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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Themes & Provenance| ▸ |Gods, Olympians| ▸ |Ares or Mars||View Options:  |  |  | 

Ares or Mars

God of war and bloodshed. Symbols include the boar and the spear. Son of Zeus and Hera.

Phalanna, Thessaly, Greece, c. 360 - 280 B.C.

|Thessaly|, |Phalanna,| |Thessaly,| |Greece,| |c.| |360| |-| |280| |B.C.||trichalkon|NEW
Coins of Phalanna (a few miles northwest of Larissa on the left bank of the Peneius) are scarce. There was also a Phalanna on Crete, colonized by Thessalians from Phalanna in Thessaly.
GB110562. Bronze trichalkon, BCD Thessaly II 593; BMC Thessaly p. 41, 8; SNG Cop 203; SNG Munchen 150; HGC 4 171, VF, dark tone, marks, small edge crack, reverse off center, weight 4.068 g, maximum diameter 17.8 mm, die axis 180o, Phalanna (near Damasouli, Greece) mint, c. 360 - 280 B.C.; obverse head of young male (Ares?) right; reverse ΦAΛANNAIWN, head of nymph Phalanna to right, hair in sakkos; scarce city; $90.00 SALE PRICE $81.00


Amisos, Pontos, c. 105 - 85 B.C.

|Pontos|, |Amisos,| |Pontos,| |c.| |105| |-| |85| |B.C.||AE| |21|
Amisos was settled c. 760 - 750 B.C. by people from Miletus, who established a flourishing trade relationship with the ancient peoples of Anatolia. When this coin was struck Amisos was part of the Kingdom of Pontus. The city came under Roman control in 47 B.C. Amisos today is Samsun, a city of about half a million people on the north coast of Turkey.
GB99018. Bronze AE 21, SNG Cop 155, SNG Stancomb 680; HGC 7 241; SNG BM 1165 var. (no right side monograms), BMC Pontus p. 17, 50 var. (same), gVF, dark patina, highlighting earthen deposits, flan adjustment marks, tight flan, mild porosity, weight 8.072 g, maximum diameter 21.1 mm, die axis 0o, Amisos (Samsun, Turkey) mint, struck under Mithradates VI, c. 105 - 85 B.C.; obverse head of Ares right in crested helmet; reverse sword in sheath with strap, AMI-ΣOY divided across field, star in crescent upper left, IB upper right, lower left, monogram lower right; $80.00 SALE PRICE $72.00


Sinope, Paphlagonia, c. 105 - 85 B.C.

|Paphlagonia|, |Sinope,| |Paphlagonia,| |c.| |105| |-| |85| |B.C.||AE| |21|
Sinope, founded from Miletus about 630 B.C., was a flourishing city, preeminent in Paphlagonia. In 183 B.C. it was captured by Pharnaces I and became the capital of the kingdom of Pontus. Lucullus conquered Sinope for Rome in 70, and Julius Caesar established a Roman colony there, Colonia Julia Felix, in 47 B.C.
GB99015. Bronze AE 21, SNG BM Black Sea 1528; SNG Stancomb 795; Rec Gn p. 196, 67; BMC Pontus p. 100, 50; HGC 7 418, gVF, dark green patina, porous, a few pits, off center, weight 7.378 g, maximum diameter 20.5 mm, die axis 0o, Sinope (Sinop, Turkey) mint, struck under Mithradates VI, c. 105 - 85 B.C.; obverse head of Ares right in crested helmet; reverse sword in sheath with strap, ΣINΩ−ΠHΣ divided across field; $70.00 SALE PRICE $63.00


Amisos, Pontos, c. 105 - 85 B.C.

|Pontos|, |Amisos,| |Pontos,| |c.| |105| |-| |85| |B.C.||AE| |21|
Amisos was settled c. 760 - 750 B.C. by people from Miletus, who established a flourishing trade relationship with the ancient peoples of Anatolia. Amisos came under the rule of the Persian Empire, Alexander the Great's Macedonian Empire, and then the Kingdom of Pontus. The Romans took control in 47 B.C. and Amisos remained within the Byzantine Empire after the fall of Rome. In 1200, the city was captured by the Seljuks, to be later taken over by the Ilhanlilar. Amisos today is Samsun, a city of about half a million people on the north coast of Turkey.
GB99016. Bronze AE 21, SNG BM Black Sea 1149; SNG Stancomb 676; SNG Cop 148; SNGvA 64; Rec Gn p. 54, 29; BMC Pontus p. 17, 40; HGC 7 241, gF, dark green patina, scratches, small edge split, weight 7.284 g, maximum diameter 20.6 mm, die axis 0o, Amisos (Samsun, Turkey) mint, struck under Mithradates VI, c. 105 - 85 B.C.; obverse helmeted head of young Ares right; reverse sword in sheath with strap, AMI-ΣOY divided across field; $70.00 SALE PRICE $63.00


Romano-British Empire, Carausius, Mid 286 - Spring or Early Summer 293 A.D.

|Carausius|, |Romano-British| |Empire,| |Carausius,| |Mid| |286| |-| |Spring| |or| |Early| |Summer| |293| |A.D.||antoninianus|
Although Ares was viewed by the Greeks primarily as destructive and destabilizing, worthy of contempt and revulsion, for the Romans, Mars was a father (pater) of the Roman people. He was the father of Romulus and Remus, the legendary founders of Rome. In early Rome, he was second in importance only to Jupiter, and the most prominent of the military gods in the religion of the Roman army. Most of his festivals were held in March, the month named for him (Latin Martius), and in October, which began and ended the season for military campaigning and farming.
RA73268. Billon antoninianus, RIC V-2 844 (S), Webb 940, Hunter IV -, SRCV IV -, aF, well centered, nice green patina, weight 3.971 g, maximum diameter 22.1 mm, die axis 180o, uncertain British mint, c. mid 286 - 287; obverse IMP CARAVSIVS P AVG, radiate and draped bust right, early reign "moustache" portrait; reverse MARS VICTOR (Mars the Victor), Mars advancing right, nude except for helmet and cloak tied in belt at waist and flying behind, transverse spear in right hand, trophy of captured arms over left shoulder in left hand, no field marks, nothing in exergue; from the Charles Peters Carausius Collection; scarce; $50.00 SALE PRICE $45.00


Gallienus, August 253 - September 268 A.D.

|Gallienus|, |Gallienus,| |August| |253| |-| |September| |268| |A.D.||antoninianus|
Mars is usually depicted nude and Virtus in military garb, but this figure is identified as Mars because it appears to be male.
RA94172. Billon antoninianus, Gbl MIR 636a, RSC IV 1322, Cunetio 1278, Normanby 264, SRCV III 10416, RIC V-1 S330 (S) corr. (obv. leg.), Hunter IV - (p. lxiv), aVF, tight flan cutting off much of legend, ragged edge, weight 1.953 g, maximum diameter 18.5 mm, die axis 180o, 10th offficina, Rome mint, 261 - 262 A.D.; obverse GALLIENVS AVG, radiate head right; reverse VIRTVS AVGVSTI (to the valor of the Emperor), Mars (or Virtus) standing left, helmeted, right foot on helmet, wearing military garb, olive branch in right hand, inverted spear in left, foot on helmet, X left; scarce; $50.00 SALE PRICE $45.00


Augustus, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D.

|Augustus|, |Augustus,| |16| |January| |27| |B.C.| |-| |19| |August| |14| |A.D.||denarius|
The reverse legend refers to sacrifices Augustus made to Jupiter prior to his departure for Gaul in 16 B.C. The reverse legend abbreviates, "Vota Publica Suscepta Pro Salute et Reditu Iovi Optimo Maximo Sacrata," which means, "public sacrifices have been made to holy Jupiter, the best and greatest, for the well-being and the [safe] return [of the Emperor]."
SH84730. Silver denarius, RIC I 150b (R4), RSC I 326, BMCRE I 438, BnF I 1242, Hunter I 187 var. (obv. head right), SRCV I 1641 var. (same), Nice EF, light toning with luster in recesses, nice portrait, reverse slightly off center, some obverse die wear, weight 3.922 g, maximum diameter 20.5 mm, die axis 180o, Colonia Patricia (Cordoba, Spain) mint, c. Jul 17 - 16 B.C.; obverse S P Q R CAESARI AVGVSTO, bare head left, linear border; reverse VOT P SVSC PRO SAL ET RED I O M SACR, Mars standing left, helmeted, nude but for cloak on shoulders and left arm, vexillum vertical before him in right hand, parazonium sloped over left shoulder in left hand, linear border; this is the first ever example of this rare type handled by Forum, from the Marcelo Leal Collection; very rare; SOLD


Roman Republic, First Triumvirate, P. Fonteius P.f. Capito, 55 B.C.

|99-50| |B.C.|, |Roman| |Republic,| |First| |Triumvirate,| |P.| |Fonteius| |P.f.| |Capito,| |55| |B.C.||denarius|
The moneyer was likely a nephew of Manius Fonteius and possibly a friend of Cicero. The reverse probably depicts the exploits of his uncle while governor of Narbonese Gaul, 76 - 73 B.C. His uncle was also a moneyer, striking c. 85 B.C.
SH58589. Silver denarius, Crawford 429/1, Sydenham 900, RSC I Fonteia 17, BMCRR Rome 3851, Russo RBW 1536, SRCV I 392, VF, weight 3.875 g, maximum diameter 17.6 mm, die axis 30o, Rome mint, 55 B.C.; obverse P·FONTEIVS·P·F·CAPITO·III·VIR, helmeted and draped bust of Mars right, trophy of arms behind; reverse MN FONT · TR MIL (Manius Fonteius tribunus militum), warrior on horseback galloping right, thrusting his spear at a helmeted Gaulish enemy, Gaul holds a sword and an oval shield, and is about to slay an unarmed kneeling captive; ex Harlan J. Berk; scarce; SOLD


Romano-British Empire, Carausius, Mid 286 - Spring or Early Summer 293 A.D.

|Carausius|, |Romano-British| |Empire,| |Carausius,| |Mid| |286| |-| |Spring| |or| |Early| |Summer| |293| |A.D.||antoninianus|
The obverse and reverse legends and types are known from the London mint with III in the exergue (RIC V 88 (R2), Web Carausius 114). This variety, perhaps unofficial, is unpublished in the many references examined by Forum. We also could not find an example online. This is the only example known to Forum.
RA73474. Billon antoninianus, Apparently unpublished; RIC V-2 -; Webb Carausius -; Casey -; SRCV IV -; Hunter IV -; Linchmere Hoard -; Bicester Hoard -; et al. -, VF, nice green patina, attractive style, parts of legends weak, reverse slightly off center, some marks, small encrustations, weight 2.547 g, maximum diameter 22.5 mm, die axis 0o, Camulodunum (Colchester, England) or unofficial mint, c. mid 286 - early 287; obverse IMP CARAVSIVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, early reign moustache portrait type; reverse [MARS] VICTO[R?], Mars walking right, transverse spear in right hand, trophy of captured arms across left shoulder in left hand, [M?]CXX in exergue; from the Charles Peters Carausius Collection; possibly unique!; SOLD







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