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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Themes & Provenance| ▸ |Gods, Olympians| ▸ |Poseidon or Neptune||View Options:  |  |  | 

Poseidon or Neptune

Poseidon was one of the twelve Olympians, god of the sea, earthquakes, storms, and horses. Poseidon became lord of the sea following the defeat of his father Cronus, when the world was divided by lot among his three sons: Zeus was given the sky, Hades the underworld, and Poseidon the sea, with the Earth and Mount Olympus belonging to all three. Poseidon was protector of seafarers and of many cities, but was also known to be bad-tempered, moody, and vengeful when insulted. He could create springs with a strike of his trident. His Roman equivalent is Neptune.

Macedonian Kingdom, Demetrios I Poliorketes, 306 - 283 B.C.

|Macedonian| |Kingdom|, |Macedonian| |Kingdom,| |Demetrios| |I| |Poliorketes,| |306| |-| |283| |B.C.||AE| |12|
Demetrius I Poliorketes (The Besieger), son of Antigonus I Monophthalmus, was given the title king by his father in 306 B.C. after he defeated Ptolemy I at the Battle of Salamis. In 294 he seized the throne of Macedonia by murdering Alexander V. The combined forces of Pyrrhus, Ptolemy and Lysimachus, forced him out of Macedonia in 288. Abandoned by his troops on the field of battle he surrendered to Seleucus in 286 and died in captivity in 283 B.C.
GB99391. Bronze AE 12, HGC 3 1031 (R2); Newell 62 var. (control); AMNG III p. 181, 7 var. (control); SNG Cop -; SNG Alpha Bank -, VF, obverse off center, weight 2.013 g, maximum diameter 11.5 mm, die axis 180o, uncertain western Anatolian mint, c. 298 - 295 B.C.; obverse prow of war galley left, Athena on deck standing left blowing trumpet and holding stylis; reverse Poseidon Pelagaios standing left, brandishing trident with right hand, nude but for chlamys draped over extended left arm, B-A (BAΣIΛΕΩΣ - king) divided low across field (off flan), monogram (control) right; very rare; $70.00 SALE PRICE $56.00


Roman Republic, Sextus Pompey, Imperator and Prefect of the Fleet, Executed 35 B.C., Portrait of Pompey the Great

|Pompeians|, |Roman| |Republic,| |Sextus| |Pompey,| |Imperator| |and| |Prefect| |of| |the| |Fleet,| |Executed| |35| |B.C.,| |Portrait| |of| |Pompey| |the| |Great||denarius|
Struck by Sextus Pompey after his victory over Salvidienus and relates to his acclamation as the Son of Neptune. Although Sextus Pompey was the supreme naval commander, Octavian had the Senate declare him a public enemy. He turned to piracy and came close to defeating Octavian. He was, however, defeated by Marcus Agrippa at the naval battle of Naulochus (3 September 36 B.C.). He was executed by order of Mark Antony in 35 B.C.
SH85112. Silver denarius, Crawford 511/3a, RSC I Pompey the Great 17, Sydenham 1344, BMCRR Sicily 7, Sear CRI 334, SRCV I 1392, VF, light toning, luster in recesses, tight flan, die wear, part of edge ragged, weight 3.908 g, maximum diameter 19.7 mm, die axis 180o, Sicilian mint, 42 - 40 B.C.; obverse MAG PIVS IMP ITER, head of Pompey the Great right, between capis and lituus (augural symbols); reverse Neptune standing left, right foot on prow, nude but for chlamys on left arm, holding apluster, flanked by the Catanaean brothers, Anapias and Amphinomus, running in opposite directions with their parents on their shoulders, PRAEF above, CLAS ET ORAE / MARIT EX S C in two lines in exergue; scarce; SOLD


Messana, Sicily, c. 330 - 325 B.C.

|Messana|, |Messana,| |Sicily,| |c.| |330| |-| |325| |B.C.||tetras|
Founded in the 8th century B.C., until the 5th century Messina was called Zancle, meaning "scythe" because of the shape of its harbor. Carthage sacked the city in 397 B.C. and then Dionysius I of Syracuse conquered it. In 288 B.C. the Mamertine mercenaries seized the city by treachery, killing all the men and taking the women as their wives. The city became a base from which they ravaged the countryside, leading to conflict with Syracuse. Initially Carthage assisted the Mamertines. When Syracuse attacked a second time, the Mamertines asked Rome for help. Rome was initially reluctant, but allied with the Mamertines to limit Carthaginian power. In 264 B.C., Roman troops were deployed to Sicily, the first time a Roman army acted outside the Italian Peninsula. At the end of the First Punic War, Messana was a free city allied with Rome.
SH70588. Bronze tetras, HGC 2 840 (R1, same dies); Caltabiano 751 - 752 (D20/-); Calciati I p. 52, 16; SNG Cop 421; SNG Munchen 674; SNG ANS -; BMC Sicily -, Choice VF, nice style, nice strike, nice patina, weight 5.033 g, maximum diameter 16.1 mm, die axis 135o, Messana (Messina, Sicily, Italy) mint, c. 330 - 325 B.C.; obverse ΠOΣEIΔANTN, laureate head of Poseidon left, Δ (mark of value) behind; reverse M-E-Σ-Σ-A-NI-ON, ornate trident head, flanked on each side by a dolphin with head down; rare; SOLD


Claudius II Gothicus, September 268 - August or September 270 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt

|Claudius| |II|, |Claudius| |II| |Gothicus,| |September| |268| |-| |August| |or| |September| |270| |A.D.,| |Roman| |Provincial| |Egypt||tetradrachm|
RX38370. Billon tetradrachm, Dattari 5407, Milne 4252, Geissen 3045, SRCV III 11414, Emmett 3893, SNG Cop -, choice gVF, bold, weight 10.538 g, maximum diameter 20.9 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, Aug 269 - Aug 270 A.D.; obverse AYT K KΛAYΔIOC CEB, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse Poseidon standing left, right foot on a dolphin, grain ear in right, trident in left, L - B (year 2) flanking across field; SOLD


Halikarnassos, Caria, c. 150 - 50 B.C.

|Halikarnassus|, |Halikarnassos,| |Caria,| |c.| |150| |-| |50| |B.C.||AE| |18|
Halicarnassus on a picturesque, advantageous site on the Ceramic Gulf, was famous for the tomb of Mausolus, the origin of the word mausoleum, and one of the seven wonders of the ancient world. During Alexander the Great's siege of Halicarnassus in 334 B.C., the retreating Persians burned the city. Alexander failed to immediately take the citadel, but left it blockaded when he departed. Halicarnassus never fully recovered from the destruction of the siege. In the first century B.C., Cicero described it as almost deserted. The site is now occupied in part by the town of Bodrum; but the ancient walls can still be traced round nearly all their circuit, and the position of several of the temples, the theater, and other public buildings can be fixed with certainty.
GB38097. Bronze AE 18, cf. BMC Caria p. 104, 20 ff.; SNG Cop 354 ff.; SNG Keckman 42 f.; SNGvA 2525 f. & 8079 ff. (various controls, magistrates), VF, weight 6.839 g, maximum diameter 18.0 mm, die axis 0o, Halikarnassos (Bodrum, Turkey) mint, c. 150 - 50 B.C.; obverse bearded head of Poseidon right; reverse AΛIKAP - YANTA (or similar, magistrate's name), ornamented trident-head, dolphins between prongs, volute on left side of handle, lyre right; SOLD







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