▸ |Gods, Olympians| ▸ |Ares or Mars||View Options:  |  |  |   

Ares or Mars

God of war and bloodshed. Symbols include the boar and the spear. Son of Zeus and Hera.


Augustus, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D.

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The reverse legend refers to sacrifices Augustus made to Jupiter prior to his departure for Gaul in 16 B.C. The reverse legend abbreviates, "Vota Publica Suscepta Pro Salute et Reditu Iovi Optimo Maximo Sacrata," which means, "public sacrifices have been made to holy Jupiter, the best and greatest, for the well-being and the [safe] return [of the Emperor]."
SH84730. Silver denarius, RIC I 150b (R4), RSC I 326, BMCRE I 438, BnF I 1242, Hunter I 187 var. (obv. head right), SRCV I 1641 var. (same), Nice EF, light toning with luster in recesses, nice portrait, reverse slightly off center, some obverse die wear, weight 3.922 g, maximum diameter 20.5 mm, die axis 180o, Colonia Patricia (Cordoba, Spain) mint, c. Jul 17 - 16 B.C.; obverse S P Q R CAESARI AVGVSTO, bare head left, linear border; reverse VOT P SVSC PRO SAL ET RED I O M SACR, Mars standing left, helmeted, nude but for cloak on shoulders and left arm, vexillum vertical before him in right hand, parazonium sloped over left shoulder in left hand, linear border; this is the first ever example of this rare type handled by Forum, from the Marcelo Leal Collection; very rare; SOLD


Nero, 13 October 54 - 9 June 68 A.D.

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From the Tony Hardy Collection. Ex-CNG 9/05 #876, which says: "This monumental triumphal arch was erected by Nero to commemorate Roman military campaigns against the Parthians in Mesopotamia and Armenia. Although not particularly successful in a military sense, with Paetus losing almost his entire army at Randeia in Armenia, the war did end with a peace treaty favorable to Rome that was upheld for nearly fifty years. This coin type is vitally important for architectural historians, for the arch was dismantled after Nero's ignominious end in 68 A.D., and is only known through its depiction on the coins."
SH21439. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC I 143, BMCRE I 183, Cohen 307, SRCV I 1962, Choice VF, weight 28.621 g, maximum diameter 36.3 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, c. 64 A.D.; obverse NERO CLAVD CAESAR AVG GER PM TR P IMP P P, laureate head right, wearing aegis; reverse S - C, triumphal arch; on top statue of Nero in quadriga, Victory on left, Pax on right; wreath in arch, nude helmeted statue of Mars in side niche; of superior style, execution and eye appeal, Tiber patina, scattered encrustation, evenly struck on a broad flan; SOLD


Nero, 13 October 54 - 9 June 68 A.D.

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The "Lost Arch of Nero" was decreed by the Senate in 58 A.D. to commemorate the eastern victory of Cn. Domitius Corduba. It was located on Capitoline Hill. It was demolished shortly after Nero's downfall. No trace remains today.
SL85477. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC I 147, BMCRE I 187, BnF II 287, Cohen I 308, SRCV I 1962, NGC Ch VF, strike 5/5, surface 3/5, fine style, light smoothing (3762373-001), weight 27.57 g, maximum diameter c. 34 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, c. 64 A.D.; obverse NERO CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG GER P M TR P IMP P P, laureate bust right, aegis on neck; reverse triumphal arch; surmounted by statue of Nero in a facing quadriga, led by Pax on left and Victory on right, and flanked below by two soldiers; front ornamented with statue of Mars in a niche and bas-reliefs of small figures; garland hanging in arch, S - C (senatus consulto) flanking; ex Stacks NYINC Auction (8 Jan 2016), lot 31152; ex Rockaway Collection; SOLD


Nero, 13 October 54 - 9 June 68 A.D.

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The Lost Arch of Nero. This arch is undoubtedly the one that Tacitus says was voted to Nero for Corbulo's victory in Armenia in 58, and that he further reports was being constructed "in the middle of the Capitoline Hill" in 62, despite a successful invasion of Armenia by the Parthians in that year. No traces of the arch have ever been found. The arch was completely destroyed either shortly after Nero's death with the damnatio memoriae Nero received when the senate proclaimed him an enemy of the state, or in one of the two fires that consumed the Capitoline hill in 69 and 80
SH73161. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC I 392, BMCRE I 329, BnF II 77, Cohen I 307, Mac Dowall WCN 410, Choice gVF, superb portrait, excellent detail in arch ornamentation, weight 25.245 g, maximum diameter 34.8 mm, die axis 180o, Lugdunum (Lyon, France) mint, c. 65 A.D.; obverse NERO CLAVD CAESAR AVG GER PM TR P IMP P P, laureate head right, globe at point of bust; reverse triumphal arch; surmounted by statue of Nero in a facing quadriga, led by Pax on left and Victory on right, and flanked below by two soldiers; front ornamented with statue of Mars in a niche and bas-reliefs of small figures; garland hanging in arch; SOLD


Augustus, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D.

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Augustus built the temple of Mars the Avenger on the Capitol to house the recovered legionary eagles, which had been lost by Crassus and Antony to the Parthians.
SH85107. Silver denarius, RIC I 105b, BMCRE I 375, BMCRR Rome 4421, BnF I 1205, RSC I 192, SRCV I 1623 var. (head right), EF, light tone on mint luster, well centered on a tight flan, some obverse die wear, weight 3.844 g, maximum diameter 17.8 mm, die axis 180o, Colonia Patricia (Cordoba, Spain) mint, 18 B.C.; obverse CAESARI AVGVSTO, laureate head left; reverse Temple of Mars Ultor (Mars the Avenger), domed round hexastyle shrine with acroteria, set on podium of three steps, containing aquila between two signa militaria, MAR - VLT divided across the field; SOLD


Roman Republic, P. Fonteius P.f. Capito, 55 B.C.

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The moneyer was likely a nephew of Manius Fonteius and possibly a friend of Cicero. The reverse probably depicts the exploits of his uncle while governor of Narbonese Gaul, 76 - 73 B.C. His uncle was also a moneyer, striking c. 85 B.C.
SH58589. Silver denarius, Crawford 429/1, Sydenham 900, RSC I Fonteia 17, SRCV I 392, VF, weight 3.875 g, maximum diameter 17.6 mm, die axis 30o, Rome mint, 55 B.C.; obverse PēFONTEIVSēPēF CAPITOēIIIēVIR, helmeted and draped bust of Mars right, trophy over shoulder; reverse MN FONT ē TR MIL, warrior on horseback thrusting his spear at a Gaulish enemy who is about to slay an unarmed kneeling captive; ex Harlan Berk; scarce; SOLD


Persian Empire, Tarkumuwa (Datames), Satrap of Cilicia & Cappadocia, c. 384 - 362 B.C., Tarsus, Cilicia

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Datames' enemies in Artaxerxes' court accused him, perhaps falsely, of intending to revolt against the Great King. Secretly warned, he then did, in fact, revolt, c. 370 B.C. The revolt appeared to be leading to a breakup of the entire western half of the empire into autonomous states. His own son's desertion to Artaxerxes was, however, the beginning of the end, which came when Datames was assassinated, c. 362 B.C.
SH43359. Silver stater, SNG Cop 277 ff., SNGvA 5936 - 5939, SNG Lockett 3048, SGCV II 5644, BMC Lycaonia p. 167, 28 - 29, VF, obv struck with worn dies, weight 10.792 g, maximum diameter 22.6 mm, die axis 45o, Tarsos (Tarsus, Mersin, Turkey) mint, obverse female head facing slightly left, wearing earring and necklace; reverse Aramaic legend TRDMW (Datames) on right, bearded and helmeted male head (Ares?) right, wearing crested Athenian helmet; ex Baldwin; SOLD


Augustus, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D.

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Augustus built the temple of Mars the Avenger on the Capitol to house the recovered legionary eagles, which had been lost by Crassus and Antony to the Parthians.
SH16134. Silver denarius, SRCV I 1623, RIC I 105a, BMCRE I 373, BnF 1202, RSC I 190, nice VF, weight 3.731 g, maximum diameter 18.7 mm, die axis 180o, Colonia Patricia (Cordoba, Spain) mint, 18 B.C.; obverse CAESARI AVGVSTO, laureate head right; reverse MAR VLT, dome-shaped hexastyle temple of Mars Ultor containing two standards and legionary eagle; beautiful coin, lightly toned; SOLD


Vitellius, 2 January - 20 December 69 A.D.

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Struck in 69 A.D., the Year of the Four Emperors. Vitellius invoked Mars for support against Otho after, according to Tacitus, he was brought the sword of Julius Caesar taken from the temple Mars, signifying he had been elected emperor by the consent of both armies of Germany.
SH70625. Copper as, RIC I 40, BMCRE I 99, Cohen I 25, BnF III 16, VF, weight 11.606 g, maximum diameter 27.7 mm, die axis 225o, Tarraco(?) mint, Jan - Jun 69 A.D.; obverse A VITELLIVS IMP GERMAN, laureate head left, globe at point of bust; reverse CONSENSVS EXERCITVVM (with the consent of the Army), Mars advancing left, nude but for cloak, spear in right hand, aquila with vexillum in left, S - C across field; ex Roma Numismatics e-sale 3 (30 Nov 2013), lot 509; scarce; SOLD


Vespasian, 1 July 69 - 24 June 79 A.D.

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SH26139. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC II 447, VF, corrosion, weight 25.111 g, maximum diameter 34.4 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 71 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M TR P P P COS III, laureate head right; reverse S C, Mars, helmeted, advancing right, trophy across shoulder in left hand, spear in right; Tiber tone, superb Mars style!; SOLD




  




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Ares or Mars