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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |The Year of 5 Emperors||View Options:  |  |  | 

Roman Coins from the Year of Five Emperors 193 A.D.

193 A.D. - The Year of Five Emperors. On 1 January, the Senate selected Pertinax, against his will, to succeed the late Commodus as Emperor. The Praetorian Guard assassinated him on 28 March and auctioned the throne to the highest bidder, Didius Julianus, who offered 300 million sesterces. Outraged by the Praetorians, legions in Illyricum select Septimius Severus as emperor; in Britannia the legions select their governor Clodius Albinus, and in Syria the legions select their governor Pescennius Niger. On 1 June Septimius Severus entered the capital, put Julianus put to death and replaced the Praetorian Guard with his own troops. Clodius Albinus allied with Severus and accepted the title of Caesar. Pescennius Niger was defeated, killed and his head displayed in Rome

Pescennius Niger, April to 1 June 193 - March, April or May 194 A.D.

|Pescennius| |Niger|, |Pescennius| |Niger,| |April| |to| |1| |June| |193| |-| |March,| |April| |or| |May| |194| |A.D.||denarius|
Pescennius Niger was declared emperor by his troops after the murder of Pertinax. Septimius Severus, after consolidating his own forces and taking Rome, marched upon Niger and defeated him three times. After a fourth in a final defeat at Issus, Niger fled towards Parthia but was overtaken and executed.
SH99218. Silver denarius, RIC IV 5b (R3) var. (BONI EVENTVS), BMCRE V 299 var. (same), RSC III 10b var. (same), Hunter III 2 var. (same), SRCV II 6102 var. (same), aVF, toned, off center, light deposits, porosity, small edge splits, weight 3.824 g, maximum diameter 18.4 mm, die axis 180o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, Apr/1 Jun 193 - Mar/May 194 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES C PESC NIGER IVST AVG, laureate head right; reverse BONI EVENT (sic), Bonus Eventus or Fides standing half left, head left, raising plate of fruit in right in right hand, two stalks of grain downward in left hand; ex Noble Numismatics auction 121 (20 Jul 2019), lot 4796; ex Dr. C. Haymes Collection; ex Spink & Sons; unpublished variety of very rare type; $1000.00 SALE PRICE $900.00


Clodius Albinus, Late 195 or Early 196 - 19 February 197 A.D.

|Clodius| |Albinus|, |Clodius| |Albinus,| |Late| |195| |or| |Early| |196| |-| |19| |February| |197| |A.D.||denarius|
After the praetorians "sold" the throne to Didius Julianus, Pescennius Niger was made emperor by Syrian legions; Septimius Severus by troops in Illyricum and Pannonia; and Albinus by armies in Britain and Gaul. Albinus allied with Septimius Severus and became caesar. After Niger was killed, Septimius no longer needed Albinus and attempted to have him assassinated. Albinus proclaimed himself emperor, crossed into Gaul with his army, defeated Severus' legate, and made Lugdunum his headquarters. On 19 Feb 197, at the hard-fought Battle of Lugdunum, with 150,000 troops on each side, Albinus was defeated and killed himself, or was executed. Severus rode his horse over Albinus' headless body before having it thrown into the Rhne with his murdered family. His head was sent to Rome as a warning.
RS99009. Silver denarius, RIC IV 7 (R1), BMCRE V 98, Hunter III 6, RSC III 48, SRCV II 6144, aVF, nice portrait, parts of legends unstruck, small edge cracks and small edge flaw, weight 3.664 g, maximum diameter 18.37 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, as caesar, 194 A.D.; obverse D CLOD SEPT ALBIN CAES, bare head right; reverse MINER PACIF COS II, Minerva standing left, helmeted, olive branch in right hand, resting left on grounded shield, spear leans against arm; scarce (RIC R1); $250.00 SALE PRICE $225.00










REFERENCES|

Banti, A. & L. Simonetti. Corpus Nummorum Romanorum. (Florence, 1972-1979).
Bickford-Smith, R. "The imperial mints in the east for Septimius Severus: it is time to begin a thorough reconsideration" in RIN XCVI (1994/1995), pp. 53-71.
Calic, E. The Roman Avrei, Vol. I: From the Republic to Pertinax, 196 BC - 193 AD. (Barcelona, 2003).
Cayn, J. Los Sestercios del Imperio Romano, Vol. III: De Marco Aurelio a Caracalla (Del 161 d.C. al 217 d.C.). (Madrid, 1984).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappes sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 4: Septimius Severus to Maximinus Thrax. (Paris, 1884).
Mattingly, H., E. Sydenham & C. Sutherland. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol. IV: From Pertinax to Uranius Antoninus. (London, 1986).
Mattingly, H. & R. Carson. Coins of the Roman Empire in the British Museum, Vol. V: Pertinax to Elagabalus. (London, 1950).
Online Coins of the Roman Empire (OCRE) http://numismatics.org/ocre/
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. III. Pertinax to Aemilian. (Oxford, 1977).
Seaby, H. & Sear, D. Roman Silver Coins, Vol. III, Pertinax to Balbinus and Pupienus. (London, 1982).
Sear, D. Roman Coins and Their Values, Vol. II: The Accession of Nerva to the Overthrow of the Severan Dynasty AD 96 - AD 235. (London, 2002).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).
Woodward, A. "The Coinage of Pertinax" in NC (1957), pp. 84 - 96, pls. IX - IVX.


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